HDPE Matrix (hdpe + matrix)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

Effect of the organoclay preparation on the extent of intercalation/exfoliation and barrier properties of polyethylene/PA6/montmorillonite nanocomposites

Eleonora Erdmann
Abstract Nanocomposites of HDPE matrix and 3 wt % organoclay/PA6 discontinuous phase were prepared in a mixer chamber. These nanocomposites of organoclay, PA6, and HDPE were characterized by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron and transmission electron microscopy (SEM and TEM). Barrier properties were determined by cyclohexane pervaporation and solubility. The results show that the degree of exfoliation and/or intercalation and the barrier properties depend on a combination of the proper chemical treatment and optimized processing in these polyethylene-organoclays nanocomposites. 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2010 [source]

Structure and properties of phase change materials based on HDPE, soft Fischer-Tropsch paraffin wax, and wood flour

M. E. Mngomezulu
Abstract Phase-change materials based on high density polyethylene (HDPE), soft Fischer-Tropsch paraffin wax (M3), and alkali-treated wood flour (WF) were investigated. The blend and composite samples were prepared by melt mixing using a Brabender Plastograph, followed by melt pressing. They were characterized in terms of their morphology, as well as thermal, mechanical, thermo-mechanical, and water absorption properties. Although SEM micrographs showed some evidence of intimate contact between the WF particles and the HDPE matrix as a result of alkali treatment, poor filler dispersion, and interfacial adhesion were also observed. Partial immiscibility of the HDPE and the M3 wax was noticed, with the WF particles covered by wax. There was plasticization of the HDPE matrix by the wax, as well as partial cocrystallization, inhomogeneity and uneven wax dispersion in the polymer matrix. The HDPE/WF/M3 wax composites were more homogeneous than the blends. The presence of wax reduced the thermal stability of the blends and composites. Both the presence of M3 wax and WF influenced the viscoelastic behavior of HDPE. The HDPE/M3 wax blends showed an increase in the interfacial amorphous content as the wax content increases, which resulted in the appearance of a ,-relaxation peak. The presence of M3 wax in HDPE reduced the mechanical properties of the blends. For the composites these properties varied with WF content. An increase in wax content resulted to a decrease in water uptake by the composites, probably because the wax covered the WF particles and penetrated the pores in these particles. 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2010 [source]

Isothermal crystallization of high density polyethylene and nanoscale calcium carbonate composites

Jiann-Wen HuangArticle first published online: 26 NOV 200
Abstract High density polyethylene (HDPE) and calcium carbonate (CaCO3) nanocomposites with maleic anhydride grafted HDPE (manPE) as a compatibilizer were prepared via compounding in a twin-screw extruder. The CaCO3 are well dispersed in the HDPE matrix from the observation of transmission electron microscope. The isothermal crystallization kinetics was studied by differential scanning calorimetry and simulated by Avrami and Tobin models. The nucleation constants and fold surface free energy were estimated from Lauritzen,Hoffman relation. The results indicate that both manPE and well-dispersed CaCO3 particles would act as nuclei to induce heterogeneous nucleation and enhance crystallization rate. 2007 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2008 [source]

Effect of high-energy vibro-milling of filler on the mechanical properties of filled high-density polyethylene

Shaoyun Guo
The effect of high-energy mechanical milling of CaCO3 (calcium carbonate) and STC (a mixture of sericite, tridymite and cristobalite) on mechanical properties, rheological and dynamical mechanical behavior of high-density polyethylene (HDPE)/CaCO3 and HDPE/STC was studied through SEM (scanning electron microscope), DMTA (dynastic mechanical test analysis), mechanical and melt rheological properties tests. The experimental results show that addition of fillers treated by coupling agent and vibromilling to HDPE makes the impact strength of HDPE greatly increased. The impact strength of HDPE/treated CaCO3 (60/40) and HDPE/treated STC (60/40) is ca. 4 and 3 times respectively as high as that of HDPE. The SEM micrographs of impact fractured surfaces of treated fillers filled HDPE show extensive plastic deformation of HDPE matrix, indicating that the plastic deformation of matrix induced by the treated fillers is the main contribution for absorbing a great amount of impact energy. This is the reason why the impact strength of HDPE greatly increases with addition of coupling agent and vibromilling treated fillers. The intensity of , relaxation peak of HDPE in HDPE/treated CaCO3 on tan, vs. temperature curve increases and the peak shifts to higher temperature due to its stronger interface interaction as compared with that of HDPE/untreated CaCO3. [source]