Intracellular Adhesion Molecule (intracellular + adhesion_molecule)

Distribution by Scientific Domains


Selected Abstracts


Fibroblast Growth Factor (FGF), Intracellular Adhesion Molecule (sICAM-1) Level in Serum and Follicular Fluid of Infertile Women with Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome, Endometriosis and Tubal Damage, and their Effect on ICSI Outcome

AMERICAN JOURNAL OF REPRODUCTIVE IMMUNOLOGY, Issue 2 2003
M. E. Hammadeh
PROBLEM: The objective of this study was to determine the concentration of fibroblast growth factor (FGF) and soluble intracellular adhesions molecule (sICAM-1) in serum and follicular fluid (FF) of polycystic ovary (PCO), endometriosis and tubal factor infertility and male factor infertility patients, and to investigate the relationship between these parameters and the outcome of intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). METHOD OF STUDY: The concentration of FGF and sICAM-1 in serum and FF were determined in patients undergoing controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (COH) for ICSI therapy for various etiology of infertility and the results of cytokines concentration and ICSI outcome were compared between the groups. Twenty patients with PCO (G.I), 17 with endometriosis (G.II), 19 with tubal damage (G.III) and 19 with male factor infertility (G.IV) were enrolled in this study. Quantitative determination of levels of FGF and sICAM-1 was performed using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs). RESULTS: The FGF level in serum of PCO patients (G.I) were 4.8 2.3 and in FF were 104.0 39.0 pg/mL. The corresponding values in the endometriosis patients group (G.II) were 5.9 3.1 and 125.4 74.9 pg/mL. The concentration of FGF in tubal factor infertility group (G.III) in serum was significantly higher (P = 0.009) than those observed in the PCO group (G.I) 7.4 4.5 pg/mL, whereas the concentration in FF was at the same level like the other groups investigated, 128.7 75.9 pg/mL. Besides, the sICAM-1 (pg/ml) concentration in FF showed a significant difference between the groups investigated (G.I, 175.3 52.8; G.II 194.4 32.2; G.III 233.1 54.3; and G.IV 215.1 54.4 ng/mL; P = 0.003). The sICAM-1 levels in serum were not significantly different between the groups (217.0 42.9; 216.3 73.6; 254.8 79.6; 237.56 78.4 ng/ml; P = 0.267). The fertilization rate was significantly higher in G.III (66.0 23.89%) in comparison to G.II (38.8 33.9%; P = 0.014) or G.IV (38.7 22.7%; P = 0.012). The pregnancy rates were similar in all groups (30, 35.3 and 35.0, 38.6%, respectively). CONCLUSION: Both, FGF and sICAM-1 are present in serum and FF of patients undergoing controlled ovarian hyperstimulation for ICSI therapy. The FGF concentration in serum differs significantly between the groups investigated, whereas, no significant difference could be observed in the FF concentration of FGF. On the other hand, the sICAM in serum showed no significant difference between the groups, whereas, sICAM in FF demonstrated a significant difference between the patient groups investigated. On the whole, the ICSI outcome was not related to serum or FF concentrations of FGF or sICAM-1. Therefore, the mean concentration of FGF and sICAM-1 in serum and in FF could not be used to predict the fertilization rate in an ICSI program. [source]


Activation of hepatic stellate cells after phagocytosis of lymphocytes: A novel pathway of fibrogenesis,

