HDM Allergens (hdm + allergen)

Distribution by Scientific Domains


Selected Abstracts


Use of A-type CpG oligodeoxynucleotides as an adjuvant in allergen-specific immunotherapy in humans: a phase I/IIa clinical trial

CLINICAL & EXPERIMENTAL ALLERGY, Issue 4 2009
G. Senti
Summary Background B-type CpG oligodeoxynucleotides (ODN) is currently used in clinical trials because of its prolonged half,life, which is due to its phosphorothioate backbone. A-type CpG ODN is a stronger inducer of IFN but has an unstable phosphodiester backbone that has so far prohibited its clinical use. However, upon association with virus-like particles (VLP) consisting of the bacteriophage Q, coat protein, A-type CpG ODN can be stabilized and can become an efficient adjuvant in mice. Therefore, the phase I/IIa study presented represents the first test of A-type CpGs in humans. Objective To test the safety, tolerability and clinical efficacy of QbG10 as an adjuvant for subcutaneous immunotherapy with a house dust mite (HDM) allergen extract in allergic patients. Methods A single centre, open-label phase I/IIa study evaluated the safety, tolerability and clinical efficacy of QbG10 as an adjuvant to immunotherapy with a subcutaneous HMD allergen extract in 20 patients suffering from HDM allergy. Twenty-one patients were enrolled between March and July 2005. Individual immunotherapy lasted 10 weeks. Clinical end-points included questionnaires, conjunctival provocation, skin prick tests and the measurement of allergen-specific IgG and IgE. Results QbG10 was well tolerated. Almost complete tolerance to the allergen was observed in conjunctival provocation testing after treatment with QbG10, and symptoms of rhinitis and allergic asthma were significantly reduced. Within 10 weeks of therapy, patients were nearly symptom-free and this amelioration lasted for at least 38 weeks post-treatment. Following injections of QbG10 and HDM allergen extract, allergen-specific IgG increased, while there was a transient increase in allergen-specific IgE titres. Skin reactivity to HDM was reduced. Conclusion The subcutaneous application of HDM allergen, together with A-type CpG ODN packaged into VLP, was safe. All patients achieved practically complete alleviation of allergy symptoms after 10 weeks of immunotherapy. This promising clinical outcome calls for larger placebo-controlled phase II studies. [source]


Influence of short-term exposure to airborne Der p 1 and volatile organic compounds on skin barrier function and dermal blood flow in patients with atopic eczema and healthy individuals

CLINICAL & EXPERIMENTAL ALLERGY, Issue 3 2006
J. Huss-Marp
Summary Background Epidemiological studies indicate environmental pollutants to be involved in the increase in the prevalence of allergic diseases. In human exposure studies, volatile organic compounds (VOCs) have been shown to cause exacerbations of allergic asthma whereas, no data concerning atopic eczema (AE) are available. Objective We investigated the effect of airborne VOCs on the skin of patients with AE and controls in the presence or absence of house dust mite allergen, Der p 1. Methods In a double-blind crossover study, 12 adults with AE and 12 matched healthy volunteers were exposed on their forearms to Der p 1 and subsequently to a mixture of 22 VOCs (M22, 5 mg/m3) in a total body exposure chamber for 4 h. Transepidermal water loss (TEWL) and skin blood flow were measured in all subjects before, during and after exposure. Additionally, an atopy patch test (APT) with Der p 1 was applied to the skin after exposure. Results A significant increase in transepidermal water loss was observed 48 h after exposure to VOCs as compared with exposure with filtered air in all individuals (mean difference: +34%; 95% Confidence Interval: 7,69%). Prior Der p 1 exposure resulted in a significant rise of dermal blood flow after 48 h in patients with AE but not in controls. Six out of seven patients showed enhanced atopy patch test (APT) reactions to HDM allergen after previous exposure to VOCs. Conclusion Our results show that exposure to VOCs , at concentrations commonly found in indoor environments , can damage the epidermal barrier and enhance the adverse effect of Der p 1 on sensitized subjects with AE. These findings may contribute to a better understanding of the mechanisms underlying the increase in prevalence and exacerbation of AE. [source]


HLA DPB1*0201 allele is negatively associated with immunoglobulin E responsiveness specific for house dust mite allergens in Taiwan

