Headaches

Distribution by Scientific Domains
Distribution within Medical Sciences

Kinds of Headaches

  • chronic headaches
  • cluster headaches
  • frequent headaches
  • migraine headaches
  • primary headaches
  • recurrent headaches
  • severe headaches
  • tension-type headaches


  • Selected Abstracts


    TEACHING CASE: HEMICRANIAL HEADACHES

    HEADACHE, Issue 5 2007
    Morris Levin MD
    First page of article [source]


    OTHER HEADACHES AND PAIN

    HEADACHE, Issue 9 2003
    Article first published online: 3 SEP 200
    No abstract is available for this article. [source]


    A PHILOSOPHER AND HER HEADACHES: THE TRIBULATIONS OF ANNE CONWAY

    PHILOSOPHICAL FORUM, Issue 3 2008
    ROBERT MARTENSEN
    First page of article [source]


    A 24-YEAR-OLD MALE WITH HEADACHES

    BRAIN PATHOLOGY, Issue 4 2010
    Zhongchuan Will Chen MDCM
    First page of article [source]


    Pediatric Headaches in Clinical Practice

    EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY, Issue 11 2009
    K. A. Jellinger
    No abstract is available for this article. [source]


    Electrical Stimulation of Sphenopalatine Ganglion for Acute Treatment of Cluster Headaches

    HEADACHE, Issue 7 2010
    Mehdi Ansarinia MD
    (Headache 2010;50:1164-1174) Introduction., Cluster headaches (CH) are primary headaches marked by repeated short-lasting attacks of severe, unilateral head pain and associated autonomic symptoms. Despite aggressive management with medications, oxygen therapy, nerve blocks, as well as various lesioning and neurostimulation therapies, a number of patients are incapacitated and suffering. The sphenopalatine ganglion (SPG) has been implicated in the pathophysiology of CH and has been a target for blocks, lesioning, and other surgical approaches. For this reason, it was selected as a target for an acute neurostimulation study. Methods., Six patients with refractory chronic CH were treated with short-term (up to 1 hour) electrical stimulation of the SPG during an acute CH. Headaches were spontaneously present at the time of stimulation or were triggered with agents known to trigger clusters headache in each patient. A standard percutaneous infrazygomatic approach was used to place a needle at the ipsilateral SPG in the pterygopalatine fossa under fluoroscopic guidance. Electrical stimulation was performed using a temporary stimulating electrode. Stimulation was performed at various settings during maximal headache intensity. Results., Five patients had CH during the initial evaluation. Three returned 3 months later for a second evaluation. There were 18 acute and distinct CH attacks with clinically maximal visual analog scale (VAS) intensity of 8 (out of 10) and above. SPG stimulation resulted in complete resolution of the headache in 11 attacks, partial resolution (>50% VAS reduction) in 3, and minimal to no relief in 4 attacks. Associated autonomic features of CH were resolved in each responder. Pain relief was noted within several minutes of stimulation. Conclusion., Sphenopalatine ganglion stimulation can be effective in relieving acute severe CH pain and associated autonomic features. Chronic long-term outcome studies are needed to determine the utility of SPG stimulation for management and prevention of CH. [source]


    Orthostatic Headaches in the Syndrome of the Trephined: Resolution Following Cranioplasty

    HEADACHE, Issue 7 2010
    Bahram Mokri MD
    Objective., To draw attention to the syndrome of the trephined as a potential cause for orthostatic headaches without cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak. Background., Orthostatic headaches typically result from CSF leaks but sometimes may occur in conditions without any evidence of CSF leakage. Methods., A 37-year-old right-handed woman became comatose after a motor vehicle accident with cerebral contusions and massive left cerebral edema. A large frontoparietal craniectomy was carried out. In 5 months, she made good neurologic recovery. Freeze-preserved bone flap was placed back. In several weeks she was functionally near normal. Two years later, she began to complain of orthostatic headache and gradually additional manifestations appeared including progressive gait unsteadiness, imprecise speech, cognitive difficulties, and an increasing left hemiparesis along with progressive sinking of the skull defect and shift of the midline and ventricular distortion. She underwent removal of resorptive sinking bone flap and construction of an acrylic cranioplasty. Results., At 6-month follow-up, there was complete resolution of the orthostatic headaches, remarkable neurologic improvement along with resolution of midline shift and ventricular distortion. Conclusion., The syndrome of the trephined is yet another cause of orthostatic headaches without CSF leak. [source]


