Japanese Guidelines (japanese + guideline)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

Outline of the Japanese Guidelines for the Management of Stroke 2004 and subsequent revision

Yukito Shinohara
During its preparation, 106 stroke specialists from these societies checked and rated more than 110,000 publications from all over the world, including Japan. We thought it important to develop specific guidelines for Japanese patients, because there are race differences, because some of the approved drugs in Japan are different from those in other counties, and because reports published in Japanese have not been taken into consideration in the development of western guidelines. We also added the Japanese guidelines for use of t-PA in this outline, because there are some differences (e.g., in volume of t-PA) from the guidelines of western countries. Here, we present an outline the Japanese Guidelines for the Management of Stroke 2004 in response to requests, although some updating is already needed. The first revision of the guidelines is expected to be completed in 2008. [source]

Japanese guidelines for prevention of perioperative infections in urological field

Tetsuro Matsumoto
Abstract: For urologists, it is very important to master surgical indications and surgical techniques. On the other hand, the knowledge of the prevention of perioperative infections and the improvement of surgical techniques should always be considered. Although the prevention of perioperative infections in each surgical field is a very important issue, the evidence and the number of guidelines are limited. Among them, the preparation of guidelines has progressed, especially in gastrointestinal surgery. The Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) proposed guidelines for the prevention of surgical site infections, which have been used worldwide. In urology, the original guidelines were different from those of general surgery, due to many endourological procedures and urine exposure in the surgical field. The Japanese Society of UTI Cooperative Study Group has thus framed these guidelines supported by The Japanese Urological Association. The guidelines consist of the following nine techniques: open surgeries, laparoscopic surgeries, transurethral resection of bladder tumor, ureterorenoscope and transurethral lithotripsy, transurethral resection of the prostate, prostate biopsy, cystourethroscope, pediatric surgeries in the urological field, and extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy and febrile neutropenia. These are the first guidelines for the prevention of perioperative infections in the urological field in Japan. Although most of these guidelines were made using reliable evidence, there are parts without enough evidence. Therefore, if new reliable data is reported, it will be necessary for these guidelines to be revised in the future. [source]