HCV-RNA Levels (hcv-rna + level)

Distribution by Scientific Domains


Selected Abstracts


Immunohistochemical staining of liver grafts with a monoclonal antibody against HCV-Envelope 2 for recurrent hepatitis C after living donor liver transplantation

JOURNAL OF GASTROENTEROLOGY AND HEPATOLOGY, Issue 4 2009
Hiroshi Sadamori
Abstract Aim:, We evaluated the expression of hepatitis C virus (HCV) antigen on liver grafts by immunohistochemical staining (IHS) using IG222 monoclonal antibody (mAb) against HCV-envelope 2 (E2). Methods:, The study material was 84 liver biopsy specimens obtained from 28 patients who underwent living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) for HCV infection. The biopsy samples were examined histopathologically, and by IHS using IG222 mAb against HCV-E2. Serum HCV-RNA level was measured in all patients. The IHS grades were compared among the three groups classified according to the time elapsed from LDLT (at 1,30, 31,179 and ,180 days post-LDLT) and among four post-transplant conditions, including acute cellular rejection (ACR). Results:, Immunoreactivity to IG222 was detected in 78.6% of the specimens obtained during the first month after LDLT, and there were no significant differences on the IHS grades between the three groups classified according to the time elapsed from LDLT. The IHS grades were significantly stronger in definite recurrent HCV (n = 12) and probable recurrent HCV (n = 7) than in definite ACR (n = 7) and other complications (n = 8). There were no significant differences in serum HCV-RNA levels among the four post-transplant conditions. There was no significant correlation between the IHS grades using IG222 mAb and serum HCV-RNA levels when data of 84 liver biopsy specimens were analyzed. Conclusions:, Constant HCV-E2 expression was observed in liver biopsy specimens obtained 1 month or longer. The strong HCV-E2 expression on liver grafts were associated with recurrent hepatitis C after LDLT, but the serum HCV-RNA levels were not. [source]


A pilot study of therapeutic vaccination with envelope protein E1 in 35 patients with chronic hepatitis C

HEPATOLOGY, Issue 5 2003
Frederik Nevens
New treatments are needed for chronic hepatitis C patients in whom viral clearance cannot be achieved. Thirty-five chronic hepatitis C patients (genotype 1) were randomized to receive 20 ,g of recombinant HCV E1 (E1) (n = 26) or placebo (n = 9) intramuscularly at weeks 0, 4, 8, 12, and 24. Thirty-four then received open-label E1 vaccine at weeks 50, 53, 56, 59, 62, and 65. Twenty-four patients (12 men, 12 women; mean age, 52 y; 18 interferon-based treatment failures; mean baseline alanine aminotransferase [ALT] level, 118 IU/L) underwent a biopsy before and after 2 courses of E1, 17 months later. Liver histology was scored by 2 blinded pathologists according to the Ishak and Metavir systems. Postinjection reactions were similar to placebo (alum only). Nine of 24 patients (38%) had improvement of 2 points or more, 10 (41%) remained stable, and 5 (21%) showed worsening in total Ishak score. Nine patients (38%) improved both on Ishak and Metavir fibrosis scores. Plasma HCV-RNA levels remained unchanged, whereas ALT levels showed a trend toward a decrease during treatment. All but 3 patients developed a significant de novo E1-specific T-cell response. The increase in anti-E1 antibody levels correlated with the decrease in total Ishak score and with the relative decreases in both Ishak fibrosis score and ALT level (all P , .01). In conclusion, E1 therapeutic vaccination is well tolerated and the observed effects warrant further study. [source]


Early identification of recipients with progressive histologic recurrence of hepatitis C after liver transplantation

