Digestibility Experiment (digestibility + experiment)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

Nutritional evaluation of various plant protein sources in diets for Asian sea bass Lates calcarifer

By P. S. Eusebio
A biological assay was conducted to evaluate the suitability of various leguminous seed meals and leaf meals as dietary protein sources for Asian sea bass, Lates calcarifer. In the growth experiment, fish (initial mean weight ,standard error (SE) of 3.8 0.5 g) were fed isonitrogenous and isocaloric diets containing test ingredients to replace 13,18% of the diet. The same diet formulations were used in a digestibility experiment, except that 1% Cr2O3 was added as an external indicator. The growth of the control fish was comparable to fish fed leguminous seed meal-based diets, and better than those given leaf meal-based diets. The control diet had the highest apparent protein digestibility (APD) value. No significant differences were observed between the APD of white cowpea (Vigna unguiculata), green mungbean (V. radiata) and papaya (Carica papaya) leaf meal-based diets. However, the cassava (Manihot esculenta) leaf meal-based diet had the lowest APD value. The present findings suggest that white cowpea and green mungbean meals can be used as protein sources in practical diets to replace 18% of the sea bass diet without affecting their growth. [source]

Feeding value of total mixed ration silage with spent mushroom substrate

Chuncheng XU
ABSTRACT Six wethers were used in a digestibility experiment arranged as replicated 3 3 Latin square to evaluate the nutritive value of total mixed ration (TMR) silages that were made from ensiling of TMR containing 0, 6.5 and 13.0% (dry matter basis) of spent mushroom substrate (SMS) for 45 days (treatments denoted as CSMS, LSMS and HSMS, respectively). The amount of SMS replaced the same amount of timothy hay in the respective TMR. All TMR were well preserved as indicated by their low pH, low ammonia-N and high lactic acid contents. Increasing levels of SMS in the TMR silage quadratically reduced (P < 0.05) nutrient digestibility with the exception of ether extract. The difference of total digestible nutrients and digestible energy contents between LSMS and CSMS TMR silage were less than those between LSMS and HSMS. Increasing concentration of SMS in the ration tended to decrease content of total volatile fatty acids in rumen fluid but increased the ratio of acetate to propionate and pH. The study suggests that a SMS level of 6.5% in the diet DM can be recommended for silage based TMR. [source]

Digestibility and growth performance of juvenile rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) fed with pea and canola products

D.L. Thiessen
A digestibility experiment and subsequent 84-day feeding experiment evaluated the use of pea and canola meal products in diets for rainbow trout. The effect of milling and heat treatment on nutrient, dry matter and energy digestibility of raw/whole peas, raw/dehulled peas, extruded/dehulled peas and autoclaved air-classified pea protein was determined. Digestibility of the protein component was uniformly high for all pea ingredients (90.9,94.6%), regardless of the processing treatment. Autoclaving or extrusion increased starch digestibility by 41,75% (P , 0.05), which consequently increased energy and dry matter digestibility of whole and dehulled peas. Autoclaved air-classified pea protein had superior protein (94.6%), energy (87.0%) and dry matter (84.0%) digestibility (P , 0.05). It was demonstrated that inclusion of 25% dehulled peas, 20% air-classified pea protein or 20% canola meal fines was feasible in trout diets allowing for replacement of soya bean meal. The data showed no difference (P , 0.05) in feed intake, final weight and specific growth rate (SGR) measurements, and feed utilization was not compromised with inclusion of pea or canola meal products as the primary plant ingredient. It was concluded that dehulled peas, air-classified pea protein and canola meal fines are suitable ingredients for use in trout diet formulation at a level of 20%. [source]

The olive oil by-product in ,rainbow trout Onchorynchus mykyss (Walbaum)' farming: productive results and quality of the product

