Learning Experiences (learning + experience)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Kinds of Learning Experiences

  • active learning experience
  • positive learning experience
  • student learning experience

  • Selected Abstracts

    An Active Learning Experience in Health Policy for Baccalaureate Nursing Students

    Mary E. Byrd R.N., Ph.D.
    Abstract Nurses have the potential to promote the public's health through active involvement in shaping health and social policy. Preparing nursing students to influence public policy is a major component of the curriculum in public/community health nursing. A series of learning experiences was designed to engage students in this process. First, students participate in information sessions at the State Health Department and the State House. This provides them with opportunities to engage in dialogue with public health leaders as well as advocates from both professional organizations and community groups. Next, students identify the legislators who represent them in the community and write a narrative that describes the legislators' interest and commitment to health-related legislation. Lastly, students work in clinical groups to analyze a public health problem that can be addressed through public policy interventions. This has led to the students testifying at legislative hearings and working with community groups involved with the issue. The students present their findings to their peers and to the wider college community. Through these learning experiences, students gain practical experience in understanding the political process that leads to important policy change. This in turn prepares them for their roles as professional nurses and involved citizens. [source]

    Adult Learning Experiences from an Aquarium Visit: The role of Social Interactions in Family Groups

    Adriana Briseño-Garzón
    Based on a larger empirical work,1 this paper reports on the nature and character of adult learning within a family group context while visiting the Vancouver Aquarium Marine Science Centre (Canada), and the longitudinal effects of such experience in the weeks following the visit. In this study a multiple or collective instrumental case study approach was employed to examine the learning experiences of the adult members of 13 family groups; this approach demonstrates that adults visiting the aquarium as part of a family group are active social learners and not merely facilitators of the experience for younger visitors or caregivers. Our outcomes also indicate that the adult members of the participant family groups learned in a multiplicity of domains including the cognitive, the social, and the affective, as a result of their visit to the Vancouver Aquarium. In addition, we discuss the longitudinal impacts of the aquarium visit and provide valuable insights as to the relevance of these experiences in visitors' everyday lives. [source]

    Toward a Theory of Aesthetic Learning Experiences

    CURRICULUM INQUIRY, Issue 5 2009
    ABSTRACT The purpose of this article is to reveal ways to provide the opportunity for students to have aesthetically engaged learning experiences. Using John Dewey's ideas from Art as Experience as a framework, the author uses aesthetic theory to show how such ends can be reached. In addition, he suggests six themes that teachers can draw upon to help students attain engaged learning experiences. The themes, which are elaborated upon fully in this article, include connections, active engagement, sensory experience, perceptivity, risk taking, and imagination. In addition to providing engaged learning, the upshot of providing aesthetic learning experiences is likely to include student satisfaction, an increase in perceptual knowledge, episodic memory retention, meaning making, and creativity and innovation. [source]

    The Effect of Learning Experiences and Context on Infant Imitation and Generalization

    INFANCY, Issue 6 2008
    Emily J. H. Jones
    Over the first years of life, infants gradually develop the ability to retrieve their memories across cue and contextual changes. Whereas maturational factors drive some of these developments in memory ability, experiences occurring within the learning event may also impact infants' ability to retrieve memories in new situations. In 2 experiments we examined whether it was possible to facilitate 12-month-old infants' generalization of learning in the deferred imitation paradigm by varying experiences before or during the demonstration session, or during the retention interval. In Experiment 1, altering the length, timing, or variability of training had no impact on generalization; infants showed a low, but consistent level of memory retrieval. In Experiment 2, infants who experienced a unique context for encoding and retrieval exhibited generalization; infants who experienced the context prior to the demonstration session, or during the retention interval, did not. Specificity is a robust feature of infant memory and is not substantially altered by encoding experiences in an observational learning paradigm. Previous history with a learning environment can, however, impact the flexibility of memory retrieval. [source]