    Headache Triggers in the US Military

    HEADACHE, Issue 5 2010
    Brett J. Theeler MD
    (Headache 2010;50:790-794) Background., Headaches can be triggered by a variety of factors. Military service members have a high prevalence of headache but the factors triggering headaches in military troops have not been identified. Objective., The objective of this study is to determine headache triggers in soldiers and military beneficiaries seeking specialty care for headaches. Methods., A total of 172 consecutive US Army soldiers and military dependents (civilians) evaluated at the headache clinics of 2 US Army Medical Centers completed a standardized questionnaire about their headache triggers. Results., A total of 150 (87%) patients were active-duty military members and 22 (13%) patients were civilians. In total, 77% of subjects had migraine; 89% of patients reported at least one headache trigger with a mean of 8.3 triggers per patient. A wide variety of headache triggers was seen with the most common categories being environmental factors (74%), stress (67%), consumption-related factors (60%), and fatigue-related factors (57%). The types of headache triggers identified in active-duty service members were similar to those seen in civilians. Stress-related triggers were significantly more common in soldiers. There were no significant differences in trigger types between soldiers with and without a history of head trauma. Conclusion., Headaches in military service members are triggered mostly by the same factors as in civilians with stress being the most common trigger. Knowledge of headache triggers may be useful for developing strategies that reduce headache occurrence in the military. [source]


    Nitroglycerin Headache and Nitroglycerin-Induced Primary Headaches From 1846 and Onwards: A Historical Overview and an Update

    HEADACHE, Issue 3 2009
    Peer C. Tfelt-Hansen MD
    Nitroglycerin (NTG) (glyceryl trinitrate) was synthesized by the Italian chemist Ascanio Sobrero in Paris in 1846. A very unstable explosive, Alfred Nobel while working on explosives, combined it with Kiselguhr and patented it as dynamite in 1867. NTG was introduced in 1879 in medicine in the treatment of angina pectoris by the English doctor William Murrell. NTG-induced headache was quickly recognized as an important adverse event both in the industrial use of NTG, where it was used to produce dynamite, as well as in the use of NTG as drug. This review traces the evolution of our understanding of NTG headache. [source]


    Menstrual Migraine: Case Studies of Women with Estrogen-Related Headaches

    HEADACHE, Issue 2008
    Susan L. Hutchinson MD
    This paper presents 2 case scenarios that illustrate the complexity of diagnosing and managing migraine associated with hormonal changes. Migraine is commonly associated with comorbidies such as depression, anxiety, obesity, cardiovascular disease, as well as other conditions, thereby making management more challenging for the physician and the patient. The first case is a 35-year-old woman who has migraine almost exclusively during menstruation. She is under a physician's care for long-term management of premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD). Achieving a differential diagnosis of pure menstrual migraine is illustrated, and a detailed treatment plan including use of a migraine miniprophylaxis protocol, management of her PMDD, and prescription of acute treatment medications is reviewed. The second case scenario describes the diagnosis of menstrually associated migraine in a woman who suffers from a frequent disabling migraine along with work-related anxiety and depression. This paper reviews her differential diagnosis, laboratory testing, treatment plan, including management of her comorbid anxiety and depressive symptoms. [source]


