Dam Project (dam + project)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

China's South-to-North Water Transfer Project: Is it Needed?

Chansheng He
China has started the construction of the South-to-North Water Transfer Project (SNWTP; its magnitude is even greater than the Three Gorges Dam Project), to deliver about 45 billion m3 of water from the Yangtze River to the water starving North China Plain. Is the project needed given the multiple socioeconomic, engineering, and environmental challenges and controversies it is facing and the effects of demand management programs China has been implementing in recent years? This article, through the analysis of the water shortage problems in the North China Plain and the Yellow River basin, demonstrates that considering China's current economic base, technological capacity, and income levels, the SNWTP, while facing multiple challenges, is still needed to relieve the water deficit problems in the North China Plain. However, the SNWTP is only a partial solution to North China's chronic water shortage problem. China should continue to actively implement and enforce its demand management programs nationwide to ensure that its limited fresh water resources are used to meet the multiple needs of human societies and ecosystems in a socially responsible, economically viable, and environmentally sustainable way. [source]

Government and NGO partnership in managing community-based water resources in Vietnam: a case study of Thai Long Dam Project

Bach Tan Sinh
Economic reform policy called ,Doi Moi' introduced by the Government of Vietnam at the end of 1980s opened new opportunities of community-based involvement in the policy and decision-making at various local levels. Innovations such as decentralization of decision-making power to lower administrative level, and recognition of the local community's role in managing their natural resources, e.g. transfer of irrigated water management right to local communities, were introduced. Significantly, this new institutional framework also facilitated greater civil society involvement in Vietnam. The Water Users Cooperative (WUC) set up through the Thai Long Dam Project mobilized local farmers to participate and manage their local resources in a sustainable manner. Through this process, the WUC was able to strengthen itself as a civil society institution that mediates between the individual and the state, as well as a forum for increasing government responsiveness and accountability. The success of the WUC of the Thai Long Project implies that the Vietnamese civil society is playing a more active role in the decision-making process. Copyright © 2002 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. and ERP Environment [source]

The Atatürk Dam project in south-east Turkey: Changes in objectives and planning over time

Anna Brismar
The Atatürk Dam was constructed on the Euphrates River in Turkey in the 1980s as the central component of a large-scale regional development project for the South-eastern Anatolia region, known as GAP. Since the first development plan for the region was presented in 1970, the objectives for regional development have changed significantly. This article aims to analyze how the functions, design, and capacities of the Atatürk Dam project have been modified since 1970, paralleling changes in the regional development objectives and ambitions, and to identify accomplishments and constraints in the realization of the dam project. Since 1970, ambitions to develop the region have grown significantly, resulting in major changes to the original project plans. The most important change occurred in 1978, when the design for the Middle Karababa Dam, recommended in 1970, was abandoned and the Atatürk Dam design was adopted. This change considerably increased the storage and power generation capacities of the dam. Yet, the sparse rainfall throughout the catchment in recent years has hampered full utilization of the dam's storage and generation capacities and increased the need for tradeoffs between conflicting demands for water use. [source]