Initial Visual Acuity (initial + visual_acuity)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

Epidemiology of open- and closed-globe trauma presenting to Cairns Base Hospital, Queensland

Andrew RE Smith MBBS MSc
Abstract Purpose:, To review the epidemiology of serious ocular trauma presenting to Cairns Base Hospital, from the far north Queensland health districts. Methods:, A retrospective study of cases from January 1995 to November 2002 inclusive. Cases were analysed with respect to demographics, cause and nature of injury, method of transport and time to and type of ophthalmic treatment, and visual outcomes. Results:, There were 226 cases identified, including 71 open-globe and 155 closed-globe injuries. The annual rate of injury was 3.7 per 100 000 for open-globe and 11.8 per 100 000 in total. The Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population from the far north Queensland districts showed a disproportionate incidence, with 38% of the total number of injuries, despite representing only 12.3% of the population. Assault in the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population resulted in 69.6% of injuries in men and 75.8% of injuries in women. Of all assaults 76.2% were alcohol-related. The majority (71.5%) of injuries in the Caucasian population were due to accidental blunt and sharp trauma. In total, 77.4% of injuries occurred in men, with an average age of 31 years. Of all open and closed injuries in the study, a final visual acuity of 6/12 or better was achieved in 47.8% of eyes and a final visual acuity of 6/60 or less occurred in 17.7% of patients, 20.8% patients were lost to follow up. In total, 14.1% of open injuries required enucleation/evisceration. Conclusions:, The incidence of ocular trauma in far north Queensland is equal to other Australian populations. However, there is a disproportionately high incidence in the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population. Alcohol-related assault is a significant cause of visual loss in the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population. Closed-globe injuries are more common than open globe; however, the latter have poorer visual prognosis. Initial visual acuity of all injuries correlated with final visual acuity. [source]

Classification of the spectrum of Coats' disease as subtypes of idiopathic retinal telangiectasis with exudation

M. Cahill
ABSTRACT. Purpose: An increasing variety of eponymous terms have been used to describe atypical cases of Coats' disease. A group of typical cases of Coats' disease and other cases of differing severity were classified as one of four subtypes of idiopathic retinal telangiectasis with exudation and compared with regard to clinical outcome. Methods: In a retrospective clinical review patients with typical and atypical Coats' disease were classified as severe, focal, juxtafoveal or associated (with another disease) forms of idiopathic retinal telangiectasis with exudation. Results: 53 eyes in 50 patients were examined of which 62% (n=31) were male. 12 eyes were classified as severe (group 1), 22 focal (group 2), 12 juxtafoveal (group 3) and 7 associated (group 4). The mean age at diagnosis was lowest in group 1 eyes (6.8 years). The best visual acuity at presentation was 6/60 in group 1 whereas high proportions of eyes in the other groups had initial visual acuities of 6/24 or better. In group 1 only one eye was treated, the majority of eyes were blind or had been enucleated whereas 34 (79%) of eyes in the other groups were suitable for treatment and 29 eyes (67%) retained pre-treatment visual acuity or better at last follow-up. Conclusions: Idiopathic retinal telangiectasis with exudation is a spectrum of disease, which is synonymous with Coats' disease. In this retrospective study eyes with severe idiopathic retinal telangiectasis with exudation corresponding to typical Coats' disease, have poorer vision at presentation, are less suitable for treatment and have worse outcomes than eyes with other subtypes. The spectrum of disease severity seen in idiopathic retinal telangiectasis with exudation may be due to second somatic mutations in genes with an existing germline mutation (the two hit theory) and a mosaic phenotype. [source]

Predictive factors of visual outcome in acute post-cataract endophthalmitis

Purpose To study potential clinical and microbiological predictive factors of visual outcome in patients with acute endophthalmitis following cataract surgery. Methods A prospective study included 100 patients in 4 University hospital.Factors related to the cataract surgery, the initial clinical presentation and the microbiological identification were analyzed according to the final visual outcome using univariate and multivariate (logistic regression) analysis. Results 46% out of the patients had a final visual acuity less than or equal to 0.3 logMar (good visual outcome) at 6 months while 10% had only light perceptions. Patients with good visual outcome differed for the duration of cataract surgery, initial visual acuity, the visibility of fundus and the identification of a coagulase negative staphylococcus. In contrast, patients with a poor visual outcome were older, had more cornea oedema and a more important hypopion at the admission, more complications at the time of cataract surgery. Furthermore a bacterium was more frequently identified in this latter group. Multivariate analysis showed that age, complications at the time of cataract surgery, microbiological identification, pars plana vitrectomy were independent predictive factors. Conclusion Factors of visual outcome in acute postcataract endophthalmitis identified in this prospective study were similar to that reported during the Endophthalmitis Vitrectomy Study 10 years ago. As part of the treatment, pars plana vitrectomy is associated with predictive factors of poor visual outcome. Identification of these predictive factors at presentation should allow a better management of patients needed an aggressive treatment. [source]

Surgical experience and outcome of scleral buckling procedures in retinal detachment

Purpose The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of the surgeons' experience on the anatomical and functional outcome of primary scleral buckling surgery in rhegmatogenous retinal detachment. Methods The charts of patients presenting with a retinal detachment between 2000 end 2006 were analyzed retrospectively. All patients with macular involvement treated with scleral buckling surgery were included. The surgeons were designated according to the "on call" list. Junior surgeons were fellows with less than 2 years of experience, physicians with more than 2 years of experience were defined as senior surgeons. Results Among the 115 included patients, 76 (65,8%) were operated by senior surgeons. The age, duration of symptoms, initial visual acuity, extension of the retinal detachment were similar in both groups. The primary reattachment rate was 87,7% in the senior surgeon group versus 92,1% in the junior surgeon group (p=0,36). In the eyes operated by senior surgeons, the final visual acuity was better than 20/40 in 78,5% versus 63,2% in eyes operated by junior surgeons (p=0,09).However, in phakic eyes with limited retinal detachments, the senior surgeons achieved better functional results (p<0.01). Conclusion The surgical experience, except in some subgroups of patients, did not significantly influence the anatomical or the functional overall outcome of patients undergoing primary scleral buckling surgery in retinal detachment with macular involvement. [source]