Mechanism Generation (mechanism + generation)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

Capturing pressure-dependence in automated mechanism generation: Reactions through cycloalkyl intermediates

David M. Matheu
Chemical kinetic mechanisms for gas-phase processes (including combustion, pyrolysis, partial oxidation, or the atmospheric oxidation of organics) will often contain hundreds of species and thousands of reactions. The size and complexity of such models, and the need to ensure that important pathways are not left out, have inspired the use of computer tools to generate such large chemical mechanisms automatically. But the models produced by existing computerized mechanism generation codes, as well as a great many large mechanisms generated by hand, do not include pressure-dependence in a general way. This is due to the difficulty of computing the large number of k(T, P) estimates required. Here we present a fast, automated method for computing k(T, P) on-the-fly during automated mechanism generation. It uses as its principal inputs the same high-pressure-limit rate estimation rules and group-additivity thermochemistry estimates employed by existing computerized mechanism-generation codes, and automatically identifies the important chemically activated intermediates and pathways. We demonstrate the usefulness of this approach on a series of pressure-dependent reactions through cycloalkyl radical intermediates, including systems with over 90 isomers and 200 accessible product channels. We test the accuracy of these computer-generated k(T, P) estimates against experimental data on the systems H + cyclobutene, H + cyclopentene, H + cyclohexene, C2H3 + C2H4, and C3H5 + C2H4, and make predictions for temperatures and pressures where no experimental data are available. 2002 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Int J Chem Kinet 35: 95,119, 2003 [source]

Automated mechanism generation: From symbolic calculation to complex chemistry

Artur Ratkiewicz
Abstract Different aspects of the symbolic algebra computations for generating elementary reactions of complex systems are reviewed. Such calculations are the heart of each automated mechanism generator system and are employed extensively in different stages of mechanism generation. The range of symbolic calculation topics and basic ideas of these implementations, together with some specific examples, are given. Particular attention is devoted to the transition between the symbolic calculation and the real complex chemistry. 2005 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Int J Quantum Chem, 2006 [source]