Diagnostic Issues (diagnostic + issues)

Distribution by Scientific Domains


Selected Abstracts


Core Needle Biopsy versus Fine-Needle Aspiration Biopsy: Are There Similar Sampling and Diagnostic Issues?

THE BREAST JOURNAL, Issue 3 2003
Shahla Masood MD
No abstract is available for this article. [source]


Experience in adverse events detection in an emergency department: Nature of events

EMERGENCY MEDICINE AUSTRALASIA, Issue 1 2007
James Hendrie
Abstract Objective:, The study was performed to determine the nature of adverse events in an ED. Methods:, The methodology has been described in the accompanying paper. Two by two tables were analysed using the two-tailed Fisher's exact test. A P -value of ,0.05 was considered significant. Statistical analysis was performed using MINITAB. Results:, One hundred and ninety-four events were detected, from a sample of 3222 patients. Except where specified, events with management causation ,3 were excluded. This excluded 24 events (12.4%) leaving 170 for analysis. Errors of commission occurred in 55% and omission in 45%. Errors of commission were significantly associated with prior events, errors of omission with ED events (P , 0.0001, respectively). The most common cause of events was drug reactions. 1.35% had a Naranjo score , 1, 0.54% , 4. Prior events were significantly associated with adverse drug reactions (P , 0.0001). Drug reactions were associated with a lower preventability score (P , 0.0001). Diagnostic issues were present in 1.2%. All three categories, that is diagnosis not considered, diagnosis within the differential and seriousness not appreciated were associated preventability ,4 (P , 0.0001, P , 0.02 and P , 0.004, respectively). Diagnostic problems were significantly associated with ED events (P , 0.0001). Conclusion:, In conclusion, the data demonstrate that events fall into two sets: prior events which are associated with errors of commission, drug reactions and lower preventability; and ED events which are associated with errors of omission, diagnostic issues and high preventability. [source]


Diagnostic issues for adolescents and adults with ADHD

JOURNAL OF CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY, Issue 5 2005
Jeanette WassersteinArticle first published online: 18 FEB 200
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common childhood neuropsychiatric syndrome once thought to disappear with maturation. Current data indicate that ADHD remains "hidden" in many of the grownups who had it as children. Adult prevalence rates range from 1% to 6% of the population. Research suggests the core childhood symptoms of hyperactivity, inattention, and impulsivity shift with development, perhaps transforming into more overt difficulties in executive functions and affect regulation. ADHD is also usually nestled with other comorbid psychiatric conditions, especially in adolescents and adults, further complicating diagnosis and treatment. This article discusses how to recognize and diagnose ADHD in older patients. Key points include core symptoms present during childhood, appropriate family history in this strongly genetic condition, management of comorbidity, and the evolving role of diagnostic testing. Other medical causes for similar symptoms are considered. 2005 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Clin Psychol/In Session 61: 535,547, 2005. [source]


Experience in adverse events detection in an emergency department: Nature of events

EMERGENCY MEDICINE AUSTRALASIA, Issue 1 2007
James Hendrie
Abstract Objective:, The study was performed to determine the nature of adverse events in an ED. Methods:, The methodology has been described in the accompanying paper. Two by two tables were analysed using the two-tailed Fisher's exact test. A P -value of ,0.05 was considered significant. Statistical analysis was performed using MINITAB. Results:, One hundred and ninety-four events were detected, from a sample of 3222 patients. Except where specified, events with management causation ,3 were excluded. This excluded 24 events (12.4%) leaving 170 for analysis. Errors of commission occurred in 55% and omission in 45%. Errors of commission were significantly associated with prior events, errors of omission with ED events (P , 0.0001, respectively). The most common cause of events was drug reactions. 1.35% had a Naranjo score , 1, 0.54% , 4. Prior events were significantly associated with adverse drug reactions (P , 0.0001). Drug reactions were associated with a lower preventability score (P , 0.0001). Diagnostic issues were present in 1.2%. All three categories, that is diagnosis not considered, diagnosis within the differential and seriousness not appreciated were associated preventability ,4 (P , 0.0001, P , 0.02 and P , 0.004, respectively). Diagnostic problems were significantly associated with ED events (P , 0.0001). Conclusion:, In conclusion, the data demonstrate that events fall into two sets: prior events which are associated with errors of commission, drug reactions and lower preventability; and ED events which are associated with errors of omission, diagnostic issues and high preventability. [source]


Attitudes and practices of general practitioners in the diagnosis and management of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder

JOURNAL OF PAEDIATRICS AND CHILD HEALTH, Issue 5 2002
KA Shaw
Objective: To assess understanding of, and actual and potential roles in management of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) among GPs. Methods: A cross-sectional questionnaire survey of Queensland GPs selected randomly from the Royal Australian College of General Practitioners directory of members was carried out. Main outcome measures were knowledge levels of ADHD, current management practices, referral patterns and self-perceived information and training needs. Results: Three hundred and ninety-nine GPs returned a completed questionnaire (response rate 76%). Roles identified by GPs were: the provisional diagnosis of ADHD and referral to specialist services for confirmation of the diagnosis and initiation of management; assistance with monitoring progress once a management plan was in place; education of the child and their family regarding the disorder; and liaison with the school where necessary. Perceived barriers to increased involvement of GPs were: time and resource constraints of general practice; concerns regarding abuse and addiction liability of prescription stimulants; complex diagnostic issues associated with childhood behavioural problems; and lack of training and education regarding ADHD. Conclusions: General practitioners identify a role for themselves in ADHD care that is largely supportive in nature and involves close liaison with specialist services. [source]


Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: Understanding the Effects of Prenatal Alcohol Exposure and Supporting Students

JOURNAL OF SCHOOL HEALTH, Issue 3 2007
Jennifer H. Green PhD
ABSTRACT Background:, Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) affect a significant number of children in this country. This article addresses diagnostic issues related to fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) and other alcohol-related disabilities, discusses associated features and behaviors of FASD, and introduces interventions to support children with FASD in school settings. Methods:, A comprehensive review of FAS and FASD literature as it relates to school functioning was conducted. Results:, Prenatal alcohol exposure can result in a broad range of negative developmental consequences, including deficits in cognitive and academic functioning, psychological disorders, behavioral problems, and difficulties with independent living. Children with prenatal alcohol exposure are at risk for a spectrum of difficulties at school. Conclusions:, This topic is of considerable relevance to all professionals in a school setting, including teachers, administrators, school psychologists, special education providers, special service providers, and school nurses who interact with children who may be prenatally exposed to alcohol. Successful interventions will need to balance the use of environmental modifications, immediate and meaningful positive and negative consequences for behaviors, and opportunities to teach children skills to monitor and modify their behavior. [source]


Allergic hypersensitivity to topical and systemic corticosteroids: a review

ALLERGY, Issue 7 2009
M. Baeck
,Corticosteroids, which are potent anti-inflammatory and immunomodulator agents used in the treatment of various inflammatory diseases including allergic diseases, can in some cases produce immediate or delayed hypersensitivity reactions. This review summarizes the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of such reactions, including related diagnostic issues. It also presents a detailed analysis of the proposed immunological mechanisms including underlying cross-reactions. [source]