Lower Share (lower + share)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

Expenditure dispersion and dietary quality: evidence from Canada

Timothy K. M. BeattyArticle first published online: 13 AUG 200
Abstract This paper examines links between the way in which a household spreads their food expenditure over time and the dietary quality of the food they purchase. I find that households who make more frequent, smaller food purchases buy healthier foods than households who make fewer, larger purchases. These households are more likely to purchase foods with a lower share of total calories from fats, saturated fats and a larger share of calories from fruits and vegetables. The analysis is extended using quantile regression. The effect of expenditure dispersion is found to be largest among households with poor diets i.e. those households with diets high in saturated fats and low in fruits and vegetables. Copyright 2008 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [source]

Do some enterprise zones create jobs?

Jed Kolko
We study how the employment effects of enterprise zones vary with their location, implementation, and administration, based on evidence from California. We use new establishment-level data and geographic mapping methods, coupled with a survey of enterprise zone administrators. Overall, the evidence indicates that enterprise zones do not increase employment. However, the evidence also suggests that the enterprise zone program has a more favorable effect on employment in zones that have a lower share of manufacturing and in zones where managers report doing more marketing and outreach activities. On the other hand, devoting more effort to helping firms get hiring tax credits reduces or eliminates any positive employment effects, which may be attributable to idiosyncrasies of California's enterprise zone program during the period we study. 2010 by the Association for Public Policy Analysis and Management. [source]

Income related inequality in prescription drugs in Denmark,,

Jens Gundgaard
Abstract Purpose To examine income-related inequity in utilisation of prescription drugs in Funen County, Denmark after a new reimbursement system was implemented. Methods An individual level prescription database was merged with a health survey of 2927 respondents interviewed in 2000 and 2001 about their health status and socio-economic and socio-demographic characteristics. An index of horizontal inequity was used to estimate the degree of inequity in drug utilisation across income groups, using the indirect method of standardisation to control for age, gender and health status as a proxy for need. The results were compared to estimates from a traditional regression analysis. Results The least advantaged with respect to income consume a bigger share of the prescription drugs than the most advantaged. After standardisation for age, gender and health status the least advantaged have a lower share of the drug consumption than expected. However, traditional regression analysis showed no signs of an income effect on the level of consumption of prescription drugs. Conclusions The index of horizontal inequity suggests that some horizontal inequity favouring the better off is present. However, the results deviate from what can be found by traditional regression analysis. Copyright 2004 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [source]

Is Hanukkah Responsive to Christmas?,

Ran Abramitzky
We use individual-level survey and county-level expenditure data to examine the extent to which Hanukkah celebrations among US Jews are driven by the presence of Christmas. We document that Jews with young children are more likely to celebrate Hanukkah, that this effect is greater for reform Jews and for strongly-identified Jews, and that Jewish-related expenditure on Hanukkah is higher in counties with lower shares of Jews. All these findings are consistent with the hypothesis that celebration of religious holidays is designed not only for worship and enjoyment but also to provide a counterbalance for children against competing cultural influences. [source]