MTHFR Gene (mthfr + gene)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase gene C677T mutation is related to the defects in the internal elastic lamina of the artery wall

P. Hämelahti
Abstract Background The C677T mutation of the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene leads to C/C, C/T and T/T genotypes, which affect the plasma homocysteine concentration in humans. In mini-pigs, high serum homocysteine levels are associated with defects in the internal elastic lamina (IEL) of the artery wall, which are apparently related to the migration of smooth muscle cells into the intima during atherogenesis. We studied the association between the MTHFR genotypes and the number of gaps in the IEL in the wall of the five major abdominal arteries. Materials and methods The autopsy study included 123 subjects (90 males and 33 females) aged 18,93. For the light microscopy, a 0·5 cm circular segment of the coeliac, the superior mesenteric, the inferior mesenteric and the renal arteries were cut and embedded in paraffin blocks. The circumference of the IEL, the thickness of the intima and the number of the gaps per millimetre in the IEL were measured by MOP 3 image analysis. Results The T-allele carriers (C/T and T/T) of the MTHFR gene had significantly less gaps in the IEL than the subjects with the C/C genotype in the superior mesenteric and in the left renal arteries (2·02 ± 2·25 vs. 2·53 ± 1·89, P < 0·04 and 0·56 ± 1·09 vs. 1·82 ± 2·66, P < 0·02, respectively). The trend was similar for the coeliac and the right renal arteries. Conclusions Our result suggests that MTHFR polymorphism may be involved in the fragmentation of the IEL. [source]

Study of four genes belonging to the folate pathway: transcobalamin 2 is involved in the onset of non-syndromic cleft lip with or without cleft palate,,

HUMAN MUTATION, Issue 3 2006
Marcella Martinelli
Abstract Cleft lip with or without cleft palate (CL/P) is the most common inborn craniofacial anomaly. Affected individuals require extensive medical and psychosocial support. Although CL/P has a complex and poorly understood etiology, increasing evidence of folate pathway involvement has been collected. So far, only the MTHFR gene has been extensively investigated as a risk factor for CL/P, while little has been done to test genetic variations in the folate biosynthetic pathways that may influence the infant's susceptibility to these birth defects. To date, this paper presents the first attempt to verify the involvement of four genes belonging to the folate pathway in nonsyndromic cleft onset. We used a case-parent triad design to test for linkage disequilibrium in the case of seven SNPs mapping on four different genes: transcobalamin 1 and 2 (TCN1 and TCN2), methionine synthase (MTR), and MTR reductase (MTRR). Our finding suggests that TCN2 is involved in causing CL/P. Indeed, significant overtransmission of the C allele was observed at the polymorphism c.776C>G (p.Pro259Arg) to the affected offspring (P=0.01). Results obtained with additional TCN2 polymorphisms suggest that c.776C>G may be functionally related to CL/P. However, because conflicting data exist with regard to the effect of the polymorphism in transcobalamin 2 function or in perturbing plasma levels of key molecules in the folate pathway, further investigation is warranted to confirm our data. © 2006 Wiley-Liss, Inc. [source]

Maternal MTHFR variant forms increase the risk in offspring of isolated nonsyndromic cleft lip with or without cleft palate,,

HUMAN MUTATION, Issue 1 2004
F. Pezzetti
Abstract The pathogenesis of cleft lip with or without cleft palate (CL/P) is complex; its onset could be due to the interaction of various genetic and environmental factors. Recently MTHFR functional polymorphisms were found to increase the risk of this common malformation; however, this finding is still debated. We investigated 110 sporadic CL/P patients, their parents and 289 unrelated controls for c.665C>T (commonly known as 677C>T; p.Ala222Val) and c.1286A>C (known as 1298A>C; p.Glu429Ala) polymorphism in the MTHFR gene. Transmission disequilibrium test (TDT) showed no distortion in allele transmission. Nevertheless, association studies revealed significant differences in allele frequencies between mothers of CL/P patients and controls. This work supports the hypothesis that a lower MTHFR enzyme activity in pregnant women, mostly related to the c.665C>T variant form, is responsible for a higher risk of having CL/P affected offspring. © 2004 Wiley-Liss, Inc. [source]

