Colon Adenocarcinoma (colon + adenocarcinoma)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Terms modified by Colon Adenocarcinoma

  • colon adenocarcinoma cell

  • Selected Abstracts


    Non-hematopoietic cutaneous metastases in children and adolescents: thirty years experience at St. Jude Children's Research Hospital

    JOURNAL OF CUTANEOUS PATHOLOGY, Issue 10 2000
    W. A. Wesche
    Background: The spectrum of cutaneous metastasis of non-hematopoietic neoplasms in the pediatric population is not well documented. We report the histologic diversity of this unusual process over a 30-year period at a tertiary care center for pediatric malignancy (St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, TN, USA). Methods: Of 1,971 pathology accessions which included histologic material on skin (1,604 surgical cases and 367 autopsy cases) we found 40 cases (2% of total skin accessions) coded for metastatic non-hematopoietic malignancy. Results: The patients (n=34) ranged in age from 1 month to 20 years (mean=9.8 years) and had a male:female ratio of 1:1. The histologic diagnoses were as follows: rhabdomyosarcoma NOS (6 cases), embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma (4 cases), alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma (4 cases), neuroblastoma (8 cases), osteosarcoma (2 cases), choriocarcinoma (2 cases), peripheral neuroepithelioma or Ewing's sarcoma (2 cases), malignant rhabdoid tumor (1 case), paraganglioma (1 case), nasopharyngeal carcinoma (1 case), sarcoma NOS (1 case), colon adenocarcinoma (1 case), and malignant melanoma (1 case). Conclusions: Cutaneous or subcutaneous metastasis of non-hematopoietic malignancies in children and adolescents is a rare occurrence but in a high percentage of cases may be the first manifestation of disease. The tumors most likely to metastasize to the skin in children are rhabdomyosarcoma and neuroblastoma and they are more likely than adult malignancies to disseminate to multiple distant sites. [source]


    Expression of bone morphogenetic proteins in colon carcinoma with heterotopic ossification

    PATHOLOGY INTERNATIONAL, Issue 8 2001
    Nobuhiro Imai
    Here we report the case of a 50-year-old woman with adenocarcinoma of the colon, showing heterotopic ossification. The patient was referred to our hospital for investigation of anemia secondary to occult gastrointestinal blood loss. By colonoscopy, an irregular polypoid mass was found in the ascending colon. A biopsy of the lesion revealed moderately to poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma with heterotopic ossification. A right hemicolectomy was done and revealed areas of heterotopic bone within the tumor, but no ossification was evident in the metastatic lesions within the mesenteric lymph nodes. The formation of heterotopic bone in gastrointestinal tumors is rare and its exact mechanism is unknown. Immunohistochemical localization of bone morphogenetic proteins (BMP), known to be primary inducers of new bone formation, was determined. BMP-5 and -6 were prominent in the cytoplasm of tumor cells, and they stained weakly in osteoblast-like cells adjacent to newly formed bone. Cytoplasmic staining for BMP-2 and -4 was weak in tumor cells, osteoblast-like cells, and stromal fibroblast cells. BMP may play an important role in heterotopic ossification in colon adenocarcinoma. [source]


    Large-scale genomic instability in colon adenocarcinomas and correlation with patient outcome

    APMIS, Issue 10 2009
    JOHAN BONDI
    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association between DNA content in colon adenocarcinomas using high-resolution image cytometry and patient outcome. Tumours from 219 patients operated for colon adenocarcinoma were analysed using high-resolution image cytometry. Proteins involved in cell cycle propulsion (cyclins A, D1, D3 and E) and cell proliferation (c-Myc and non-membranous ,-catenin) have previously been reported in the same cohort and were included in this study. The results were related to disease-free survival and to cancer-specific death. Patients with aneuploid tumours showed shorter relapse-free survival than patients with euploid tumours (univariate log-rank test, p = 0.004 and multivariate Cox regression model p = 0.009, HR 0.51, 95% CI 0.31,0.84). Also the risk of death from cancer was greater in patients with aneuploid tumours (log-rank test, p = 0.006 multivariate Cox regression model p = 0.014, HR 0.47, 95% CI 0.26,0.86). When analysing patients with Dukes stages A and B, nuclear expression of ,-catenin was highly significantly associated with both shorter relapse-free survival (p < 0.005, HR 5.0, 95% CI 1.6,15.5) and cancer-specific death (p = 0.036, HR 6.9, 95% CI 1.1,42.1). DNA content in colon adenocarcinomas measured by image cytometry is an independent predictor of prognosis in our patients operated for colon adenocarcinoma. [source]


