Future Plans (future + plan)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts


Article first published online: 24 SEP 200
Cudiner, S.2, Gillies, N.2 & Yarish, C.1 1Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Connecticut, Stamford, CT 06901-23151; 2Jeremy Richard Library, University of Connecticut, Stamford, CT 06901-2315 University of Connecticut presents the "Benthic Marine Algal Herbarium of Long Island Sound Digital Collection." When Phase One of this project is completed, this collection will include an online herbarium of all Long Island Sound macroalgae species. The database will be on the web and open to the public. The taxonomy and descriptive text are part of a collaboration between the University of Connecticut and NEAS. Database features include the ability to create searches and generate sets based on subjects, division, class, order, family, genus, habitat, species, keyword, location, etc. Each record will be cataloged according to Dublin Core cataloging guidelines. All species have a thumbnail image and a larger image for full viewing. TIFF files will be archived and available in the future (10mg images). Certain species will be marked as a teaching collection and made available upon request on a CDrom for teaching purposes. Future plans include expanding the database geographically in the Northeast. The database is located and maintained on a server at the Homer Babbidge Library on the UConn Storrs campus. The information is in Microsoft Access, and is made available for viewing and searching on the web through ColdFusion. This online collection is in the process of being created, a test site is now available at: http://norman.lib.uconn.edu:6550/algae/algaesearch.cfm (hit enter for all records or use search term: lamin) [source]

Towards an integrated GIS-based coastal forecast workflow

Gabrielle Allen
Abstract The SURA Coastal Ocean Observing and Prediction (SCOOP) program is using geographical information system (GIS) technologies to visualize and integrate distributed data sources from across the United States and Canada. Hydrodynamic models are run at different sites on a developing multi-institutional computational Grid. Some of these predictive simulations of storm surge and wind waves are triggered by tropical and subtropical cyclones in the Atlantic and the Gulf of Mexico. Model predictions and observational data need to be merged and visualized in a geospatial context for a variety of analyses and applications. A data archive at LSU aggregates the model outputs from multiple sources, and a data-driven workflow triggers remotely performed conversion of a subset of model predictions to georeferenced data sets, which are then delivered to a Web Map Service located at Texas A&M University. Other nodes in the distributed system aggregate the observational data. This paper describes the use of GIS within the SCOOP program for the 2005 hurricane season, along with details of the data-driven distributed dataflow and workflow, which results in geospatial products. We also focus on future plans related to the complimentary use of GIS and Grid technologies in the SCOOP program, through which we hope to provide a wider range of tools that can enhance the tools and capabilities of earth science research and hazard planning. Copyright © 2008 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [source]

Guidelines for Systematic Review in Conservation and Environmental Management

política de la conservación; práctica de la conservación; toma de decisiones; transferencia de conocimiento basado en evidencia Abstract:,An increasing number of applied disciplines are utilizing evidence-based frameworks to review and disseminate the effectiveness of management and policy interventions. The rationale is that increased accessibility of the best available evidence will provide a more efficient and less biased platform for decision making. We argue that there are significant benefits for conservation in using such a framework, but the scientific community needs to undertake and disseminate more systematic reviews before the full benefit can be realized. We devised a set of guidelines for undertaking formalized systematic review, based on a health services model. The guideline stages include planning and conducting a review, including protocol formation, search strategy, data inclusion, data extraction, and analysis. Review dissemination is addressed in terms of current developments and future plans for a Web-based open-access library. By the use of case studies we highlight critical modifications to guidelines for protocol formulation, data-quality assessment, data extraction, and data synthesis for conservation and environmental management. Ecological data presented significant but soluble challenges for the systematic review process, particularly in terms of the quantity, accessibility, and diverse quality of available data. In the field of conservation and environmental management there needs to be further engagement of scientists and practitioners to develop and take ownership of an evidence-based framework. Resumen:,Un mayor número de disciplinas está utilizando marcos de referencia basados en evidencias para revisar y diseminar la efectividad de las intervenciones de gestión y política. El fundamento es que la mayor accesibilidad de la evidencia mejor disponible proporcionará una plataforma de toma de decisiones menos sesgada y más eficiente. Argumentamos que hay beneficios significativos para la conservación al utilizar tal marco de referencia, pero la comunidad científica debe emprender y diseminar revisiones más sistemáticas antes de que se pueda comprender el beneficio completo. Diseñamos un conjunto de directrices para realizar revisiones sistemáticas formales, basado en un modelo de servicios de salud. Las etapas de las directrices incluyen la planificación y conducción de una revisión, incluyendo formación del protocolo, estrategias de búsqueda, inclusión de datos, extracción y análisis de datos. La diseminación de revisiones es abordada en términos del desarrollo actual y los planes futuros para una biblioteca de acceso abierto en la Web. Al utilizar estudios de caso resaltamos modificaciones críticas a las directrices para la formulación del protocolo, evaluación de la calidad de los datos, extracción de datos y síntesis de datos para la gestión ambiental y de conservación. Los datos ecológicos presentaron retos significativos, pero solucionables, para el proceso de revisión sistemática, particularmente en términos de la cantidad, accesibilidad y calidad de los datos disponibles. Se requiere un mayor compromiso de científicos y profesionales de la gestión ambiental y de conservación para desarrollar y apropiarse de un marco de referencia basado en evidencias. [source]

