Different Columns (different + column)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

CEC column behaviour of butyl and lauryl methacrylate monoliths prepared in non-aqueous media

Amparo Cantó-Mirapeix
Abstract Polymeric monolithic stationary phases for capillary electrochromatography were prepared using two bulk monomers, butyl methacrylate (BMA) and lauryl methacrylate (LMA), by in situ polymerization in non-aqueous media. The effect of 1,4-butanediol/1-propanol ratio on porous properties was investigated separately for each monomer, keeping the proportion of monomers to pore-forming solvents fixed at 40:60,wt:wt. Also, mixtures of BMA and LMA at different 1,4-butanediol/1-propanol ratios were studied for tailoring the morphological features of the monolithic columns. The chromatographic performance of the different columns was evaluated by means of van Deemter plots of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. Mercury-intrusion porosimetry, SEM, and nitrogen-adsorption measurements were also performed in order to understand their retention behaviour and porous properties. A comparison of these features was also performed for monoliths made with one bulk monomer (BMA or LMA) and with mixtures of both. These mixed monoliths showed satisfactory efficiencies and analysis times compared with those made with one bulk monomer; thus, the BMA,LMA monoliths constitute an attractive alternative to manipulate the electrochromatographic properties of methacrylate beds in CEC. [source]

Local Bubble Dynamics and Macroscopic Flow Structure in Bubble Columns with Different Scales

Wei Chen
Abstract Local bubble behaviours were investigated in three bubble columns with different diameters of 200, 400 and 800 mm. By means of a novel single-tip optical fibre probe employing laser Doppler technique, the local gas holdup, bubble frequency, bubble size and velocity were measured simultaneously at different locations of the columns. Measurements were performed in air-water system at superficial gas velocities up to 90 mm/s. The averaged profiles and instantaneous measurements were analyzed and compared for different columns. The presence of a coherent gross circulation structure spanning the entire column diameter in the larger column rather than a pair of symmetrical circulation cells observed in the smaller columns has been confirmed. Les comportements locaux des bulles ont été étudiés dans trois colonnes à bulles de diamètres différents, soient 200, 400 et 800 mm. Au moyen d'une nouvelle sonde à fibre optique à embout unique employant la technique laser Doppler, des mesures locales de la rétention de gaz, de la fréquence des bulles, de la taille des bulles et de la vitesse ont été effectuées simultanément à différents endroits dans les colonnes. Ces mesures ont été effectuées pour un système air-eau à des vitesses de gaz superficielles atteignant 90 mm/s. Les profils moyennés et les mesures instantanées ont été analysés puis comparés pour différentes colonnes. La présence d'une structure de circulation unique cohérente occupant tout le diamètre de la colonne dans la colonne la plus large plutôt qu'une paire de cellules de circulation symétriques observées dans les colonnes plus petites est confirmée. [source]

A commonly used spin label: S -(2,2,5,5-tetramethyl-1-oxyl-,3 -pyrrolin-3-ylmethyl) methanethiosulfonate

Vitali Zielke
The title compound, C10H18NO3S2, which finds application as a spin label, has triclinic (P) symmetry at 100,(2),K with two independent molecules in the asymmetric unit. Both molecules are very similar with respect to bond lengths and angles, but molecule 2 shows disordering of its side chain. The pyrroline rings differ slightly with respect to the position of the NO group, which in both cases are sterically shielded by the surrounding methyl groups. The crystal structure of the title compound represents the first example of a 2,2,5,5-tetramethyl-1-oxyl-,3 -pyrroline derivative with a side chain at the double bond which is linked to it through an sp3 -hybridized C atom. In the solid state, the side chain adopts a conformation with the methyl group above/below the pyrroline ring and a H atom directed towards a C atom of the double bond. The disordered side chain of molecule 2 represents a second conformation with low potential energy. Both molecules exhibit planar chirality, but in the solid state both pairs of stereoisomers are present. These four stereoisomers are stacked one behind the other in four different columns, denoted A, A,, B and B,, the angle between the vectors of the N,O bonds in columns A and B being 80.38,(8)°. [source]

Solving multicomponent chiral separation challenges using a new SFC tandem column screening tool

CHIRALITY, Issue 3 2007
Christopher J. Welch
Abstract A tool for improved tandem column chiral supercritical fluid chromatography (SFC) method development screening was prepared by modification of a commercial analytical SFC instrument with two different software-controllable, six position high-pressure column selection valves, each controlling a bank of five different columns and a pass through line. The resulting instrument, which has the ability to screen 10 different individual columns and 25 different tandem column arrangements, is a useful tool for facilitating the screening of tandem column SFC arrangements for separation of complex mixtures of stereoisomers or other multicomponent mixtures. Strategies for optimal use of the instrument are discussed, and several examples of the use of the instrument in developing tandem SFC methods for resolution of multicomponent mixtures are presented. Chirality, 2007. © 2006 Wiley-Liss, Inc. [source]