CLINICAL & EXPERIMENTAL ALLERGY, Issue 4 2000

Background House dust mite (HDM) Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus is the most important source of indoor allergens that cause allergic diseases in Taiwan. We prepared purified HDM allergens (Der p 1, Der p 2 and Der p 5) to detect allergen-specific immunoglobulin (Ig) E responsiveness among a large number of test subjects. The robust genetic typing system for HLA class II genes also facilitated the study on association of HLA and allergic response toward HDM. Objective This study intended to investigate the association between HLA class II alleles and the IgE responsiveness to the major allergens from HDM, D. pteronyssinus. Methods Two hundred and forty-eight subjects were selected for HLA association study. Plasma HDM allergen (Der p 1, Der p 2, Der p 5) -specific IgE and Der p 2-specific IgG antibodies were detected by ELISA, while HLA class II -DRB1, -DQA1, -DQB1, -DPB1 genetic polymorphism was determined by polymerase chain reaction/sequence-specific oligonucleotide probe hybridization (PCR/SSOPH). Statistical comparison of the allelic distribution of each HLA class II genes among the individuals with/without HDM allergen-specific IgE and IgG antibodies were performed. Results There was no significant association between HLA DRB1, DQB1, DQA1 alleles and HDM-specific IgE responsiveness noted. Only DRB1*0803 and the linked DQA1*0103 alleles showed positive association with Der p 5-specific IgE responsiveness. However, we found that HLA-DPB1*1301 predisposed subjects to IgE responsiveness to HDM Der p 5. HLA DPB1*0501 was weakly associated with the IgE responsiveness to HDM Der p 1 and Der p 5. There was a strong negative association between the HLA-DPB1*0201 allele with IgE responsiveness to Der p 1 (OR: 0.30, P , 0.0001, P , 0.0007, Pc , 0.010). Conclusion We clearly observed the association between HLA DPB1 alleles and specific IgE responsiveness to HDM major allergens. The molecular mechanism of HLA-DPB1*0201 involvement in protecting subjects from HDM-specific IgE responsiveness awaits further investigation. [source]


Effect of montelukast on exhaled NO in asthmatic children exposed to relevant allergens

PEDIATRIC ALLERGY AND IMMUNOLOGY, Issue 2 2002
Giorgio L. Piacentini
The level of exhaled nitric oxide (FENO) is increased in house dust mite (HDM)-sensitized asthmatic children after exposure to HDM antigen, and inhaled steroids can prevent this increase. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether montelukast could prevent an increase in FENO levels in allergic asthmatic children after a brief period of exposure to relevant allergens. Sixteen children were evaluated at the residential house ,Istituto Pio XII' (Misurina, Bellunio, Italy) in the Italian Alps, a dust mite-free environment. FENO levels were evaluated before (t0) and immediately after (t1) the children were exposed to HDM allergens for 2 weeks in their homes at sea level. No significant difference in FENO was observed in the fluticasone-treated group of children after 2 weeks at sea level. In the group treated with montelukast, an increase in FENO was observed between t0 and t1, which failed to reach statistical significance. These preliminary data suggest that oral montelukast could be effective in preventing the relapse in airway inflammation in allergic asthmatic children who are occasionally exposed to relevant allergens for a short period of time. [source]


Anti-bacterial IgE in the antibody responses of house dust mite allergic children convalescent from asthma exacerbation

CLINICAL & EXPERIMENTAL ALLERGY, Issue 8 2009
B. J. Hales
Summary Background Atopic sensitization to the house dust mite (HDM) is associated with altered antibody responses to the nasopharyngeal colonizing bacterium Haemophilus influenzae and children admitted to the emergency department for asthma exacerbation have reduced IgG responses to HDM allergens. Objective To investigate anti-bacterial and anti-allergen antibody responses during convalescence from asthma exacerbation and differences found in exacerbations associated with and without viral infection. Results IgE antibodies to the P6 bacterial antigen increased in 60% of sera during convalescence and for many children achieved titres as high as IgE titres to allergens. In contrast IgE anti-HDM titres declined during convalescence. The anti-bacterial IgE titres were the same in subjects with and without virus infection while the anti-HDM IgE declined more rapidly in virus-infected subjects. IgG titres to the major HDM allergens showed no consistent increase and the overall IgG anti-HDM titres even declined in subjects without a virus infection. Anti-bacterial IgG antibodies in contrast to IgE did not change. Patients with frequent episodic or persistent asthma had similar IgE anti-bacterial titres to patients with infrequent asthma during the acute phase, although they had reduced IgG titres to both the bacteria and the HDM. Conclusions During the period following an acute exacerbation of asthma there was a marked and specific increase in anti-bacterial IgE compared with a reduced IgE response to HDM. This provides further support for the concept of T-helper type 2 responses to bacterial antigens playing a role in asthma pathogenesis. [source]