HEPATOLOGY, Issue 3 2008
Nidal Muhanna
Increased CD8-T lymphocytes and reduced natural killer (NK) cells contribute to hepatic fibrosis. We have characterized pathways regulating the interactions of human hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) with specific lymphocyte subsets in vivo and in vitro. Fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS) was used to characterize human peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBLs) and intrahepatic lymphocytes (IHLs) obtained from healthy controls and from patients with either hepatitis B virus (HBV) or hepatitis C virus (HCV) with advanced fibrosis. Liver sections were analyzed by immunohistochemistry and confocal microscopy. To investigate in vitro interactions, PBLs from healthy controls or patients with HCV cirrhosis were co-cultured with an immortalized human HSC line (LX2 cells) or with primary HSCs. Significant alterations in lymphocyte distribution were identified in IHLs but not PBLs. The hepatic CD4/CD8 ratio and NK cells were significantly reduced in HBV/HCV patients. Expression of alpha-smooth muscle actin and infiltration of CD4, CD8, and NK cells were readily apparent in liver sections from patients with cirrhosis but not in healthy controls. Lymphocytes from each subset were in proximity to HSCs primarily within the periportal regions, and some were directly attached or engulfed. In culture, HSC activation was stimulated by HCV-derived CD8-subsets but attenuated by NK cells. Confocal microscopy identified lymphocyte phagocytosis within HSCs that was completely prevented by blocking intracellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1) and integrin molecules, or by irradiation of HSCs. LX2 knockdown of either Cdc42 or Rac1 [members of the Rho-guanosine triphosphatase (GTPase) family] prevented both phagocytosis and the activation of HSC by HCV-derived lymphocytes. Conclusion: The CD4/CD8 ratio and NK cells are significantly decreased in livers with advanced human fibrosis. Moreover, disease-associated but not healthy lymphocytes are engulfed by cultured HSCs, which is mediated by the Rac1 and Cdc42 pathways. Ingestion of lymphocytes by HSCs in hepatic fibrosis is a novel and potentially important pathway regulating the impact of lymphocytes on the course of hepatic fibrosis. (HEPATOLOGY 2008.) [source]


Neutrophil depletion protects against murine acetaminophen hepatotoxicity,,

HEPATOLOGY, Issue 6 2006
Zhang-Xu Liu
We previously reported that liver natural killer (NK) and NKT cells play a critical role in mouse model of acetaminophen (APAP)-induced liver injury by producing interferon gamma (IFN-,) and modulating chemokine production and subsequent recruitment of neutrophils into the liver. In this report, we examined the role of neutrophils in the progression of APAP hepatotoxicity. C57BL/6 mice were given an intraperitoneal toxic dose of APAP (500 mg/kg), which caused severe acute liver injury characterized by significant elevation of serum ALT, centrilobular hepatic necrosis, and increased hepatic inflammatory cell accumulation. Flow cytometric analysis of isolated hepatic leukocytes demonstrated that the major fraction of increased hepatic leukocytes at 6 and 24 hours after APAP was neutrophils (Mac-1+Gr-1+). Depletion of neutrophils by in vivo treatment with anti-Gr-1 antibody (RB6-8C5) significantly protected mice against APAP-induced liver injury, as evidenced by markedly reduced serum ALT levels, centrilobular hepatic necrosis, and improved mouse survival. The protection was associated with decreased FasL-expressing cells, cytotoxicity against hepatocytes, and respiratory burst in hepatic leukocytes. In intracellular adhesion molecule (ICAM)-1,deficient mice, APAP caused markedly reduced liver injury when compared with wild-type mice. The marked protection in ICAM-1,deficient mice was associated with decreased accumulation of neutrophils in the liver. Hepatic GSH depletion and APAP-adducts showed no differences among the antibody-treated, ICAM-1,deficient, and normal mice. In conclusion, accumulated neutrophils in the liver contribute to the progression and severity of APAP-induced liver injury. (HEPATOLOGY 2006;43:1220,1230.) [source]


