Insertion Time (insertion + time)

Distribution by Scientific Domains


Selected Abstracts


Exposure to anaesthetic trace gases during general anaesthesia: CobraPLA vs.

ACTA ANAESTHESIOLOGICA SCANDINAVICA, Issue 7 2010
LMA classic
Background: To prospectively investigate the performance, sealing capacity and operating room (OR) staff exposure to waste anaesthetic gases during the use of the Cobra perilaryngeal airway (CobraPLA) compared with the laryngeal mask airway classic (LMA). Methods: Sixty patients were randomly assigned to the CobraPLA or the LMA group. Insertion time, number of insertion attempts and airway leak pressures were assessed after induction of anaesthesia. Occupational exposure to nitrous oxide (N2O) and Sevoflurane (SEV) was measured at the anaesthetists' breathing zone and the patients' mouth using a photoacoustic infrared spectrometer. Results: N2O waste gas concentrations differed significantly in the anaesthetist's breathing zone (11.7Ī7.2 p.p.m. in CobraPLA vs. 4.1Ī4.3 p.p.m. in LMA, P=0.03), whereas no difference could be shown in SEV concentrations. Correct CobraPLA positioning was possible in 28 out of 30 patients (more than one attempt necessary in five patients). Correct positioning of the LMA classic was possible in all 30 patients (more than one attempt in three patients). Peak airway pressure was higher in the CobraPLA group (16Ī3 vs. 14Ī2 cmH2O, P=0.01). The average leak pressure of the CobraPLA was 24Ī4 cmH2O, compared with 20Ī4 cmH2O of the LMA classic (P<0.001; all values meansĪSD). Conclusion: Despite higher airway seal pressures, the CobraPLA caused higher intraoperative N2O trace concentrations in the anaesthetists' breathing zone. [source]


Tracheal intubation and alternative airway management devices used by healthcare professionals with different level of pre-existing skills: a manikin study,

ANAESTHESIA, Issue 5 2009
B. M. Wahlen
Summary The classic Laryngeal Mask Airway (cLMA‘), ProSeal Laryngeal Mask Airway (PLMA‘), Intubating Laryngeal Mask Airway‘ (ILMA‘), Combitube (CT‘), Laryngeal Tube (LT‘) and tracheal intubation (TI) were compared in a manikin study. Nurses, anaesthetic nurses, paramedics, physicians and anaesthetists inserted the devices three times in a randomised sequence. Time taken for successful insertion, success rates and ease of insertion were evaluated. Anaesthetists performed tracheal intubation significantly faster than other healthcare professionals (p < 0.05). Insertion times for the cLMA, PLMA, LT and CT were not significantly different between the groups. Insertion of the CT, ILMA and TI was associated with a significant learning effect in all groups. This was not observed with the cLMA, PLMA or LT. All non-anaesthetists were able to insert the cLMA, PLMA and LT within two attempts with a > 90% success rate on the first attempt. The ILMA and TI were the only devices where more than one subject experienced some difficulty in insertion. The cLMA, PLMA and LT should be evaluated for use in situations where only limited airway training is possible. [source]


Long pediatric colonoscope versus intermediate length adult colonoscope for colonoscopy