The thymidylate synthase tandem repeat promoter polymorphism: A predictor for tumor-related survival in neoadjuvant treated locally advanced gastric cancer

Katja Ott
Abstract We evaluated DNA polymorphisms in the thymidylate synthase (TS) and 5,10- methylene-tetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) genes for an association with response and survival in locally advanced gastric cancer treated with 5-FU based preoperative chemotherapy (CTx). DNA of 238 patients (CTx-group: total n = 135, completely resected (R0) n = 102; without CTx: R0 n = 103) was isolated from blood or from nontumorous tissues. In the CTx-group, genotyping of the tandem repeat and the G/C polymorphism in the triple repeat in the promoter region of the TS gene and of the C677T polymorphism of the MTHFR gene was performed. None of the TS or MTHFR genotypes were associated with histopathological response and only the TS tandem repeat polymorphism was significantly related to survival (all patients n = 135, p = 0.002; R0 resected patients n = 102, p = 0.007; log-rank test). Multivariate analysis revealed ypN (p < 0.001) and the TS tandem repeat polymorphism as independent prognostic factors in the CTx-R0-group (p = 0.003). Analyzing the prognostic significance of the TS polymorphisms in the R0-group without CTx, TS genotypes were not significantly associated with survival. Comparing survival between R0 patients with and without CTx in the respective TS genotype groups of the tandem repeat polymorphism, a significant survival benefit for the patients with CTx was found for the 2rpt/2rpt (n = 49; p = 0.002) and 2rpt/3rpt genotypes (n = 99; p = 0.004), but not for the 3rpt/3rpt genotype (n = 57; p = 0.93). Patients' survival after CTx was associated with the TS tandem repeat polymorphism. CTx did not improve survival of patients with the 3rpt/3rpt genotype. Thus, a different therapy might be more appropriate for these patients. © 2006 Wiley-Liss, Inc. [source]

G1793A polymorphisms in the methyl- enetetrahydrofolate gene: Effect of folic acid on homocysteine levels

Sandra Soares Melo
Abstract Mutations or polymorphisms in the gene of the enzyme methylenetetrahydrofolate (MTHFR) are associated with hyperhomocysteinemia and possibly with an elevated risk for vascular diseases. A study was conducted on 83 individuals with type 2 diabetes in order to determine the allelic and genotypic frequencies of the G1793A mutation and to assess the effect of folic acid supplementation on plasma homocysteine concentrations. The patients were attended by the Diabetes and Hypertension Program , Balneario Camboriu/SC and received daily supplements containing 1 mg of folic acid for 3 months. DNA was previously extracted from leukocytes and the G1793A mutation was detected by PCR-RFLP. Blood samples were collected during the basal period and after supplementation for the determination of homocysteine by HPLC, and of folic acid and vitamin B12 by RIA. The allele frequency for the G1793A mutation was 3.01% and no homozygous individuals with mutant alleles were detected. Hyperhomocysteinemia was diagnosed in 27.71% of the patients, folic acid deficiency in 15.66%, and vitamin B12 deficiency in 7.23%. Plasma homocysteine concentrations were inversely correlated with folic acid (r = ,0.27, p = 0.01) and vitamin B12 (r = ,0.21; p = 0.05) concentrations. The individuals with a heterozygous genotype for the G1793A mutation showed borderlines or deficient values in folic acid and vitamin B12 concentrations compared to individuals with a normal genotype. Hyperhomocysteinemia and the vitamin deficiencies presented by type 2 diabetic individuals, included with a heterozygous genotype for the G1793A mutation in the MTHFR gene, reached normal values by daily folic acid supplementation. [source]

Correlation of polymorphism of MTHFRs and RFC-1 genes with neural tube defects in China

