MWCNT Content (mwcnt + content)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

Accelerator adsorption onto carbon nanotubes surface affects the vulcanization process of styrene,butadiene rubber composites

A. De Falco
Abstract The multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT) filled styrene,butadiene rubber (SBR) composites were prepared by incorporating MWCNT in a SBR/toluene solution and subsequently evaporating the solvent. These composites have shown a significant improvement in Young's modulus and tensile strength with respect to SBR gum without sacrificing high elongation at break. However, this improvement is less than expected at the higher filler content. Then, the influence of low concentrations of MWCNT on the vulcanization process of the SBR composites was studied by means of rheometer torque curves, swelling measurements, differential scanning calorimeter (DSC) analysis, and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. Also, their thermal degradation was studied by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). It has been noticed that MWCNT affects the cure kinetics of SBR gum matrix reducing all parameters, i.e., the total heat rate and order of the reaction, scorch delay, maximum torque, and crosslink density. This effect increases as MWCNT content does, and it was attributed to the adsorption of the accelerator employed in the vulcanization (N -tert-butyl-benzothiazole-2-sulfenamide) onto the MWCNT surface. 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2009 [source]

Rheological and thermal properties of poly(ethylene oxide)/multiwall carbon nanotube composites

T. N. Abraham
Abstract Poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) based nanocomposites were prepared by the dispersion of multiwall carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) in aqueous solution. MWCNTs were added up to 4 wt % of the PEO matrix. The dynamic viscoelastic behavior of the PEO/MWCNT nanocomposites was assessed with a strain-controlled parallel-plate rheometer. Prominent increases in the shear viscosity and storage modulus of the nanocomposites were found with increasing MWCNT content. Dynamic and isothermal differential scanning calorimetry studies indicated a significant decrease in the crystallization temperature as a result of the incorporation of MWCNTs; these composites can find applications as crystallizable switching components for shape-memory polymer systems with adjustable switching temperatures. The solid-state, direct-current conductivity was also enhanced by the incorporation of MWCNTs. The dispersion level of the MWCNTs was investigated with scanning electron microscopy. 2008 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2008 [source]

Effect of Multiwall Carbon Nanotubes on Electrical and Dielectric Properties of Yttria-Stabilized Zirconia Ceramic

Sui-Lin Shi
MWCNT/3Y-TZP (3 mol% yttria-stabilized tetragonal polycrystalline zirconia) composites with different multiwall carbon nanotube (MWCNT) contents were prepared by the spark plasma sintering technique. The effect of MWCNT addition on the electrical and dielectric properties of the composites at room temperature was studied. The experimental results showed that the DC conductivity of the composites demonstrated a typical percolation behavior with a very low percolation threshold between 1.0 and 2.0 wt% MWCNT content, and the dielectric constant was greatly increased when the MWCNT concentration was close to the percolation threshold, which was attributed to dielectric relaxation, the space charge polarization effect, and the percolation effect. [source]

Electrical and mechanical properties of multi-walled carbon nanotubes reinforced PMMA and PS composites

R.B. Mathur
The use of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT) as reinforcing material for thermoplastic polymer matrices, polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA), and polystyrene (PS) has been studied. MWCNT were synthesized by chemical vapor deposition (CVD) technique using ferrocene-toluene mixture. As-prepared nanotubes were ultrasonically dispersed in toluene and subsequently dispersed in PMMA and PS. Thin polymer composite films were fabricated by solvent casting. The effect of nanotube content on the electrical and mechanical properties of the nanocomposites was investigated. An improvement in electrical conductivity from insulating to conducting with increasing MWCNT content was observed. The carbon nanotube network showed a classical percolating network behavior with a low percolation threshold. Electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding effectiveness value of about 18 dB was obtained in the frequency range 8.0,12 GHz (X-band), for a 10 vol% CNT loading. An improved composite fabrication process using casting followed by compression molding and use of functionalized MWCNT resulted in increased composites strength. POLYM. COMPOS., 2008. 2008 Society of Plastics Engineers [source]