Coprecipitation Method (coprecipitation + method)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

Synthesis and characterizations of nanosized iron(II) hydroxide and iron(II) hydroxide/poly(vinyl alcohol) nanocomposite

M. Fathima Parveen
Abstract Nanosized Fe(OH)2 was synthesized by a coprecipitation method. Peaks between 500 and 1250 cm,1 in Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy confirmed the presence of metal hydroxide stretching. X-ray diffraction showed the suppressed crystalline system of Fe(OH)2/aniline (ANI) due to the presence of a higher weight percentage of the dispersing agent, ANI. Thermogravimetric analysis implied that 75.5 wt % of residue remained up to 800°C. High resolution transmission electron microscope (HRTEM) analysis of Fe(OH)2/ANI revealed that its size ranged from 10 to 50 nm with a rodlike morphology. Scanning electron microscopy implied that pristine Fe(OH)2 had a nanotriangular platelet morphology, and a higher weight percentage of dispersing agent intercalated with Fe(OH)2 had a spheroid with an agglomerated structure. The (UV,visible) spectrum implied the presence of Fe2+ ions at 326 nm and the existence of an amino group intercalated with Fe(OH)2 showed a sharp peak at 195 nm, the intensity of which increased with increasing intercalated dispersing agent weight percentage. Photoluminescence showed that ANI-intercalated Fe(OH)2 showed a lesser intensity than the pristine Fe(OH)2. © 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2010 [source]

Synthesis of a magnesium/aluminum/iron layered double hydroxide and its flammability characteristics in halogen-free, flame-retardant ethylene/vinyl acetate copolymer composites

Chuan-Mei Jiao
Abstract Mg,Al,Fe ternary hydrotalcites were synthesized by a coprecipitation method and characterized with powder X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and thermogravimetric analysis. The flame-retardant effects of Mg/Al,CO3 layered double hydroxides (LDHs) and Mg/Al/Fe,CO3 LDHs in an ethylene/vinyl acetate copolymer (EVA) were studied with the limited oxygen index (LOI), the UL-94 test, and the cone calorimeter test (CCT), and the thermal degradation behavior of the composites was examined by thermogravimetric analysis. The results showed that the LOI values of the EVA/(Mg/Al/Fe,CO3 LDH) composites were basically higher than those of the EVA/(Mg/Al,CO3 LDH) composites at the same additive level. In the UL-94 test, there was no rating for the EVA/(Mg/Al,CO3 LDH) composite at the 50% additive level, and a dripping phenomenon occurred. However, the EVA/(Mg/Al/Fe,CO3 LDH) composites at the same loading level of LDHs containing a suitable amount of Fe3+ ion reached the V-0 rating, the dripping phenomenon disappearing. The CCTs indicated that the heat release rate (HRR) of the EVA composites with Mg/Al/Fe,CO3 LDHs containing a suitable amount of Fe3+ decreased greatly in comparison with that of the composites with Mg/Al,CO3 LDHs. The introduction of a given amount of Fe3+ ion into Mg/Al,CO3 LDHs resulted in an increase in the LOI, a decrease in the HRR, and the achievement of the UL-94 V-0 rating. © 2007 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2008 [source]

Structure, texture and surface acidity studies of a series of mixed zinc,aluminum (60,90 molar % Al) phosphate catalysts

Karim Mtalsi
Abstract A series of mixed zinc,aluminum phosphate (ZnAlP) catalysts containing 40,90 aluminum molar % were synthesized by a coprecipitation method and characterized by nitrogen adsorption,desorption, X-ray diffraction, FTIR spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), differential thermal analysis (DTA), diffuse reflectance infrared Fourier transform spectroscopy (DRIFTS) and temperature programmed desorption (TPD) of ammonia. The presence of aluminum greatly affected the surface properties of Zn3(PO4)2 by delaying the crystallization process of Zn3(PO4)2. All amorphous samples were shown to be mesoporous and they contained two types of aluminum surface hydroxyl groups and one type of phosphorus hydroxyl group, as shown by DRIFT spectra. The specific surface area and the acidity of ZnAlP increased on increasing the aluminum content. On the other hand, a great difference in the texture and the concentration of surface acid sites was found by changing the precipitating agent and calcination temperature. Thus these factors also play an important role in the final properties of these catalysts. © 2001 Society of Chemical Industry [source]

Ultra-deep desulfurization adsorbents for hydrotreated diesel with magnetic mesoporous aluminosilicates

AICHE JOURNAL, Issue 5 2010
Wangliang Li
Abstract Magnetic mesoporous aluminosilicates (MMAS) were synthesized by hydrothermal method and applied as ultra-deep desulfurization adsorbents for hydrotreated diesel. The size of oleic-coated magnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles prepared by coprecipitation method was about 20 nm. MMAS shows better desulfurization properties for removal of sulfur compounds than NaY and MCM-41. The amount of Fe3O4 nanoparticles has significant effects on specific surface area/pore volume and acidic properties, thus, can affect the desulfurization properties of MMAS. Desulfurization properties of MMAS can be improved with the increase of temperature from 30,70°C and decrease the oil to adsorbent ratio. With the increase of Fe3O4 content, adsorption capacity first increased and then decreased. The sulfur adsorption of MMAS was due to the synergetic effect of strong molecular affinity of the magnetite to the sulfur compound and large surface area/pore volume of the mesoporous aluminosilicates. © 2009 American Institute of Chemical Engineers AIChE J, 2010 [source]

