Health Stroke Scale Score (health + stroke_scale_score)

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Selected Abstracts

Copeptin: A novel, independent prognostic marker in patients with ischemic stroke,

Mira Katan MD
Objective Early prediction of outcome in patients with ischemic stroke is important. Vasopressin is a stress hormone. Its production rate is mirrored in circulating levels of copeptin, a fragment of provasopressin. We evaluated the prognostic value of copeptin in acute stroke patients. Methods In a prospective observational study, copeptin was measured using a new sandwich immunoassay on admission in plasma of 362 consecutive patients with an acute ischemic stroke. The prognostic value of copeptin to predict the functional outcome (defined as a modified Rankin Scale score of ,2 or ,3), mortality within 90 days, was compared with the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score and with other known outcome predictors. Results Patients with an unfavorable outcomes and nonsurvivors had significantly increased copeptin levels on admission (p <0.0001 and p <0.0001). Receiver operating characteristics to predict functional outcome and mortality demonstrated areas under the curve of copeptin of 0.73 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.67,0.78) and 0.82 (95% CI, 0.76,0.89), which was comparable with the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score but superior to C-reactive protein and glucose (p <0.01). In multivariate logistic regression analysis, copeptin was an independent predictor of functional outcome and mortality, and improved the prognostic accuracy of the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale to predict functional outcome (combined areas under the curve, 0.79; 95% CI, 0.74,0.84; p <0.01) and mortality (combined areas under the curve, 0.89; 95% CI, 0.84,0.94; p <0.01). Interpretation Copeptin is a novel, independent prognostic marker improving currently used risk stratification of stroke patients. Ann Neurol 2009;66:799,808 [source]

Depression predicts unfavourable functional outcome and higher mortality in stroke patients: The Bergen Stroke Study

H. Naess
Naess H, Lunde L, Brogger J, Waje-Andreassen U. Depression predicts unfavourable functional outcome and higher mortality in stroke patients: The Bergen Stroke Study. Acta Neurol Scand: 2010: 122 (Suppl. 190): 34,38. 2010 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Objective,,, To assess the influence of depression prior to stroke (PD) on stroke severity on admittance, functional outcome (short- and long-term), mortality, and long-term depression (PSD). Methods,,, Consecutive acute stroke patients were screened for PD. The National Institute of Health Stroke Scale score was obtained on admission. Short-term functional state was registered by the modified Rankin scale and on long-term functional outcome by the Barthel Index. PSD was defined as depression subscale of the hospital anxiety and depression scale (HADSD) ,11. HADSD and Barthel Index were obtained by postal questionnaire. Survival analyses were performed. Results,,, Among 771 patients 21.7% had PD. Among 376 patients returning the questionnaire, 8.8% were depressed. On logistic regression analyses severity of stroke on admission, short-term, and long-term functional outcome were independently associated with PD. Logistic regression showed PSD to be independently associated with PD and being unmarried. Cox regression analyses showed that both PD and PSD were associated with high long-term mortality. Conclusions,,, This study has identified several factors associated with PSD. PD predicts more severe stroke on admittance and less functional improvement both in the short- and the long-term. Both PD and PSD predict higher long-term mortality. [source]

Combined thrombolysis with abciximab and rtPA in patients with middle cerebral artery occlusion

G. Gahn
Background,,, In patients with acute middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusion, recanalization rates with intravenous (IV) recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rtPA) are limited. Aim, We evaluated the feasibility and safety of combined IV thrombolysis with abciximab and reduced dose rtPA in a 3- to 6-h time window. Methods,,, We prospectively (March 2002 to February 2005) studied patients with symptomatic MCA occlusion on computed tomography (CT) angiography and absence of major early ischemic changes (EIC) on non-contrast CT (NCCT) within 3,6 h from symptom onset. Patients were treated with IV abciximab and half-standard dose rtPA. Outcome parameters were symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage (sICH), early clinical improvement and functional independence at discharge (modified Rankin Scale score , 2). Results,,, Of 13 patients, mean age was 62 11 years, onset-to-treatment time 4.8 0.9 h and median baseline National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score 11 (interquartile range 6.5,13.5). sICH occurred in one patient (8%). We observed early clinical improvement in four patients (31%). Six patients (46%) were functionally independent at discharge. Conclusions,,, In patients with acute symptomatic MCA occlusion and absence of major EIC on NCCT, combined IV thrombolysis with abciximab and half-standard dose rtPA was feasible and seemed to be safe if applied within 3,6 h from symptom onset. [source]

Basilar artery atherosclerotic disease is related to subacute lesion volume increase in pontine base infarction

J. S. Kim
Background,,, Although basilar artery atherosclerotic disease (BAD) is frequent in patients with pontine base infarction, it remains unknown whether BAD is related to the lesion size or clinical outcome. Methods,,, We studied 56 patients with unilateral pontine base infarction who underwent (i) diffusion-weighted MRI within 48 h after stroke onset and (ii) follow-up MRI and MR angiography in the subacute stage. Neurologic progression was defined as increased National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score by , 2 during admission. Clinical outcome was dichotomized as good and poor (, 3) according to the modified Rankin Scale at 1 month after stroke onset. Results,,, Twenty-two patients (39%) had BAD and 15 patients (27%) had neurologic progression. Follow-up MRI performed at median 3.5 1.1 days after the initial MRI showed the lesion volume significantly increased (P < 0.001). The BAD was not significantly related to demographic characteristics, risk factors, initial and follow-up lesion volume, neurologic progression and clinical outcome, but was closely related to the subacute increase in lesion volume (P = 0.004 for 20% increase, P = 0.029 for 50% increase). Conclusions,,, BAD is related to subacute increase in lesion volume, but not to ultimate poor clinical outcome in patients with pontine base infarction. [source]