Conservation Agendas (conservation + agenda)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

Conserving What and for Whom?

BIOTROPICA, Issue 5 2007
Why Conservation Should Help Meet Basic Human Needs in the Tropics
ABSTRACT For hundreds of millions of people, biodiversity is about eating, staying healthy, and finding shelter. Meeting these people's basic needs should receive greater priority in the conservation agenda. Wild and semi-wild plants and animals contribute significantly to nutrition, health care, income, and culture in developing countries, and the poorest and most vulnerable people often rely on those resources most. Depleting those resources or making them inaccessible can impoverish these people even further. ,Pro-poor conservation',that is, conservation that aims to support poor people,explicitly seeks to address basic human needs. Such an emphasis has many potential synergies with more conventional conservation goals. Nonetheless, pro-poor conservation requires a distinct attitude to gauging conservation outcomes and a different approach to conservation science. Biologists can make a vital contribution. RESUMEN Para cientos de millones de personas biodiversidad significa comer, cuidar su salud y alojarse. Satisfacer las necesidades básicas de esa agenda debería de recibir mayor prioridad en la agenda de conservación. Plantas y animales silvestres y semi-domesticadas contribuyen de forma significativa a la alimentación, salud, ingresos y cultura en los países en desarrollo, y suele ser la gente más pobre y vulnerable quienes dependen más de esos recursos. La degradación de esos recursos o la pérdida de acceso a los mismos pueden empobrecer a esta gente aún más. La "conservación pro-pobre," o sea la conservación que tiene como fin apoyar a la gente pobre, buscar de forma explícita satisfacer a las necesidades humanas básicas. Este enfoque tiene mucho potencial para generar sinergias con las metas más convencionales de conservación. Sin embargo, la conservación pro-pobre requiere de formas distintas de medir los resultados de la conservación y de un acercamiento distinto a lo que es la ciencia de la conservación. Los biológicos pueden hacer una contribución fundamental en ese sentido. RÉSUMÉ Pour des millions de pauvres, la biodiversité est avant tout une affaire d'alimentation, de santé et de sécurité. Satisfaire les besoins primordiaux de ces populations devrait devenir la priorité des programmes de conservation. Les plantes et animaux sauvages -ou semi domestiqués- contribuent de manière déterminante à l'alimentation, à la santé, aux revenus et à la culture dans les pays en développement. Les populations les plus pauvres et vulnérables sont également celles qui dépendent le plus de ces ressources. En réduire la disponibilité ou l'accès ne peut que les appauvrir davantage. Une conservation favorable aux pauvres se doit de répondre aux besoins humains fondamentaux. Une telle conception de la conservation présente de multiples synergies avec ses objectifs plus conventionnels. Mais avant tout, une conservation favorable aux pauvres réclame un état d'esprit particulier pour en mesurer les résultats, et suppose une approche scientifique spécifique. En cela, les biologistes ont un rôle déterminant à jouer. ABSTRAK, Bagi ratusan dari jutaan manusia, keanekaragaman hayati merupakan sumber makanan, kesehatan dan tempat berlindung. Pemenuhan kebutuhan dasar mereka ini seharusnya mendapatkan prioritas lebih besar dalam agenda konservasi. Di negara-negara yang sedang berkembang, hewan dan tumbuhan liar memiliki kontribusi nyata terhadap nutrisi, kesehatan, penghasilan serta kebudayaan masyarakatnya. Masyarakat miskin dan lemah seringkali sangat menggantungkan hidupnya pada sumber daya tersebut sehingga degradasi atau hambatan akses terhadap sumber daya tersebut akan memperburuk keadaan mereka. Konservasi "pro-miskin" - yakni konservasi yang bertujuan mendukung masyarakat miskin - secara eksplisit berupaya memusatkan perhatian pada kebutuhan manusia yang paling mendasar. Penekanan semacam itu mempunyai banyak keselarasan dengan tujuan-tujuan konservasi yang lebih konvensional. Namun demikian, konservasi pro-miskin memerlukan sikap yang berbeda dalam mengukur hasil-hasil konservasi, dan pendekatan yang berbeda terhadap pengetahuan konservasi. Dalam hal ini, para ahli biologi dapat memberikan kontribusi yang sangat penting. [source]

Recognising the necessity for Indo-Pacific seagrass conservation

Richard K.F. Unsworth
Abstract Seagrass meadows are declining globally at an unprecedented rate, yet these valuable ecosystem service providers remain marginalized within many conservation agendas. In the Indo-Pacific, this is principally because marine conservation priorities do not recognize the economic and ecological value of the goods and services that seagrasses provide. Dependency on coastal marine resources in the Indo-Pacific for daily protein needs is high relative to other regions and has been found in some places to be up to 100%. Habitat loss therefore may have negative consequences for food security in the region. Whether seagrass resources comprise an important contribution to this dependency remains largely untested. Here, we assemble information sources from throughout the Indo-Pacific region that discuss shallow water fisheries, and examine the role of seagrass meadows in supporting production, both directly, and indirectly through process of habitat connectivity (e.g., nursery function and foraging areas). We find information to support the premise that seagrass meadows are important for fisheries production. They are important fishery areas, and they support the productivity and biodiversity of coral reefs. We argue the value of a different paradigm to the current consensus on marine conservation priorities within the Indo-Pacific that places seagrass conservation as a priority. [source]

The Threat of the Yrmo: The Political Ontology of a Sustainable Hunting Program

Mario Blaser
ABSTRACT, Various misunderstandings and conflicts associated with attempts to integrate Indigenous Knowledges (IK) into development and conservation agendas have been analyzed from both political economy and political ecology frameworks. With their own particular inflections, and in addition to their focus on issues of power, both frameworks tend to see what occurs in these settings as involving different epistemologies, meaning that misunderstandings and conflicts occur between different and complexly interested perspectives on, or ways of knowing, the world. Analyzing the conflicts surrounding the creation of a hunting program that enrolled the participation of the Yshiro people of Paraguay, in this article I develop a different kind of analysis, one inspired by an emerging framework that I tentatively call "political ontology." I argue that, from this perspective, these kinds of conflicts emerge as being about the continuous enactment, stabilization, and protection of different and asymmetrically connected ontologies. [Keywords: political ontology, multinaturalism, multiculturalism, Paraguay, Indigenous peoples] [source]

Bounding the Commons: Land Demarcation in Northeastern Nicaragua

In north-eastern Nicaragua, territorial titling of communal lands conflates particular notions of ethnicity with proprietary conceptions of space to generate new forms of conflict within and between indigenous and black communities, and with mestizo migrants. Notions of rights between competing groups, or within conflicting normative frameworks, become increasingly polemic during demarcation. While analysis of three land titling case studies demonstrates that results are socially contingent and place based, trends include: (a) power disparities; (b) tension between ,traditional' and ,modern' patterns of land tenure and resource rights; and (c) contradictions fed by international conservation agendas and neoliberal economic reforms. Combining critical actor-based analysis with practical policy critique our work illuminates how contestations over the bounding of communal territories contribute to social injustice. [source]