    Native American Graduate Nursing Students' Learning Experiences

    Suzanne Steffan Dickerson
    Purpose: To identify learning experiences of Native American graduate nursing students in a university-based nurse practitioner program. Design: The phenomenological approach of Heideggerian hermeneutics. Method: A purposive sample of 11 Native American graduate students in a nurse practitioner program were given the choice of participating in a focus group or completing an individual interview to elicit common meanings and shared experiences. Findings: Four themes and two constitutive patterns: (a) Native American students' worldviews reflected unwritten knowledge that served as a background of common understanding, (b) academic environment as a rigid environment with only one way to learn and constant evaluation, (c) faculty-student relationship barriers to establishing a supportive learning environment, and (d) strategies to survive, including a commitment to succeed, conforming to unwritten rules, helping each other, and ultimately changing themselves. Constitutive patterns were: (a) value conflicts when students' values conflicted with academic behavioral values, and (b) on the fringe, when students felt isolation from the main student body, and open to attack (evaluation). Students struggled to be successful in their commitment to complete the degree, but often questioned the applicability of the program in their cultural setting. Conclusions: A more flexible supportive environment is needed to support students' goals to attain degrees, as well as to encourage dialogue on differing cultural values. Faculty who teach culturally diverse students may need to examine rigid behavioral standards that mandate an assertive practitioner persona and may be a barrier to attainment of goals. [source]

    Curriculum planning in dermatology

    S. M. Burge
    Summary Curriculum planners should familiarize themselves with the recommendations for medical education in the UK made by the Quality Assurance Agency and the General Medical Council. The dermatology curriculum must maximize undergraduate learning experiences in dermatology, but lengthy curricula lead to rote learning and do not promote understanding. The core dermatology curricula might be built around the clinical problems graduates are likely to encounter as preregistration house-officers, but should also prepare students for their future careers in whatever speciality. Graduates should know when it might be appropriate to refer a patient to a dermatologist. Learning experiences in dermatology might be threaded into the curriculum at a number of stages and student-selected components might provide opportunities to explore dermatological topics in depth. The views of a broad constituency will give the core curriculum validity and consensus might be reached with the Delphi technique or by using multidisciplinary groups. Temptations to overload the curriculum should be resisted. Medical curricula should give students time to experience the art of medicine as well as to explore the science behind clinical practice. [source]

    An online thermodynamics courseware

    C. C. Ngo
    Abstract This article presents an online Thermodynamics courseware and how it can be used to enhance the learning experience of students. The courseware has been developed to present the materials in a dynamic and interactive fashion. It also includes a review section to help students in the preparation of the Fundamentals of Engineering (FE) Exam. Since its first implementation in summer 2000, this courseware has received overwhelming response from our students. © 2003 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Comput Appl Eng Educ 11: 75,82, 2003; Published online in Wiley InterScience (www.interscience.wiley.com); DOI 10.1002/cae.10039 [source]

    Web-based Thermodynamics Tables Wizard

    C. C. Ngo
    Abstract This paper presents the Web-based Thermodynamics Tables Wizard and how it can be used for online courses or web-teaching to accommodate the need of students at different levels in looking up thermodynamics properties. It can be used as a stand-alone study aid or an add-on component for any online Thermodynamics course. The implementation of this Web-based module has greatly enhanced the learning experience of students in the study of Thermodynamics. © 2002 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Comput Appl Eng Educ 10: 137,143, 2002; Published online in Wiley InterScience ( www.interscience.wiley.com); DOI 10.1002/cae.10022 [source]

    Competing Agendas: Young Children's Museum Field Trips

    David Anderson
    Agendas are known to directly influence visitor behavior and learning. Numerous agendas are at play during a visit to a museum. We suggest that in a museum-based learning experience, children's agendas are often overlooked, and are at times in competition with the accompanying adult's agendas. This paper describes and qualitatively analyzes three episodes of competing agendas that occurred on young children's field trips to museums in Brisbane, Australia. The aim is to elucidate the kinds of tensions over agendas that can arise in the experience of young museum-goers. Additionally, we hope to alert museum practitioners to the importance of considering children's agendas, with the aim of improving their museum experience. Suggestions are also made for ways in which educators can address children's agendas during museum visits in order to maximize learning outcomes. [source]