Biliverdin therapy protects rat livers from ischemia and reperfusion injury

HEPATOLOGY, Issue 6 2004
Constantino Fondevila
Heme oxygenase (HO-1) provides a cellular defense mechanism during oxidative stress and catalyzes the rate-limiting step in heme metabolism that produces biliverdin (BV). The role of BV and its potential use in preventing ischemia/reperfusion injury (IRI) had never been studied. This study was designed to explore putative cytoprotective functions of BV during hepatic IRI in rat liver models of ex vivo perfusion and orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) after prolonged periods of cold ischemia. In an ex vivo hepatic IRI model, adjunctive BV improved portal venous blood flow, increased bile production, and decreased hepatocellular damage. These findings were correlated with amelioration of histological features of IRI, as assessed by Suzuki's criteria. Following cold ischemia and syngeneic OLT, BV therapy extended animal survival from 50% in untreated controls to 90% to 100%. This effect correlated with improved liver function and preserved hepatic architecture. Additionally, BV adjuvant after OLT decreased endothelial expression of cellular adhesion molecules (P-selectin and intracellular adhesion molecule 1), and decreased the extent of infiltration by neutrophils and inflammatory macrophages. BV also inhibited expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase and proinflammatory cytokines (interleukin 1,, tumor necrosis factor ,, and interleukin 6) in OLTs. Finally, BV therapy promoted an increased expression of antiapoptotic molecules independently of HO-1 expression, consistent with BV being an important mediator through which HO-1 prevents cell death. In conclusion, this study documents and dissects potent cytoprotective effects of BV in well-established rat models of hepatic IRI. Our results provide the rationale for a novel therapeutic approach using BV to maximize the function and thus the availability of donor organs. (HEPATOLOGY 2004;40:1333,1341.) [source]


Inhibition of DC-SIGN-mediated trans infection of T cells by mannose-binding lectin

IMMUNOLOGY, Issue 1 2003
Gregory T. Spear
Summary Some dendritic cells (DC) express a cell-surface lectin called ,dendritic cell-specific intracellular adhesion molecule 3 (ICAM-3)-grabbing non-integrin' (DC-SIGN). DC-SIGN has been shown to mediate a type of infection called ,trans' infection, where DC bind human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and efficiently transfer the virus to T cells. We investigated the possibility that mannose-binding lectin (MBL), a soluble lectin that functions as a recognition molecule in innate immunity and that binds to HIV, could block trans infection mediated by DC-SIGN. Binding studies with glycoprotein (gp)120/gp41-positive and -negative virus preparations suggested that DC-SIGN and MBL bind primarily to glycans on gp120/gp41, as opposed to glycans on host-cell-derived proteins, indicating a close overlap in the binding site of the two lectins and supporting the notion that MBL could prevent binding of HIV to DC-SIGN. Preincubation of X4, R5 or dual-tropic HIV strains with MBL prevented DC-SIGN-mediated trans infection of T cells. The mechanism of MBL blocking trans infection of T cells was at least partly caused by blocking of virus binding to DC-SIGN positive cells. This study shows that MBL prevents DC-SIGN-mediated trans infection of T cells in vitro and suggests that in infected persons, MBL may inhibit DC-SIGN-mediated uptake and spread of HIV. [source]


Butyrate inhibits leukocyte adhesion to endothelial cells via modulation of VCAM-1

INFLAMMATORY BOWEL DISEASES, Issue 2 2004
Thomas Menzel MD
Abstract Background Leukocyte recruitment to areas of inflammation depends on Integrin-VCAM/ICAM interaction. Blocking the vascular cell adhesion molecule (VCAM-1) and the intracellular adhesion molecule (ICAM-1) may have therapeutic benefit for the inflammatory component of bowel disease. Notably, the induction of ICAM and VCAM is mediated by a nuclear factor kappaB (NF-,B)-dependent mechanism. We investigated whether the anti-inflammatory properties of butyrate are mediated via the modulation of VCAM and ICAM on human endothelial cells. Methods VCAM-1 and ICAM-1 expression on human endothelial cells upon tumor necrosis factor-, (TNF-,) stimulation was assessd by FACS analysis. A monocyte adhesion assay was performed to evaluate the relevance of a modulated CAM-expression. Electrophoretic mobility shift assays were applied to investigate NF-,B activation. Results The observed butyrate-associated inhibition of monocyte adhesion to endothelial cells is associated with an inhibition of NF-,B activation in human endothelial cells. In this context, the observed suppression of the TNF-, induced VCAM-1 expression is likely to play an essential role. Conclusions Butyrate inhibits VCAM-1 mediated leukocyte adhesion to human endothelial cells. This inhibition may contribute to the anti-inflammatory effects of butyrate in patients with distal ulcerative colitis. [source]