Nature conservation and urban development control in the Portuguese planning system: a new impetus against old praxis?

Teresa Fidelis
Abstract Natura 2000 areas bring a new incentive to assess the performance of land-use planning in protecting environmental values from the impacts of development pressures. In the last decades, urban growth and consequent environmental impacts on natural areas have been a major concern for the Portuguese land-use planning system. Sprawl around sensitive areas has been revealed to be a persistent phenomenon in spite of the increasing challenges underlying land-use plans. This article critically analyses the content of three main documents recently adopted by the Portuguese government , the ,National Strategy for Sustainable Development', the ,National Policy Programme for Spatial Planning' and the ,Sector Plan for Natura 2000' , seeking prospects to innovate future plans at lower levels in order to prevent additional pressures on natural areas. First, the article reviews the recent theoretical debate on planning for the protection of natural areas. Results evidenced by recent EU evaluation reports are used to propose a set of guidelines to evaluate planning guidance at national level. Second, it critically analyses the three planning documents, bearing in mind the main features of the planning system and the proposed guidelines. The article is concluded with a discussion of their potential, exploring whether they bring a new impetus to the role of land-use planning against an outdated and persistent praxis, or whether, on the contrary, further efforts to strengthen planning guidance remain to be formulated. Copyright © 2008 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd and ERP Environment. [source]

Movement and change: independent sector domiciliary care providers between 1995 and 1999

Patricia Ware
Abstract Promoting the development of a flourishing independent sector alongside good quality public services was a key objective of the community care reforms of the last decade. This paper charts some of the ways the independent domiciliary care sector is changing, as local authorities shift the balance of their provision toward independent sector providers and away from a reliance on in-house services. Two surveys of independent domiciliary care providers were carried out in 1995 and 1999. The aims of the studies were to describe the main features of provider organisations, such as size of business, client group and funding sources; to examine the nature of provider motivations and their past and future plans; to consider how local authorities manage the supply side of social care markets; and to examine the effects on providers of the development of the mixed economy. The first survey in 1995 was conducted in eight local authority areas, which by 1999 had increased to 11 because of the creation of three new unitary authorities. The findings are based on 261 postal surveys together with 111 interviews between the two studies. The research illustrates a domiciliary care market that is still relatively young with many small but growing businesses. There are considerable differences in the split between in-house and independent sector services in individual authorities and a common perception among independent providers that in-house services receive favourable treatment and conditions. Spot or call-off contracts continue to be the most common form of contract although there are moves toward greater levels of guaranteed service and more sophisticated patterns of contracting arrangements. There remains an ongoing need to share information between local authorities and independent providers so that good working relationships can develop with proven and competent providers. [source]

The role of monitored natural recovery in sediment remediation

Victor S Magar
Abstract The long-term goal of monitored natural recovery (MNR) is to achieve ecological recovery of biological endpoints in order to protect human and ecological health. Insofar as ecological recovery is affected by surface-sediment-contaminant concentrations, the primary recovery processes for MNR are natural sediment burial and contaminant transformation and weathering to less toxic forms. This paper discusses the overall approach for effective implementation of MNR for contaminated sediment sites. Several lines of evidence that may be used to demonstrate natural recovery processes are summarized, including documentation of source control; evidence of contaminant burial; measurement of surface sediment mixing depths and the active sediment benthic layer; measurement of sediment stability; contaminant transformation and weathering; modeling sediment transport, contaminant transport, and ecological recovery; measuring ecological recovery and long-term risk reduction; knowledge of future plans for use and development of the site; and watershed and institutional controls. In general, some form of natural recovery is expected and should be included as part of a remedy at virtually all contaminated sediment sites. Further, MNR investigations and an understanding of natural recovery processes provide cost-effective information and support the evaluation of more aggressive remedies such as capping, dredging, and the use of novel amendments. The risk of dredging or capping may be greater than the risk of leaving sediments in place at sites where capping or dredging offer little long-term environmental gain but pose significant short-term risks for workers, local communities, and the environment. [source]

