Future Implementation (future + implementation)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

An exploration of the factors that influence the implementation of evidence into practice

Jo Rycroft-Malone PhD
Background., The challenges of implementing evidence-based practice are complex and varied. Against this background a framework has been developed to represent the multiple factors that may influence the implementation of evidence into practice. It is proposed that successful implementation is dependent upon the nature of the evidence being used, the quality of context, and, the type of facilitation required to enable the change process. This study sets out to scrutinize the elements of the framework through empirical enquiry. Aims and objectives., The aim of the study was to address the following questions: , What factors do practitioners identify as the most important in enabling implementation of evidence into practice? , What are the factors practitioners identify that mediate the implementation of evidence into practice? , Do the concepts of evidence, context and facilitation constitute the key elements of a framework for getting evidence into practice? Design and methods., The study was conducted in two phases. Phase 1: Exploratory focus groups (n = 2) were conducted to inform the development of an interview guide. This was used with individual key informants in case study sites. Phase 2: Two sites with on-going or recent implementation projects were studied. Within sites semi-structured interviews were conducted (n = 17). Results., A number of key issues in relation to the implementation of evidence into practice emerged including: the nature and role of evidence, relevance and fit with organizational and practice issues, multi-professional relationships and collaboration, role of the project lead and resources. Conclusions., The results are discussed with reference to the wider literature and in relation to the on-going development of the framework. Crucially the growing body of evidence reveals that a focus on individual approaches to implementing evidence-based practice, such as skilling-up practitioners to appraise research evidence, will be ineffective by themselves. Relevance to clinical practice., Key elements that require attention in implementing evidence into practice are presented and may provide a useful checklist for future implementation and evaluation projects. [source]

Family violence prevention programs in immigrant communities: perspectives of immigrant men

Louise Simbandumwe
The Strengthening Families in Canada Family Violence Prevention Project was aimed at engaging immigrant and refugee communities in family violence prevention. The project, which received support from the Community Mobilization Program, National Crime Prevention Strategy, involved a partnership of four community health and education organizations. The project had three streams: women's, youth, and men's. The women's and youth streams were composed of educational sessions on violence prevention. The third stream consisted of a qualitative research project examining immigrant and refugee men's views of family violence and their suggestions for prevention education. The authors present findings from this research and offer suggestions for future implementation of prevention programming for immigrant and refugee families. 2008 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. [source]

Nurse prescribing in mental health: national survey

Accessible summary ,,Nurse prescribing has grown relatively slowly in mental health care since it was introduced in early 2000s. ,,This paper reports findings from a survey of directors of nursing in England. ,,It provides information about the current level of development of nurse prescribing and about intentions with regards to future implementation and development. Abstract Mental health nurses can now train to become independent prescribers as well as supplementary prescribers. Independent nurse prescribing can potentially help to reorganize mental health services, increase access to medicines and improve service user information, satisfaction and concordance. However, mental health nursing has been slow to undertake prescribing roles, and there has been little work conducted to look at where nurse prescribing is proving successful, and those areas where it is less so. This survey was designed to collect information from directors of nursing in mental health trusts about the numbers of mental health prescribers in England, gather views about prescribing in practice, and elicit intentions with regards to the development of nurse prescribing. In some Trusts, the number of mental health nurse prescribers has increased to the point where wider impacts on workforce, the configuration of teams and services are inevitable. Currently, the way that prescribing is used within different organizations, services and teams varies and it is unclear which setting is most appropriate for the different modes of prescribing. Future work should focus on the impact of mental health nurse prescribing on service delivery, as well as on service users, colleagues and nurses themselves. [source]

Lifestyle intervention for prevention of diabetes: determinants of success for future implementation

Cheryl Roumen
Lifestyle interventions are reported to reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes in high-risk individuals after mid- and long-term follow-up. Information on determinants of intervention outcome and adherence and the mechanisms underlying diabetes progression are valuable for a more targeted implementation. Weight loss seems a major determinant of diabetes risk reduction, whereas physical activity and dietary composition may contribute independently. Body composition and genetic variation may also affect the response to intervention. Lifestyle interventions are cost-effective and should be optimized to increase adherence and compliance, especially for individuals in the high-risk group with a low socioeconomic status, so that public health policy can introduce targeted implementation programs nationwide. The aims of this review are to summarize the mid- and long-term effects of lifestyle interventions on impaired glucose tolerance and type 2 diabetes mellitus and to provide determinants of intervention outcome and adherence, which can be used for future implementation of lifestyle interventions. [source]

Open-loop Analysis of Transfer Characteristics from Blood Pressure to Heart Rate Using an Effectively Total Artificial Heart

Akira Tanaka
Abstract:, ,It is desirable for the dynamic behavior of the drive rate of the artificial heart to be as similar as possible to that of the recipient's heart rate (HR) before implantation. This requires a model which can simulate the behavior of HR on the basis of only the information measured with the limited number of approvable implanted sensors. This article provides a linear time series model for explaining the behavior of HR only with aortic pressure and right atrial pressure. This could be obtained from open-loop analysis using a total artificial heart, which was introduced for measuring HR in vivo and for eliminating its effect on blood pressure. The model was identified in a goat equipped with a special biventricular assist device called the effectively total artificial heart (ETAH). The ETAH was introduced to make an open loop and awake situation in the animal with almost intact autonomic nerves, which could enhance the accuracy and reliability of the identification of the model. The adequacy of the proposed model was ascertained in several data sets measured in two goats, which were different from the data set used for identification. Most of the mean estimation errors were less than 3 beats/min and auto-correlation analysis showed approvable statistical appropriateness. However, it was clarified through comparison with the 1/R control method that the proposed model has a few problems still to be solved before its future implementation as an automatic controller of the TAH. [source]