Yali Shang
Abstract BACKGROUND: Maternal periconceptional supplementation of folate reduces the incidence of neonatal Neural Tube Defects, indicating that changes in folate metabolism play a role in formation of NTDs. The mutations on two genes involved in folate metabolism, the C677 of the MTHFR gene and the RFC-1(A80G) gene are potential risk factors of NTDs. METHODS: In this study, we analyzed the genotypic distributions and allele frequencies of MTHFR C677T and RFC-1 A80G polymorphisms in DNA samples from mothers with at least one previous child with NTDs (the NTD group) and controls. RESULTS: Our results indicated that there was a significant difference in the genotype and allele frequencies of RFC-1 80A,G between the NTD group and controls (p = .008 and p = .017, respectively). There was, however, no significant difference in the genotype and allele frequencies of the MTHFR 677C,T polymorphism between the NTD group and controls. The NTD group was further separated into the upper and lower types by location of abnormalities. The frequency of RFC-1 80A/G and 80G/G was significantly higher in the upper group than the control (p = .009 and p = .005, respectively). The frequency of G-alleles was also significantly higher in the upper group than the control (OR 2.42; p = .006; 95% CI: 1.28,4.58). For the MTHFR C677 gene, the frequency of T-alleles was significantly lower in the lower defect type than the control group (OR 0.32; p = .027; 95% CI: 0.11,0.9). CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that in the Shanxi population RFC-1 polymorphisms may play a role in NTD risk, whereas the impact of MTHFR C677T polymorphisms requires further clarification. Birth Defects Research (Part A) 2008. © 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc. [source]

Metabolic effects and the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) polymorphism associated with neural tube defects in southern Brazil,

Têmis Maria Félix
Abstract BACKGROUND The importance of metabolic factors in neural tube defects (NTDs) has been the focus of many investigations. Several authors have suggested that abnormalities in homocysteine metabolism, such as hyperhomocysteinemia, folate deficiency, and low vitamin B12, may be responsible for these malformations and that both nutritional factors and genetic abnormalities are associated with them. METHODS We conducted a case-control study to investigate the influence of biochemical and genetic factors in NTDs in infants in southern Brazil. Levels of folate, vitamin B12, total homocysteine (t-Hcy) and the 677C>T and 1298A>C polymorphisms of the MTHFR gene were analyzed in 41 NTD child,mother pairs and 44 normal child,mother control pairs. RESULTS Subjects in the case group had a higher mean blood folate level than those in the control group. The level of vitamin B12 was lower in mothers in the NTD group than in control mothers (p = 0.004). The level of t-Hcy was not different in the two groups, but t-Hcy and vitamin B12 were correlated (p = 0.002). There was no difference in the genotype distribution for 677C>T and 1298A>C polymorphisms of MTHFR in the case and control pairs. The level of t-Hcy was correlated with 677TT. CONCLUSIONS Despite the small sample in this study, we suggest that low vitamin B12 and, consequently, hyperhomocysteinemia are important risk factors for NTDs in our population. Birth Defects Research (Part A), 2004. © 2004 Wiley-Liss, Inc. [source]

Aberrant DNA methylation associated with MTHFR C677T genetic polymorphism in cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma in renal transplant patients

M.E. Laing
Summary Background, Changes in genomic DNA methylation associated with cancer include global DNA hypomethylation and gene-specific hyper- or hypomethylation. We have previously identified a genetic variant in the MTHFR gene involved in the methylation pathway which confers risk for the development of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) in renal transplant patients. This genetic variant has also been discovered to confer SCC risk in nontransplant patients with low folate status. Objectives, To explore the methylation profile of SCC compared with adjacent non-neoplastic skin using pyrosequencing, and to elucidate whether the MTHFR polymorphism impacts upon the methylation patterns in SCC. Methods, We used pyrosequencing to evaluate global (using long interspersed nuclear element 1) and gene-specific (p16 and MGMT) methylation status in 47 SCCs and 40 adjacent autologous non-neoplastic skin samples in those with (n = 16) and without (n = 17) the MTHFR polymorphism. Results, Pyrosequencing methylation analysis revealed that SCC was hypomethylated compared with adjacent non-neoplastic skin (P < 0·04). Patients with the MTHFR polymorphism had higher levels of global methylation in tumours and non-neoplastic skin compared with those without the MTHFR polymorphism (P < 0·002). There was no association between levels of methylation in tumour and non-neoplastic skin for the genes MGMT and p16. Conclusions, Global hypomethylation appears to be a feature of SCC. Aberrant methylation of DNA appears related to polymorphisms of MTHFR. Such findings suggest that intervention in the form of demethylating agents or folate supplementation might be beneficial in the treatment or prevention of SCC. [source]

Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase gene polymorphisms in patients with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH)

Ali Sazci
Abstract Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common cause of abnormal hepatic steatosis in the absence of a history of alcohol use. Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is the progressive form of NAFLD. Hyperhomocysteinemia causes steatosis, and the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) C677T and A1298C polymorphisms result in hyperhomocysteinemia. To examine whether the C677T and A1298C polymorphisms of the MTHFR gene were associated with NASH, we analysed the allele and genotype distribution of the MTHFR C677T and A1298C polymorphisms in 57 well-diagnosed NASH patients, 324 healthy controls in a case-control study of Turkish subjects of Caucasian origin. The diagnosis of the NASH patients was based on liver biopsy. The method used in the analysis of genotypes was PCR-RFLP. The MTHFR A1298C polymorphism was significantly associated with NASH (,2,=,8.439; p,=,0.015) in the total NASH patients compared with healthy controls. The MTHFR 1298C allele (odds ratio (OR),=,2.480; 95%CI,=,1.286,4.782; ,2,=,7.703; df,=,1; p,=,0.006) was significantly associated with NASH in the total NASH patients. The MTHFR C677C/A1298C compound genotype (OR,=,2.218; 95%CI,=,1.003,4.906; ,2,=,3.998; df,=,1; p,=,0.046) in men patients was also significantly associated with NASH. Likewise the MTHFR C1298C genotype was significantly associated with NASH in women patients with NASH (OR,=,2.979; 95%CI,=,1.027,8.641; ,2,=,4.343; df,=,1; p,=,0.037). In conclusion, the MTHFR 1298C allele in all NASH patients, C1298C genotype, C677C/C1298C compound genotype in women NASH patients and C677C/A1298C compound genotype in men NASH patients were genetic risk factors for NASH. Copyright © 2007 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [source]

An investigation of associations between alcohol use disorder and polymorphisms on ALDH2, BDNF, 5-HTTLPR, and MTHFR genes in older Korean men

Sangmoon Shin
Abstract Background This study aimed to investigate the association of alcohol use disorder (AUD) with four candidate genes in older Korean men: aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2, 1/2), brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF, val66met), serotonin transporter gene linked polymorphic region (5- HTTLPR, s/l), and methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR, c.677C,>,T). Methods A community sample of 300 men aged 65 or over were categorized into 68 subjects with AUD and 232 controls according to clinical examinations and DSM-IV criteria. Genotype distributions and allele frequencies were compared. Results Men with AUD had significantly higher ALDH2*1 and BDNF met allele frequencies compared to controls (p -values,<,0.05). No significant differences in genotype or allele frequencies were found for 5- HTTLPR or MTHFR (p -values,>,0.3). Conclusions AUD was associated with ALDH2*1 and BDNF met alleles in older Korean men. The first is consistent with previous research and likely to be explained by a protective effect of unpleasant symptoms following alcohol consumption associated with ALDH2*2. The second finding is novel and might be accounted for by BDNF -mediated serotonin or dopamine pathways. However, given the relatively small sample size, the results should be regarded as preliminary and requiring independent replication. Copyright © 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [source]

ACE and MTHFR gene polymorphisms in unexplained recurrent pregnancy loss

Venkatesan Vettriselvi
Abstract Aim:, To assess the association between polymorphisms in angiotensin converting enzyme and methylene tetrahydrofolate reductase genes and recurrent pregnancy loss by a case-control study in South Indian women. Methods:, DNA was extracted from peripheral blood leukocytes of 104 women with Recurrent Pregnancy Loss (RPL) and 120 controls. Genotyping of ACE Insertion Deletion and MTHFR C677T polymorphism were carried out by PCR and PCR-RFLP, respectively. Results:, No statistically significant difference was observed in the distribution of genotypes between cases and controls for ACE and MTHFR polymorphisms. Further, the combination of MTHFR and ACE genotypes failed to reveal an association. Conclusion:, In conclusion, the present study reveals lack of association of MTHFR C677T and ACE I/D polymorphisms in RPL in South Indian women. However, we cannot exclude the possibility that other polymorphisms of ACE and MTHFR genes could be associated with the disease and might be clinically useful as a marker to assess risk for RPL. [source]