Gastric Tube Placement (gastric + tube_placement)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

Insertion and use of the LMA Supremeď in the prone position,

ANAESTHESIA, Issue 2 2010
A. M. Lˇpez
Summary We investigated whether insertion of an LMA Supremeď and its use for maintenance of anaesthesia is feasible in the prone position. Forty adult patients positioned themselves prone and were given propofol until the Bispectral Index was < 50. A size-4 LMA Supreme was inserted by experienced anaesthetists. Ease of insertion, ease of ventilation, efficacy of seal, ease of gastric tube insertion, blood staining, postoperative sore throat, and other complications were recorded. Insertion was successful at the first and second attempt in 37 (92.5%) and 3 (7.5%) patients, respectively. The mean (SD) insertion time was 21 (15) s. Oropharyngeal leak pressure was greater in females than males (29 (4) vs 25 (4) cmH2O, respectively, p = 0.01). Adequate ventilation was achieved in all patients. Gastric tube placement was successful in all patients. The frequency of blood staining and sore throat was 7.5% each. No other complications were noted. We conclude that use of the LMA Supreme in the prone position by experienced users is feasible. [source]

ProSealTM laryngeal mask airway in 120 pediatric surgical patients: a prospective evaluation of characteristics and performance

Summary Background:, The ProSealTM LMA (PLMATM) has recently been introduced in pediatric sizes (1.5, 2, 2.5, 3). Limited pediatric data have been published. Methods:, After Institutional Review Board (IRB) approval, the PLMATM was placed in 120 children aged 4 months to 13 years (5,50 kg). The following data were collected prospectively: induction agent, number of placement attempts (limited to three), placement success or failure, PLMATM size, leak pressure, ventilatory pattern [spontaneous (SV) or controlled positive pressure ventilation (PPV)], success or failure of gastric suction tube placement, hypoxemia, dislodgement, laryngospasm, bronchospasm, aspiration, and traumatic placement. Results:, The PLMATM was easily placed in children with a higher first attempt success rate (94%) than reported for adults. Overall PLMATM and gastric tube placement were both 100% successful. Leak pressures were similar to those reported for the PLMATM in adults and higher than reported for the ClassicTM LMATM in children. No bronchospasm, laryngospasm, hypoxemia, dislodgement, or aspiration occurred. Conclusions:, Although the PLMATM can be used with SV or PPV, the higher leak pressure achieved with the PLMATM, and the ability to evacuate fluid and air from the stomach suggest that it may be a useful alternative to tracheal intubation for procedures in which PPV is desired in children aged 4 months to 13 years. [source]

The ProSealTM laryngeal mask airway in children

Summary Background :,The ProSealTM (PLMA) is a new laryngeal mask device with a modified cuff to improve the seal and a drain tube to provide access to the gastrointestinal tract. We assessed the performance of the size 2 (which has no dorsal cuff) and size 3 (which has a dorsal cuff) in terms of insertion success, efficacy of seal, tidal volume, gas exchange, fiberoptic position, gastric tube placement and frequency of problems. Methods :,Eighty children undergoing minor surgery were studied (n = 40, size 2 PLMA, weight 10,25 kg; n = 40, size 3 PLMA, weight >25,50 kg). Induction was with remifentanil and propofol. Insertion was with the introducer tool and by experienced users. Maintenance was with propofol or sevoflurane and pressure controlled ventilation. Results :,The first-time and overall insertion success rate was 84 and 100%, respectively. Oropharyngeal leak pressure was 31 ▒ 5 cmH2O. There were no gastric or drain tube air leaks. Tidal volume and gas exchange was adequate in all patients, other than two brief episodes of hypoxia because of airway reflex activation. The vocal cords and epiglottis were visible in 99 and 80%, respectively, via the airway tube. The first-time and overall insertion success rate for gastric tube insertion was 87 and 100%, respectively. During maintenance, the PLMA was removed in one patient with airway reflex activation and another required epinephrine for bronchospasm. There were no differences in performance between the sizes 2 and 3 PLMA. Conclusion :,The PLMA is an effective airway device in children and isolates the glottis from the esophagus when correctly positioned. Despite the lack of a dorsal cuff, the performance of the size 2 was similar to the size 3 PLMA in the age groups tested. [source]

The Laryngeal Mask Airway SupremeTM, a single use laryngeal mask airway with an oesophageal vent.

ANAESTHESIA, Issue 1 2009
A randomised, anaesthetised patients, cross-over study with the Laryngeal Mask Airway ProSealTM in paralysed
Summary The LMA SupremeTM is a new extraglottic airway device which brings together features of the LMA ProSealTM, FastrachTM and UniqueTM. We test the hypothesis that ease of insertion, oropharyngeal leak pressure, fibreoptic position and ease of gastric tube placement differ between the LMA ProSealTM and the LMA SupremeTM in paralysed anesthetised patients. Ninety-three females aged 19,71 years were studied. Both devices were inserted into each patient in random order. Two attempts were allowed. Digital insertion was used for the first attempt and guided insertion for the second attempt. Oropharyngeal leak pressure and fibreoptic position were determined during cuff inflation from 0 to 40 ml in 10 ml increments. Gastric tube insertion was attempted if there was no gas leak from the drain tube. First attempt and overall insertion success were similar (LMA ProSealTM, 92% and 100%; LMA SupremeTM 95% and 100%). Guided insertion was always successful following failed digital insertion. Oropharyngeal leak pressure was 4,8 ml higher for the LMA ProSealTM over the inflation range (p < 0.001). Intracuff pressure was 16,35 cm higher for the LMA ProSealTM when the cuff volume was 20,40 ml (p < 0.001). There was an increase in oropharyngeal leak pressure with increasing cuff volume from 10 to 30 ml for both devices, but no change from 0 to 10 ml and 30,40 ml. There were no differences in the fibreoptic position of the airway or drain tube. The first attempt and overall insertion success for the gastric tube was similar (LMA ProSealTM 91% and 100%; LMA SupremeTM 92% and 100%). We conclude that ease of insertion, gastric tube placement and fibreoptic position are similar for the LMA ProSealTM and LMA SupremeTM in paralysed, anaesthetised females, but oropharyngeal leak pressure and intracuff pressure are higher for the LMA ProSealTM. [source]