    Influence of 1 and 25 Hz, 1.5 mT magnetic fields on antitumor drug potency in a human adenocarcinoma cell line,

    BIOELECTROMAGNETICS, Issue 8 2002
    M.J. Ruiz-Gómez
    Abstract The resistance of tumor cells to antineoplastic agents is a major obstacle during cancer chemotherapy. Many authors have observed that some exposure protocols to pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMF) can alter the efficacy of anticancer drugs; nevertheless, the observations are not clear. We have evaluated whether a group of PEMF pulses (1.5 mT peak, repeated at 1 and 25 Hz) produces alterations of drug potency on a multidrug resistant human colon adenocarcinoma (HCA) cell line, HCA-2/1cch. The experiments were performed including (a) exposures to drug and PEMF exposure for 1 h at the same time, (b) drug exposure for 1 h, and then exposure to PEMF for the next 2 days (2 h/day). Drugs used were vincristine (VCR), mitomycin C (MMC), and cisplatin. Cell viability was measured by the neutral red stain cytotoxicity test. The results obtained were: (a) The 1 Hz PEMF increased VCR cytotoxicity (P,<,0.01), exhibiting 6.1% of survival at 47.5 ,g/ml, the highest dose for which sham exposed groups showed a 19.8% of survival. For MMC at 47.5 ,g/ml, the % of survival changed significantly from 19.2% in sham exposed groups to 5.3% using 25 Hz (P,<,0.001). Cisplatin showed a significant reduction in the % of survival (44.2,39.1%, P,<,0.05) at 25 Hz and 47.5 ,g/ml, and (b) Minor significant alterations were observed after nonsimultaneous exposure of cells to PEMF and drug. The data indicate that PEMF can induce modulation of cytostatic agents in HCA-2/1cch, with an increased effect when PEMF was applied at the same time as the drug. The type of drug, dose, frequency, and duration of PEMF exposure could influence this modulation. Bioelectromagnetics 23:578,585, 2002. © 2002 Wiley-Liss, Inc. [source]


    Sinuladiterpenes A,F, New Cembrane Diterpenes from Sinularia flexibilis

    CHEMISTRY & BIODIVERSITY, Issue 12 2009
    Kuang-Liang Lo
    Abstract Chromatographic investigation of the octocoral Sinularia flexibilis afforded six new cembrane diterpenes, sinuladiterpenes A,F (1,6, resp.), in addition to four known cembranolides, 11-episinulariolide acetate, 11 - dehydrosinulariolide, 11-episinulariolide, and sinulariolide. Their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic analysis, especially 2D-NMR and HR-ESI-MS. Compound 2 exhibited significant in vitro cytotoxic activity against human colon adenocarcinoma (WiDr) cell line. [source]


    Large-scale genomic instability in colon adenocarcinomas and correlation with patient outcome

    APMIS, Issue 10 2009
    JOHAN BONDI
    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association between DNA content in colon adenocarcinomas using high-resolution image cytometry and patient outcome. Tumours from 219 patients operated for colon adenocarcinoma were analysed using high-resolution image cytometry. Proteins involved in cell cycle propulsion (cyclins A, D1, D3 and E) and cell proliferation (c-Myc and non-membranous ,-catenin) have previously been reported in the same cohort and were included in this study. The results were related to disease-free survival and to cancer-specific death. Patients with aneuploid tumours showed shorter relapse-free survival than patients with euploid tumours (univariate log-rank test, p = 0.004 and multivariate Cox regression model p = 0.009, HR 0.51, 95% CI 0.31,0.84). Also the risk of death from cancer was greater in patients with aneuploid tumours (log-rank test, p = 0.006 multivariate Cox regression model p = 0.014, HR 0.47, 95% CI 0.26,0.86). When analysing patients with Dukes stages A and B, nuclear expression of ,-catenin was highly significantly associated with both shorter relapse-free survival (p < 0.005, HR 5.0, 95% CI 1.6,15.5) and cancer-specific death (p = 0.036, HR 6.9, 95% CI 1.1,42.1). DNA content in colon adenocarcinomas measured by image cytometry is an independent predictor of prognosis in our patients operated for colon adenocarcinoma. [source]