    Common CX3CR1 Alleles Are Associated With a Reduced Risk of Headaches

    HEADACHE, Issue 7 2008
    Christophe Combadière PhD
    Objectives., The aim of this study was to investigate the role of the chemokine receptor CX3CR1 in headaches and migraine. Methods., Distribution of 2 polymorphisms of the chemokine receptor CX3CR1 (V249I and T280M) was determined in a population-based sample of 1179 elderly individuals. Results., Heterozygotes for both CX3CR1 polymorphisms had a reduced risk of recurrent headaches, with an odds ratio (OR) of 0.64 (95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.46-0.90) for the I249 allele and 0.55 (95% CI = 0.38-0.81) for the M280 allele. Haplotype analysis showed that carriers of the rarer CX3CR1 I249-M280 haplotype had a reduced risk of recurrent headaches, with an OR of 0.57 (95% CI = 0.41-0.80, P = .001). This association was seen for both nonmigraine headaches (OR = 0.47, 95% CI = 0.28-0.79, P = .004) and migraine (OR = 0.65, 95% CI = 0.43-0.98, P = .041). Conclusions., These results need to be replicated but suggest that the chemokine receptor CX3CR1 may play a role in recurrent headaches. [source]


    Cluster-Like Headaches Associated With Internal Carotid Artery Dissection Responsive to Verapamil

    HEADACHE, Issue 3 2008
    Joshua Tobin MD
    First page of article [source]


    The Hypothalamus, Pain, and Primary Headaches

    HEADACHE, Issue 6 2007
    Manjit S. Matharu MBChB
    First page of article [source]


    Headaches Amongst Pool Players

    HEADACHE, Issue 2 2007
    Raymond C.S. Seet MRCP
    Background.,Pool-players' headache is a newly described entity. We studied the prevalence and risk factors for the development of headaches amongst pool players. Methods.,We obtained demographic information, history of pre-existing headaches, frequency and duration of pool-playing, history of pre-existing headaches and their subtypes, competitive pool-playing and worsening or development of headaches amongst pool-players at 2 pool centers. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed and statistical significance was set at P < .05. Results.,Two hundred and three players, of mean age 22.6 (SD 7.7 years), participated in this study. Of the 21 respondents who reported headaches when playing pool, 11 (52.4%) had pre-existing headaches and 10 (47.6%) had no pre-existing headaches. Age and history of pre-existing headaches were significantly associated with worsening of headaches. Conclusion.,Pool-players are susceptible to the development of headaches. Avoidance and reduction in the frequency of pool-playing may reduce the frequency of headaches amongst pool players. [source]


    Application of the ICHD-II Criteria to the Diagnosis of Primary Chronic Headaches Via a Computerized Structured Record

    HEADACHE, Issue 1 2007
    Paola Sarchielli MD
    Background.,The authors recently developed a software program designed to analyze clinical data from patients affected by primary headache. The program is based exclusively on the International Classification of Headache Disorders 2nd edition (ICHD-II) criteria. This software examines all the diagnoses of primary headaches on the basis of the variables needed to fulfill these mandatory criteria. Methods.,We tested the software, Primary Headaches Analyser 1.0 INT (PHA), by entering and analyzing clinical data from 200 consecutive patients affected by primary chronic headaches and evaluating the corresponding output diagnoses. Results.,The diagnosis of chronic migraine (1.5.1) was obtained in 68 cases (34 %) and that of probable chronic migraine (1.6.5) plus probable medication-overuse headache (8.2.8) in 46 (23%). Chronic tension-type headache (2.3) and probable chronic tension-type headache (2.4.3) plus probable medication-overuse headache (8.2.8) were diagnosed in 24 (12%) and 2 (1%) patients, respectively. Moreover, 4 and 12 patients, respectively, received both the diagnosis of chronic migraine (1.5.1) plus chronic tension-type headache (2.3) and of probable migraine (1.6.1) without aura plus chronic tension-type headache (2.3). In the remaining 44 cases (22%), none of the chronic primary headaches disorders defined by ICHD-II received an output diagnosis from the program. This was due mainly to the fact that the criteria fulfilled were insufficient for the diagnoses of migraine without (1.1) aura plus chronic migraine or, more infrequently, chronic tension-type headache. Conclusions.,Our software program permitted diagnoses of chronic migraine, chronic tension-type or their probable forms (with or without MOH) in 78% of 200 patients with headache 15 or more days per month. In the remaining cases the inability to provide a specific diagnosis may be explained in part by the fact that the criteria for both diagnoses are too stringent and do not accurately reflect variations of the headache pattern in these chronic forms. [source]


