MTHFR Genotypes (mthfr + genotype)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

Evaluation of infant methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase genotype, maternal vitamin use, and risk of high versus low level spina bifida defects,

Kelly A. Volcik
BACKGROUND Several studies have suggested that homozygosity for the C677T 5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) variant is a potential risk factor for neural tube defects (NTDs), as individuals homozygous for the C677T allele have slightly elevated homocysteine concentrations under conditions of low folic acid intake. It has been hypothesized that maternal folic acid supplementation prevents NTDs by partially correcting reduced MTHFR activity associated with the variant form of the enzyme. METHODS Genomic DNA was extracted from newborn screening blood spots obtained from 145 infants with spina bifida (SB) and 260 nonmalformed control infants. The MTHFR C677T genotype was determined by restriction enzyme digestion of PCR amplification products with Hinf1. We investigated whether infant MTHFR genotype influenced the risk for the anatomic level of the SB lesion (high vs. low); we also explored whether maternal vitamin use influenced this risk. RESULTS Compared to controls, the frequency of SB infants with the homozygous 677 TT genotype was greatest in those infants with high level SB defects (26%; odds ratio [OR] = 2.9; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.9,10.1) than for those with low level SB defects (22%; OR = 1.8; 95% CI = 0.9,3.2). Furthermore, homozygous 677TT infants whose mothers did not use vitamins containing folic acid had a modestly increased risk of SB (OR = 1.8; 95% CI = 0.8,3.9), with this risk increasing more than three-fold (OR = 5.5; 95% CI = 0.8,28.1) for those infants with high level SB defects whose mothers did not use vitamins. CONCLUSIONS Based upon our observations, it is suggested that the association between the infant MTHFR homozygous variant genotype and spina bifida risk may be conditional upon both lesion level and maternal vitamin use. Birth Defects Research (Part A) 67:154,157, 2003. © 2003 Wiley-Liss, Inc. [source]

MTHFR C677T polymorphism in chronic pancreatitis and pancreatic adenocarcinoma

Ivan Nisevic
Abstract Chronic pancreatitis and pancreatic adenocarcinoma are extensively studied as common and potentially lethal disorders. However, their causes and genetic background in most cases remain unclear. The C677T polymorphism in 5,,10,-methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene may modulate the risk of pancreatic disorders. In this study, we tested whether MTHFR C677T polymorphism is associated with chronic pancreatitis and pancreatic adenocarcinoma in the Serbian population. DNA was extracted from blood samples of 51 chronic pancreatitis patients, 21 pancreatic adenocarcinoma patients, and a control group consisting of 50 healthy smokers. The MTHFR C677T polymorphism was analyzed by polymerase chain reaction,restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR,RFLP) technique. Although, no statistically significant differences were observed in the distribution of MTHFR genotype or allele frequencies between patients and control groups, the results showed an increased frequency of homozygotes for MTHFR C677T polymorphism in chronic pancreatitis patients (14%) and a decreased frequency in pancreatic adenocarcinoma patients (5%) in comparison to the control group (8%). We speculate that the MTHFR C677T polymorphism could act as a possible risk factor for chronic pancreatitis and a possible protective factor in pancreatic adenocarcinoma. This observation needs further investigation in prospective studies on a larger number of patients, in which the effect of other genetic and environmental factors should also be taken into consideration. Copyright © 2008 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [source]

The MTHFR C677T polymorphism confers a high risk for stroke in both homozygous and heterozygous T allele carriers with Type 2 diabetes

M. P. Hermans
Abstract Objective Individuals with Type 2 diabetes are at increased risk of stroke. Plasma homocysteine (tHcy) is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular (CV) disease. The methylene,tetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene polymorphism (thermolabile variant C677T) is associated with CV risk, partly as a result of increased Hcy, especially in homozygous subjects. Aim To relate the occurrence of the MTHFR polymorphism with stroke prevalence by examining allelic frequency and genotype distribution in 165 subjects with Type 2 diabetes studied for the presence of thermolabile C677T MTHFR mutation. Results Mean age was 67.7 years, and tHcy 18.2 µmol/l. T allele frequency was 38.5%. MTHFR genotypes were: normal (CC) 40%; heterozygous (CT) 43%; homozygous (TT) 17%. Serum levels of folic acid and B12 vitamin were within normal limits. Stroke prevalence was 14%. Sixty-four per cent of stroke-free subjects had the normal C allele vs. 46% in stroke subjects. The frequencies of genotypes (CC-CT-TT) were (%): 44-41-15 in stroke-free vs. 17-57-26 in stroke patients. Coronary (CAD) and peripheral artery disease (PAD) were common in all groups, with no differences according to genotypes. Stroke prevalence was markedly higher in genotypes CT and TT (18 and 21%) compared with CC (6%). Mean tHcy levels were higher in TT subjects. Conclusion The allelic frequency of C677T MTHFR mutation in Type 2 diabetes subjects with stroke is markedly different from that of subjects without stroke. Genotypic characteristics suggest that C677T MTHFR mutation confers a higher risk for stroke to both homozygous and heterozygous T allele carriers that cannot be ascribed solely to raised tHcy and/or lower folate status in CT subjects, nor to phenotypic expression of conventional risk factors for stroke. The impact of the MTHFR polymorphism on stroke may result from T allele-linked deleterious effects, or C allele-linked protection. Confirmatory studies are warranted, as this cohort was not randomly selected, and a type 1 error cannot be ruled out. [source]

Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase gene C677T mutation is related to the defects in the internal elastic lamina of the artery wall