    Capturing Flow in the Business Classroom

    Yi Maggie Guo
    ABSTRACT This study focuses on the flow experience in business education. Flow experience, characterized by concentration, control, and enjoyment, can lead to better learning outcomes. Leading preconditions of flow include the balance of challenge and skill, feedback, and goal clarity. Other situational factors affect the flow experience through the mediating effects of these three factors. In this article, we extend an existing framework linking flow and learning. Using the model as a guide, we start our research effort of flow in business education by conducting a field survey of student learning experience in terms of flow and influential factors. Data were collected using business students taking an introductory Operations Management course. The analysis reveals that flow does exist in classroom learning. Its key dimensions are concentration, sense of control, and enjoyment. The more important leading factor is having clear feedback. Characteristics of both the instructor and students play a role in the flow experience of students during lecture. It is evident that flow theory offers a useful framework for business education research. Suggestions for future research are made. [source]

    Using innovative group-work activities to enhance the problem-based learning experience for dental students

    R. Grady
    Abstract Problem-based learning (PBL) in medical and dental curricula is now well established, as such courses are seen to equip students with valuable transferable skills (e.g. problem-solving or team-working abilities), in addition to knowledge acquisition. However, it is often assumed that students improve in such skills without actually providing direct opportunity for practice, and without giving students feedback on their performance. ,The Manchester Dental Programme' (TMDP) was developed at The University of Manchester, UK as a 5-year, integrated enquiry-led curriculum. The existing PBL course was redesigned to include a unique, additional PBL session (,Session 4') that incorporated an activity for the group to complete, based on the subject material covered during student self-study. A summative mark was awarded for each activity that reflected the teamwork, organisational and overall capabilities of the groups. This paper describes the different types of activities developed for the Session 4 and presents an analysis of the perceptions of the students and staff involved. The student response to the Session 4 activities, obtained via questionnaires, was extremely positive, with the majority finding them fun, yet challenging, and ,worthwhile'. The activities were perceived to enhance subject understanding; develop students' problem-solving skills; allow the application of knowledge to new situations, and helped to identify gaps in knowledge to direct further study. Staff found the activities innovative and exciting learning tools for the students. The Session 4 activities described here are useful educational resources that could be adapted for other PBL courses in a wide variety of subject areas. [source]

    The development of a primary dental care outreach course

    P. Waterhouse
    Abstract The aim of this work was to develop the first north-east based primary dental care outreach (PDCO) course for clinical dental undergraduate students at Newcastle University. The process of course design will be described and involved review of the existing Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS) degree course in relation to previously published learning outcomes. Areas were identified where the existing BDS course did not meet fully these outcomes. This was followed by setting the PDCO course aims and objectives, intended learning outcomes, curriculum and structure. The educational strategy and methods of teaching and learning were subsequently developed together with a strategy for overall quality control of the teaching and learning experience. The newly developed curriculum was aligned with appropriate student assessment methods, including summative, formative and ipsative elements. [source]

    Undergraduate and postgraduate dental students',reflection on learning': a qualitative study

    F. A. Ashley
    Abstract, The aim of this study was to explore undergraduate and postgraduate dental students' understanding of a good learning experience by using ,reflection on learning' as described by Schon. Four groups of Year 4 BDS students and one group of postgraduate students in dental public health took part in a series of focus group discussions. The responses were grouped into four broad themes (a) active, practical and positive learning; (b) interactive/together learning; (c) personal learning; (d) theory into practice. Six educational models of good learning proposed by the students are described. [source]

    Context rich problems in oral biology teaching

    Jules Kieser
    Problem-based learning (PBL) has now been introduced in at least one of its various taxonomic forms in most dental curricula. We recently developed a novel form of PBL, referred to as Context Rich Problems, which we implemented in the Oral Biology course at the Otago University Dental School. A unique event, the teaching of second and third year students in the same year, allowed us to evaluate CRPs in these two academic years simultaneously. Our findings showed that second year students were not as positive as more mature third year students in accepting the transition from a traditional didactic form of teaching to PBL. Both groups, however, found that CRPs significantly enhanced their learning experience and both groups found that they needed less time spent on preparation than they had expected. In some respects, such as previous exposure to the web and electronic media, non-New Zealanders had had a significantly higher exposure. [source]

    Students' perceptions of seminar and lecture-based teaching in restorative dentistry

