Monocyte Adhesion Molecule Expression (monocyte + adhesion_molecule_expression)

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n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid supplementation, monocyte adhesion molecule expression and pro-inflammatory mediators in Type 2 diabetes mellitus

M. J. Sampson
SUMMARY Aims To examine the effect of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid supplements on the monocyte surface expression of adhesion molecules involved in pro-atherogenic monocyte,endothelial interactions, and on pro-inflammatory mediators in Type 2 diabetes mellitus. Methods Twenty-nine subjects with Type 2 diabetes and 21 controls without diabetes were studied. Monocyte expression of leucocyte function-associated antigens 1 and 3, intercellular adhesion molecule-1, and the major histocompatibility complex class II molecule HLA-DR were measured using a laser flow cytometric method. Supplementation with 2.08 g n-3 fatty acids for 21 days was undertaken and measurements repeated. Plasma soluble adhesion molecule concentrations, plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 activity and antigen and pro-inflammatory mediators (cysteinyl leukotriene and monocyte leukotriene B4) were also measured. Results Groups did not differ in monocyte expression of adhesion molecules or HLA-DR, or in leukotriene production although plasma soluble adhesion molecule concentrations were higher in the diabetes groups (P < 0.05). n-3 fatty acid supplementation influenced neither the expression of these molecules nor plasma soluble adhesion molecule concentrations or leukotriene production. Conclusions This study does not support increased monocyte adhesion molecule expression or abnormal monocyte production of pro-inflammatory mediators as mechanisms for increased atherogenic risk in Type 2 diabetes. Cardioprotective actions of n-3 fatty acids may not be mediated through these mechanisms. [source]

Effect of isoflurane on monocyte adhesion molecule expression in human whole blood,

L. W. De Rossi
Background: Recruitment of monocytes to inflamed tissue is a crucial step in the acute inflammatory reaction. Adherence of monocytes to endothelial cells followed by transmigration depends on monocyte surface adhesion molecules, inflammatory cytokines and chemoattractant chemokines. In the present study, we determined the effect of isoflurane on monocyte adhesion receptor expression in vitro. Methods: Citrated whole blood was incubated for 60 min with either 0.5 or 1 MAC isoflurane. In unstimulated blood samples and after stimulation with N-formyl-methionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine (FMLP) monocyte cell-surface expression of the selectins PSGL-1 and L-selectin, and the ,2 -integrins CD11a and CD11b were evaluated by flow cytometry. Results: Isoflurane reduced significantly the expression of PSGL-1 on unstimulated monocytes, whereas the remaining selectins and ,2 -integrins were not affected. At both concentrations, the FMLP-induced removal of PSGL-1 from the monocyte surface was increased. Furthermore, at 1 MAC isoflurane the FMLP-induced increase in CD11a expression was significantly inhibited. The surface expression of L-selectin and CD11b was not affected following exposure to isoflurane. Conclusion: Isoflurane increases the removal of the selectin PSGL-1 from the monocyte surface. Since PSGL-1 is important during the initial step of monocyte adhesion to endothelial P-selectin, the decrease in monocyte surface PSGL-1 may have profound effects on monocyte,endothelial interactions. Furthermore, the effects of isoflurane on monocyte adhesion molecule expression are different from those reported for neutrophils. [source]