P. Hämelahti
Abstract Background The C677T mutation of the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene leads to C/C, C/T and T/T genotypes, which affect the plasma homocysteine concentration in humans. In mini-pigs, high serum homocysteine levels are associated with defects in the internal elastic lamina (IEL) of the artery wall, which are apparently related to the migration of smooth muscle cells into the intima during atherogenesis. We studied the association between the MTHFR genotypes and the number of gaps in the IEL in the wall of the five major abdominal arteries. Materials and methods The autopsy study included 123 subjects (90 males and 33 females) aged 18,93. For the light microscopy, a 0·5 cm circular segment of the coeliac, the superior mesenteric, the inferior mesenteric and the renal arteries were cut and embedded in paraffin blocks. The circumference of the IEL, the thickness of the intima and the number of the gaps per millimetre in the IEL were measured by MOP 3 image analysis. Results The T-allele carriers (C/T and T/T) of the MTHFR gene had significantly less gaps in the IEL than the subjects with the C/C genotype in the superior mesenteric and in the left renal arteries (2·02 ± 2·25 vs. 2·53 ± 1·89, P < 0·04 and 0·56 ± 1·09 vs. 1·82 ± 2·66, P < 0·02, respectively). The trend was similar for the coeliac and the right renal arteries. Conclusions Our result suggests that MTHFR polymorphism may be involved in the fragmentation of the IEL. [source]

The thymidylate synthase tandem repeat promoter polymorphism: A predictor for tumor-related survival in neoadjuvant treated locally advanced gastric cancer

Katja Ott
Abstract We evaluated DNA polymorphisms in the thymidylate synthase (TS) and 5,10- methylene-tetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) genes for an association with response and survival in locally advanced gastric cancer treated with 5-FU based preoperative chemotherapy (CTx). DNA of 238 patients (CTx-group: total n = 135, completely resected (R0) n = 102; without CTx: R0 n = 103) was isolated from blood or from nontumorous tissues. In the CTx-group, genotyping of the tandem repeat and the G/C polymorphism in the triple repeat in the promoter region of the TS gene and of the C677T polymorphism of the MTHFR gene was performed. None of the TS or MTHFR genotypes were associated with histopathological response and only the TS tandem repeat polymorphism was significantly related to survival (all patients n = 135, p = 0.002; R0 resected patients n = 102, p = 0.007; log-rank test). Multivariate analysis revealed ypN (p < 0.001) and the TS tandem repeat polymorphism as independent prognostic factors in the CTx-R0-group (p = 0.003). Analyzing the prognostic significance of the TS polymorphisms in the R0-group without CTx, TS genotypes were not significantly associated with survival. Comparing survival between R0 patients with and without CTx in the respective TS genotype groups of the tandem repeat polymorphism, a significant survival benefit for the patients with CTx was found for the 2rpt/2rpt (n = 49; p = 0.002) and 2rpt/3rpt genotypes (n = 99; p = 0.004), but not for the 3rpt/3rpt genotype (n = 57; p = 0.93). Patients' survival after CTx was associated with the TS tandem repeat polymorphism. CTx did not improve survival of patients with the 3rpt/3rpt genotype. Thus, a different therapy might be more appropriate for these patients. © 2006 Wiley-Liss, Inc. [source]

The MTHFR 677C,T polymorphism and behaviors in children with autism: exploratory genotype,phenotype correlations

Robin P. Goin-Kochel
Abstract New evidence suggests that autism may be associated with (a) varied behavioral responses to folate therapy and (b) metabolic anomalies, including those in folate metabolism, that contribute to hypomethylation of DNA. We hypothesized that children with autism who are homozygous for the MTHFR 677 T allele (TT) and, to a lesser extent those with the CT variant, would exhibit more behavioral problems and/or more severe problematic behaviors than homozygous wild-type (CC) individuals because of difficulties in effectively converting 5,10-MTHF to 5-MTHF. Data from the Autism Genetic Resource Exchange (AGRE) collection were analyzed for all children who met strict criteria for autism per the Autism Diagnostic Interview,Revised (ADI-R) and the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS) and who had been genotyped for the 677 C to T MTHFR polymorphism (n=147). Chi-square tests, logistic regression, and one-way ANOVAs were used to determine whether differences existed among MTHFR genotypes for specific behaviors on the ADI-R and indices for level of functioning. Exploratory results indicated four behaviors from the ADI-R that were more common and problematic (95% CI) among those with at least one copy of the T allele as compared to homozygous wild-type individuals: direct gaze, current complex body movements, a history of self-injurious behavior, and current overactivity (ORs=2.72, 2.33, 2.12, 2.47, respectively). No differences existed among genotypes for level of functioning as measured with the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test,Third Edition, Ravens Colored Progressive Matrices, or the Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales. Findings call for further investigation of the relationship between folate metabolism and problem behaviors among children with autism. [source]

Single nucleotide polymorphism in CTH associated with variation in plasma homocysteine concentration

J Wang
Plasma total homocysteine (tHcy) concentration, an independent risk factor of atherosclerosis, has numerous genetic and environmental determinants. While the thermolabile polymorphism in MTHFR encoding methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase is the best-studied genetic factor associated with variation in plasma tHCy, other candidate genes are being evaluated. Recently, we discovered that cystathioninuria was caused by mutations in the CTH gene encoding cystathionine ,-lyase, an enzyme that converts cystathionine to cysteine in the trans-sulfuration pathway. We also identified a common single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), namely c.1364G>T (S403I) in exon 12 of CTH. In the current analysis, we studied the association of genotypes of this SNP with plasma tHcy concentrations in 496 Caucasian subjects. CTH 1364T/T homozygotes had significantly higher mean plasma tHcy concentration than subjects with other genotypes, and the effect sizes of CTH and MTHFR genotypes were similar. The findings suggest that common variation in CTH may be a determinant of plasma tHcy concentrations. [source]