    Paul A. Brunton
    In an era of self-directed learning, it is important to seek the views of dental students regarding their learning experience. Using an anonymous questionnaire, clinical dental students' perceptions of seminar and lecture-based teaching in restorative dentistry were sought. 116 of 136 questionnaires circulated were returned for analysis giving a response rate of 85%. Clinical seminars as opposed to lectures were, in the opinion of the students, a more effective way of learning, more relevant to self-development and more interactive. Seminar-based learning was considered to be more amenable to self-direction than formal didactic lectures. It is concluded that the students included in this study were found to prefer seminar-based learning opportunities as opposed to more traditional styles of learning, specifically, didactic lectures. [source]

    Endodontic teaching in Philippine dental schools

    E. V. Cruz
    Abstract Aim The aim of this study was to evaluate the pattern of undergraduate endodontic teaching in Philippine dental schools. Methodology Data were gathered by sending questionnaires to the deans of the 23 dental schools in the country to determine details of the teaching of root canal treatment in permanent teeth. The covering letter requested that endodontic staff complete the questionnaire. Results Twenty of 23 dental schools returned completed questionnaires. Similarities were observed in the timing of undergraduate endodontic teaching, working length determination, and root canal preparation technique. Irrigating fluids recommended included one or a combination of the following: sodium hypochlorite, hydrogen peroxide, distilled water and EDTA. The root canal medicaments popularly employed were CMCP and eugenol. Most schools used slow-setting zinc oxide eugenol cement as sealer. Differences between schools were noted in the laboratory component of the course. The time allotted for the laboratory exercises, as well as the number of teeth used, differed greatly between each school. An inadequate tutor to student ratio was noted in the majority of schools. Teaching aids were limited and, in most instances, produced by faculty members. Most faculty members teaching endodontics had no specialist training. Conclusion The results of this study have demonstrated that there is a need to review endodontic teaching in the majority of the Philippine dental schools to ensure that the course content and curriculum employed by all schools meet specified standards and that appropriate measures should be considered to enhance the learning experience of students. [source]

    Evaluation of a clinical examination skills training course in an undergraduate pharmacy programme

    Dr. Andy Wearn senior lecturer, director
    Objective To introduce and evaluate a short clinical examination skills course in a BPharm programme. The study objectives were to assess needs, explore attitudes, record perceived competence requirements and assess the value of physical examination skills learning. Setting BPharm programme in Auckland, New Zealand. Participants were students enrolled in years 3 and 4 of the programme (2003). Method The design was a longitudinal, dual cohort, educational intervention evaluation using a self-completed questionnaire. An examination skills component was added to the fourth year of the pharmacy programme. Year 3 and 4 students were recruited, and completed the questionnaire at two points. Year 3 students were sampled one year before and soon after the skills sessions. Year 4 students were sampled after the sessions and 18 months later (once registered). The questionnaire sought their attitudes towards clinical skills training and practical relevance for future practice, and evaluated their learning experience. Key findings Response rates at the four points were 42,67%. Year 3 students identified a similar set of appropriate skills to those actually taught in year 4. Overall, attitudes to introducing examination skills learning were positive at all points. At follow-up, both cohorts agreed more strongly that examination skills training should be core (significantly for registered pharmacists versus year 3, P < 0.006). Measuring manual blood pressure was deemed the most difficult skill. All taught skills were used in practice except for respiratory rate; most used were body mass index (BMI), temperature and peak flow measurement. Conclusions There was a close correlation between what was offered in the course, what students felt they needed to learn and what was relevant in practice. Once registered, pharmacists were aware of their limitations and level of competence in relation to clinical skills. The small changes in attitudinal scores appear to reflect maturity and experience. The study design allowed us to adapt the educational component to student need. Health professional educators need to be aware of and respond to changes in professional scopes of practice. [source]

    Educating Australian pharmacists about the use of online information in community pharmacy practice