JOURNAL OF GASTROENTEROLOGY AND HEPATOLOGY, Issue 7pt2 2008
Yu-Hsi Hsieh
Abstract Background:, Controversy exists on how the length and diameter of colonoscopes affect the quality of colonoscopy. The aim of this study was to compare a long pediatric colonoscope with an intermediate length adult colonoscope with regards to completion rate and cecal intubation time. Whether either scope may be more efficient in any subgroups was also investigated. Methods:, Asymptomatic patients admitted to the physical check-up department of Buddhist Dalin Tzu Chi General Hospital were included. A single endoscopist performed all of the colonoscopic examinations under sedation. Consecutive patients were randomized to undergo colonoscopy with either intermediate length adult colonoscope (CF-240I) or long pediatric colonoscope (PCF-240L). The success rate and time required to reach cecum were compared between the two groups. Results:, Between April 2005 and February 2006, a total of 918 patients were enrolled. Incomplete colonoscopy occurred in 21 (2.3%) cases (14 in the CF-240I group and seven in the PCF-240L group, P > 0.1). The overall cecal mean insertion time was 6.00 Ī 3.66 min. There was no significant difference between the CF-240I and PCF 240L groups with regard to the cecal intubation rate (96.9% vs 98.5%, P = 0.18), the need for abdominal pressure (71.7% vs 73.4%, P = 0.55) and change of position (13.5% vs 11.5%, P = 0.37). However, the cecal intubation time was shorter in the CF-240I group (5.75 Ī 3.18 vs 6.26 Ī 3.30 min, P = 0.02). Subgroup analysis by sex, age, and body mass index showed comparable outcomes between the two groups except that the cecal intubation times were significantly shorter in the CF-240I group when only men (4.78 Ī 2.57 vs 5.50 Ī 2.93 min, P < 0.01) or those younger than 50 years (5.50 Ī 2.90 vs 6.25 Ī 3.68 min, P = 0.02) were considered. Conclusion:, Cecal intubation time is shorter in patients examined with an intermediate length adult colonoscope, mainly in the subgroups of men and those younger than 50 years of age. [source]


Factors that predict cecal insertion time during sedated colonoscopy: The role of waist circumference

JOURNAL OF GASTROENTEROLOGY AND HEPATOLOGY, Issue 2 2008
Yu-Hsi Hsieh
Abstract Background and Aim:, Various factors have been closely linked to the cecal insertion time. These factors include age, sex, body mass index, quality of bowel preparation, doctor's technique, a history of prior hysterectomy, diverticulosis, and constipation. Waist circumference is better than body mass index in assessing abdominal obesity and therefore may be better than body mass index in predicting cecal insertion time. The aim of this study was to evaluate the factors influencing cecal insertion time and the impact of waist circumference. Methods:, This prospective study was conducted between August 2004 and June 2005 in Buddhist Dalin Tzu Chi General Hospital. Asymptomatic patients admitted to our physical check-up department were enrolled. A single endoscopist performed all colonoscopies under sedation with a single-handed method. Age, sex, body mass index, waist circumference, history of hysterectomy, constipation, bowel cleansing status, and diverticulosis were analyzed. Results:, A total of 1022 patients were enrolled. Among them, 996 (97.5%) completed the colonoscopic examinations (472 men and 524 women). The mean Ī SD insertion time was 307 Ī 166 s for men and 403 Ī 195 s for women (P < 0.01). Female sex, poor bowel preparation, smaller waist circumference, lower body mass index and older age were associated with longer insertion time. Waist circumference was better than body mass index in predicting cecal insertion time. Conclusion:, Female sex, poor bowel preparation, smaller waist circumference, lower body mass index and older age were associated with a longer insertion time. Waist circumference was a better predictor than body mass index in assessing cecal insertion time. [source]


ORIGINAL ARTICLE: Comparison of guided insertion of the LMA ProSeal‘ vs the i-gel‘

ANAESTHESIA, Issue 9 2010
L. Gasteiger
Summary In a randomised, non-crossover study, we tested the hypothesis that the ease of insertion using a duodenal tube guided insertion technique and the oropharyngeal leak pressure differ between the LMA ProSeal‘ and the i-gel‘ in non-paralysed, anesthetised female subjects. One hundred and fifty-two females aged 19,70 years were studied. Insertion success rate, insertion time and oropharyngeal leak pressure were measured. First attempt and overall insertion success were similar (LMA ProSeal, 75/76 (99%) and 76/76 (100%); i-gel 73/75 (97%) and 75 (100%), respectively). Mean (SD) insertion times were similar (LMA ProSeal, 40 (16) s; i-gel 43 (21) s). Mean oropharyngeal leak pressure was 7 cmH2O higher with the LMA ProSeal (p < 0.0001). Insertion of the LMA ProSeal and i-gel is similarly easy using a duodenal tube guided technique, but the LMA ProSeal forms a more effective seal for ventilation. [source]


