Major Molecular Response (major + molecular_response)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

Therapy adapted to molecular response in patients with chronic myelogenous leukaemia in first chronic phase: results of the Duesseldorf study,

Frank Neumann
Abstract This study evaluates response-adapted treatment of chronic myelogenous leukaemia (CML) in chronic phase using molecular response criteria. bcr-abl/G6PDH ratios were assessed by Light-Cycler quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR( in 277 peripheral blood samples from 33 patients, before and every 3 months during therapy. Sixty-six per cent (22/33) of the patients fulfiled our molecular response criterion of ,1 log decrease in bcr-abl transcript after 6 or ,2 log decrease after 9 and every following 3 months. Dose escalation was necessary for 33% (11/33) of the patients. Of these, 54% (6/11) achieved a reduction of bcr-abl mRNA by ,2 log (n,=,3) or ,3 log (n,=,3) with 800,mg Imatinib. Forty-five per cent (5/11) showed insufficient molecular response with 800,mg Imatinib and received Nilotinib. In conclusion, the assessment of molecular response permits an individual patient-tailored treatment of CML in first chronic phase, resulting in the majority of patients achieving a major molecular response after 2 years of therapy. Copyright 2008 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [source]

Two novel imatinib-responsive PDGFRA fusion genes in chronic eosinophilic leukaemia

Claire E. Curtis
Summary We identified two patients with a t(2;4)(p24;q12) and a t(4;12)(q2?3;p1?2), respectively, in association with BCR-ABL and FIP1L1-PDGFRA negative chronic eosinophilic leukaemia. Molecular analysis revealed a novel STRN - PDGFRA fusion for the t(2;4) and ETV6 - PDGFRA for the t(4;12). The fusions were confirmed by specific amplification of the genomic breakpoints, reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and fluorescence in situ hybridisation. Both patients were treated with imatinib and, following a rapid haematological response, achieved cytogenetic remission and a major molecular response. In conclusion, PDGFRA fuses to diverse partner genes in myeloid disorders. Identification of these fusions is important as they are particularly sensitive to imatinib. [source]

Cytogenetic and molecular responses and outcome in chronic myelogenous leukemia

CANCER, Issue 4 2008
Need for new response definitions?
Abstract BACKGROUND. Response rates in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) are now reported based on the cumulative incidence of a single-time best response. The study aim was to examine the significance of different response criteria for CML on imatinib therapy. METHODS. In all, 276 patients with chronic phase CML on imatinib therapy were analyzed. Cytogenetic and molecular responses were coded as to single best response and response at specific intervals of treatment. RESULTS. The cumulative incidence of complete cytogenetic response (CGCR) with imatinib was 91%; however, the incidence of CGCR at 48 months into therapy was only 78%. Similarly, the incidence of major molecular responses (best cumulative vs landmark at 48 months) were 74% versus 62%, and of undetectable BCR-ABL transcripts 38% versus 24%. There was a strong association between achievement of major cytogenetic response (Philadelphia chromosome [Ph]-positivity ,35%) at 6 months to 12 months and survival as well as progression-free survival (PFS). Achievement of major molecular response (vs lesser molecular response) in patients in complete cytogenetic response was not associated with significant differences in survival, but showed some association with PFS. Durable CGCR and major molecular responses (documented continuously for ,12 months) were associated with longer PFS duration but not with survival duration differences. Of interest, major molecular responses documented at least twice were noted in 71% of patients on imatinib therapy; undetectable BCR-ABL transcripts documented at least twice were noted in 34%. CONCLUSIONS. Achievement and durability of CGCR and of major and complete molecular responses at landmark times predict outcome in CML, and may help in comparing the efficacy of different treatments. Cancer 2008. 2007 American Cancer Society. [source]