Hylid Frogs (hylid + frog)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

Individual Male Calling Pattern and Male Mating Success in the European Treefrog (Hyla arborea): Is there Evidence for Directional or Stabilizing Selection on Male Calling Behaviour?

ETHOLOGY, Issue 2 2006
Thomas W.P. Friedl
In anurans, call properties are commonly classified based on within-male variability as being either static or dynamic. Numerous playback experiments in the laboratory have indicated that female preferences based on dynamic call properties are usually strongly directional, while female preferences based on static call properties are often stabilizing or weakly directional. However, there are only few studies demonstrating that female preferences for high values of dynamic call properties indeed exert directional selection on male calling behaviour in natural populations. Moreover, field studies investigating whether female preferences for values of static call properties around the mean of the population lead to currently operating stabilizing selection on male calling patterns in natural populations are completely lacking. Here I investigate for two consecutive breeding seasons male calling patterns and male mating success in a population of individually marked European treefrogs (Hyla arborea), a hylid frog with prolonged breeding season and a lek mating system. Individual male calling pattern as analysed in terms of seven temporal and spectral call properties did not differ between males that survived from one breeding season to the next and those not surviving. None of the seven call properties investigated differed significantly between mated and unmated males, indicating that there is no strong directional selection on male calling behaviour in the study population. However, in one study season males that produced calls with a number of pulses around the mean of the population were significantly more likely to obtain matings than males that produced calls with a number of pulses at the low or high end of the distribution. Thus, this study provides preliminary evidence for the operation of stabilizing selection on a static call property (i.e. the number of pulses per call) in a natural population of an anuran amphibian. [source]

Feedbacks between community assembly and habitat selection shape variation in local colonization

Johanna M. Kraus
Summary 1.,Non-consumptive effects of predators are increasingly recognized as important drivers of community assembly and structure. Specifically, habitat selection responses to top predators during colonization and oviposition can lead to large differences in aquatic community structure, composition and diversity. 2.,These differences among communities due to predators may develop as communities assemble, potentially altering the relative quality of predator vs. predator-free habitats through time. If so, community assembly would be expected to modify the subsequent behavioural responses of colonists to habitats containing top predators. Here, we test this hypothesis by manipulating community assembly and the presence of fish in experimental ponds and measuring their independent and combined effects on patterns of colonization by insects and amphibians. 3.,Assembly modified habitat selection of dytscid beetles and hylid frogs by decreasing or even reversing avoidance of pools containing blue-spotted sunfish (Enneacanthus gloriosus). However, not all habitat selection responses to fish depended on assembly history. Hydrophilid beetles and mosquitoes avoided fish while chironomids were attracted to fish pools, regardless of assembly history. 4.,Our results show that community assembly causes taxa-dependent feedbacks that can modify avoidance of habitats containing a top predator. Thus, non-consumptive effects of a top predator on community structure change as communities assemble and effects of competitors and other predators combine with the direct effects of top predators to shape colonization. 5.,This work reinforces the importance of habitat selection for community assembly in aquatic systems, while illustrating the range of factors that may influence colonization rates and resulting community structure. Directly manipulating communities both during colonization and post-colonization is critical for elucidating how sequential processes interact to shape communities. [source]

Evolution of advertisement signals in North American hylid frogs: vocalizations as end-products of calling behavior

CLADISTICS, Issue 6 2006
Tony Robillard
We studied the advertisement signals in two clades of North American hylid frogs in order to characterize the relationships between signal acoustic structure and underlying behavior. A mismatch was found between the acoustic structure and the mechanism of sound production. Two separate sets of phylogenetic characters were coded following acoustic versus mechanistic criteria, and exploratory treatments were made to compare their respective phylogenetic content in comparison with the molecular phylogeny (Faivovich et al., 2005). We discuss the consequences of the acoustic/mechanistic mismatch in terms of significance of acoustic characters for phylogenetic and comparative studies; and the evolution of vocalizations in North American treefrogs. Considering only the acoustic structure of frog vocalizations can lead to misleading results in terms of both phylogenetic signal and evolution of vocalizations. In contrast, interpreting the acoustic signals with regard to the mechanism of sound production results in consistent phylogenetic information. The mechanistic coding also provides strong homologies for use in comparative studies of frog vocalizations, and to derive and test evolutionary hypotheses. The Willi Hennig Society 2005. [source]