Collagen III (collagen + iii)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

Differential modulation of rat hepatic stellate phenotype by natural and synthetic retinoids

HEPATOLOGY, Issue 1 2004
Karine Hellemans
Activation of hepatic stellate cells (HSC) is a central event in the pathogenesis of liver fibrosis during chronic liver injury. We examined the expression of retinoic acid (RAR) and retinoid X receptors (RXR) during HSC activation and evaluated the influence of natural and synthetic retinoic acids (RA) on the phenotype of culture-activated HSC. The expression of the major RAR/RXR subtypes and isoforms was analyzed by Northern hybridization. Presence of functional receptor proteins was established by gel shift analysis. Retinoic acids, RAR, and RXR selective agonists and an RAR antagonist were used to evaluate the effects of retinoid signalling on matrix synthesis by Northern blotting and immunoprecipitation, and on cell proliferation by BrdU incorporation. The 9- cisRA and synthetic RXR agonists reduced HSC proliferation and synthesis of collagen I and fibronectin. All- trans RA and RAR agonists both reduced the synthesis of collagen I, collagen III, and fibronectin, but showed a different effect on cell proliferation. Synthetic RAR agonists did not affect HSC proliferation, indicating that ATRA inhibits cell growth independent of its interaction with RARs. In contrast, RAR specific antagonists enhance HSC proliferation and demonstrate that RARs control proliferation in a negative way. In conclusion, natural RAs and synthetic RAR or RXR specific ligands exert differential effects on activated HSC. Our observations may explain prior divergent results obtained following retinoid administration to cultured stellate cells or to animals subjected to fibrogenic stimuli. (HEPATOLOGY 2004;39:97,108.) [source]

Aldosterone induces collagen synthesis via activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1 and 2 in renal proximal tubules

NEPHROLOGY, Issue 8 2008
SUMMARY: Aim: Aldosterone plays a crucial role in renal fibrosis by inducing mesangial cell proliferation and promoting collagen synthesis in renal fibroblasts. However, renal proximal tubule involvement in aldosterone-induced collagen synthesis has not yet been identified. The aim of this study was to examine the potential role of aldosterone in collagen expression and its possible mineralocorticoid receptor (MR)-dependent pathway, mediated by activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1 and 2 (ERK1/2) in cultured human renal proximal tubular epithelial (HKC) cells. Methods: After HKC cells were stimulated by aldosterone with different concentrations for various time and periods, the gene expression and protein synthesis of collagen I, II, III and IV were measured by real-time polymerase chain reaction and western blot, respectively. ERK1/2 activation, ,-smooth muscle actin (,-SMA), and E-cadherin were also detected by western blot. Results: Aldosterone can increase ERK1/2 phosphorylation of human renal proximal tubular epithelial cells in a time- and dose-dependent manner. Although aldosterone had no effect on collagen I and II expression, it increased expression of ,-SMA and collagen III and IV and decreased that of E-cadherin in HKC cells after 48 h. These effects could be prevented by a ERK pathway inhibitor, U0126, or by a selective MR antagonist, spironolactone. Conclusion: The results suggest that aldosterone plays a pivotal role in tubulointerstitial fibrosis by promoting tubular epithelial,mesenchymal transition and collagen synthesis in proximal tubular cells. The process is MR-dependent, and mediated by ERK1/2 mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway. [source]

Interleukin-13 acts as an apoptotic effector on lung epithelial cells and induces pro-fibrotic gene expression in lung fibroblasts

A. Borowski
Summary Background IL-13 promotes acute allergic asthma and is discussed to play a role in late asthmatic features such as fibrotic processes and airway remodelling. The contributions of IL-13-mediated mechanisms to subepithelial events related to fibrosis are not yet settled. Objective We investigated the impact of IL-13 on lung epithelial cells as apoptotic effector and on lung fibroblasts as inducer of pro-fibrotic gene expression. Methods Using the two lung epithelial cell lines A549 and BEAS-2B as well as primary lung epithelial cells, we investigated the capability of IL-13 to induce apoptosis by both flow-cytometry and ELISA. The ability of IL-13 to increase the expression of pro-fibrotic genes and to exert influence on the expression of its own receptor was investigated by real-time quantitative PCR measurement of mRNAs encoding collagen I, collagen III, basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), ,-smooth muscle actin (,-SMA) and the IL-13 receptor ,1 (IL-13R,1) chain in human primary lung fibroblasts. The specificity of IL-13-mediated cellular responses was confirmed by means of an inhibitory monoclonal antibody directed to the IL-13 receptor. Results IL-13 induces apoptosis in lung epithelial cell lines as well as in primary lung epithelial cells. Furthermore, IL-13 increases the expression of mRNA for ,-SMA and collagen III, but not for bFGF in human primary lung fibroblasts. The susceptibility of lung fibroblasts to IL-13-induced up-regulation of pro-fibrotic genes is associated with the regulation of IL-13 receptor expression. IL-13-dependent fibrosis-associated effects could be inhibited by antibody-mediated blockade of the IL-13R,1 subunit. Conclusion Our findings indicate a function of IL-13 as a mediator in fibrotic processes leading to loss of functional airway tissue in asthma. They also highlight the therapeutic potential of specifically targeting the interaction between IL-13 and its receptor. [source]

Acute and Chronic Vascular Rejection in Nonhuman Primate Kidney Transplantation

G. Wieczorek
A nonhuman primate (NHP) study was designed to evaluate in nonlife-supporting kidney allografts the progression from acute rejection with transplant endarteritis (TXA) to chronic rejection (CR) with sclerosing vasculopathy. Group G1 (n = 6) received high cyclosporine A (CsA) immunosuppression and showed neither TXA nor CR during 90 days post-transplantation. Group G2 (n = 6) received suboptimal CsA immunosuppression and showed severe TXA with graft loss within 46 days (median). Arterial intimal changes included infiltration of macrophages and T lymphocytes (CD3, CD4, CD8) with few myofibroblasts, abundant fibronectin/collagen IV, scant collagens I/III, high rate of cellular proliferation and no C4d accumulation along peritubular capillaries. Group G3 (n = 12) received suboptimal CsA and anti-rejection therapy (rabbit ATG + methylprednisolone + CsA) of TXA. Animals developed CR and lost grafts within 65 days (median). As compared to G2, the arterial intimal changes showed less macrophages and T lymphocytes, an increased number of myofibroblasts, abundant fibronectin/collagen IV and scar collagens I/III, C4d deposition along capillaries in 60% of animals and transplant glomerulopathy in 80% of animals. In conclusion, CR is an immune stimulated process initiated during TXA with the accumulation and proliferation of myofibroblasts, and progressive deposition of collagens in the intima. Our experimental design appears well suited to study events leading to CR. [source]