Comparison of the Intersurgical SolusTM laryngeal mask airway and the i-gel supralaryngeal device

ANAESTHESIA, Issue 8 2010
S. Amini
Summary We compared the performance of the Intersurgical SolusTM laryngeal mask airway (LMA) with that of the i-gel in 120 patients of ASA physical status during general anaesthesia with respect to oropharyngeal leak pressure, peak airway pressure, airway manipulation, insertion time, fibreoptic view, ventilatory parameters, and peri-operative complications. After receiving a standardised induction of anaesthesia, either a Solus LMA (60 patients) or an i-gel (60 patients) was inserted. One hundred and fifteen patients completed the study. The leak pressure was significantly higher in the LMA group than the i-gel group (mean (SD) 22.7 (7.7) cmH2O vs 19.3 (7.1) cmH2O; p = 0.02). A better fibreoptic view of the larynx was obtained in patients in the LMA group (p = 0.02) compared to those in the i-gel group and less airway manipulation was required in the LMA group (p < 0.01). Both devices have good performance with very low peri-operative complications. However, the Solus LMA provides a better oropharyngeal seal, provides a better fibreoptic view, and requires less manipulation to secure the airway than the i-gel. [source]


Awake tracheal intubation using the Sensascope‘ in 13 patients with an anticipated difficult airway

ANAESTHESIA, Issue 5 2010
R. Greif
Summary We present the use of the SensaScope‘, an S-shaped rigid fibreoptic scope with a flexible distal end, in a series of 13 patients at high risk of, or known to have, a difficult intubation. Patients received conscious sedation with midazolam or fentanyl combined with a remifentanil infusion and topical lidocaine to the oral mucosa and to the trachea via a trans-cricoid injection. Spontaneous ventilation was maintained until confirmation of tracheal intubation. In all cases, tracheal intubation was achieved using the SensaScope. The median (IQR [range]) insertion time (measured from the time the facemask was taken away from the face until an end-expiratory CO2 reading was visible on the monitor) was 58 s (38,111 [28,300]s). In nine of the 13 cases, advancement of the SensaScope into the trachea was easy. Difficulties included a poor view associated with a bleeding diathesis and saliva, transient loss of spontaneous breathing, and difficulty in advancing the tracheal tube in a patient with unforeseen tracheal narrowing. A poor view in two patients was partially improved by a high continuous flow of oxygen. The SensaScope may be a valuable alternative to other rigid or flexible fibreoptic scopes for awake intubation of spontaneously breathing patients with a predicted difficult airway. [source]


Insertion and use of the LMA Supreme‘ in the prone position,

ANAESTHESIA, Issue 2 2010
A. M. Lůpez
Summary We investigated whether insertion of an LMA Supreme‘ and its use for maintenance of anaesthesia is feasible in the prone position. Forty adult patients positioned themselves prone and were given propofol until the Bispectral Index was < 50. A size-4 LMA Supreme was inserted by experienced anaesthetists. Ease of insertion, ease of ventilation, efficacy of seal, ease of gastric tube insertion, blood staining, postoperative sore throat, and other complications were recorded. Insertion was successful at the first and second attempt in 37 (92.5%) and 3 (7.5%) patients, respectively. The mean (SD) insertion time was 21 (15) s. Oropharyngeal leak pressure was greater in females than males (29 (4) vs 25 (4) cmH2O, respectively, p = 0.01). Adequate ventilation was achieved in all patients. Gastric tube placement was successful in all patients. The frequency of blood staining and sore throat was 7.5% each. No other complications were noted. We conclude that use of the LMA Supreme in the prone position by experienced users is feasible. [source]


