Collision Cell (collision + cell)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

Coprecipitation with calcium hydroxide for determination of iron in fish otoliths by collision cell ICP-MS,

Stephanie L. Daniels
Abstract A method has been described for the determination of iron from fish otoliths containing high levels of calcium by collision cell technology (CCT) ICP-MS. Iron (Fe) in otolith solutions was quantitatively coprecipitated with small amounts of calcium hydroxide by adding 1.0 M sodium hydroxide solution. The performance of CCT-ICP-MS pressurized with He/H2 cell gas was investigated on the elimination of Ca-based spectral interferences at m/z 54, 56 and 57. Molecular ion interferences at m/z 54 and 56 were reduced by 2 orders of magnitude. However, the interferences at m/z 57 increased by the same amount in the presence of Ca in solutions owing to the formation of 40Ca16 OH+ through reactions with H2 in collision cell, indicating that 57Fe was not suitable for the determination of Fe from otoliths. Results for 56Fe suffered significantly from interferences of Ca-based molecular ions when the Ca concentration in solution exceeded 100 µg ml,1, for which matrix-matched calibration was required for accurate determination. CCT with the aid of He/H2 cell gas proved to be very effective in eliminating the interferences (40Ar14N+ and 40Ca14N+) at m/z 54. Presence of Ca up to 300 µg ml,1 had virtually no effect on the ion signals of 54Fe, which with low background signals, afforded accurate determination of Fe from otoliths by using aqueous external standards. Copyright © 2007 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [source]

Do collisions inside the collision cell play a relevant role in CID-LIFT experiments?,

Gloriano Moneti
Abstract Collision experiments are a valid approach to characterize the ionic species generated by matrix assisted laser desorption ionization (MALDI). When a time-of-flight analyzer is employed, three different approaches are available for these experiments: the postsource decay (PSD), the LIFT and the MALDI-TOF/TOF. The last two are of particular interest because of the overcoming of the PSD problems related to mass calibration of the product ion spectra. Experiments performed by LIFT on linear or cyclic peptides, in presence or in absence of collision gas in the collision cell, gave evidence of an unexpected behavior: the two spectra were practically superimposable, and in the former case only a few new fragmentation channels were activated with low yield. These results mean that the selected ion exhibits a large amount of internal energy, capable of promoting fragmentation processes in the time window corresponding to the flight time between ion source and the acceleration electrode placed after the collision cell. Experiments performed by varying the plume density show that this internal energy uptake occurs in the expanding plume, through multiple collisions. The LIFT data have been compared with those achieved by collisions of ESI-generated [MH]+ ions of angotensin II performed under ,in-source' conditions and by triple-quadrupole experiments. The obtained results show a strong similarity among the spectra, indicating that the internal energy uptake in a MALDI source is comparable with that of 40-eV ions colliding with Ar in a triple-quadrupole instrument. Copyright © 2006 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [source]

De novo sequencing of peptides by MS/MS

Joerg Seidler
Abstract The current status of de novo sequencing of peptides by MS/MS is reviewed with focus on collision cell MS/MS spectra. The relation between peptide structure and observed fragment ion series is discussed and the exhaustive extraction of sequence information from CID spectra of protonated peptide ions is described. The partial redundancy of the extracted sequence information and a high mass accuracy are recognized as key parameters for dependable de novo sequencing by MS. In addition, the benefits of special techniques enhancing the generation of long uninterrupted fragment ion series for de novo peptide sequencing are highlighted. Among these are terminal 18O labeling, MSn of sodiated peptide ions, N-terminal derivatization, the use of special proteases, and time-delayed fragmentation. The emerging electron transfer dissociation technique and the recent progress of MALDI techniques for intact protein sequencing are covered. Finally, the integration of bioinformatic tools into peptide de novo sequencing is demonstrated. [source]

The detection, correlation, and comparison of peptide precursor and product ions from data independent LC-MS with data dependant LC-MS/MS

