Adaptive Finite Elements (adaptive + finite_element)

Distribution by Scientific Domains


Selected Abstracts


Adaptive finite elements with large aspect ratio for mass transport in electroosmosis and pressure-driven microflows

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL FOR NUMERICAL METHODS IN FLUIDS, Issue 9 2010
Virabouth Prachittham
Abstract A space,time adaptive method is presented for the numerical simulation of mass transport in electroosmotic and pressure-driven microflows in two space dimensions. The method uses finite elements with large aspect ratio, which allows the electroosmotic flow and the mass transport to be solved accurately despite the presence of strong boundary layers. The unknowns are the external electric potential, the electrical double layer potential, the velocity field and the sample concentration. Continuous piecewise linear stabilized finite elements with large aspect ratio and the Crank,Nicolson scheme are used for the space and time discretization of the concentration equation. Numerical results are presented showing the efficiency of this approach, first in a straight channel, then in crossing and multiple T-form configuration channels. Copyright 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [source]


Adaptive ICT procedure for non-linear seepage flows with free surface in porous media

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL FOR NUMERICAL METHODS IN BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING, Issue 3 2002
N. H. Sharif
Abstract This paper focuses on adaptive finite element (FE)-methods for computation of the motion of viscous fluid interfaces fundamentally encountered in multiphase flow problems in porous media. An interface capturing technique (ICT)-procedure is formulated with a stabilized finite element scheme in a Eulerian framework to solve the two-dimensional (2D) and three-dimensional (3D) Navier,Stokes equation in porous media. Global mesh refinements of the discretized domain and local mesh refinements in the vicinity of the interface are used for the spatial discretization. The ICT is embedded into the finite element scheme by adding an extra advection equation and an additional unbounded degree of freedom to the number of the unknowns. Problems of non-linear free surface seepage flow in earth-fill dams are simulated in order to validate the performance of the FE-ICT. Computations for steady non-linear seepage flows in 2D and 3D are obtained for homogenous, isotropic and isothermal porous media. Copyright 2002 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [source]


A stopping criterion for the conjugate gradient algorithm in the framework of anisotropic adaptive finite elements

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL FOR NUMERICAL METHODS IN BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING, Issue 4 2009
M. Picasso
Abstract We propose a simple stopping criterion for the conjugate gradient (CG) algorithm in the framework of anisotropic, adaptive finite elements for elliptic problems. The goal of the adaptive algorithm is to find a triangulation such that the estimated relative error is close to a given tolerance TOL. We propose to stop the CG algorithm whenever the residual vector has Euclidian norm less than a small fraction of the estimated error. This stopping criterion is based on a posteriori error estimates between the true solution u and the computed solution u (the superscript n stands for the CG iteration number, the subscript h for the typical mesh size) and on heuristics to relate the error between uh and u to the residual vector. Numerical experiments with anisotropic adaptive meshes show that the total number of CG iterations can be divided by 10 without significant discrepancy in the computed results. Copyright 2008 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [source]