Fourier Transform Mass Spectrometry (fourier + transform_mass_spectrometry)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Kinds of Fourier Transform Mass Spectrometry

  • ionization fourier transform mass spectrometry

  • Selected Abstracts

    Towards a platform for the metabonomic profiling of different strains of Drosophila melanogaster using liquid chromatography,Fourier transform mass spectrometry

    FEBS JOURNAL, Issue 22 2009
    Muhammad A. Kamleh
    A platform based on hydrophilic interaction chromatography in combination with Fourier transform mass spectrometry was developed in order to carry out metabonomics of Drosophila melanogaster strains. The method was able to detect , 230 metabolites, mainly in the positive ion mode, after checking to eliminate false positives caused by isotope peaks, adducts and fragment ions. Two wild-type strains, Canton S and Oregon R, were studied, plus two mutant strains, Maroon Like and Chocolate. In order to observe the differential expression of metabolites, liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry analyses of the different strains were compared using sieve 1.2 software to extract metabolic differences. The output from sieve was searched against a metabolite database using an Excel-based macro written in-house. Metabolic differences were observed between the wild-type strains, and also between both Chocolate and Maroon Like compared with Oregon R. It was established that a metabonomic approach could produce results leading to the generation of new hypotheses. In addition, the structure of a new class of lipid with a histidine head group, found in all of the strains of flies, but lower in Maroon Like, was elucidated. [source]

    Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization Fourier transform mass spectrometric analysis of oxygenated triglycerides and phosphatidylcholines in egg tempera paint dosimeters used for environmental monitoring of museum display conditions

    Oscar F. van den Brink
    Abstract Oxidative changes in triacylglycerols and diacylphosphatidylcholines in egg tempera paint strips are used for chemical dosimetry of the quality of the museum environment. High-resolution matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization Fourier transform mass spectrometry (MALDI-FTMS) was used as a rapid method for the determination of the exact elemental composition of the alteration products from diacylphosphatidylcholines and triacylglycerols. Light exposure of the egg tempera paints yields oxygenated diacylphosphatidylcholines and triacylglycerols. In the latter multiple incorporation of oxygen was observed as a recurring mass difference of 15.995, the exact atomic mass of oxygen. Owing to the high resolution of the FTMS data (routinely 20 000 at m/z 1000 in broadband mode), oxidation products with different elemental compositions but identical nominal mass could be distinguished. Products of oxidative cleavage of triacylglycerols were observed in samples exposed for longer times. The relative intensities of the peaks of singly and multiply oxygenated triacylglycerols were used to derive the degree of oxygenation of the egg lipids in the tempera paint dosimeters. The degree of oxygenation was found to be directly related to the light exposure time. Exposure to elevated temperature (60 °C) for a period of 21 days did not lead to oxygenation of the triacylglycerols and diacylphosphatidylcholines. Exposure to NOx and SO2 in the dark greatly increased the degree of oxygenation. Addition of lead- or copper-containing pigments to the egg binding medium (and subsequent storage for 6 months in the dark) led to accelerated conversion of egg lipids to oxidised products. Copyright © 2001 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [source]

    Identification, physiological actions, and distribution of TPSGFLGMRamide: a novel tachykinin-related peptide from the midgut and stomatogastric nervous system of Cancer crabs

    Elizabeth A. Stemmler
    Abstract In most invertebrates, multiple species-specific isoforms of tachykinin-related peptide (TRP) are common. In contrast, only a single conserved TRP isoform, APSGFLGMRamide, has been documented in decapod crustaceans, leading to the hypothesis that it is the sole TRP present in this arthropod order. Previous studies of crustacean TRPs have focused on neuronal tissue, but the recent demonstration of TRPs in midgut epithelial cells in Cancer species led us to question whether other TRPs are present in the gut, as is the case in insects. Using direct tissue matrix assisted laser desorption/ionization Fourier transform mass spectrometry, in combination with sustained off-resonance irradiation collision-induced dissociation, we found that at least one additional TRP is present in Cancer irroratus, Cancer borealis, Cancer magister, and Cancer productus. The novel TRP isoform, TPSGFLGMRamide, was present not only in the midgut, but also in the stomatogastric nervous system (STNS). In addition, we identified an unprocessed TRP precursor APSGFLGMRG, which was detected in midgut tissues only. TRP immunohistochemistry, in combination with preadsorption studies, suggests that APSGFLGMRamide and TPSGFLGMRamide are co-localized in the stomatogastric ganglion (STG), which is contained within the STNS. Exogenous application of TPSGFLGMRamide to the STG elicited a pyloric motor pattern that was identical to that elicited by APSGFLGMRamide, whereas APSGFLGMRG did not alter the pyloric motor pattern. [source]

    Deamidation of ,-synuclein

    PROTEIN SCIENCE, Issue 8 2009
    Noah E. Robinson
    Abstract The rates of deamidation of ,-synuclein and single Asn residues in 13 Asn-sequence mutants have been measured for 5 × 10,5M protein in both the absence and presence of 10,2M sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS). In the course of these experiments, 370 quantitative protein deamidation measurements were performed and 37 deamidation rates were determined by ion cyclotron resonance Fourier transform mass spectrometry, using an improved whole protein isotopic envelope method and a mass defect method with both enzymatic and collision-induced fragmentation. The measured deamidation index of ,-synuclein was found to be 0.23 for an overall deamidation half-time of 23 days, without or with SDS micelles, owing primarily to the deamidation of Asn(103) and Asn(122). Deamidation rates of 15 Asn residues in the wild-type and mutant proteins were found to be primary sequence controlled without SDS. However, the presence of SDS micelles slowed the deamidation rates of nine N-terminal region Asn residues, caused by the known three-dimensional structures induced through protein binding to SDS micelles. [source]