Scott J. Geromanos
Abstract The detection, correlation, and comparison of peptide and product ions from a data independent LC-MS acquisition strategy with data dependent LC-MS/MS is described. The data independent mode of acquisition differs from an LC-MS/MS data acquisition since no ion transmission window is applied with the first mass analyzer prior to collision induced disassociation. Alternating the energy applied to the collision cell, between low and elevated energy, on a scan-to-scan basis, provides accurate mass precursor and associated product ion spectra from every ion above the LOD of the mass spectrometer. The method therefore provides a near 100% duty cycle, with an inherent increase in signal intensity due to the fact that both precursor and product ion data are collected on all isotopes of every charge-state across the entire chromatographic peak width. The correlation of product to precursor ions, after deconvolution, is achieved by using reconstructed retention time apices and chromatographic peak shapes. Presented are the results from the comparison of a simple four protein mixture, in the presence and absence of an enzymatically digested protein extract from Escherichia coli. The samples were run in triplicate by both data dependant analysis (DDA) LC-MS/MS and data-independent, alternate scanning LC-MS. The detection and identification of precursor and product ions from the combined DDA search results of the four protein mixture were used for comparison to all other data. Each individual set of data-independent LC-MS data provides a more comprehensive set of detected ions than the combined peptide identifications from the DDA LC-MS/MS experiments. In the presence of the complex E. coli background, over 90% of the monoisotopic masses from the combined LC-MS/MS identifications were detected at the appropriate retention time. Moreover, the fragmentation pattern and number of associated elevated energy product ions in each replicate experiment was found to be very similar to the DDA identifications. In the case of the corresponding individual DDA LC-MS/MS experiment, 43% of the possible detectable peptides of interest were identified. The presented data illustrates that the time-aligned data from data-independent alternate scanning LC-MS experiments is highly comparable to the data obtained via DDA. The obtained information can therefore be effectively and correctly deconvolved to correlate product ions with parent precursor ions. The ability to generate precursor-product ion tables from this information and subsequently identify the correct parent precursor peptide will be illustrated in a companion manuscript. [source]

Electron transfer dissociation in the hexapole collision cell of a hybrid quadrupole-hexapole Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometer

Desmond A. Kaplan
Electron transfer dissociation (ETD) of proteins is demonstrated in a hybrid quadrupole-hexapole Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometer (Qh-FTICRMS). Analyte ions are selected in the mass analyzing quadrupole, accumulated in the hexapole linear ion trap, reacted with fluoranthene reagent anions, and then analyzed via an FTICR mass analyzer. The hexapole trap allows for a broad fragment ion mass range and a high ion storage capacity. Using a 3,T FTICRMS, resolutions of 60,000 were achieved with mass accuracies averaging below 1.4,ppm. The high resolution, high mass accuracy ETD spectra provided by FTICR obviates the need for proton transfer reaction (PTR) charge state reduction of ETD product ions when analyzing proteins or large peptides. This is demonstrated with the ETD of ubiquitin and apomyoglobin yielding sequence coverages of 37 and 20%, respectively. We believe this represents the first reported successful combination of ETD and a FTICRMS. Copyright © 2008 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [source]

A liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometric approach for the determination of gangliosides GD3 and GM3 in bovine milk and infant formulae

Lambert K. Sørensen
A liquid chromatographic/tandem mass spectrometric method using pneumatically assisted electrospray ionisation (LC/ESI-MS/MS) was developed for the determination of gangliosides GD3 and GM3 in milk and infant formulae. The gangliosides were extracted in a chloroform/methanol/water environment and cleaned up by solid-phase extraction (SPE) on an end-capped C8 sorbent. The gangliosides were detected in negative ion mode after separation on a reversed-phase (RP) C5 analytical column. From the different ganglioside molecular species, product ions at m/z 290 corresponding to an N-acetylneuraminic acid fragment were produced in the collision cell and used in selected reaction monitoring. A standard addition technique was applied for quantification. The relative repeatability standard deviations were less than 5% for GD3 (level 10,mg/L) and 14% for GM3 (level 0.1,0.2,mg/L). Copyright © 2006 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [source]

Auxiliary approach to evaluate the isomeric decarboxylated anions from 2-, 3- and 4-sulfobenzoates in the gas phase by using ion-molecule reactions with carbon dioxide in the collision cell,

