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A Behavioral Component Analysis of Route Guidance Systems Using Neural NetworksCOMPUTER-AIDED CIVIL AND INFRASTRUCTURE ENGINEERING, Issue 6 2003
This article focuses on the behavioral component, one of the three components (the other two being dynamic traffic component and information supply strategy component) of a practical RGS developed through a 4-year project at the University of Delaware. Development of the behavioral model is based on the premise that different drivers perceive and behave differently in response to the information provided. Understanding the behavior of RGS-equipped drivers' acceptance or nonacceptance of provided information is essential for understanding the reliability of the system. Backpropagation neural network with its ability to map complex input,output relationships has been used to structure the model. This model was tested on two networks under both recurring and nonrecurring congestion. A comparative analysis of the measures of effectiveness revealed that the performance of the developed RGS is significantly better than the performance under existing non-RGS conditions. [source]
BEAM , Geoelectrical Ahead Monitoring for TBM-DrivesGEOMECHANICS AND TUNNELLING, Issue 5 2008
Arnim Kaus Dr. rer.nat.
BEAM is a non-intrusive focused-electrical induced polarisation ground prediction technique, permanently operating while TBM tunnelling. Main components of the survey system are the measuring unit placed in the TBM operator cabin and special adapted excavation tools which are used as electrodes. The unit is connected to the guidance system and receives the boring signal which allows fully automatic data acquisition and visualisation in real-time on an integrated monitor. Communication facilities transfer the forecast results to every accredited computer world wide simultaneously. Based on the measuring data the percentage frequency effect PFE and the resistivity R, an advanced evaluation software is established for geoelectrical-geological/hydrogeological classification and interpretation. Selected case studies from international TBM projects are outlined with prediction results of different kinds of exploration targets and geological situations. Since 2000 the geophysical probing system is fulfilling the practical demands under the rough and various conditions of TBM tunnelling work by indicating reliable results in hard rock as well as in soft ground. BEAM , Geoelektrische Vorauserkundung für TBM-Vortriebe BEAM ist eine zerstörungsfreie, vortriebsbegleitende Baugrund-Vorauserkundungs-Technologie auf Basis der fokussierend-elektrischen induzierten Polarisation. Das Monitoring-System besteht hauptsächlich aus einem Messgerät, das in der Steuerkabine aufgestellt werden kann, und aus speziell angepassten, bauseits vorhandenen Abbauwerkzeugen und Sicherungsmitteln, die als Elektroden dienen. Die Messeinheit wird mit dem bestehenden Vermessungssystem verbunden und empfängt das Bohrsignal, sodass vollautomatisierte Messungen durchgeführt werden, ohne die Tunnelvortriebsarbeiten zu stören, bei gleichzeitiger Datenauswertung und Visualisierung der Ergebnisse in Echtzeit auf dem integrierten Bildschirm der Einheit. Durch Anschluss an die Kommunikationseinrichtungen der Baustelle lassen sich die Vorauserkundungsdaten zeitgleich an jeden akkreditierten Computer weltweit transferieren. Eine innovative Auswertesoftware bewerkstelligt die geoelektrisch-geologische/hydrogeologische Klassifikation und Interpretation, die auf den Messparametern Prozent Frequenz Effekt PFE und dem Widerstand R basiert. Ausgewählte Fallbeispiele aus internationalen TBM-Projekten zeigen Vorauserkundungsergebnisse unterschiedlicher Explorationsziele und geologischer Situationen. Seit 2000 ist das Vorauserkundungssystem in der Anwendung und zeigt, dass es unter den schwierigen und unterschiedlichen Bedingungen im mechanisierten Tunnelbau sowohl im Hartgestein als auch im Lockergestein im Dauereinsatz zuverlässige Ergebnisse erbringt. [source]
Passenger route guidance system for multi-modal transit networksJOURNAL OF ADVANCED TRANSPORTATION, Issue 3 2005
Hong K. Lo
In many public transport oriented cities in the world, especially Asian cities, the public transport system has been developed extensively, to the extent that it has become increasingly difficult to navigate. Although inter-modal transfers are common and often necessary, a complete set of the routes across transport modes is generally not presented in a form that is accessible to travelers, as each operator would only publish its own routes. Moreover, the common nonlinear fare tables together with inter-modal fare discounts pose challenges to travelers in deciding their best routes. This study develops a multi-modal passenger route guidance system, called eFinder, to aid travelers with their combined mode-route choices. We discuss the architecture and features of this system in this study. This system forms a platform for disseminating public transit information and should complement further development and use of the public transport network by enabling travelers to make informed choices. [source]
Visual Tracking and LIDAR Relative Positioning for Automated Launch and Recovery of an Unmanned Rotorcraft from Ships at SeaNAVAL ENGINEERS JOURNAL, Issue 2 2009
Sensors and systems for a fully autonomous unmanned helicopter have been developed with the aim of completely automating the landing and launch of a small-unmanned helicopter from the deck of a ship. For our scheme, we have combined a laser rangefinder (LRF) system with a visual tracking sensor to construct a low-cost guidance system. Our novel LRF system determines both the distance to and the orientation of the deck in one cycle. We have constructed an optical sensor to complement the laser system, comprising a digital camera interfaced to a Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA), which enables the entire target tracking computation to be achieved in a very small self-contained form factor. A narrowband light source on the deck is detected by the digital camera and tracked by an algorithm implemented on the FPGA to provide a relative bearing to the deck from the helicopter. By combining the optical sensor bearing with the information from the laser system, an accurate estimate of the helicopter position relative to the deck can be found. [source]
Real-time Integration of Intracardiac Echocardiography and Electroanatomic Mapping in PVCs Arising from the LV Anterior Papillary MusclePACING AND CLINICAL ELECTROPHYSIOLOGY, Issue 9 2009
Ph.D., TAKUMI YAMADA M.D.
A 54-year-old woman with idiopathic premature ventricular contractions (PVCs) underwent electrophysiological testing. Three-dimensional (3D) geometries of the papillary muscles and chamber of the left ventricle (LV) were reconstructed using a CARTO-based 3D ultrasound imaging system (Biosense Webster Inc., Diamond Bar, CA, USA) during the PVCs. Activation mapping in the LV was then performed during the PVCs and the activation map revealed the earliest ventricular activation on the anterior papillary muscle. An irrigated radiofrequency current delivered at that site with guidance from that system eliminated the PVCs. This case may suggest that the guidance system may be feasible and useful for catheter ablation of PVCs arising from uncommon sites. [source]