Upregulation of intracellular adhesion molecule (ICAM)-1 and vascular cell adhesion molecule (VCAM)-1 after unilateral nerve injury in the peripheral taste system

JOURNAL OF NEUROSCIENCE RESEARCH, Issue 2 2007
Melissa Ann Cavallin
Abstract In the peripheral taste system, activated macrophages are recruited to both sides of the tongue after unilateral sectioning of the chorda tympani nerve (CT). Neural degeneration elicits macrophage entry in other systems by upregulating vascular adhesion molecules. We hypothesized that CT sectioning leads to a bilateral increase in intracellular adhesion molecule (ICAM)-1 and vascular cell adhesion molecule (VCAM)-1 expression on lingual vessels. To test this hypothesis, rats were euthanized at time points from 6 hr to 7 days post-sectioning. Frozen sections of tongue were processed for immunohistochemical staining for ICAM-1 and VCAM-1. Tongue homogenates from additional rats were analyzed with ELISA. ICAM-1 expression increases first on the denervated side of the tongue at 24 hr post-section and then on the uninjured side at 48 hr post-section. ICAM-1 remains elevated through Day 7 post-sectioning on both sides of the tongue. Dietary sodium restriction, which prevents the macrophage response to nerve sectioning, had no effect on ICAM-1 levels. VCAM-1+ vessels are increased on the denervated side of the tongue at 24,48 hr post-section in control-fed rats. However, dietary sodium restriction prevents the increase. These results indicate that vascular adhesion molecules are differentially regulated by CT sectioning. We suggest that macrophage entry, migration, and modulation of taste function are downstream of dynamic expression of adhesion molecules. 2006 Wiley-Liss, Inc. [source]


Proinflammatory phenotype with imbalance of KLF2 and RelA: Risk of childhood stroke with sickle cell anemia,

AMERICAN JOURNAL OF HEMATOLOGY, Issue 1 2010
Judy Enenstein
Altered inflammation signaling within the cerebral vasculature may be an important risk factor for stroke in children with sickle cell anemia (SCA). This study examines how differential expression of NF,B/p65 (RelA), KLF2, and other transcription factors may act as switches in inflammation signaling leading to observed differences between non-SCA (NS) African Americans and African Americans with SCA who are either at risk (AR) or not at risk (NAR) of childhood stroke based on occurrence of Circle of Willis disease. Clover/Transfac analysis was used to identify overrepresented transcription factor binding motifs on genes associated with inflammation. Transcription factor binding motifs for the NF,B family and RFX1 were overrepresented on inflammation signaling gene set analysis. Variations in protein expression were determined by flow cytometry of blood outgrowth endothelial cells (BOECs) from NS, AR, and NAR donors and Western blots of protein extracts from both unstimulated and TNF,/IL1,-stimulated BOECs. BOECs from patients with SCA had more cytoplasmic-derived RelA compared with NS BOECs. Sickle BOECs also had heightened responses to inflammatory stimuli compared with NS BOECs, as shown by increased nuclear RelA, and intracellular adhesion molecule (ICAM) response to TNF,/IL1, stimulation. Multiple control points in RelA signaling were associated with risk of childhood stroke. The ratio of proinflammatory factor RelA to anti-inflammatory factor KLF2 was greater in BOECs from AR donors than NS donors. Group risk of childhood stroke with SCA was greatest among individuals who exhibited increased expression of proinflammatory transcription factors and decreased expression of transcription factors that suppress inflammation. Am. J. Hematol. 2010. 2009 Wiley-Liss, Inc. [source]


