Gastric Precancerous Lesions (gastric + precancerou_lesion)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

Host,bacterial interaction in the development of gastric precancerous lesions in a high risk population for gastric cancer in Venezuela,

Ikuko Kato
Abstract Helicobacter pylori (HP) infection affects over 50% of the world's population. The prevalence is over 90% in populations at high risk for gastric cancer, but clinical outcomes of the infection are highly variable and thus host genetic factors have been suggested to play a role in its outcomes in addition to bacterial factors. In this study, we examined the effects of common functional genetic polymorphisms of several proinflammatory cytokines known to be overexpressed in HP-infected gastric mucosa on the risk of various stages of gastric premalignant lesions. The odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for atrophic gastritis, intestinal metaplasia and dysplasia were estimated by multinominal logistic regression analysis among 2,033 Venezuelan subjects. There was a significant effect of IL8 -251A allele on the prevalence of dysplasia (p = 0.021). The OR associated with the A-allele was 1.34 (95% CI: 0.82,2.18) for heterozygotes and 2.00 (95% CI: 1.13,3.56) for homozygotes, compared with the TT genotype. Furthermore, there was a statistically significant interaction between the number of A-alleles and HP cag A genotype (p = 0.009), suggesting that the A-allele increased the risk of dysplasia only when cag A was present. The OR for the AA compared with TT genotype was 3.22 (95% CI: 1.60,6.52) in this group. There were no associations with other proinflammatory cytokines studied, i.e., IL1,, IL6, monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (MCP1) and TNF,, or with other stages of premalignant lesions. The present study provides important evidence suggesting host,bacterial interactions in the development of gastric precancerous lesions. 2006 Wiley-Liss, Inc. [source]

Treatment of Helicobacter pylori and prevention of gastric cancer

Gastric cancer is the second commonest fatal malignancy in the world with a high incidence in China. Helicobacter pylori infection is an important factor in the pathogenesis of gastric cancer. Epidemiological studies have shown a strong causal relationship between H. pylori infection and gastric cancer. Animal studies also show that eradication of H. pylori infection, especially at the early stage, is effective in preventing H. pylori -related gastric carcinogenesis. H. pylori eradication leads to regression and prevents the progression of gastric precancerous lesions, but only in a minority of cases. H. pylori eradication appears to be the most promising approach in gastric cancer prevention. The current available data in human studies showed that H. pylori eradication can reduce the risk of developing gastric cancer and this strategy is more useful in patients without atrophic gastritis or intestinal metaplasia. A longer follow-up and additional studies are needed for better understanding this issue. [source]

Factors affecting the serum gastrin 17 level: an evidence-based analysis of 3906 serum samples among Chinese

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the influence of gender, age, site of lesion, disease type and Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection on the human serum gastrin-17 level and to study the diagnostic value of serum gastrin-17 in gastric precancerous lesions and gastric cancer. METHODS: Serum gastrin-17 and serum H. pylori IgG antibody were detected by the ELISA method. The different gastric disease groups were confirmed by endoscopy and histopathology. RESULTS: Among the 3906 serum samples according to the gender, age, site of lesion and the data of different gastric disease groups, the serum gastrin-17 level was markedly higher in people ,60 years old than that in younger age groups. The serum gastrin-17 level increased progressively in the following order: healthy control group, nonatrophic gastritis group, gastric ulcer group, and the serum gastrin-17 level was higher in the atrophic gastritis with dysplasia group than that without it, the lowest level being in the gastric cancer group. Among the 2946 serum samples matched with the site of the lesion, the serum gastrin-17 level was higher in those with antral diseases than in those with gastric corpus diseases. Among the 3805 serum samples matched with the H. pylori infection data, the serum gastrin-17 level was higher in the H. pylori -positive group than in the H. pylori -negative group. CONCLUSIONS: In people over 60 years of age, the serum gastrin-17 level tends to increase. In subjects with precancerous gastric lesions, it may increase significantly with the progression of gastric disease, and ultimately decrease in gastric cancer. Serum gastrin-17 is a good biomarker to differentiate benign from malignant gastric diseases. The site of the gastric lesions is an important factor affecting the serum gastrin-17 level, whereas H. pylori infection is usually associated with its increment. [source]

Deregulation of E-cadherin,catenin complex in precancerous lesions of gastric adenocarcinoma

Abstract Background and Aim: Decrease in expression of the E-cadherin,catenin complex is an important element in gastric carcinogenesis. However, the expression of the complex in gastric precancerous lesions has not been well studied. The present study aimed to examine the serial change in expression of E-cadherin,catenin complex in the precancerous lesions of gastric cancer patients. Methods: Gastrectomy specimens of 40 patients with gastric cancer were retrieved. Areas with chronic gastritis, atrophic gastritis, intestinal metaplasia and adenocarcinoma were identified and immunostained for ,-catenin, ,-catenin and E-cadherin. The results were scored semiquantitatively by two independent pathologists using a validated scoring system. Results: A significant decrease in score was observed in 5% (1/22) of ,-catenin, 0% (0/22) of ,-catenin and 9% (2/22) of E-cadherin in chronic atrophic gastritis patients, and in 28% (5/18) of ,-catenin, 67% (10/15) of ,-catenin and 57% (8/14) of E-cadherin in intestinal metaplasia patients. The scoring of ,-catenin, ,-catenin and E-cadherin correlated with each other. Forty-three percent of patients had concordant changes of scores along the gastritis,adenocarcinoma sequence. There was no association between Helicobacter pylori status and E-cadherin,catenin complex expression. Conclusion: Deregulation of the E-cadherin,catenin complex was observed in the majority of precancerous lesions in patients with gastric adenocarcinoma, which has potential diagnostic and therapeutic implications. 2003 Blackwell Publishing Asia Pty Ltd [source]