Benedetto Sicuro
Abstract The aim of this work is to investigate olive oil by-product [vegetation water (VW)] inclusion in rainbow trout diet and its effect on the productive traits and the quality of the product. Two levels of VW inclusion were used and one control group was included. Fish diets were isonitrogeonous (crude protein 40%) and isoenergetic (18 MJ kg,1 DM). Two thousand and four hundred rainbow trout were used. An in vivo digestibility experiment was performed in order to determine diets' digestibility. All the fish diets and fillets were analysed to determine the proximate and fatty acid composition. On final fish fillet, lipid oxidation was determined at 0, 24, 48, 72, 96 and 192 h of storage using the 2-thiobarbituric acid method (thiobarbituric acid reactive substances). Aroma analyses on the final cooked and raw fillet were performed using an electronic nose. The VW inclusion partially reduced protein digestibility. The fish growth varied between 1.08% and 1.1% day. The supplemental level of VW led to a better antioxidant status of fish fillet, in particular, in the fillet sample after 72 h of fillet conservation. Principal component analysis in raw and cooked fish fillet indicates that the VW inclusion in the fish diet led to aroma modification on fish fillet. [source]

Comparison of feed preference and digestion of three different commercial diets for cats and ferrets

S. Gy.
Summary Diet preference and digestibility experiments were conducted using a total of 10 cats and 10 ferrets. The composition of the three different kinds of dry cat feed was as follows (each data are given in dry matter, DM): (i) normal diet (N): 95.3% DM, 33.7% crude protein (CP), 20.4% ether extract (EE), 37.6% nitrogen-free extract (NFE); (ii) ,light diet' (L): 94.2% DM, 31.6% CP, 10.7% EE, 52.2% NFE; (iii) ,veterinary diet' (D): 94.57% DM, 38.7% CP, 9.6% EE, 47.2% NFE. During the period of the preference test, the average daily dry matter intake (calculated with the mean of the three diets: 94.7% DM) was 98.0, 15.0 and 16.7 g DM in cats and 25.0, 7.3 and 8.1 g DM in ferrets. The preference rates of the three different diets, expressed in percentage of their total consumption, were as follows: 60.4% N (54.4 g DM), 12.4% L (12.1 g DM) and 27.2% D (26.6 g DM) in cats, and 46.2% N (11.6 g DM), 29.9% L (7.5 g DM) and 23.9% D (6.0 g DM) in ferrets. This indicates that cats and ferrets have a clear preference for diets of higher fat content. In all three diets, the digestibility of CP was significantly (p < 0.05) lower (70.1 5.4 vs. 75.9 5.8) while that of EE was significantly (p < 0.05) higher (95.6 1.5 vs. 89.4 5.3) in ferrets than in cats. The average digestible/metabolizable energy (DE/ME) ratio of feeds turned to be 95.6% for cats and 90.6% for the ferrets. From the data one can conclude that the ferret cannot be used as a model animal for cats either for preference or digestibility studies. [source]

Linear models to predict the digestible lipid content of fish diets

Abstract Values for the digestible contents of nutrients in diets and feed ingredients are of utmost importance in nutritional strategies for fish. Prediction from dietary composition would eliminate lengthy, tedious and demanding digestibility experiments with fish. Apparent digestible lipid (DL) content [range 7.6,353.4 g kg,1 dry matter (DM)] in compound diets can be predicted with high accuracy (n = 610; studies =127; fish species = 34; R2 = 0.9515; RMSE = 16.9504) from dietary crude lipid (CL) content (range 12.0,388.7 g kg,1 DM) by the linear regression equation DL =,2.7303 + 0.9123 CL. Validation of this equation against 65 values from 15 independent studies presented R2 and mean prediction error (MPE) values of 0.9947 and 0.0671, respectively. The corresponding equation for 37 individual feed ingredients evaluated in 24 studies with 18 fish species (n = 180) was found to be DL = ,1.5824 + 0.8654 CL (R2 = 0.9717; RMSE = 8.3765). However, validation of the latter is currently hampered by a lack of independent values. [source]