Molecular mechanisms of eosinophil activation in allergic diseases

CLINICAL & EXPERIMENTAL ALLERGY REVIEWS, Issue 2 2005
J. Chihara
Summary Eosinophils are major effector cells in allergic diseases. These cells possess a variety of membrane receptors that mediate their activation in the presence of pro-inflammatory chemokines such as IL-5, regulated on activation, normal T cell expressed and secreted, eotaxin, and intracellular adhesion molecule (ICAM)-1. ICAM-1 is also implicated in stimulating the production of reactive oxygen species and inducing degranulation of eosinophil granule proteins. Treatment with peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-, agonist inhibits IL-5-stimulated eosinophil survival and eotaxin-directed eosinophil chemotaxis, suggesting that such agents could serve as a new therapeutic modality for the treatment of allergic diseases. [source]


Fibroblast Growth Factor (FGF), Intracellular Adhesion Molecule (sICAM-1) Level in Serum and Follicular Fluid of Infertile Women with Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome, Endometriosis and Tubal Damage, and their Effect on ICSI Outcome

AMERICAN JOURNAL OF REPRODUCTIVE IMMUNOLOGY, Issue 2 2003
M. E. Hammadeh
PROBLEM: The objective of this study was to determine the concentration of fibroblast growth factor (FGF) and soluble intracellular adhesions molecule (sICAM-1) in serum and follicular fluid (FF) of polycystic ovary (PCO), endometriosis and tubal factor infertility and male factor infertility patients, and to investigate the relationship between these parameters and the outcome of intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). METHOD OF STUDY: The concentration of FGF and sICAM-1 in serum and FF were determined in patients undergoing controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (COH) for ICSI therapy for various etiology of infertility and the results of cytokines concentration and ICSI outcome were compared between the groups. Twenty patients with PCO (G.I), 17 with endometriosis (G.II), 19 with tubal damage (G.III) and 19 with male factor infertility (G.IV) were enrolled in this study. Quantitative determination of levels of FGF and sICAM-1 was performed using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs). RESULTS: The FGF level in serum of PCO patients (G.I) were 4.8 2.3 and in FF were 104.0 39.0 pg/mL. The corresponding values in the endometriosis patients group (G.II) were 5.9 3.1 and 125.4 74.9 pg/mL. The concentration of FGF in tubal factor infertility group (G.III) in serum was significantly higher (P = 0.009) than those observed in the PCO group (G.I) 7.4 4.5 pg/mL, whereas the concentration in FF was at the same level like the other groups investigated, 128.7 75.9 pg/mL. Besides, the sICAM-1 (pg/ml) concentration in FF showed a significant difference between the groups investigated (G.I, 175.3 52.8; G.II 194.4 32.2; G.III 233.1 54.3; and G.IV 215.1 54.4 ng/mL; P = 0.003). The sICAM-1 levels in serum were not significantly different between the groups (217.0 42.9; 216.3 73.6; 254.8 79.6; 237.56 78.4 ng/ml; P = 0.267). The fertilization rate was significantly higher in G.III (66.0 23.89%) in comparison to G.II (38.8 33.9%; P = 0.014) or G.IV (38.7 22.7%; P = 0.012). The pregnancy rates were similar in all groups (30, 35.3 and 35.0, 38.6%, respectively). CONCLUSION: Both, FGF and sICAM-1 are present in serum and FF of patients undergoing controlled ovarian hyperstimulation for ICSI therapy. The FGF concentration in serum differs significantly between the groups investigated, whereas, no significant difference could be observed in the FF concentration of FGF. On the other hand, the sICAM in serum showed no significant difference between the groups, whereas, sICAM in FF demonstrated a significant difference between the patient groups investigated. On the whole, the ICSI outcome was not related to serum or FF concentrations of FGF or sICAM-1. Therefore, the mean concentration of FGF and sICAM-1 in serum and in FF could not be used to predict the fertilization rate in an ICSI program. [source]