HEPATOLOGY, Issue 5 2000
Raghavakaimal Sreekumar
Approximately half of patients undergoing liver transplantation (LT) for hepatitis C virus (HCV) develop histologic evidence of recurrence within the first postoperative year. Early identification of recipients at risk for more severe recurrence of HCV may be useful in selecting patients for antiviral therapy. We determined whether recipients at greatest risk for more severe recurrence of HCV can be identified by pre- and/or early post-LT HCV-RNA levels in serum or tissue. Serum and tissue samples were prospectively collected pre-LT and at 7 days, 4 months, 1 year, and at 3 years posttransplantation from patients undergoing LT for HCV. Hepatitis activity index (HAI) and fibrosis stage (FS) were assessed in all liver biopsies. Forty-seven patients (32 men) were studied. Higher HCV-RNA levels at 4 months post-LT (,109 copies/mL, n = 29) were associated with higher HAI at 1 year and at 3 years post-LT. The HAI seen on protocol biopsies at 4 months correlated significantly with fibrosis stage (FS) at 1 year (r = .56, P , .001) and 3 years (r = .53, P = .002). Higher HCV-RNA levels at 7 days and 4 months post-LT were sensitive (66% and 84%, respectively) and specific (92% and 63%, respectively) in identifying recipients with an HAI greater than 3 at 3 years. Higher pre- and early post-LT HCV-RNA levels are associated with more severe recurrence of HCV. The correlation of early HAI with subsequent FS suggests that higher mean HAI will eventually translate into more advanced stages of fibrosis. Patients at risk for more severe post-LT recurrence of HCV can be identified by early posttransplant HCV-RNA levels. [source]


Immunohistochemical staining of liver grafts with a monoclonal antibody against HCV-Envelope 2 for recurrent hepatitis C after living donor liver transplantation

JOURNAL OF GASTROENTEROLOGY AND HEPATOLOGY, Issue 4 2009
Hiroshi Sadamori
Abstract Aim:, We evaluated the expression of hepatitis C virus (HCV) antigen on liver grafts by immunohistochemical staining (IHS) using IG222 monoclonal antibody (mAb) against HCV-envelope 2 (E2). Methods:, The study material was 84 liver biopsy specimens obtained from 28 patients who underwent living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) for HCV infection. The biopsy samples were examined histopathologically, and by IHS using IG222 mAb against HCV-E2. Serum HCV-RNA level was measured in all patients. The IHS grades were compared among the three groups classified according to the time elapsed from LDLT (at 1,30, 31,179 and ,180 days post-LDLT) and among four post-transplant conditions, including acute cellular rejection (ACR). Results:, Immunoreactivity to IG222 was detected in 78.6% of the specimens obtained during the first month after LDLT, and there were no significant differences on the IHS grades between the three groups classified according to the time elapsed from LDLT. The IHS grades were significantly stronger in definite recurrent HCV (n = 12) and probable recurrent HCV (n = 7) than in definite ACR (n = 7) and other complications (n = 8). There were no significant differences in serum HCV-RNA levels among the four post-transplant conditions. There was no significant correlation between the IHS grades using IG222 mAb and serum HCV-RNA levels when data of 84 liver biopsy specimens were analyzed. Conclusions:, Constant HCV-E2 expression was observed in liver biopsy specimens obtained 1 month or longer. The strong HCV-E2 expression on liver grafts were associated with recurrent hepatitis C after LDLT, but the serum HCV-RNA levels were not. [source]


Hepatitis C Virus Compartmentalization and Infection Recurrence after Liver Transplantation

AMERICAN JOURNAL OF TRANSPLANTATION, Issue 7 2009
S. Ramirez
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) compartmentalization may have important implications in the pathogenesis of HCV infection. The aim of this study was to investigate the presence and relevance of HCV compartmentalization in the setting of liver transplantation (LT). We collected samples of serum, peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC), perihepatic lymph nodes (PLN) and liver explant at the time of LT, and serum and PBMC after transplantation from 57 HCV-infected cirrhotic patients undergoing LT: 38 individuals received antiviral treatment before LT and 19 were untreated controls. HCV-RNA levels were determined by real-time PCR and the hypervariable region 1 (HVR-1) was sequenced. HCV-RNA was detected in all samples from control patients. In virological responders, recurrence after LT was associated with residual HCV-RNA in the liver explant. Within the entire cohort, 47% of patients harbored differences in direct sequences from distinct compartments. Quasispecies analysis revealed that in most cases, HVR-1 sequences recovered after infection recurrence were identical or closely related to those isolated from the liver explant and serum at the time of LT. Our study shows that a significant proportion of HCV-infected cirrhotic patients exhibit compartmentalization. Viral variants originating within the liver appear to be the main cause of HCV recurrence after LT. [source]