Evaluation of the LMA Supreme‘ in 100 non-paralysed patients,

ANAESTHESIA, Issue 5 2009
T. M. Cook
Summary We studied the LMA Supreme‘ in 100 elective, anaesthetised, healthy patients assessing: ease of use, airway quality, anatomical and functional positioning, airway leak and complications. Insertion was successful on first, second or third attempt in 90, nine and one patient respectively. Thirty manipulations were required in 22 patients to achieve a clear airway. Median [interquartile (range)] insertion time was 18 [10,25 (5,120)] s. During ventilation, an expired tidal volume of 7 ml.kg,1 was achieved in all patients. Median [interquartile (range)] airway leak pressure was 24 [20,28 (13,40)] cmH2O. On fibreoptic examination via the device, vocal cords were visible in 83 patients (85%). During maintenance, five patients (5%) required 13 airway manipulations. There was one episode of minor regurgitation, without aspiration. Other complications and patient side-effects were mild and few. The LMA Supreme is easily and rapidly inserted, providing a reliable airway and good airway seal. Further studies are indicated to assess safety and performance compared to other supraglottic airway devices. [source]


Comparison of fibreoptic-guided intubation through ILMA versus intubation through LMA-CTrach,

ANAESTHESIA, Issue 7 2008
S. Sreevathsa
Summary We compared the time taken to intubate the trachea of a manikin by fibreoptic-guided intubation through an intubating laryngeal mask airway (ILMA-FOS) with intubation through a laryngeal mask airway CTrach (LMA-CTrach). Forty-two anaesthetists participated in this randomised crossover study. Although the insertion time was similar, the time taken to intubate the trachea was significantly shorter with the LMA-CTrach as compared with the ILMA-FOS, with a mean time (SD) for ILMA-FOS and CTrach 84 (32) and 53 (21) s, respectively (p < 0.001). The mean difference in the total time between the two techniques was 31 s, with a 95% confidence interval of 22 to 39 s. Thirty (71%) anaesthetists preferred LMA-CTrach as compared with ILMA-FOS (p = 0.008). We conclude that LMA-CTrach is a suitable alternative to fibreoptic-guided intubation through ILMA for the management of unanticipated failed intubation. [source]


Evaluation of an insulated Tuohy needle system for the placement of interscalene brachial plexus catheters

ANAESTHESIA, Issue 6 2003
N. M. Denny
Summary Major shoulder surgery can be extremely painful. Interscalene brachial plexus catheters provide excellent postoperative analgesia but are technically difficult to place. A new insulated Tuohy needle system for plexus catheterisation is now available. This prospective study examined its ease of use and the postoperative analgesia produced by patient-controlled interscalene analgesia with ropivacaine 0.2%. Nineteen patients undergoing major shoulder surgery were studied. Interscalene brachial plexus blocks were performed using a modified Winnie technique with the insulated Tuohy needle and a nerve stimulator. After injection of ropivacaine 0.75% 30,40 ml into the plexus, a catheter was inserted. Block and catheter insertion times were recorded. All 19 patients had successful blocks and had catheters successfully threaded. Catheter infusions provided successful analgesia (visual analogue pain score <,5/10) in 18 patients, with one failure, giving a 95% success rate. Mean [range] catheter insertion time was 3.6 [1,10] min. Decreased block and catheter insertion times were associated with experience with the equipment when comparing the mean (SD) times for the first seven catheters and the last seven catheters inserted (12.1 (4.2) min vs. 7.9 (2.4) min), p < 0.05). It is concluded that the insulated Tuohy needle system for interscalene catheterisation proved easy to use in the hands of someone who had not used it before, and can be recommended. [source]