    Modifiable Risk Factors for Migraine Progression (or for Chronic Daily Headaches),Clinical Lessons

    HEADACHE, Issue 2006
    Marcelo E. Bigal MD
    Herein we summarize clinical issues gleaned from a full peer-reviewed article on modifiable risk factors for migraine. Since migraine is progressive in some but not in most individuals, identifying patients at risk for progression is crucial. Key interventions include: (1) Decrease headache frequency with behavioral and pharmacologic interventions; (2) Monitor the body mass index and encourage maintenance of normal weight; (3) Avoid medication overuse; (4) Avoid caffeine overuse; (5) Investigate and treat sleep problems and snoring; (6) Screen and treat depression and other psychiatric comorbidities. These recommendations have not been demonstrated to improve outcomes in longitudinal studies. [source]


    Implicit Associations in Tension-Type Headaches: A Cognitive Analysis Based on Stress Reactivity Processes

    HEADACHE, Issue 8 2006
    Jennifer F. Armstrong BS
    Objective.,To determine whether tension-type headache (TTH) patients display stronger associations between negative events and headache-related information than headache-free controls. Background.,Generally, stress/diathesis models are common in clinical research and in the context of TTHs specifically. Data involving stress reactivity processes are compatible with such models. However, it would be of interest to tap the associative cognitive processes that likely mediate such relations. Methods.,In the present study, we selectively recruited individuals who do (n = 19) and do not (n = 19) suffer from episodic TTHs. We examined implicit associations between negative evaluations and headache-related information through the use of an implicit association test. Results.,As hypothesized, TTH patients displayed associations between negative evaluations and headache-related information, whereas the control group did not. Conclusions.,These data provide initial support for a plausible cognitive model for the occurrence of TTHs among predisposed individuals. [source]


    Intranasal Sumatriptan for Prevention of Post-ECT Headaches

    HEADACHE, Issue 4 2006
    Paul F. White PhD
    No abstract is available for this article. [source]


    Population-Based U.S. Study of Severe Headaches in Adults: Psychological Distress and Comorbidities

    HEADACHE, Issue 2 2006

    Objective.,To examine the associations between severe headaches (SH), psychological distress, and comorbid conditions among U.S. adults. Background.,The lifetime prevalence of headaches is over 90% and headaches, particularly migraines, have been associated with disability, increased healthcare costs, and mood disorders. Methods.,We analyzed data obtained from adults aged 18 years or older (n = 29,828) who participated in the 2002 National Health Interview Survey, an ongoing, computer-assisted personal interview of a representative sample of the U.S. population. Results.,Approximately 15.1% of adults aged 18 years or older reported SH in the previous 3 months. Those reporting such headaches were significantly more likely, than those who did not, to report insomnia, excessive sleepiness, recurrent pain, and depressive or anxiety symptoms during the preceding 12 months. Approximately 88% of those who reported having had SH within the previous 3 months also indicated that they had at least one comorbid medical condition, relative to 67% of those without SH. Conclusion.,Despite their episodic nature, our results suggest that SH are associated with impairments in both physical and mental health. As the presence of SH may serve as an indicator of significant psychological distress and medical comorbidities, eliciting information about their occurrence during a standard medical examination appears to be warranted. [source]


    Sildenafil Can Trigger Cluster Headaches

    HEADACHE, Issue 1 2006
    Randolph W. Evans MD
    Phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors commonly trigger migraines but rarely trigger cluster headaches. Two cases of cluster headaches triggered by sildenafil are described. [source]


    Lifetime Prevalence and Characteristics of Recurrent Primary Headaches in a Population-Based Sample of Swedish Twins

