Diagnostic Profiles (diagnostic + profile)

Distribution by Scientific Domains


Selected Abstracts


Diagnostic profiles of offenders in substance abuse treatment programs

BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES & THE LAW, Issue 4 2008
Christine E. Grella Ph.D.
This study examined the association of Axis I and Axis II disorders among offenders who were in prison-based substance abuse treatment in a national multi-site study. Participants (N,=,280) received a psychosocial assessment and a structured diagnostic interview in two separate sessions. Logistic regression models examined the association between lifetime mood and anxiety disorders with two personality disorders, and the relationship of Axis I and Axis II disorders (alone and in combination) to pre-treatment psychosocial functioning. Over two-thirds of the sample met criteria for at least one mental disorder. Borderline personality disorder was strongly associated with having a lifetime mood disorder (odds ratio,=,7.5) or lifetime anxiety disorder (odds ratio,=,8.7). Individuals with only an Axis II disorder, or who had both Axis I and Axis II disorders, had more severe problems in psychosocial functioning than those without any disorder. Clinical treatment approaches need to address this heterogeneity in diagnostic profiles, symptom severity, and psychosocial functioning. Copyright 2008 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [source]


Cognitive,behavioral therapy with childhood anxiety disorders: Functioning in adolescence

DEPRESSION AND ANXIETY, Issue 4 2004
Katharina Manassis M.D.
Abstract We examined anxiety symptoms, anxiety-related impairment, and further treatment in adolescents who received cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for childhood anxiety disorders 6,7 years previously. Forty-three adolescents and their parents (14 boys, 29 girls; mean age 16.7 years) participated in structured telephone interviews. Participants (68% of initial sample of 63) did not differ in age, diagnostic profile, socioeconomic status, or initial severity from nonparticipants but more girls than boys participated. Indices based on child- and parent-reported symptoms and impairment were calculated, and within-sample comparisons by age, gender, diagnosis, and initial severity were done using t tests. Predictors of symptoms and impairment were also examined. On average, adolescents reported modest levels of anxiety-related impairment. Further treatment for anxiety had occurred in 30% (13 of 43) of patients. Stepwise regressions found female gender and diagnosis other than generalized anxiety disorder predictive of increased symptoms by parent report, and initial severity predicted adolescent-reported impairment. Adolescents showed limited internalizing symptomatology and impairment but almost one third had required further treatment. Studies comparing treated and untreated samples are needed to clarify whether CBT alters the natural history of childhood anxiety disorders and to replicate our findings regarding predictors of symptomatology and impairment. Depression and Anxiety 00:000,000, 2004. 2004 Wiley-Liss, Inc. [source]


Missed bipolarity and psychiatric comorbidity in women with postpartum depression

BIPOLAR DISORDERS, Issue 6 2008
Verinder Sharma
Objective:, To investigate the diagnostic profile of women referred for postpartum depression. Methods:, Fifty-six women seen consecutively with the referral diagnosis of postpartum depression were administered structured instruments to gather information about their DSM-IV Axis I diagnoses. Results:, In terms of frequency of occurrence, the primary diagnoses in this sample were: major depressive disorder (46%), bipolar disorder not otherwise specified (29%), bipolar II disorder (23%), and bipolar I disorder (2%). A current comorbid disorder, with no lifetime comorbidity, occurred among 32% of the sample; by contrast, lifetime comorbidity alone (i.e., with no currently comorbid disorder) was found among 27%. Both a lifetime and a current comorbidity were found among 18% of the women, and 23% had no comorbid disorder. The most frequently occurring current comorbid disorder was an anxiety disorder (46%), with obsessive-compulsive disorder (62%) being the most common type of anxiety disorder. For lifetime comorbidity, substance use (20%) and anxiety disorders (12%) were the two most common. Over 80% of patients who scored positive on either the Highs Scale or the Mood Disorder Questionnaire met the diagnostic criteria for a bipolar disorder. Conclusion:, The results suggest that postpartum depression is a heterogeneous entity and that misdiagnosis of bipolar disorder in the postpartum period may be quite common. The findings have important clinical implications, which include the need for early detection of bipolarity through the use of reliable and valid assessment instruments, and implementation of appropriate prevention and treatment strategies. [source]


The dependent patient in a psychiatric inpatient setting: Relationship of interpersonal dependency to consultation and medication frequencies

JOURNAL OF CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY, Issue 3 2001
Richard M. O'Neill
To examine the relationship between interpersonal dependency and medical service use in a hospital setting, the number of medical consultations and psychotropic medication prescriptions were compared in matched, mixed-sex samples of 40 dependent and 40 nondependent psychiatric inpatients. Results indicated that dependent patients received more medical consultations and a greater number of medications than did nondependent patients with similar demographic and diagnostic profiles. Implications of these results for theoretical models of interpersonal dependency and for previous research on the dependency,help-seeking relationship are discussed. Practical implications of these findings for work with dependent patients are summarized. 2001 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. J Clin Psychol 57: 289,298, 2001. [source]


Integrating Pediatric Obesity Treatment Into Clinical Practice

AMERICAN JOURNAL OF ORTHOPSYCHIATRY, Issue 4 2006
Barry Panzer PhD
Childhood obesity has reached epidemic proportions in the United States and other industrialized nations. Despite the significant psychosocial consequences, mental health professionals have been reluctant to provide direct treatment for these children and their parents. The author proposes a practice model for agency, clinic, and private settings, with the mental health practitioner as primary clinician. On the basis of intervention research methodology, the model presents consensus generalizations and clinical applications for evaluation and treatment. A typology of diagnostic profiles with corresponding strategies for combining diet, activity, and mental health interventions is included. [source]


Diagnostic profiles of offenders in substance abuse treatment programs

BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES & THE LAW, Issue 4 2008
Christine E. Grella Ph.D.
This study examined the association of Axis I and Axis II disorders among offenders who were in prison-based substance abuse treatment in a national multi-site study. Participants (N,=,280) received a psychosocial assessment and a structured diagnostic interview in two separate sessions. Logistic regression models examined the association between lifetime mood and anxiety disorders with two personality disorders, and the relationship of Axis I and Axis II disorders (alone and in combination) to pre-treatment psychosocial functioning. Over two-thirds of the sample met criteria for at least one mental disorder. Borderline personality disorder was strongly associated with having a lifetime mood disorder (odds ratio,=,7.5) or lifetime anxiety disorder (odds ratio,=,8.7). Individuals with only an Axis II disorder, or who had both Axis I and Axis II disorders, had more severe problems in psychosocial functioning than those without any disorder. Clinical treatment approaches need to address this heterogeneity in diagnostic profiles, symptom severity, and psychosocial functioning. Copyright 2008 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [source]