Thermophysical Properties of Complex Rare-Earth Zirconate Ceramic for Thermal Barrier Coatings

Liu Ling
Two complex rare-earth zirconates (La0.4Sm0.5Yb0.1)2(Zr0.7Ce0.4)2O7.4 and (Sr0.1La0.3Sm0.5Yb0.1)2(Zr0.7Ce0.4)2O7.3 for thermal barrier coatings (TBCs) were synthesized by the coprecipitation method. Their phase composition, microstructure, and thermophysical properties were investigated. X-ray diffractometry results revealed that single-phase (La0.4Sm0.5Yb0.1)2(Zr0.7Ce0.4)2O7.4 and (Sr0.1La0.3Sm0.5Yb0.1)2(Zr0.7Ce0.4)2O7.3 with pyrochlore structure were prepared, and the scanning electron microscopy results showed that the microstructures of the products were dense and no other phases existed among the grains. With the temperature increasing, the thermal expansion coefficient (CTE) of the ceramics increased, while the thermal conductivity decreased. The results indicated that the CTE of (Sr0.1La0.3Sm0.5Yb0.1)2(Zr0.7Ce0.4)2O7.3 was slightly higher than that of (La0.4Sm0.5Yb0.1)2(Zr0.7Ce0.4)2O7.4 and the thermal conductivity of (Sr0.1La0.3Sm0.5Yb0.1)2(Zr0.7Ce0.4)2O7.3 was lower than that of (La0.4Sm0.5Yb0.1)2(Zr0.7Ce0.4)2O7.4. These results imply that the thermophysical properties of (Sr0.1La0.3Sm0.5Yb0.1)2(Zr0.7Ce0.4)2O7.3 are better than that of (La0.4Sm0.5Yb0.1)2(Zr0.7Ce0.4)2O7.4 as the material for the ceramic layer in the TBC system. [source]

Magnetic viscosity and activation volume in chromium substituted Pb,M hexaferrite

J. C. Faloh-Gandarilla
Abstract PbFe11CrO19 polycrystalline samples were prepared by the chemical coprecipitation method. X-ray diffraction and Mössbauer spectroscopy confirm the formation of the M-type hexagonal structure. Time dependence of the magnetization was recorded on the demagnetization curve of the hysteresis loop. It is well described by a simple logarithmic law but also non-logarithmic behavior was detected. A two-peak dependence of the viscosity coefficient S with the applied field was encountered. Considering reversible susceptibility measurements and a M(H) curve at constant dM/dt in the irreversible susceptibility determination, the calculated activation volume as a function of the applied field shows two well defined zones. The zones observed in the activation volumes are related to the two local maxima that the total susceptibility exhibits. It points to the fact that the viscosity study is sensible enough to characterize this system, encountering two apparent activation volumes. (© 2005 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim) [source]

CO2 sorption and diffusion in polymethyl methacrylate,clay nanocomposites

Allan R. Manninen
This study reports the glass transition temperature (Tg), and sorption and diffusion of subcritical CO2 gas in polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) nanocomposites containing organically modified smectite clay, Cloisite 20A (C20A). A range of methods for preparing the PMMA-clay nanocomposites was investigated and a solution coprecipitation method was selected as the most appropriate. Using this method, PMMA nanocomposite containing 2, 4, 6, and 10 wt% nanoclay loadings were prepared. Wide-angle X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) indicated that the 2 wt% nanocomposite materials had a well-dispersed intercalated clay structure. The Tg for PMMA-C20A nanocomposites, as measured by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), was found to be independent of the clay loading. CO2 solubility studies from 0 to 65°C and pressures up to 5.5 MPa using an in situ gravimetric technique were performed on compression-molded films. The organoclay was found to have no effect on the solubility of CO2 in PMMA, and therefore the solubility of CO2 in the nanocomposite can be determined from the solubility of CO2 in the matrix polymer alone. Diffusion coefficients were determined using the appropriate transport models for these test conditions and the diffusion coefficients for CO2 in PMMA-C20A composites were found to increase with organoclay loading. It is believed that the processing path taken to prepare the nanocomposites may have resulted in the agglomeration of the C20A organoclay, thereby preventing the polymer chains from fully wetting and intercalating a large number of clay particles. These agglomerations are responsible for the formation of large-scale holes within the glassy nanocomposite, which behave as low resistance pathways for gas transport within the PMMA matrix. POLYM. ENG. SCI., 45:904,914, 2005. © 2005 Society of Plastics Engineers [source]

Role of Nanosized Zirconia on the Properties of Cu/Ga2O3/ZrO2 Catalysts for Methanol Synthesis

Xin-Mei Liu
Abstract The introduction of mesoporous nanosize zirconia to the catalyst for methanol synthesis dedicates the nanosized catalyst and mesoporous duplicated properties. The catalyst bears the larger surface area, larger mesoporous volume and more uniform diameter, more surface metal atoms and oxygen vacancies than the catalyst prepared with the conventional coprecipitation method. The modification of microstructure and electronic effect could result in the change of the reduced chemical state and decrease of reducuction temperature of copper, donating the higher activity and methanol selectivity to the catalyst. The results of methanol synthesis demonstrate that the Cu+ is the optimum active site. Also, the interaction between the copper and zirconia shows the synergistic effect to fulfil the methanol synthesis. [source]