    HEADACHE, Issue 8 2002
    Dan A. Svensson MSc
    Objective.,To examine the lifetime prevalence and other characteristics of recurrent primary headaches in twins. Background.,The twin model may provide insights into the role of genetic and environmental influences in headache disorders. However, assumptions as to whether twins are representative of the general population, and whether monozygotic and dizygotic twins are similar have rarely been addressed. Methods.,The study population consisted of a random sample of 17- to 82-year-old twins from the Swedish Twin Registry (n = 1329). Structured interviews on the telephone by lay personnel and the International Headache Society criteria were used for assessment and diagnosis of recurrent primary headaches. Prevalence data of the general population for migraine and tension-type headache was obtained from various published reports. Results.,A total of 372 subjects (29%) had ever had recurrent headaches. In total, 241 recurrent headache sufferers fulfilled the criteria for migraine or tension-type headache, and the lifetime prevalence was 7.1% for migraine without aura, 1.4% for migraine always with aura, 1.9% for migraine occasionally with aura, 9.4% for episodic tension-type headache, and 1.3% for chronic tension-type headache. The lifetime prevalence of all migraine and all tension-type headache, including another 84 subjects fulfilling all but one of the criteria for migraine or tension-type headache, was 13.8% and 13.5%, respectively. The corresponding prevalence risk for women was 2.4 (95% confidence interval [CI] 1.7, 3.4) and 1.5 (95% CI 1.1, 2.1), respectively. Zygosity was not a significant predictor for migraine. In tension-type headache, the prevalence risk for dizygotic twins and unlike-sexed twins as compared with monozygotic twins was 1.9 (95% CI: 1.2, 3.1) and 1.8 (95% CI: 1.1, 2.9), respectively. Conclusion.,There is no twin-singleton or monozygotic-dizygotic difference for the risk of migraine. In tension-type headache, twins seem to have a lower risk than singletons, and this is especially true for monozygotic twins. [source]


    Migraine MLT-Down: An Unusual Presentation of Migraine in Patients With Aspartame-Triggered Headaches

    HEADACHE, Issue 9 2001
    Lawrence C. Newman MD
    Aspartame, an artificial sweetener added to many foods and beverages, may trigger headaches in susceptible individuals. We report two patients with aspartame-triggered attacks in whom the use of an aspartame-containing acute medication (Maxalt-MLT) worsened an ongoing attack of migraine. [source]


    NMDA Receptor Blockade Prevents Nitroglycerin-Induced Headaches

    HEADACHE, Issue 7 2001
    Peter Roffey MD
    No abstract is available for this article. [source]


    Extending the Efficacy of a Thermal Biofeedback Treatment Package to the Management of Tension-type Headaches in Children

    HEADACHE, Issue 2 2001
    Richard E. Arndorfer PhD
    This study explored the efficacy of a thermal biofeedback treatment package as an intervention with children with tension-type headaches. In a within-subject, time-lagged, multiple baseline design, five children, aged 8 to 14 years, were assigned to baselines of varying lengths prior to receiving treatment. Treatment was introduced sequentially across subjects and involved six thermal biofeedback treatment visits. Parents were also given guidelines for how best to encourage children to independently use the biofeedback skills. Data confirm that the participants learned the handwarming skill, practiced the skill on a regular basis during treatment, and independently used the skills to manage their pain. All participants demonstrated clinically significant reductions in one or more headache parameters (frequency, duration, intensity) following treatment. At 6-month follow-up, four of the five participants were headache-free. Although the thermal biofeedback treatment package was generally effective for these children with tension-type headaches, the specific type of headache experienced by each child appeared to influence the specific response to treatment. In addition, no single measure of headache activity was the best indicator of response to treatment. The efficacy of the thermal biofeedback treatment package is supported as an alternative treatment for children suffering from tension-type headaches. [source]


    Taking Control of Your Headaches.

    HEADACHE, Issue 1 2001
    How to Get the Treatment You Need
    [source]


    Orgasmic Headaches: Clinical Features, Diagnosis, and Management

    HEADACHE, Issue 6 2000
    Randolph W. Evans MD
    First page of article [source]