First-episode psychosis: A literature review

Simone I. Reed
ABSTRACT:, This paper reports on a literature review of the impacts of first-episode psychosis on both the patient and their family and carers. The discussion focuses on the effects on the patient experiencing psychotic symptoms for the first time, including disruption to their environment, social connectedness, and future plans. Patients experiencing these symptoms can experience fear, distress, and isolation. Many of these patients are also at greater risk to themselves and others. The family and carers witnessing this psychosis may experience fear, guilt, and often carry the emotional and physical burden of care. Early intervention and treatment are crucial to potentially achieving better clinical outcomes, and to alleviating the psychological impact on patients and their families. The nurse's role in the treatment of the patient experiencing first-episode psychosis is to facilitate early intervention through recognition of symptoms and ongoing assessment, work to reduce a patient's risks, manage treatments, and work with the patient to reduce the risk of relapse. [source]

The task force on advanced satellite mobile systems: structure, objectives and vision,

Giovanni E. Corazza
Abstract This paper describes the origins of the Advanced Satellite Mobile Systems Task Force (ASMS-TF), its structure and its membership. The paper also discusses the overall vision of the Task Force for the short and for the long term, and the objectives which the Task Force is pursuing. What the Task Force has achieved so far in its existence is listed, together with its future plans and priorities. Copyright © 2004 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [source]

Experience of implementing an adult educational approach to treating anxiety disorders

S. D. WOOD rmn rgn dms bsc pgce Lecturer Practitioner
This paper describes the background to the development and delivery of a self-help package for anxiety disorders. Evidence of effectiveness is summarized. The paper outlines the intervention and describes the experience of two mental health nurses, who set out to assess its acceptability, evaluate its outcomes in routine clinical practice and assess the feasibility of its delivery by mental health nurses. Acceptability of the intervention was high, judged by retention and attendance rates. The pilot study produced promising clinical outcomes, especially for people with depression secondary to anxiety. Clinical measures showed significant improvements from pre-course to 6-month follow-up in anxiety, psychological well-being and depression. The outcomes suggest that appropriately trained mental health nurses could deliver the intervention as a routine treatment. The paper concludes by discussing future plans, including a randomized controlled trial and implementation in primary care. [source]

Energy-dispersive absorption spectroscopy for hard-X-ray micro-XAS applications

S. Pascarelli
Originally developed for time-resolved X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS), energy-dispersive absorption spectroscopy offers new opportunities for applications such as fluorescence detection and microbeams for scanning probe spectroscopy, thanks to recent developments in both instrumentation and optics. In this context, this paper presents a first example of chemical mapping recorded at ID24, the energy-dispersive XAS beamline at the ESRF. Attributes of this geometry for microanalysis are addressed. Finally, present and future plans are discussed and developed in the light of the evolution of the focal spot on this instrument in the past ten years. [source]

A survey of the scope of therapeutic practice by UK optometrists and their attitudes to an extended prescribing role

Justin J. Needle
Abstract Purpose:, Recent changes in medicines legislation in the UK have broadened the opportunities for optometrists to use and supply therapeutic drugs. We set out to investigate the current therapeutic practice of UK optometrists and to elicit their views on an extended prescribing role. Methods:, Members of the College of Optometrists were invited via email to take part in an online survey. The survey questions covered four areas: mode of practice, proximity and relationship to other providers of eye care, scope of current therapeutic practice and future plans regarding prescriber training. Results:, Of the 1288 responses received (response rate 24%), over 90% were from optometrists working in community practice. Common, non-sight-threatening conditions were managed frequently or occasionally by between 69 and 96% of respondents. Blepharitis and dry eye were the most common (managed routinely by >70%). In terms of therapeutic agents used, large numbers of optometrists reported that they commonly supplied or recommended over-the-counter (non-prescription) drugs, particularly lubricants and anti-allergic agents. However, fewer respondents supplied antibiotics (only 14% supplying chloramphenicol or fusidic acid frequently). Overall, relatively few respondents (14%) expressed no interest in undertaking further training for extended prescribing, although several barriers were identified, including cost and time taken for training, lack of remuneration and fear of litigation. Conclusion:, Significant numbers of community optometrists are currently managing a range of common ocular conditions using a limited formulary. Enabling optometrists to train as independent prescribers will further develop this role, allowing greater use of their skills and providing patients with quicker access to medicines. [source]

