Ion Increases (ion + increase)

Distribution by Scientific Domains


Selected Abstracts


A Dynamically Entangled Coordination Polymer: Synthesis, Structure, Luminescence, Single-Crystal-to-Single-Crystal Reversible Guest Inclusion and Structural Transformation

EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF INORGANIC CHEMISTRY, Issue 24 2010
Arshad Aijaz
Abstract A ZnII coordination polymer {[Zn2(cpa)2(bpy)]·3H2O}n (1) (cpa2, = 4-(methoxycarbonyl)benzoate and bpy = 4,4,-bipyridine) has been synthesized under solvothermal condition and structurally characterized. This coordination polymer has nanotubular threefold entangled (2D,3D) structure with embedded water molecules; the water molecules can be partially exchanged in reversible single-crystal-to-single-crystal (SC-SC) fashion by different solvent molecules like methanol, ethanol and acetone giving rise to {[Zn2(cpa)2(bpy)]·(0.5MeOH)·(2.5H2O)}n (2), {[Zn2(cpa)2(bpy)]·(0.5EtOH)·(0.5H2O)}n (3) and {[Zn2(cpa)2(bpy)]·(0.5Me2CO)·(H2O)}n (4). Inclusion of EtOH or MeOH leaves the size of the voids in the framework unaltered. Inclusion of acetone, however, is accompanied by shrinking of the voids in the framework. Heating of 1 at 100 °C under vacuum for 4 h affords the de-solvated compound, {Zn2(cpa)2(bpy)}n (1,). Single-crystal X-ray structure of 1, shows sliding of the individual nanotubular components expanding the overall framework. Thus, the coordination polymer exhibits dynamic motion of the molecular components in SC-SC fashion. All compounds were further characterized via IR spectroscopy, PXRD, elemental and TGA analysis. When 1 is placed in benzene at 100 °C for 2 days, compound {[Zn2(cpa)2(bpy)]·(2.5H2O)}n (5) is formed in a SC-SC fashion where coordination number of ZnII ion increases from four to five. Compound 1 also exhibits reversible guest-dependent photoluminescence properties. [source]


Methane Oxidation on Perovskite-Type Ca(Mn1,xTix)O3,,

JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN CERAMIC SOCIETY, Issue 1 2008
Hideki Taguchi
X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy was performed to elucidate the catalytic activity of CH4 oxidation on perovskite-type Ca(Mn1,xTix)O3,, synthesized at 1173 K in a flow of oxygen from a gel with citric acid and ethylene glycol. The Mn ion content decreases and the ratio of the Mn3+ ion in the Mn ion increases with increases in x. Ca(Mn1,xTix)O3,, has a high catalytic activity of CH4 oxidation at x=0.4. These results indicate that the catalytic activity strongly depends on the Mn3+ ion content of the surface. [source]


Fully relativistic analysis of the absorption spectra of Ca3Sc2Ge3O12:Ni2+

PHYSICA STATUS SOLIDI (B) BASIC SOLID STATE PHYSICS, Issue 12 2006
M. G. Brik
Abstract Systematic analysis of the energy level schemes, ground state absorption (GSA) and covalency effects for the Ni2+ ion in Ca3Sc2Ge3O12 was performed. The recently developed first-principles approach to the analysis of the absorption spectra of impurity ions in crystals based on the discrete variational multi-electron method (DV-ME) [K. Ogasawara et al., Phys. Rev. B 64, 115413 (2001)] was used in the calculations. As a result, complete energy level schemes of Ni2+ and its absorption spectra at both possible crystallographic positions (distorted octahedral Sc3+ and tetrahedral Ge4+ positions) were calculated, assigned and compared with experimental data. Energies of the charge transfer (CT) transitions for both positions are estimated. Numerical contributions of all possible electron configurations into the calculated energy states were determined. By performing analysis of the molecular orbitals (MO) population, it was shown that the covalency of the chemical bonds between the Ni2+ and O2, ions increases in passing from the hexa- to the tetra-coordinated complex. (© 2006 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim) [source]


(K4Li4)Al8Ge8O32·8H2O: an Li+ -exchanged potassium aluminogermanate with the zeolite gismondine (GIS) topology

ACTA CRYSTALLOGRAPHICA SECTION C, Issue 8 2003
Aaron J. Celestian
The title compound, lithium potassium dialuminium di­ger­man­ium octaoxide dihydrate, (K,Li)-(Al,Ge)-GIS (GIS is gismondine), is the result of a 50% Li+ exchange into the K-(Al,Ge)-GIS structure. The (K,Li)-(Al,Ge)-GIS structure was determined from a 4,×,4,×,2,µm octahedral single crystal at the ESRF synchrotron X-ray source. The ion exchange results in a symmetry transformation from I2/a for K-(Al,Ge)-GIS to C2/c for (K,Li)-(Al,Ge)-GIS. The structural change is due to disordering of K+ ions with Li+ ions along the [001] channel and ordering of water molecules in the [101] channels. The distance between sites partially occupied by K+ ions increases from 2.19,(3),Ĺ in K-(Al,Ge)-GIS to 2.94,(3),Ĺ in (K,Li)-(Al,Ge)-GIS. The Li+ ions occupy positions along the twofold axis at the intersection of the eight-membered-ring channels in a twofold coordination with water mol­ecules. For the four closest framework O2, anions, the Li,O distances are 3.87,(4),Ĺ. [source]