The novel use of the human nasal epithelial cell line RPMI 2650 as an in vitro model to study the influence of allergens and cytokines on transforming growth factor-, gene expression and protein release

CLINICAL & EXPERIMENTAL ALLERGY, Issue 6 2005
R. J. Salib
Summary Background The epithelial accumulation of mast cells is a feature of allergic rhinitis and this has been linked to the expression of the known mast cell chemoattractant transforming growth factor-, (TGF-,) at this site. Little is known concerning the regulation of TGF-, gene expression or protein release by nasal epithelial cells. To address this we have utilized the RPMI 2650 human nasal epithelial cell line, which has some features that closely resemble normal nasal epithelium and has been reported to secrete a TGF-,-like molecule. Objectives To investigate the regulation of TGF-, gene expression and protein secretion in RPMI 2650 nasal epithelial cells following exposure to allergens (house dust mite (HDM) and grass pollen) and mast cell associated T-helper type 2 (Th2) cytokines (IL-4, IL-13, and TNF-,). Methods Light and scanning electron microscopy was used to evaluate the morphology of RPMI 2650 cells in culture, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used to investigate their TGF-, secretory capacity and the identification of the TGF-, isotype(s) involved, flow cytometry was used to demonstrate the presence of TGF-, receptors on the RPMI 2650 cells, and the quantitative real-time TaqMan PCR was used to measure TGF-, gene expression. Results TGF-,2 was identified as the main isotype secreted by the RPMI 2650 cells. HDM allergens and TNF-, increased both TGF-, gene expression and protein release from these cells, whereas grass pollen, IL-4, and IL-13 were without effect. Conclusions The RPMI 2650 nasal epithelial cell line represents a valid in vitro model to evaluate the regulation of TGF-, biology. In this system HDM allergens have stimulatory activity that is fundamentally different from that of grass pollen allergens, and the Th2 cytokines IL-4 and IL-13 are without effect. The ability of TNF-, to up-regulate both TGF-, gene expression and protein release indicates that mast cell,epithelial interactions concerning TGF-, are bi-directional and this may be fundamental to epithelial immunoregulation. The availability of a model system, such as the RPMI 2650 cells, will enable the early evaluation of future novel and targeted interventions directed toward the aberrant responses of upper airway structural cells. [source]


HLA DPB1*0201 allele is negatively associated with immunoglobulin E responsiveness specific for house dust mite allergens in Taiwan

CLINICAL & EXPERIMENTAL ALLERGY, Issue 4 2000

Background House dust mite (HDM) Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus is the most important source of indoor allergens that cause allergic diseases in Taiwan. We prepared purified HDM allergens (Der p 1, Der p 2 and Der p 5) to detect allergen-specific immunoglobulin (Ig) E responsiveness among a large number of test subjects. The robust genetic typing system for HLA class II genes also facilitated the study on association of HLA and allergic response toward HDM. Objective This study intended to investigate the association between HLA class II alleles and the IgE responsiveness to the major allergens from HDM, D. pteronyssinus. Methods Two hundred and forty-eight subjects were selected for HLA association study. Plasma HDM allergen (Der p 1, Der p 2, Der p 5) -specific IgE and Der p 2-specific IgG antibodies were detected by ELISA, while HLA class II -DRB1, -DQA1, -DQB1, -DPB1 genetic polymorphism was determined by polymerase chain reaction/sequence-specific oligonucleotide probe hybridization (PCR/SSOPH). Statistical comparison of the allelic distribution of each HLA class II genes among the individuals with/without HDM allergen-specific IgE and IgG antibodies were performed. Results There was no significant association between HLA DRB1, DQB1, DQA1 alleles and HDM-specific IgE responsiveness noted. Only DRB1*0803 and the linked DQA1*0103 alleles showed positive association with Der p 5-specific IgE responsiveness. However, we found that HLA-DPB1*1301 predisposed subjects to IgE responsiveness to HDM Der p 5. HLA DPB1*0501 was weakly associated with the IgE responsiveness to HDM Der p 1 and Der p 5. There was a strong negative association between the HLA-DPB1*0201 allele with IgE responsiveness to Der p 1 (OR: 0.30, P , 0.0001, P , 0.0007, Pc , 0.010). Conclusion We clearly observed the association between HLA DPB1 alleles and specific IgE responsiveness to HDM major allergens. The molecular mechanism of HLA-DPB1*0201 involvement in protecting subjects from HDM-specific IgE responsiveness awaits further investigation. [source]