Hygiene Status (hygiene + status)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Kinds of Hygiene Status

  • oral hygiene status

  • Selected Abstracts

    Oral health and oral implant status in edentulous patients with implant-supported dental prostheses who are receiving long-term nursing care

    GERODONTOLOGY, Issue 4 2009
    Rita Isaksson
    Aim:, The aim of this study was to investigate oral health and oral implant status in a group of edentulous patients receiving long-term residential or nursing care (LTC), all of whom had implant-supported fixed or removable dental prostheses. Material and methods:, A dental examination was performed on a total of 3310 patients receiving LTC and from this population 35 edentulous patients in whom dental implants had been placed formed the cohort for this study. All examinations were performed by a specialist in hospital dentistry and took place in the patients' own home environment. Oral health was assessed by means of a protocol which evaluated oral hygiene status, possible oral mucosal inflammation and oral mucosal friction levels. Any problems with the implant-supported prosthesis, implant mobility or other complications were also assessed. In addition, patients were asked about any oral symptoms and their usual oral hygiene procedures. Results:, About half of the subjects (17/35) were registered as having no/mild inflammation with 18 of 35 having moderate/severe inflammation. Twelve of the 35 patients had good/acceptable oral hygiene and 23 of 35 had poor/bad oral hygiene. Twenty-one of the 35 patients depended on help from the nursing personnel for their daily oral hygiene procedures. Obvious problems with food impaction were noted in 11 patients. A total of 229 implants had been placed in 43 jaws supporting 40 full arch-fixed prostheses and three implant-borne overdentures. There was no evidence of mobility or fractures of either the implants or the prostheses. Fifteen implants showed some exposed screw threads. Pus was exuding from one implant site and general peri-implant gingival hyperplasia was noted in two patients. Twenty-four patients were completely satisfied with the function and appearance of their implant-supported prostheses. Two patients were totally dissatisfied. Conclusion:, This study indicates that oral implant therapy can be considered as a treatment of choice in elderly patients, even if oral hygiene is sub-optimal. [source]

    An overview of oral health promotion in adolescents

    Objective., The aim of this study was to overview the effectiveness of different strategies used to promote oral health in adolescents. Methods., A search of the MEDLINE via OVID database was performed through September 2007. The studies aiming to modify oral health-related lifestyle in adolescents with experimental pre- to post-test controlled study design were targeted. Oral health-related knowledge, attitudes, oral hygiene status, gingival health, and caries status were used as outcome measures for the evaluation of changes in adolescent oral health-related behaviour. Results., All studies evaluating knowledge showed cognitive gains. Only slight or no improvement in attitude was reported. The average improvement in oral hygiene was 30,50%. A wide range 0,50% of the effects on gingival health was presented. However, the relapse in oral hygiene status towards baseline values was also observed. Only studies employing professionally applied preventive measures in conjunction with educational activities reported significantly lower caries incidence. Conclusion., The limited success of the behavioural interventions and the lack of diversity in methods used do not allow identification of the best ways to promote oral health towards adolescents. Therefore, alternative approaches for oral health promotion in adolescents should be explored. [source]

    The relationship of some negative events and psychological factors to periodontal disease in an adult Swedish population 50 to 80 years of age