    Margaret Bearman Lecturer
    Objectives Community pharmacists practice in an information technology-rich society, however many have not been educated in internet use for professional practice. The aims of this study were to investigate how community pharmacists use the internet in their practice; to develop an intervention to address their educational needs; and to examine the benefits and weakness of a flexible delivery programme. Method We conducted two focus groups investigating community pharmacists' internet use and education needs. We subsequently developed and provided a four-module educational course on CD ROM, ,Advanced web skills for pharmacists: finding quality on the internet'. In total, 147 pharmacists participated. A survey was conducted to evaluate the impact of the course. Key findings The focus group findings provided a clear rationale for an educational intervention. One-hundred and four pharmacists completed the course. Participating pharmacists were highly positive about the learning experience, in particular the provision of education by flexible delivery. Many reported specific changes to practice. They also described the time-consuming nature of the course as the biggest barrier to further education. Conclusions This project demonstrates the need for community pharmacists to have access to internet education. Flexible CD ROM-based learning provided a successful delivery medium. [source]

    Global Government Health Partners' Forum 2006: eighteen months later

    J. Foster rn
    FOSTER J., GUISINGER V., GRAHAM A., HUTCHCRAFT L. & SALMON M. (2010) Global Government Health Partners' Forum 2006: eighteen months later. International Nursing Review57, 173,179 Background:, The challenge of global health worker shortages, particularly among nurses, has been the topic of numerous forums over the last several years. Nevertheless, there has been little attention given to the roles of government chief nursing and medical officers as key partners in addressing health worker shortages. This partnership and its potential impact on the adequacy of the global health workforce was the focus of the most recent Global Government Health Partners (GGHP) Forum held in November 2006 in Atlanta, Georgia, USA. This forum was uniquely designed to create a context for government chief nursing officers and chief medical officers to engage in a joint learning and planning experience focused on positioning their leadership to impact health workforce issues. Aim:, This article describes an 18-month follow-up evaluation of the outcomes of the GGHP. The purpose of the evaluation was to assess the impact of the forum experience on the actions of participants based on the country-level plans they produced at the forum. This important feedback is intended to inform the design of future partnered global forums and gain insights into the utility of forum-based action plans. The evaluation process itself has served as an opportunity for the engagement of university faculty, students and staff in a global service learning experience. Conclusion:, The outcomes of this evaluation indicate that important progress has been made by countries whose leadership was involved in the forum, and was also an important learning activity for those participating in the conduct of the study. [source]

    Improving international nurse training: an American,Italian case study

    H. F. W. Dubois msc
    Background:, Institutionalized international nurse training organized by national educational institutions is a relatively new phenomenon. This, descriptive case study examines an early example of an American,Italian initiative of such training, in order to stimulate future international education of nurses. Aim:, To find out what factors have to be taken into account to improve training and what its potential effects are in exchange and also in the context of nurse migration. Method:, A questionnaire was sent to the 85 nurses who all participated in this particular international programme (response rate: 30.6%). Findings:, The collected data indicate that personalized and well-aimed training, preparatory language courses, predeparture exposure of nurses to the culture of the host country and well-prepared welcomes are among the most important ways to improve this programme. Implications for practice:, While the specific circumstances and cultures involved in this particular case study should not be ignored, these factors might also be applied to maximize the positive effects of nurse-migration. Two-way learning is among the positive effects of such an international training experience. Motivational and team-building effects can result in enhanced quality of care and a more efficient allocation of resources. However, the mind-opening effect seems to be the most important learning experience. Therefore, regardless of whether one system is considered better or worse than another, experiencing a different way of nursing/education is considered the most important, enriching element of an international learning experience. The effects of this experience could include avoiding cultural imposition in the increased cultural diversity of nursing in the country of origin. [source]

    Simulating Globalization: Oil in Chad

    Heidi H. Hobbs
    The conflicting interests that underlie globalization can be difficult to grasp in a traditional classroom setting. The simulation presented here challenges students to examine the many different actors operating in the international system today. The focus is the Chad,Cameroon oil pipeline,a landmark example of cooperation and conflict between international institutions, non-governmental organizations and business interests. Given a scenario, students assume these roles and negotiate for the continued success of the pipeline. All the materials to run this exercise are included and if utilized, can provide a positive active learning experience. [source]

    Early Clinical Exposure to Geriatric Medicine in Second-Year Medical School Students,The McGill Experience