Obstacles to organ donation in ethnic minorities

C. O. Callender
While the numbers of ethnic minority donors have increased over the last 20 yr, there is still a need for community outreach and education in order to dispel the myths and misperceptions within minority communities so that a greater number of persons will ultimately become donors. While lack of awareness, religious myths and misperceptions, medical distrust, fear of premature death, and racism continue to cause reluctance within ethnic minority communities, the National Minority Organ Tissue Transplant Education Program (National MOTTEP) applies a methodology which has proven successful within various ethnic minority populations. The methodology utilizes ethnically similar and culturally sensitive transplant recipients, candidates and donors or donor families, along with health care providers, as effective messengers who are recognized within the community. In addition, community volunteers are solicited to become involved in hands-on program planning and implementation of activities, which will impact the community regarding their knowledge, attitudes and behaviors. Data collected from 914 consenting adult participants indicated that there were significant increases (p < 0.000) in trust in doctors, future plans to become organ donors, and changes in the participants' spiritual/religious beliefs about organ/tissue donation. The conclusion is that culturally appropriate health education programs targeting ethnic minority populations can effect positive change in knowledge, attitudes, and behavior. [source]

Recruiting and Retaining Physicians in Very Rural Areas

Carolyn M. Pepper PhD
Abstract Context: Recruiting and retaining physicians is a challenge in rural areas. Growing up in a rural area and completing medical training in a rural area have been shown to predict decisions to practice in rural areas. Little is known, though, about factors that contribute to physicians' decisions to locate in very sparsely populated areas. Purpose: In this study, we investigated whether variables associated with rural background and training predicted physicians' decisions to practice in very rural areas. We also examined reasons given for plans to leave the study state. Methods: Physicians in the State of Wyoming (N = 693) completed a questionnaire assessing their background, current practice, and future practice plans. Findings: Being raised in a rural area and training in nearby states predicted practicing in very rural areas. High malpractice insurance rates predicted planning to move one's practice out of state rather than within state. Conclusions: Rural backgrounds and training independently predict practice location decisions, but high malpractice rates are the most crucial factor in future plans to leave the state. [source]

The Rural Physician Workforce in Florida: A Survey of US- and Foreign-Born Primary Care Physicians

Robert G. Brooks MD
Purpose: This study's goal was to assess key characteristics of primary care physicians practicing in rural, suburban, and urban communities in Florida. Methods: Surveys were mailed to all of Florida's rural primary care physicians (n = 399) and a 10% sampling (n = 1236) of urban and suburban primary care physicians. Findings: Responses from 1000 physicians (272 rural, 385 urban, 343 suburban) showed that rural physicians were more likely to have been raised in a rural area, foreign-born and trained, a National Health Service Corps member, or a J-1 visa waiver program participant. Rural physicians were more likely to have been exposed to rural medical practice or living in a rural environment during their medical school and residency training. Factors such as rural upbringing and medical school training did not predict future rural practice with foreign-born physicians. Overall, future plans for practice did not seem to differ between rural, urban, and suburban physicians. Conclusions: Recruiting and retaining doctors in rural areas can be best supported through a mission-driven selection of medical students with subsequent training in medical school and residency in rural health issues. National programs such as the National Health Service Corps and the J-1 visa waiver program also play important roles in rural physician selection and should be taken into account when planning for future rural health care needs. [source]

Functions of remembering and misremembering emotion

Linda J. Levine
Memory for the emotions evoked by past events guides people's ongoing behaviour and future plans. Evidence indicates that emotions are represented in at least two forms in memory with different properties. Explicit memories of emotion can be retrieved deliberately, in a flexible manner, across situations. Implicit memories of emotion are brought to mind automatically by cues resembling the context in which an emotional event occurred. One property they share, however, is that both types of memory are subject to forgetting and bias over time as people's goals and appraisals of past emotional events change. This article reviews the cognitive and motivational mechanisms that underlie stability and change in memory for emotion. We also address functions that remembering and misremembering emotion may serve for individuals and groups. Although memory bias is typically viewed as problematic, changes in representations of emotional experience often promote goal-directed behaviour and facilitate coping with challenging situations. Copyright © 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [source]

Thinking and talking about the past: Why remember?

Susan Bluck
Following functional theory, the focus of this paper is to examine individuals' reports of the functions that thinking and talking about the past serves in their daily lives. Younger and older men and women provided reports of the frequency with which they think and talk about their personal past to serve self-continuity, social-bonding and directing-behaviour functions. Younger and older adults endorsed the same frequency of using the past to maintain social bonds. In keeping with the context of their developmental life phase, including the need to forge self-concept clarity and their more open-ended perspective of the future, younger adults reported more often using autobiographical memory to create self-continuity and direct future plans. Copyright © 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [source]