    A. Hugoson
    Abstract Background: Clinical observations and epidemiological studies suggest that experiences of negative life events, especially those manifested as depression, may contribute to an increased susceptibility to periodontal disease. Objective: In the present study, the prevalence of some negative life events and psychological factors and their relation to periodontal disease were investigated. The sample consisted of individuals 50,80 years of age from an extensive cross-sectional epidemiological study performed in 1993 in the city of Jönköping, Sweden. Method: 298 dentate individuals from the Jönköping study were randomly selected. Clinical and radiographic examinations included registration of the number of existing teeth, plaque index, gingival index, pocket depth, and alveolar bone loss. In addition, a questionnaire about socioeconomic status, life events, and psychological and stress-related factors was used. Results: The results revealed that, in addition to the well-documented periodontal disease risk factors such as increased age, oral hygiene status, and smoking, the loss of a spouse (being a widow or widower) and the personality trait of exercising extreme external control were also associated with severe periodontal disease. Conclusion: The findings support recent studies suggesting that traumatic life events such as the loss of a spouse may increase the risk for periodontal disease. Above all, the present results indicate that an individual's ability to cope with stressful stimuli (coping behavior), as measured by the beliefs of locus of control of reinforcements may play a role in the progression of periodontal disease. Zusammenfassung Hintergrund: Klinische Beobachtungen und epidemiologische Studien legen den Schluss nahe, dass negative Ereignisse im Laufe des Lebens, insbesondere solche, die sich in Depression manifestieren, zu einer erhöhten Empfänglichkeit für Parodontitis beitragen. Zielsetzung: Untersuchung der Prävalenz von negativen Ereignissen im Lebenslauf sowie psychologischen Faktoren und deren Beziehung zu Parodontalerkrankungen in einer Population im Alter zwischen 50 und 80 Jahren, die im Rahmen einer extensiven epidemiologischen Querschnittsstudie im Jahre 1993 in der Stadt Jönköping in Schweden untersucht worden war. Material und Methoden: 298 bezahnte Personen wurden randomisiert aus der Jönköping-Studie ausgewählt. Die klinischen und röntgenologischen Untersuchungen umfassten die Erhebung der vorhandenen Zähne, der Plaque Index, Gingival Index, Sondierungstiefen und alveolärem Knochenabbau. Zusätzlich wurden durch Befragung sozioökonomischer Status, Lebensereignisse sowie psychologische und stressbezogene Faktoren erfasst. Ergebnisse: Die Resultate ergaben, dass zusätzlich zu den bekannten Parodontitisrisikofaktoren wit Alter, Mundhygienestatus und Rauchen der Verlust des Ehepartners, also eine Witwe oder ein Witwer zu sein, und das Persönlichkeitsmuster extreme externe Kontrolle auszuüben, mit schwerer Parodontitis assoziiert waren. Schlussfolgerungn: Diese Ergebnisse unterstützen neuere Studien, die Hinweise dafür gegeben haben, dass traumatische Lebensereignisse wie der Verlust eines Ehenpartners das Risiko an Parodontitis zu erkranken erhöhen. Darüber hinaus legen die Ergebnisse den Schluss nahe, dass die individuelle Fähigkeit mit Stress umzugehen (Coping), die in dieser Studie durch die Erfragung der Überzeugung über die Lokalisation der Kontrolle von Verstärkungen erfasst wurde, eine Rolle in der Progression der Parodontitis spielen. Résumé Origine: Des observations cliniques et des études épidémiologiques suggèrent que des évènements négatifs, particulièrement ceux manifestés par une dépression, puisse contribuer à une susceptibilité augmentée à la maladie parodontale. But: Dans cette étude, la prévalence de ces évènements négatifs et les facteurs psychologiques et leurs relations avec la maladie parodontale ont été recherchés. L'échantillon était composé de personnes âgées de 50 à 80 ans issues d'une étude épidémiologique extensive croisée réalisé en 1993 dans la ville de Jonkoping en Suède. Méthode: 298 individus dentés de cette étude furent sélectionnés au hasard. Les examens cliniques et radiographiques comprenaient l'enregistrement du nombre de dents présentes, l'indice de plaque, l'indice gingival, la profondeur de poche et la perte osseuse alvéolaire. De plus, un questionnaire sur le statut socio économique, les évènements de la vie et les facteurs psychologiques en relation avec le stress, fut utilisé. Résultats: Les résultats montrèrent qu'en plus des facteurs de risque bien documentés de maladie parodontale comme l'âge, l'hygiène orale et le tabagisme, la perte d'un époux (que l'on soit veuf ou veuve) et le trait de personnalité de pouvoir exercer un contrôle externe extrême étaient aussi associés avec une maladie parodontale sévère. Conclusion: Ces résultats soutiennent de récentes études qui suggèrent que des évènements traumatisant de la vie quotidienne comme la perte d'un époux puisse augmenter le risque pour la maladie parodontale. Par-dessus tout, ces résultats indiquent que la capacité d'un individu à gérer des stimuli stressants, (comportement gestionnel), mesurés par les convictions de contrôle des renforcements pourrait jouer un rôle dans la progression de la maladie parodontale. [source]

    Oral health status in epileptic children

    Taskin Gurbuz
    Abstract Background:, The aim of the present study was to evaluate the oral hygiene status and dental treatment requirements in children with epilepsy. Methods:, The treatment group consisted of 211 children with epilepsy (120 boys and 91 girls, 4,15 years old, mean age 7.85 ± 2.98 years). The control group consisted of healthy children, matched by age and gender. Clinical features of the patients were obtained from hospital records. Clinical examinations were conducted, under standard light, using a plane buccal mirror, a dental probe and air drying to evaluate caries experience and to record the periodontal health of each child. Statistical analysis was performed using ,2 test, Fisher exact test and anova. Results:, The number of decayed and missing teeth, the degree of abrasion and periodontal indexes were significantly worse in patients with epilepsy, compared to the control group (P < 0.001). Gingival enlargement was documented in 42% of patients on valproate monotherapy compared to only in 16% of patients on phenobarbital. Dental caries and halitosis were the most common oral disorders. Generalized tonic,clonic seizures often cause minor oral injuries and traumatized anterior teeth. Conclusions:, Epileptic children are at an increased risk of developing caries and gingivitis compared with healthy subjects. [source]