    Etiology and Distribution of Headaches in Two Brazilian Primary Care Units

    HEADACHE, Issue 3 2000
    Marcelo E. Bigal MD
    Objectives.,To determine (a) which patients seek primary care services with a complaint of headache, (b) the percentages of the various types of headache in this population, and (c) the impact of the care provided to these patients on the basic health care network. Background.,Headache is one of the most frequent symptoms reported in medical practice, resulting in significant medical services costs and loss of patient productivity, as well as reduced quality of life. Methods.,A prospective study was conducted in two towns (Ribeirão Preto and São Carlos) in the State of São Paulo, Brazil. The participants in the study consisted of 6006 patients (52.4% women) with highly varied acute symptoms. The patients ranged in age from 14 to 98 years. Results.,Headache as the main complaint was reported by 561 (9.3%) of the patients considered, with 312 (55.6%) of those patients presenting with primary headache, 221 (39.4%) with headaches secondary to systemic disorders, and 28 (5.0%) with headaches secondary to neurological disorders. Migraine, the most prevalent primary headache, accounted for 45.1% of patients reporting headache as the single symptom. The most frequent etiologies of headaches secondary to systemic disorders were fever, acute hypertension, and sinusitis. The most frequent headaches secondary to neurological disorders were posttraumatic headaches, headaches secondary to cervical disease, and expansive intracranial processes. Of the 26 cases of drug abuse, 20 were secondary to alcohol (hangover). Headaches secondary to systemic disorders were more frequent in the extreme age ranges. Conclusions.,Headache is a very frequent symptom among patients seen at primary health care units and should be considered a public health problem. The dissemination of the diagnostic criteria of the International Headache Society among primary health care physicians is urgently needed in order to avoid the repeated return of patients or their referral to more differentiated emergency units, which overburden an already insufficient health care network. [source]


    Headaches and Hypertension: Primary or Secondary?

    JOURNAL OF CLINICAL HYPERTENSION, Issue 1 2004
    Joel Handler MD
    No abstract is available for this article. [source]


    Hypothalamic Deep Brain Stimulation for the Treatment of Chronic Cluster Headaches: A Series Report

    NEUROMODULATION, Issue 1 2004
    Angelo Franzini MD
    Abstract The objective of this study was to introduce a new surgical treatment for drug-resistant chronic cluster headaches (CH). Because recent functional studies suggested that a hyperactivity of the posterior hypothalamus might be the primary cause of Cluster Headaches (CH) bouts, we designed a prospective study to explore the therapeutic effectiveness of chronic high-frequency stimulation of this region for the treatment of CH. Nine electrodes were stereotactically implanted in the posterior hypothalamus in eight patients suffering from intractable chronic CH. The stereotactic coordinates of the targeted area were 3 mm behind the mid-commissural point, 5 mm below the mid-commissural point, and 2 mm lateral from the midline. Since initiating this treatment in our center, all of the eight patients have improved. Steroid administration has been progressively withdrawn. All of the patients reported that they were pain-free at 1,26 months of follow-up. Three of the eight patients were pain-free without any medication while five of the eight required low doses of methysergide and/or verapamil. No noxious side effects from chronic high-frequency hypothalamic stimulation have been observed nor have we encountered any acute complications from the implant procedure. Tolerance was not observed. We conclude that these preliminary results indicate that hypothalamic stimulation is safe and effective for the treatment of drug-resistant, chronic CH. In addition, these data confirm the "central" pathogenesis for chronic CH. [source]


    Long-Term Pain Relief in Patients with Cervicogenic Headaches after Pulsed Radiofrequency Application into the Lateral Atlantoaxial (C1-2) Joint Using an Anterolateral Approach

    PAIN PRACTICE, Issue 4 2010
    FIPP, Willy Halim MD
    Abstract The lateral atlantoaxial joint has long been reported as a source of cervicogenic headache. We present a retrospective study, including 86 patients who had undergone lateral C1-2 joint pulsed radiofrequency application, for cervicogenic headache in a single pain center from March 2007 to December 2008. The percentage of patients who had ,50% pain relief at 2 months, 6 months, and 1 year were 50% (43/86), 50% (43/86), and 44.2% (38/86), respectively. Long-term pain relief at 6 months and 1 year were predicted reliably by ,50% pain relief at 2 months (P < 0.001). Apart from 1 patient that complained of increased severity of occipital headache lasting several hours, we had no other reported complications. [source]