Ethylene Pressure (ethylene + pressure)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

Cobalt and Nickel Complexes Bearing Pyrazolyliminophosphorane Ligands: Synthesis, Characterisation and Catalytic Ethylene Oligomerisation Behaviour

Cheng Zhang
Abstract Treatment of 1-(2,-azidophenyl)-3,5-dimethylpyrazole (1) with Ph2PR (R = Ph, Me) and (Ph2P)2CH2, respectively, affords the pyrazolyliminophosphoranes 2, 3 and 4. Reaction of 2 or 3 with [NiCl2(dme)] or NiBr2 yields the N,N-chelate nickel complexes 5,8, and with CoCl2 complexes 9 and 10. Reaction of 4 with [NiCl2(dme)], NiBr2 and CoCl2, respectively, affords the N,N,P-chelate complexes 11,13. Compounds 2,4 were characterised by 1H, 13C, 31P NMR and IR spectroscopy and elemental analysis, while complexes 5,13 were characterised by IR spectroscopy and elemental analysis. The structures of complexes 5, 9 and 12 were further characterised by single-crystal X-ray diffraction techniques. Complexes 5,13 are active catalysts for ethylene oligomerisation upon activation with alkylaluminium derivatives(Et2AlCl, MAO or MMAO). These complexes exhibit good to high catalytic activities (up to 3.54,,106 g,mol,1,h,atm for the nickel complexes and 5.48,,105 g,mol,1,h,atm for the cobalt complexes). The effects of varying ethylene pressure, temperature and aluminium co-catalyst/Ni or Co ratios with complexes 5, 9, 11 and 12 are reported. ( Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 69451 Weinheim, Germany, 2006) [source]

Novel cyclohexyl-substituted salicylaldiminato,nickel(II) complex as a catalyst for ethylene homopolymerization and copolymerization

Junquan Sun
Abstract The cyclohexyl-substituted salicylaldiminato,Ni(II) complex [O(3-C6H11)(5-CH3)C6H2CHN-2,6-C6H3iPr2]Ni(PPh3)(Ph) (4) has been synthesized and characterized with 1H NMR and X-ray structure analysis. In the presence of phosphine scavengers such as bis(1,5-cyclooctadiene)nickel(0) [Ni(COD)2], triisobutylaluminum (TIBA), and triethylaluminum (TEA), 4 is an active catalyst for ethylene polymerization and copolymerization with the polar monomers tert -butyl-10-undecenoate, methyl-10-undecenoate, and 4-penten-1-ol under mild conditions. The polymerization parameters affecting the catalytic activity and viscosity-average molecular weight of polyethylene, such as the temperature, time, ethylene pressure, and catalyst concentration, are discussed. A polymerization activity of 3.62 105 g of PE (mol of Ni h),1 and a weight-average molecular weight of polyethylene of 5.73 104 g.mol,1 have been found for 10 ,mol of 4 and a Ni(COD)2/4 ratio of 3 in a 30-mL toluene solution at 45 C and 12 105 Pa of ethylene for 20 min. The polydispersity index of the resulting polyethylene is about 2.04. After the addition of tetrahydrofuran and Et2O to the reaction system, 4 exhibits still high activity for ethylene polymerization. Methyl-10-undecenoate (0.65 mol %), 0.74 mol % tert -butyl-10-undecenoate, and 0.98 mol % 4-penten-1-ol have been incorporated into the polymer. 2004 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Polym Sci Part A: Polym Chem 42: 6071,6080, 2004 [source]

Adhesion improvement in glass fiber reinforced polyethylene composite via admicellar polymerization

Usa Somnuk
Admicellar polymerization (polymerization of monomer solubilized in adsorbed surfactant bilayers) has been used to form a thin film of polyethylene onto the surface of milled glass fibers using sodium dodecyl sulfate as the surfactant. The decrease in ethylene pressure was used to follow the solubilization and adsolubilization processes as well as the reaction processes. An increase in initiator (Na2S2O8) to surfactant ratio gave thicker and more uniform coatings of polymer onto the glass fiber surface according to SEM micrographs. Although a substantial amount of ethylene polymerized in solution according to the pressure drop, the decrease in pressure attributed to admicelle polymerization corresponded to the amount of polymer formed on the glass fiber, indicating little, if any, solution polymer deposited on the fibers. The admicellar-treated glass fiber was used to make composites with high-density polyethylene. The composites showed an increase in tensile and flexural strength over composites made from as-received glass fiber, indicating an improvement in the fiber-matrix adhesion of the admicellar-treated glass fiber. [source]

Design of new poly(ethylene) based materials by coordination (co)polymerization of macromonomers with ethylene,

J.-F. Lahitte
Abstract The present work discusses first the homopolymerization of , -allyl, , -undecenyl or , -vinylbenzyl polystyrene (PS) macromonomers in the presence of selected early or late transition metal catalysts. Homopolymerization degrees were found to depend on the type of catalyst, the terminal double bond, the polymerization temperature and the concentration of the various species. Higher molar masses were reached at low temperatures and low catalyst and cocatalyst concentrations. Best results were obtained with the constrained geometry catalyst (CGC)-Ti. The same PS macromonomers were copolymerized with ethylene in the presence of the VERSIPOLTM catalyst to design a new type of poly(ethylene) based graft copolymer. The macromonomer weight percent content decreases with increasing ethylene pressure whereas the molar mass of the copolymer increases with ethylene pressure. The PS macromonomer content as well as the molar mass of the copolymer can be still increased by using ,,, -difunctional PS macromonomers. The dilute solution and solid-state behavior of these copolymers were examined and compared to those of poly(ethylenes) prepared under the same conditions. Copyright 2006 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [source]