A new supraglottic airway device: LMA-Supreme‘, comparison with LMA-Proseal‘

ACTA ANAESTHESIOLOGICA SCANDINAVICA, Issue 7 2009
T. HOSTEN
Background and objective: The LMA-Supreme‘ (S-LMA‘) is a new supraglottic airway device that presents combined features of flexibility, curved structure and single use and a different cuff structure. The purpose of this study was to compare the oropharyngeal leak pressures (OLP) of LMA-Proseal‘ (P-LMA‘) and S-LMA‘. Methods: Sixty adult patients were prospectively and randomly allocated to undergo insertion of P-LMA‘ (n=30) or S-LMA‘ (n=30). The cuffs were inflated until the intracuff pressure (ICP) reached 60 cm H2O. Orogastric leak pressures, insertion times, first attempt success rates, fiberoptical assessment of position, cuff pressures, orogastric tube (OGT) placement and OGT insertion times were compared. Unblinded observers collected intraoperative data and blinded observers collected post-operative data. Results: The first insertion attempts and time taken to provide an effective airway were similar between the groups. Two patients (P-LMA‘, n=1; S-LMA‘, n=1) were intubated due to excessive oropharyngeal leak and in one patient (P-LMA‘, n=1) due to failed OGT placement. OLPs were similar (P-LMA‘; 26.9Ī6.6 S-LMA‘; 26.1Ī5.2). ICP increased significantly in the P-LMA‘ at the 30 and 60 min during anesthesia (P-LMA‘; 80.1Ī12.8, 92.9Ī14.4, S-LMA‘; 68.3Ī10.9, 73.7Ī15.6). OGT placement was successful in all patients in the S-LMA‘, but failed in five patients in the P-LMA‘ (P=0.02). Fiberoptically determined anatomic position was better with the P-LMA‘ (P=0.03). Conclusion: Our findings suggest that S-LMA‘ had leak pressures similar to the P-LMA‘, and this new airway device proved to be successful during both spontaneous and positive pressure ventilation. [source]


ORIGINAL ARTICLE: Comparison of guided insertion of the LMA ProSeal‘ vs the i-gel‘

ANAESTHESIA, Issue 9 2010
L. Gasteiger
Summary In a randomised, non-crossover study, we tested the hypothesis that the ease of insertion using a duodenal tube guided insertion technique and the oropharyngeal leak pressure differ between the LMA ProSeal‘ and the i-gel‘ in non-paralysed, anesthetised female subjects. One hundred and fifty-two females aged 19,70 years were studied. Insertion success rate, insertion time and oropharyngeal leak pressure were measured. First attempt and overall insertion success were similar (LMA ProSeal, 75/76 (99%) and 76/76 (100%); i-gel 73/75 (97%) and 75 (100%), respectively). Mean (SD) insertion times were similar (LMA ProSeal, 40 (16) s; i-gel 43 (21) s). Mean oropharyngeal leak pressure was 7 cmH2O higher with the LMA ProSeal (p < 0.0001). Insertion of the LMA ProSeal and i-gel is similarly easy using a duodenal tube guided technique, but the LMA ProSeal forms a more effective seal for ventilation. [source]


Evaluation of an insulated Tuohy needle system for the placement of interscalene brachial plexus catheters

ANAESTHESIA, Issue 6 2003
N. M. Denny
Summary Major shoulder surgery can be extremely painful. Interscalene brachial plexus catheters provide excellent postoperative analgesia but are technically difficult to place. A new insulated Tuohy needle system for plexus catheterisation is now available. This prospective study examined its ease of use and the postoperative analgesia produced by patient-controlled interscalene analgesia with ropivacaine 0.2%. Nineteen patients undergoing major shoulder surgery were studied. Interscalene brachial plexus blocks were performed using a modified Winnie technique with the insulated Tuohy needle and a nerve stimulator. After injection of ropivacaine 0.75% 30,40 ml into the plexus, a catheter was inserted. Block and catheter insertion times were recorded. All 19 patients had successful blocks and had catheters successfully threaded. Catheter infusions provided successful analgesia (visual analogue pain score <,5/10) in 18 patients, with one failure, giving a 95% success rate. Mean [range] catheter insertion time was 3.6 [1,10] min. Decreased block and catheter insertion times were associated with experience with the equipment when comparing the mean (SD) times for the first seven catheters and the last seven catheters inserted (12.1 (4.2) min vs. 7.9 (2.4) min), p < 0.05). It is concluded that the insulated Tuohy needle system for interscalene catheterisation proved easy to use in the hands of someone who had not used it before, and can be recommended. [source]