Classification Result (classification + result)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

Assessing the color of red wine like a taster's eye

Begońa Hernández
Abstract Color of 33 commercial red wines and five-color reference wines was measured in the same conditions in which visual color assessment is done by wine tasters. Measurements were performed in the two distinctive regions, center and rim, which are the regions assessed by wine tasters when the wine sampler is tilted. Commercial wines were classified into five color categories using the color specifications in their taste cards. The five color categories describe the spread of red hues found in red wines from the violet to brown nuances. The performance of CIELAB color coordinates in terms of their ability to reproduce the observed classification has been established using discriminant analysis. The CIELAB hue angle, hab, measured in the rim, where wine thickness is of the order of few millimeters, gives the best results classifying correctly 71.1% of the samples. Classification results are not significantly improved when additional color coordinates are considered. Moreover, ,E* color differences with color reference wines do not provide good classification results. The analysis of reference and commercial wines supports the fact that hue is the main factor in the classification done by wine tasters. This is reinforced by the linear correlation found between hab in the rim and the wine age (R2 = 0.795) in accordance with the fact that wines change their hues from violet to brown tints with ageing. © 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Col Res Appl, 34, 153,162, 2009 [source]

New data for sandwich panels on the correlation between the SBI test method and the room corner reference scenario

Jesper Axelsson
Abstract Assessment of the fire behaviour of sandwich panels is continuously under discussion. The fire behaviour of these panels is a combination of material characteristics such as the core material and mechanical behaviour of the panels such as joints, dilations etc. The use of small or intermediate scale tests can be questioned for such types of products. Within the proposed European product standard for sandwich panels (prEN 14509) the intermediate scale test method SBI (EN 13823) has been suggested as the fire test method to certify panels. The standard does, however, use quite an artificial mounting procedure, which does not fully reflect the end-use conditions of the panels. In a previous research project conducted by Nordtest it was shown that the correlation between the SBI test method and both the ISO 9705 and ISO 13784 part 1 was insufficient. The test data produced for the SBI test method, however, did not use the above mentioned mounting technique. In this article new data for a number of products are added to the database using the mounting procedure of the product standard. The data are compared with the previous data and show that the mounting method of the product standard results in slightly more severe conditions but that there are still discrepancies with the full-scale test results. The data also show an unacceptable level of repeatability due to the fact that small dilations result in a wide variation of classification result. The new data together with the old data show once more that it is dangerous to make a fire safety assessment of a sandwich panel based on small or intermediate scale tests. Copyright © 2004 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [source]

Conformally invariant powers of the Dirac operator in Clifford analysis

David Eelbode
Abstract The paper deals with conformally invariant higher-order operators acting on spinor-valued functions, such that their symbols are given by powers of the Dirac operator. A general classification result proves that these are unique, up to a constant multiple. A general construction for such an invariant operators on manifolds with a given conformal spin structure was described in (Conformally Invariant Powers of the Ambient Dirac Operator. ArXiv math.DG/0112033, preprint), generalizing the case of powers of the Laplace operator from (J. London Math. Soc. 1992; 46:557,565). Although there is no hope to obtain explicit formulae for higher powers of the Laplace or Dirac operator on a general manifold, it is possible to write down an explicit formula on Einstein manifolds in case of the Laplace operator (see Laplacian Operators and Curvature on Conformally Einstein Manifolds. ArXiv: math/0506037, 2006). Here we shall treat the spinor case on the sphere. We shall compute the explicit form of such operators on the sphere, and we shall show that they coincide with operators studied in (J. Four. Anal. Appl. 2002; 8(6):535,563). The methods used are coming from representation theory combined with traditional Clifford analysis techniques. Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [source]

KK -theory of amalgamated free products of C *-algebras

Rune Eliasen
Abstract J. Cuntz has conjectured the existence of two cyclic six terms exact sequences relating the KK -groups of the amalgamated free product A1 , BA2 to the KK -groups of A1, A2 and B. First we establish automatic existence of strict and absorbing homomorphisms. Then we use this result to verify the conjecture when B is a countable direct sum of matrix algebras and the embeddings of B into A1 and A2 are quasiunital. Inspired by the proof we achieve the following nice classification result: A separable C *-algebra B is a countable direct sum of matrix algebras if and only if the unitary group of the multiplier algebra U M (B) is compact in the strict topology. Finally we prove the conjecture when the amalgamated free product has the property that any asymptotically split extension of A1 , BA2 is split. (© 2007 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim) [source]

A feasibility study of daytime fog and low stratus detection with TERRA/AQUA-MODIS over land

Jörg Bendix
Abstract A scheme for the detection of fog and low stratus over land during daytime based on data of the MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) instrument is presented. The method is based on an initial threshold test procedure in the MODIS solar bands 1,7 (0.62,2.155µm). Fog and low stratus detection generally relies on the definition of minimum and maximum fog and low stratus properties, which are converted to spectral thresholds by means of radiative transfer calculations (RTC). Extended sensitivity studies reveal that thresholds mainly depend on the solar zenith angle and, hence, illumination-dependent threshold functions are developed. Areas covered by snow, ice and mid-/high-level clouds as well as bright/hazy land surfaces are omitted from the initial classification result by means of a subsequent cloud-top height test based on MODIS IR band 31 (at 12 µm) and a NIR/VIS ratio test. The validation of the final fog and low stratus mask generally shows a satisfactory performance of the scheme. Validation problems occur due to the late overpass time of the TERRA platform and the time lag between SYNOP and satellite observations. Apparent misclassifications are mainly found at the edge of the fog layers, probably due to over- or underestimation of fog and low stratus cover in the transition zone from fog to haze. Copyright © 2006 Royal Meteorological Society. [source]

A note on introducing a "zero-line" of welfare as an escape route from Arrow's theorem

Christian ListArticle first published online: 19 DEC 200
Since Sen's insightful analysis of Arrow's Impossibility Theorem, Arrow's theorem is often interpreted as a consequence of the exclusion of interpersonal information from Arrow's framework. Interpersonal comparability of either welfare levels or welfare units is known to be sufficient for circumventing Arrow's impossibility result. But it is less well known whether one of these types of comparability is also necessary or whether Arrow's conditions can already be satisfied in much narrower informational frameworks. This note explores such a framework: the assumption of (ONC + 0), ordinal measurability of welfare with the additional measurability of a "zero-line", is shown to point towards new, albeit limited, escape routes from Arrow's theorem. Some existence and classification results are established, using the condition that social orderings be transitive as well as the condition that social orderings be quasi-transitive. [source]