    Mass spectrometric study of peptides secreted by the skin glands of the brown frog Rana arvalis from the Moscow region

    T. Yu.
    A high-performance liquid chromatography nano-electrospray ionization Fourier transform mass spectrometry (HPLC/nanoESI-FTMS) approach involving recording of collision-activated dissociation (CAD) and electron-capture dissociation (ECD) spectra of an intact sample and two its modifications after performic oxidation and reduction followed by carboxamidomethylation helps to establish peptide profiles in the crude secretion of frog species at mid-throughput level, including de novo sequencing. The proposed derivatization procedures allow increasing of the general sequence coverage in the backbone, providing complementary information and, what is more important, reveal the amino acid sequence in the cystine ring (,rana box'). Thus purely mass spectrometric efficient sequencing becomes possible for longer than usual proteolytic peptides. Seventeen peptides belonging to four known families were identified in the secretion of the European brown frog Rana arvalis inhabiting the Moscow region in Russia. Ranatuerins, considered previously a unique feature of the North American species, as well as a new melittin-related peptide, are worth special mention. The developed approach was previously successfully used for the identification of peptides in the skin secretion of the Caucasian green frog Rana ridibunda. Copyright © 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [source]

    A new hybrid electrospray Fourier transform mass spectrometer: design and performance characteristics

    Peter B. O'Connor
    A new hybrid electrospray quadrupole Fourier transform mass spectrometry (FTMS) instrument design is shown and characterized. This instrument involves coupling an electrospray source and mass-resolving quadrupole, ion accumulation, and collision cell linear ion trap system developed by MDS Sciex with a home-built ion guide and ion cyclotron resonance (ICR) cell. The iterative progression of this design is shown. The final design involves a set of hexapole ion guides to transfer the ions from the accumulation/collision trap through the magnetic field gradient and into the cell. These hexapole ion guides are separated by a thin gate valve and two conduction limits to maintain the required <10,9,mbar vacuum for FTICR. Low-attomole detection limits for a pure peptide are shown, 220,000 resolving power in broadband mode and 820,000 resolving power in narrow-band mode are demonstrated, and mass accuracy in the <2,ppm range is routinely available provided the signal is abundant, cleanly resolved, and internally calibrated. This instrument design provides high experimental flexibility, allowing Q2 CAD, SORI-CAD, IRMPD, and ECD experiments with selected ion accumulation as well as experiments such as nozzle skimmer dissociation. Initial top-down mass spectrometry experiments on a protein is shown using ECD. Copyright © 2005 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [source]

    Micro-high-performance liquid chromatography/Fourier transform mass spectrometry with electron-capture dissociation for the analysis of protein enzymatic digests

    Walter Davidson
    Electron-capture dissociation (ECD) Fourier transform mass spectrometry (FTMS) employed to generate comprehensive sequence information for the chromatographic analysis of enzymatic protein digests is described. A pepsin digest of cytochrome c was separated by reversed-phase micro-high-performance liquid chromatography (µHPLC) and ionized ,on-line' by electrospray ionization (ESI). The ions thus formed were transferred to and trapped in the FTMS analyzer cell. Typically, no precursor ion isolation was performed. The trapped ions were subjected to a pulse of electrons to induce fragmentation. Mass spectra were acquired continuously to produce a three-dimensional LC/MS data set. The spectra were dominated by c and, to a lesser degree, z ions, which provided near complete sequence coverage. External calibration provided good mass accuracy and resolution, typical of FTMS. Thus,µHPLC/ECD,,,FTMS is shown to be a highly informative method for the analysis of enzymatic protein digests. Copyright © 2002 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [source]

    Lipopolysaccharides from Serratia marcescens Possess One or Two 4-Amino-4-deoxy- L -arabinopyranose 1-Phosphate Residues in the Lipid A and D - glycero - D - talo -Oct-2-ulopyranosonic Acid in the Inner Core Region,

    Evgeny Vinogradov Dr.
    Abstract The carbohydrate backbones of the core-lipid A region were characterized from the lipopolysaccharides (LPSs) of Serratia marcescens strains 111R (a rough mutant strain of serotype O29) and IFO 3735 (a smooth strain not serologically characterized but possessing the O-chain structure of serotype O19). The LPSs were degraded either by mild hydrazinolysis (de- O -acylation) and hot 4,M KOH (de- N -acylation), or by hydrolysis in 2,% aqueous acetic acid, or by deamination. Oligosaccharide phosphates were isolated by high-performance anion-exchange chromatography. Through the use of compositional analysis, electrospray ionization Fourier transform mass spectrometry, and 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy applying various one- and two-dimensional experiments, we identified the structures of the carbohydrate backbones that contained D - glycero - D - talo -oct-2-ulopyranosonic acid and 4-amino-4-deoxy- L -arabinose 1-phosphate residues. We also identified some truncated structures for both strains. All sugars were D -configured pyranoses and ,-linked, except where stated otherwise. [source]