Invasive Micropapillary Carcinoma (invasive + micropapillary_carcinoma)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

Intracytoplasmic lumina in invasive micropapillary carcinoma of the lung

Naoto Kuroda M.D.
Abstract Micropapillary carcinoma of the lung is a rare neoplasm, and several reports on micropapillary carcinoma of the lung have been presented to date. We present a case of micropapillary carcinoma of the lung here. A 75-yr-old Japanese man received the medical checkup and his chest X-ray disclosed the abnormal shadow of the lower lobe of the left lung. The histological examination of resected lung and extirpated lymph node showed the finding of micropapillary carcinoma. Some neoplastic cells of primary site contained intracytoplasmic lumina positive for Alcian blue and PAS stains. Pleural effusion appeared 9-mo after the operation. The cytology of pleural effusion showed cohesive clusters of neoplastic cells consisting of 3,20 cells without fibrovascular core. Additionally, intracytoplasmic lumina were observed in some neoplastic cells. Finally, carcinoma cells with micropapillary morphology may possess the intracytoplasmic lumina in the cytoplasm of metastatic site as well as primary site. Diagn. Cytopathol. 2006;34:224,226. 2006 Wiley-Liss, Inc. [source]

Increased expression of SDF-1/CXCR4 is associated with lymph node metastasis of invasive micropapillary carcinoma of the breast

Fangfang Liu
Aims:, Stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1) and its receptor CXCR4 are implicated in tumour chemotaxis and metastasis. The aim was to examine their roles in the metastasis of invasive micropapillary carcinoma (IMPC) of the breast, a tumour with a high propensity for nodal spread. Methods and results:, We compared the expression of SDF-1 and CXCR4 in 103 cases of breast cancer containing IMPC components with a control group of 96 cases of invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC), not otherwise specified type by immunohistochemistry and chemical in situ hybridization (CISH). The results showed that the predominant cytoplasmic expression of both SDF-1 and CXCR4 was greater in tumour cells of the IMPC components than in those of the non-IMPC components and the control IDC cases, and was correlated significantly with the number of positive lymph nodes (P < 0.05). SDF-1 expression on cell membranes was less frequently identified in IMPC than IDC (P = 0.021). Immunohistochemical detection of SDF-1 in endothelial cells of lymphatic vessels was more common in IMPC (P = 0.007) and correlated significantly with lymph node status (P = 0.002), although SDF-1 mRNA was rarely detected by CISH. Conclusions:, This study suggests that up-regulation of cytoplasmic expression of SDF-1/CXCR4 might be one of the molecular mechanisms facilitating lymph node metastasis of IMPC. [source]

The expression of Wilms' tumour-1 and Ca125 in invasive micropapillary carcinoma of the breast

A H S Lee
Aim:, Metastases from ovarian serous papillary carcinoma to the breast and primary invasive micropapillary carcinoma of the breast are histologically similar. The distinction is clinically important to ensure appropriate management. Wilms' tumour-1 (WT1) and Ca125 are frequently expressed in serous papillary carcinomas, and uncommonly in unselected mammary carcinomas. One previous study found Ca125 expression in 69% of invasive micropapillary carcinomas. The aim was to assess the frequency of expression of WT1 and Ca125 in invasive micropapillary carcinoma. Methods and results:, Twenty-five of 34 invasive micropapillary carcinomas showed no nuclear expression of WT1. The remaining nine tumours showed weak to moderate immunoreactivity in 1,10% of nuclei. Six of these nine tumours also contained ductal carcinoma in situ, which expressed WT1 in five of the six. Membranous or cytoplasmic expression of Ca125 was found in seven tumours. Conclusion:, Nuclear WT1 expression is present in a minority of invasive micropapillary carcinomas and, when present, expression is focal. The frequency of expression of Ca125 was similar to the results in unselected mammary carcinoma. Thus, these markers are useful members of the immunohistochemical panel for the distinction of mammary invasive micropapillary carcinoma from ovarian serous papillary carcinoma. [source]