Elasticity Equations (elasticity + equation)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

Lateral load distributions on grouped piles from dynamic pile-to-pile interaction factors

Der-Wen Chang
Abstract The load distributions of the grouped piles under lateral loads acting from one side of the pile cap could be approximately modeled using the elasticity equations with the assumptions that the underground structure is rigid enough to sustain the loads, and only small deformations of the soils are yielded. Variations of the soil,pile interactions along the depths are therefore negligible for simplicity. This paper presents the analytical modeling using the dynamic pile-to-pile interaction factors for 2,×,2 and 2,×,3 grouped piles. The results were found comparative with the experimental and numerical results of other studies. Similar to others' findings, it was shown that the leading pile could carry more static loads than the trailing pile does. For the piles in the perpendicular direction with the static load, the loads would distribute symmetrically with the centerline whereas the middle pile always sustains the smallest load. For steady-state loads with operating frequencies up to 30 Hz, the pile load distributions would vary significantly with the frequencies. It is interesting to know that designing the pile foundation needs to be cautioned for steady-state vibrations as they are a problem of machine foundation. However, for transient loads or any harmonic loads acting upon relatively higher frequencies, the pile loads could be regarded as uniformly distributed. It is hoped that the numerical results of this paper will be helpful in the design practice of pile foundation. Copyright © 2008 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [source]

Global existence of solutions for non-small data to non-linear spherically symmetric thermoviscoelasticity

J. Gawinecki
Abstract We consider some initial,boundary value problems for non-linear equations of thermoviscoelasticity in the three-dimensional case. Since, we are interested to prove global existence we consider spherically symmetric problem. We examine the Neumann conditions for the temperature and either the Neumann or the Dirichlet boundary conditions for the elasticity equations. Using the energy method, we are able to obtain some energy estimates in appropriate Sobolev spaces enough to prove existence for all time without any restrictions on data. Due to the spherical symmetricity the constants in the above estimates increase with time so the existence for all finite times is proved only. Copyright © 2003 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [source]

On parallel solution of linear elasticity problems.

Part II: Methods, some computer experiments
Abstract This is the second part of a trilogy on parallel solution of the linear elasticity problem. We consider the plain case of the problem with isotropic material, including discontinuous coefficients, and with homogeneous Dirichlet boundary condition. The discretized problem is solved by the preconditioned conjugate gradient (pcg) method. In the first part of the trilogy block- diagonal preconditioners based on the separate displacement component part of the elasticity equations were analysed. The preconditioning systems were solved by the pcg-method, i.e. inner iterations were performed. As preconditioner, we used modified incomplete factorization MIC(0), where possibly the element matrices were modified in order to give M -matrices, i.e. in order to guarantee the existence of the MIC(0) factorization. In the present paper, the second part, full block incomplete factorization preconditioners are presented and analysed. In order to avoid inner/outer iterations we also study a variant of the block-diagonal method and of the full block method, where the matrices of the inner systems are just replaced by their MIC(0)-factors. A comparison is made between the various methods with respect to rate of convergence and work per unknown. The fastest methods are implemented by message passing utilizing the MPI system. In the third part of the trilogy, we will focus on the use of higher-order finite elements. Copyright © 2002 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [source]

Extension theorems for Stokes and Lamé equations for nearly incompressible media and their applications to numerical solution of problems with highly discontinuous coefficients

N. S. Bakhvalov
Abstract We prove extension theorems in the norms described by Stokes and Lamé operators for the three-dimensional case with periodic boundary conditions. For the Lamé equations, we show that the extension theorem holds for nearly incompressible media, but may fail in the opposite limit, i.e. for case of absolutely compressible media. We study carefully the latter case and associate it with the Cosserat problem. Extension theorems serve as an important tool in many applications, e.g. in domain decomposition and fictitious domain methods, and in analysis of finite element methods. We consider an application of established extension theorems to an efficient iterative solution technique for the isotropic linear elasticity equations for nearly incompressible media and for the Stokes equations with highly discontinuous coefficients. The iterative method involves a special choice for an initial guess and a preconditioner based on solving a constant coefficient problem. Such preconditioner allows the use of well-known fast algorithms for preconditioning. Under some natural assumptions on smoothness and topological properties of subdomains with small coefficients, we prove convergence of the simplest Richardson method uniform in the jump of coefficients. For the Lamé equations, the convergence is also uniform in the incompressible limit. Our preliminary numerical results for two-dimensional diffusion problems show fast convergence uniform in the jump and in the mesh size parameter. Copyright © 2002 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [source]