    Gustavo Duque MD
    This study examined the effect of a curriculum change on early clinical exposure to geriatrics for second-year medical students at McGill University and its effects on learning and students' appreciation of geriatrics as a subspecialty. Second-year medical students (N = 200) were exposed to a change in the curriculum involving the integration of 10 weekly sessions into one integrated week in geriatric medicine. Students participating in 10 weekly sessions were Group 1 and students participating in one integrated week were Group 2. Students rated their rotation using two different scales. The students completed 12-item questionnaires during their feedback sessions at the end of the 10-week session experience or the integrated week. The first six items assessed the students' appreciation of their improvement of knowledge in the subject of geriatrics and aging. The second and third part of the survey (questions 7 and 8) included the students' opinions about the quality of the instruction (teaching feedback) and evaluation. Students in Group 2 found their rotation more effective as a learning experience and expressed greater satisfaction with interaction with the tutors, community settings, and multidisciplinary team sessions. Grades obtained on final examinations showed a better and more-effective acquisition of knowledge by Group 2. The integrated week is a more-effective learning tool in the early clinical experience for medical students in geriatric medicine than 10 weekly sessions as the first introductory experience to the field of geriatric medicine. [source]

    Students' experience of component versus integrated virtual learning environments

    M. Weller
    Abstract The use of virtual learning environments (VLEs) has become increasingly common in most higher education (HE) institutions. Recent developments have proposed the interoperability of software systems and content, to create component VLEs in contrast with the integrated, monolithic ones that are currently prevalent. This paper examines the student experience of two VLEs, one integrated approach and the other component. In general, students preferred the component system, although this may have been influenced by other factors such as performance. Although the study is limited to one cohort of student it makes a number of suggestions relevant to anyone deploying a VLE. These are that the component approach is a viable one from a student perspective, the broader context in which the VLE operates is important in student perception and that poor system performance may have unpredictable consequences for the learning experience. [source]

    Professionalism and ,the master clinician', an early learning experience

    Ronald Harrison Fishbein MD
    No abstract is available for this article. [source]

    Learning About Foodborne Pathogens: Evaluation of Student Perceptions of Group Project Work in a Food Microbiology Course

    Mark S. Turner
    ABSTRACT:, This study examined the experiences of students in an active learning group work exercise in an introductory food microbiology course involving the study of foodborne pathogens. Small groups were required to access, analyze, and present information regarding a single food poisoning bacterium. The presentations contained features and epidemiological information of the pathogen and also a review of a research journal article and a real food poisoning outbreak report involving the pathogen. Analysis of responses from a questionnaire that allowed direct comparisons to be made with other published group work studies revealed that this exercise was a positive learning experience. In particular, students noted improvements in communication, interaction, information acquisition, and organizational skills. [source]

    Funds of knowledge and discourses and hybrid space

    Angela Calabrese Barton
    Abstract The findings reported on in this manuscript emerged from a design experiment conducted at a low-income urban middle school intended to support the teacher in incorporating pedagogical practices supportive of students' everyday knowledge and practices during a 6th grade unit on food and nutrition from the LiFE curriculum. In studying the impact of the design experiment we noticed qualitative shifts in classroom Discourse marked by a changing role and understandings of the funds of knowledge students brought to science learning. Using qualitative data and grounded theory we present an analysis of the different types of funds of knowledge and Discourse that students brought into science class. We focus on how the students' strategic use of these funds augmented the learning experience of the students and the learning community as well as the learning outcomes. We discuss the implications these funds of knowledge and Discourses had on the development of three related third space transformations: physical, political, and pedagogical. © 2008 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Res Sci Teach 46: 50,73, 2009 [source]

    Reconceptualizing Language, Language Learning, and the Adolescent Immigrant Language Learner in the Age of Postmodern Globalization