M. Kiran Kumar
First page of article [source]

MS3 using the collision cell of a tandem mass spectrometer system

Lisa M. Cousins
We report the feasibility of multistage fragmentation in combination with a fast background subtraction method, yielding the equivalent of MS3. The first quadrupole selects an ion of interest, and the ion is axially accelerated into Q2 to generate fragment ions. Subsequent stages of mass selection and fragmentation are obtained by quadrupolar resonant excitation within the Q2 collision cell. The fragments are analyzed downstream by either a resolving quadrupole or a time-of-flight (TOF) mass spectrometer, and multistage spectra are obtained by subtraction (MSn,,,MSn,1) for n,=,3 or 4. We discuss the characterization of this method, including product ion arrival times, fragmentation efficiencies, and ion selectivity. We report accurate TOF mass spectra of background-subtracted MS3 for protonated molecules reserpine (m/z 609), bosentan (m/z 1552), and taxol (m/z 854). Copyright © 2002 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [source]

A new linear ion trap mass spectrometer

James W. Hager
Characteristics of mass selective axial ion ejection from a linear quadrupole ion trap in the presence of an auxiliary quadrupole field are described. Ion ejection is shown to occur through coupling of radial and axial motion in the exit fringing fields of the linear ion trap. The coupling is efficient and can result in extraction of as much as 20% of the trapped ions. This, together with the very high trapping efficiencies, can yield high sensitivity mass spectral responses. The experimental apparatus is based on the ion path of a triple quadrupole mass spectrometer allowing either the q2 collision cell or the final mass analysis quadrupole to be used as the linear trap. Space charge induced distortions of the mass resolved features while using the pressurized q2 linear ion trap occur at approximately the same ion density as reported for conventional three-dimensional ion traps. These distortions are, however, much reduced for the lower pressure linear trap possibly owing to the proposed axial ejection mechanism that leads to ion ejection only for ions of considerable radial amplitude. RF heating due to the high ejection q -value and the low collision frequency may also contribute. Two hybrid RF/DC quadrupole-linear ion trap instruments are described that provide high sensitivity product ion scanning while operated in the linear ion trap mode while also retaining all conventional triple quadrupole scan modes such as precursor ion and neutral loss scan modes. Copyright © 2002 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [source]

Collision-induced dissociation of glycero phospholipids using electrospray ion-trap mass spectrometry

Åsmund Larsen
Characterisation of phospholipids was achieved using collision-induced dissociation (CID) with an ion-trap mass spectrometer. The product ions were compared with those obtained with a triple quadrupole mass spectrometer. In the negative ion mode the product ions were mainly sn -1 and sn -2 lyso-phospholipids with neutral loss of ketene in combination with neutral loss of the polar head group. Less abundant product ions were sn -1 and sn -2 carboxylate anions. CID using a triple quadrupole mass spectrometer, however, gave primarily the sn -1 and sn -2 carboxylate anions together with lyso-phosphatidic acid with neutral loss of water. For the ion trap a charge-remote-type mechanism is proposed for formation of the lyso-phospholipid product ions by loss of ,-hydrogen on the fatty acid moiety, electron rearrangement and neutral loss of ketene. A second mechanism involves nucleophilic attack of the phosphate oxygen on the sn -1 and sn -2 glycerol backbone to form carboxylate anions with neutral loss of cyclo lyso-phospholipids. CID (MS3 and MS4) of the lyso-phospholipids using the ion-trap gave the same carboxylate anions as those obtained with a triple quadrupole instrument where multiple collisions in the collision cell are expected to occur. The data demonstrate that phospholipid species determination can be performed by using LC/MSn with an ion-trap mass spectrometer with detection of the lyso-phospholipid anions. The ion-trap showed no loss in sensitivity in full scan MSn compared to multiple reaction monitoring data acquisition. In combination with on-line liquid chromatography this feature makes the ion-trap useful in the scanning modes for rapid screening of low concentrations of phospholipid species in biological samples as recently described (Uran S, Larsen,Å, Jacobsen PB, Skotland T. J. Chromatogr. B 2001; 758: 265). Copyright © 2001 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [source]