Disability Research (disability + research)

Distribution by Scientific Domains


Selected Abstracts


Service User Outcomes of Staff Training in Positive Behaviour Support Using Person-Focused Training: A Control Group Study

JOURNAL OF APPLIED RESEARCH IN INTELLECTUAL DISABILITIES, Issue 1 2007
Ian M. Grey
Background, Effectively supporting individuals with intellectual disabilities who display challenging behaviours continues to be a priority for service providers. Person-focused training (PFT) is a model of service delivery which provides staff with skills in functional assessment and intervention development. Existing longitudinal data from a study of 138 cases suggest that implementation of staff-developed behaviour support plans through PFT is effective in reducing challenging behaviour in approximately 77% of cases [McClean et al.Journal of Intellectual Disability Research (2005) vol. 49, pp. 340,353]. However, no control group was used in this study. Method, The current study involves the use of a control group of individuals with challenging behaviours matched against those selected for PFT over a 6-month period. Groups were matched on type of challenging behaviour, duration of challenging behaviour, gender and level of disability. Information on the frequency, management difficulty and severity of challenging behaviour was collected pre- and post-training using the Checklist of Challenging Behaviours (CCB) for both groups. Observational data were collected for the target group alone. Rates of psychotropic medication were tracked across the training period. Results, Significant reductions in the frequency, management difficulty and severity of challenging behaviour were found for service users in the target group but not in the control group after 6 months. No significant changes were found in the use of psychotropic medication for either group over the 6-month period. Conclusion, Overall results suggest that PFT is an effective model for providing support to individuals with challenging behaviours. [source]


Comments on: M. Zigmond et al. (2006) The Outcome of a Preventive Dental Care Programme on the Prevalence of Localized Aggressive Periodontitis in Down's Syndrome (DS) Individuals (Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 50(7), pp.

JOURNAL OF INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY RESEARCH, Issue 1 2008

[source]


Devolution and Disability Equality Legislation: The Implementation of Part 4 of the Disability Discrimination Act 1995 in England and Scotland

BRITISH JOURNAL OF SPECIAL EDUCATION, Issue 2 2003
Sheila Riddell
Part 4 of the Disability Discrimination Act 1995 (as amended) came into force in September 2002. The Act covers Great Britain but, in relation to schools, is implemented through different special educational needs legislation in England and Scotland. This article by Sheila Riddell, Professor of Social Policy (Disability Studies) at Glasgow University and Director of the Strathclyde Centre for Disability Research, explores the key differences in these legal frameworks, and discusses their implications for delivering consistent anti-discrimination policies north and south of the border. Professor Riddell argues that there is a need for close monitoring of the implementation of Part 4 of the DDA in English and Scottish schools. If major differences in implementation of the legislation emerge over time, there may be a need to consider the case for devolving responsibility for equal opportunities to the Holyrood Parliament or amending national education legislation to make it more consistent. This article will be of interest to anyone concerned with the implementation of Part 4 of the Disability Discrimination Act in England and Scotland. [source]


Applications of gene targeting technology to mental retardation and developmental disability research

DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITIES RESEARCH REVIEW, Issue 4 2005
Aurea F. Pimenta
Abstract The human and mouse genome projects elucidated the sequence and position map of innumerous genes expressed in the central nervous system (CNS), advancing our ability to manipulate these sequences and create models to investigate regulation of gene expression and function. In this article, we reviewed gene targeting methodologies with emphasis on applications to CNS development and neurodevelopmental disorders. 2005 Wiley-Liss, Inc. MRDD Research Reviews 2005;11:295,302. [source]