    Peter I. De Costa
    The massive shift in migration patterns brought about by globalization has heavily impacted the language learning experience of adolescent immigrant learners. Given these changes wrought by globalization, this paper argues for a reconceptualization of language, language learning, and the adolescent immigrant language learner. In line with poststructural concerns that have framed recent SLA research on immigrant learners, particular emphasis is given to how a Bourdieusian framework offers constructs to better understand globalized linguistic flows. Such a framework, which views language as a form of capital, allows for a better understanding the consequences of globalization and the commodification of languages. Relatedly, to recognize the linguistic resources available to immigrant learners in the twenty-first century, the paper calls for a reconstitution of language along ideological, semiotic, and performative lines as well as a reframing of language learning through an ideology and identity lens. As a result of this linguistic reconceptualization, globalized adolescent immigrant language learners should be viewed as social actors who possess and are in the process of developing symbolic competence (cf. Kramsch and Whiteside 2007, 2008; Kramsch 2009). [source]

    Developing a Service-Learning Curriculum for Linguistics

    Colleen M. Fitzgerald
    Service-learning integrates community service into a credit-earning course to enrich the learning experience and pair practice with theory in some content area. Linguistics courses offer tremendous potential for service-learning because there are a variety of ways in which language-related theory can be put into practice. This paper outlines the development of a service-learning curriculum for linguistics courses. While examples come from a project where students tutored adult second language learners of English, the activities in this paper extend well to other linguistics courses. Reflection is essential to service-learning, so necessary background and examples of it as a structured learning tool appear here. A second assessment tool, an anonymous online survey taken before and after tutoring, was used to explore any impact on language and diversity attitudes. More generally, service-learning has the potential to positively affect career development, to generate a sense of civic engagement, to facilitate greater understanding of other cultures and races and to make a difference in local communities. [source]

    A mixed-methods study of interprofessional learning of resuscitation skills

    MEDICAL EDUCATION, Issue 9 2009
    Paul Bradley
    Objectives, This study aimed to identify the effects of interprofessional resuscitation skills teaching on medical and nursing students' attitudes, leadership, team-working and performance skills. Methods, Year 2 medical and nursing students learned resuscitation skills in uniprofessional or interprofessional settings, prior to undergoing observational ratings of video-recorded leadership, teamwork and skills performance and subsequent focus group interviews. The Readiness for Interprofessional Learning Scale (RIPLS) was administered pre- and post-intervention and again 3,4 months later. Results, There was no significant difference between interprofessional and uniprofessional teams for leadership, team dynamics or resuscitation tasks performance. Gender, previous interprofessional learning experience, professional background and previous leadership experience had no significant effect. Interview analysis showed broad support for interprofessional education (IPE) matched to clinical reality with perceived benefits for teamwork, communication and improved understanding of roles and perspectives. Concerns included inappropriate role adoption, hierarchy issues, professional identity and the timing of IPE episodes. The RIPLS subscales for professional identity and team-working increased significantly post-intervention for interprofessional groups but returned to pre-test levels by 3,4 months. However, interviews showed interprofessional groups retained a ,residual positivity' towards IPE, more so than uniprofessional groups. Conclusions, An intervention based on common, relevant, shared learning outcomes set in a realistic educational context can work with students who have differing levels of previous IPE and skills training experience. Qualitatively, positive attitudes outlast quantitative changes measured using the RIPLS. Further quantitative and qualitative work is required to examine other domains of learning, the timing of interventions and impact on attitudes towards IPE. [source]

    ,Can you take a student this morning?' Maximising effective teaching by practice nurses

    MEDICAL EDUCATION, Issue 5 2009
    Pat Smith
    Objectives, Little is known about the contribution nurses make to medical student learning. This study set out to explore the nature of practice nurse teaching during the general practice clerkship and to investigate ways in which the teacher and learner (the practice nurse and the medical student) can be best supported to maximise learning. Methods, Mixed focus groups were conducted with general practitioner educational supervisors and practice nurses. Further focus groups were conducted with students on completion of clerkships. Results, There is wide variation in the delivery, organisation and expectations of practice nurse teaching. Although there is some evidence of a passive learning experience, the learning dynamic and the student,nurse relationship are regarded highly. Conclusions, Time spent with practice nurses is an important part of the clerkship in general practice. The nature of the practice nurse,medical student relationship differs from that of the educational supervisor,medical student relationship and can be built upon to maximise learning during the clerkship. The experience for the practice nurse, medical student and supervisor can be enhanced through formal preparation for delivering teaching. [source]