MRS Broth (mrs + broth)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

Kinetics of microbial hydrogenation of free linoleic acid to conjugated linoleic acids

H. Xu
Abstract Aims:, To investigate the ability of selected probiotic bacterial strains to produce conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) and also to estimate the biohydrogenation kinetics of Lactobacillus acidophilus on the production of CLA from free linoleic acid (LA). Methods and Results:, Six probiotic bacteria, Lact. paracasei, Lact. rhamnosus GG, Lact. acidophilus ADH, and Bifidobacterium longum B6, Lact. brevis, and Lact. casei, were used to examine their ability to convert LA to CLA. LA tolerance was evaluated by addition of different LA concentrations in MRS broth. Lact. acidophilus showed the major tolerant to LA and the greatest CLA-producing ability (36,48 ,g ml,1 of CLA). The rate-controlling steps were k2 and k1 for the addition of 1 and 3 mg ml,1 of LA, respectively. The percentage of CLA conversion was higher in MRS broth supplemented with 1 mg ml,1 (65%) than 3 mg ml,1 (26%). Conclusion:, The results provide useful information and new approach for understanding the biohydrogenation mechanisms of CLA production. Significance and Impact of the Study:, This study would help elucidate the pathway from LA to stearic acid (SA), known as biohydrogenation. In addition, the use of selected probiotic bacteria might lead to a significant improvement in food safety. [source]

Growth of Enterococcus mundtii ST15 in medium filtrate and purification of bacteriocin ST15 by cation-exchange chromatography

Monique Granger
Bacteriocin ST15 (bacST15), produced by Enterococcus mundtii ST15, inhibited the growth of a variety of bacteria, including exopolysaccharide (EPS)-producing strains isolated from biofilms in stainless steel pipes. Maximal production of bacST15 (51200 AU/ml) was recorded after 20 h of growth in MRS broth (Biolab), which was maintained throughout fermentation. Only 12800 AU/ml bacST15 has been recorded in MRS filtrate with components smaller than 8000 Da, suggesting that nutrients larger than 8000 Da are required for optimal bacST15 production. Cation-exchange chromatography yielded an active peptide, which is 3944.00 Da, according to electron-spray mass spectrometry and tricin-SDS PAGE. BacST15 is smaller than the 4287 Da reported for bacteriocins ATO6 and KS produced by E. mundtii . The iso-electric point of bacST15 is between 7 and 9, and similar to that reported for pediocin PD-1. ( 2005 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim) [source]

Subtractive Screening for Probiotic Properties of Lactobacillus Species from the Human Gastrointestinal Tract in the Search for New Probiotics

S. Delgado
ABSTRACT:, In the search for new probiotics, 61 Lactobacillus spp. isolates, belonging to 12 species and isolated as dominant lactic acid bacteria from the feces of healthy humans, were subjected to a subtractive system of in vitro analyses, which included desirable and undesirable traits. Twenty-four isolates were able to grow in 2% bovine bile, of which 13 grew in acidified broth at pH 3.5 in acidified cysteine-containing MRS broth. Intrinsic resistance to certain antimicrobial agents (cefoxitin, metronidazole, vancomycin) was observed in most isolates, but atypical resistances to erythromycin, clindamycin, or tetracycline were also found in 5 strains. Undesirable traits such as ,-chymotrypsin or N-acetyl-,-glucosaminidase activities were not detected, but low ,-glucuronidase and moderate ,-glucosidase activities were recorded in 2 strains. Two Lactobacillus gasseri and 2 Lactobacillus paracasei selected strains inhibited several intestinal pathogens in an agar spot test, including strains of Escherichia coli, Listeria monocytogenes, Salmonella typhimurium, and Staphylococcus aureus. They also adhered to human Caco-2 and HT-29 epithelial cells in a manner comparable to Lactobacillus rhamnosus strain GG, and were unable to degrade pig gastric mucin in a plate assay. Together, these results suggest these 4 strains to be good probiotic candidates, concluding that the subtractive screening devised in this work could be a valuable tool in large-scale surveys for probiotics. [source]

Conjugated linoleic acid conversion by dairy bacteria cultured in MRS broth and buffalo milk

C.P. Van Nieuwenhove
Abstract Aims:, To evaluate strains of Lactobacilli, Bifidobacteria and Streptococci for their ability to produce conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) from free linoleic acid (LA). Methods and Results:, Eight dairy bacteria tolerant to LA were grown in MRS broth containing LA (200 ,g ml,1) and CLA was assessed. Seven bacteria were able to form CLA after 24 h of incubation, varying percentage conversion between 17% and 36%. Lactobacillus casei, Lactobacillus rhamnosus, Bifidobacterium bifidum and Streptococcus thermophilus showed the highest LA conversion and were inoculated into buffalo milk supplemented with different concentration of LA. The production of CLA at 200 ,g ml,1 of LA was two- or threefold in milk than MRS broth. All evaluated strains were able to produce CLA from high LA levels (1000 ,g ml,1). Conclusions:, The most tolerant strain to LA was Lact. casei. Lacttobacillus rhamnosus produced the maximum level of CLA at high LA concentrations (800 ,g ml,1). The selected bacteria may be considered as adjunct cultures to be included on dairy fermented products manufacture. Low concentration of LA must be added to the medium to enhance CLA formation. Significance and Impact of the Study:, The production of CLA by strains using milks from regional farms as medium offer a possible mechanism to enhance this beneficial compound in dairy products and those the possibility to develop functional foods. [source]