Community Sector (community + sector)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

Governance and Democracy in Northern Ireland: The Role of the Voluntary and Community Sector after the Agreement

GOVERNANCE, Issue 3 2001
Cathal McCall
Since 1998, Northern Ireland has been the subject of a unique experiment in governance and democracy. The experiment includes the establishment of a participatory Civic Forum in which the voluntary and community sector has an important stake. Beginning with a discussion of the merits of a participatory aspect to democracy in the contemporary age, this paper identifies factors that might help establish the Civic Forum as a successful participatory institution in Northern Ireland. Key factors include the attitude towards the Forum of political representatives and their willingness to foster a participatory dimension to the new democracy. Other important factors are inclusiveness and the balance of sectoral representation in the Forum. [source]

To foster or to temper?

LEGAL STUDIES, Issue 4 2006
Regulating the political activities of the voluntary, community sector
A recent consultation by the European Commission on a draft code of conduct for the voluntary and community sector to combat illegal political activities highlights the regulation of the sector. This paper considers the European Commission's code in light of the current regulation for charities and the wider voluntary and community sector, questioning whether sector-specific regulation of political activities is achievable and how such regulation could be best achieved. [source]

Feminist Representation(s) of Women Living on Welfare: The Case of Workfare and the Erosion of Volunteer Time*

JACINTHE MICHAUDArticle first published online: 14 JUL 200
Cet article veut en premier démontrer comment l'interprétation féministe des besoins des femmes dans le contexte du travail obligatoire repose sur plusieurs interrelations au sein des groupes communautaires, puis que ces interrelations surviennent dans le contexte d'une politique publique qui a pour effet de transformer le travail volontaire et le temps volontaire à l'intérieur du secteur communautaire en exigeant que les femmes qui vivent de l'aide sociale transforment ce travail en travail obligatoire et en demandant que les groupes communautaires acceptent des placements de travail obligatoire, ce qui a pour effet de remplacer les travailleuses volontaires et de changer le sens donnéà leur travail lui-même. L'article se termine sur une discussion à propos du statut intermédiaire des groupes de femmes et sur l'évolution de la représentation des besoins particuliers des femmes dans la sphère publique/politique. This article intends to show, first, how feminist interpretations of women's needs in the context of workfare are formed through social interactions within community groups. Second, we demonstrate that these interactions are happening within a context of a public policy that is reshaping volunteer work and volunteer time within the community sector by requiring that women living on welfare transform their volunteer work into compulsory work and by asking community groups to accept workfare placements, which result in the displacement of volunteer workers and transform the meaning of volunteer work itself. The article ends with a discussion on the intermediary status of women's groups, as well as the evolution of women's needs representation within the public/political sphere. [source]

Other people, other drugs: the policy response to petrol sniffing among Indigenous Australians

Abstract This paper examines the policy response of Australian governments to petrol sniffing in Indigenous communities from the 1980s until the present. During this period, despite the formation of numerous inquiries, working parties and intergovernmental committees, there has been little accumulation of knowledge about the nature and causes of sniffing, or about the effectiveness of interventions. Policies are fragmentary; programmes are rarely evaluated, and most rely on short-term funding. The paper sets out to explain why this should be so. It draws upon a conceptual framework known as ,analytics of government' to examine the ways in which petrol sniffing comes to the attention of government agencies and is perceived as an issue; the mechanisms deployed by governments to address petrol sniffing; ways in which knowledge about sniffing is generated; and the underlying assumptions about people that inform policy-making. Drawing upon case studies of policy responses, the paper argues that a number of structural factors combine to marginalize petrol sniffing as an issue, and to encourage reliance on short-term, one-off interventions in place of a sustained policy commitment. Four recommendations are advanced to help overcome these factors: (1) agreements should be reached within and between levels of government on steps to be taken to reduce risk factors before the eruption of petrol-sniffing crises; (2) the evidence base relevant to petrol sniffing (and other inhalants) should be improved by funding and directing one or more existing national drug research centres to collate data on inhalant-caused mortality and morbidity, and to conduct or commission research into prevalence patterns, effectiveness of interventions and other gaps in knowledge; (3) the current pattern of short-term, pilot and project funding should be replaced with longer-term, evidence-based interventions that address the multiple risk and protective factors present in communities; and (4) insistence by governments that communities must take ,ownership' of the problem should be replaced by a commitment to genuine partnerships involving governments, non-government and community sectors. [source]

The training needs, attitudes and experience of pharmacy support staff in Northern Scotland

Sarah M. Smith BSc Research assistant
Objective The purpose of this survey was to explore: attitudes towards training; experience of training; and training needs of support staff in hospital and community pharmacies in Northern Scotland. Method A postal questionnaire was sent to hospital and community pharmacies in the five regions of Northern Scotland. The intended respondents were community pharmacists, community pharmacy support staff, hospital pharmacists, and hospital pharmacy support staff. Key findings Data were collected from 105 (62.9%) community pharmacists, 463 (57.0%) community pharmacy support staff, 19 (90.5%) hospital pharmacists, and 88 (83.8%) hospital pharmacy support staff. Pharmacists and support staff in both settings: agreed that support staff currently receive insufficient training; were in favour of support staff receiving training; and agreed that training enhances both the confidence that support staff have in themselves and the confidence that pharmacists have in their staff. Barriers to training for support staff included: lack of availability of local relevant courses; lack of time in the working day; distance to training events; insufficient staff levels to enable staff to participate in training; and the financial cost of training. There was considerable variation in respondents' preferences for format and frequency of training. Conclusions Pharmacists and support staff in hospital and community sectors have positive attitudes towards training for support staff. Future training initiatives need to address barriers to training and accommodate different preferences for training format and frequency where possible. [source]


John S. Humphreys
The Regional Australia Summit brought together 282 invited delegates from all parts of Australia. The aim of the Summit was to develop partnerships between the government, business and community sectors to deliver a better future for regional, rural and remote areas facing significant change. Health was one of 12 themes discussed at the Summit. Five key health priorities were identified; the need to change the dominant metropolitan mind-set, improve access to health-care services, improve service provision and workforce training, ensure equitable resource allocation, and adopt a population health approach. The ultimate success of the Regional Australia Summit will be gauged over time by the extent to which the health, wellbeing and prosperity of rural, remote and regional Australians has been improved, and existing problems and issues addressed. Nonetheless, the Summit is a significant event because it addresses issues at the highest level of government, emphasises coordination and the adoption of an intersectoral approach, and recognises the need to empower local communities and build partnerships between the government, corporate and community sectors. [source]