Clinical Characterization (clinical + characterization)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

Chronic Recurrent Rhinosinusitis: Disease Severity and Clinical Characterization

Neil Bhattacharyya MD
Objectives/Hypothesis: The objective was to clinically characterize and determine disease severity parameters for chronic recurrent rhinosinusitis (CRRS). Study Design: Prospective. Methods: A consecutive series of adult patients undergoing evaluation for CRRS was prospectively evaluated. Patients with four or more acute rhinosinusitis episodes in the previous calendar year with an absence of symptoms between episodes were considered as manifesting CRRS. Symptom severity and disease data from the Rhinosinusitis Symptom Inventory was obtained, as well as Lund staging information from the paranasal sinus CT scan. The Lund staging scores for patients with CRRS were compared with a control group of patients without CRRS. Symptom domain scores and disease severity parameters were compared between the CRRS group and a third group of patients with chronic persistent rhinosinusitis. Results: In all, 30 patients met inclusion criteria for the diagnosis of CRRS. Mean age was 40.9 years with a 3:1 female preponderance. The mean Lund score for patients with CRRS was 3.79. Patients with CRRS failed to demonstrate a statistically different Lund score from control patients (mean Lund score, 4.26 [P = .538]). Symptom severity scores according to Rhinosinusitis Symptom Inventory domains were largely similar for the nasal, facial, and total symptom domains between patients with CRRS versus chronic persistent rhinosinusitis. However, patients with CRRS demonstrated statistically significant increases in oropharyngeal and systemic symptom domain scores. Patients with CRRS also had significant increases in number of antibiotic courses (4.8 vs. 2.9 [P < .001]) and number of missed workdays (8.8 vs. 4.6 d [P = .046]) attributable to rhinosinusitis. Conclusion: Chronic recurrent rhinosinusitis is a distinct form of chronic rhinosinusitis differing somewhat from chronic persistent rhinosinusitis. However, patients with CRRS still experience significant symptoms associated with this diagnosis, which results in significant medication usage and workplace impact. [source]

Pathological and Clinical Characterization of the ,Troubled Transplant': Data from the DeKAF Study

S. Gourishankar
We are studying two cohorts of kidney transplant recipients, with the goal of defining specific clinicopathologic entities that cause late graft dysfunction: (1) prevalent patients with new onset late graft dysfunction (cross-sectional cohort); and (2) newly transplanted patients (prospective cohort). For the cross-sectional cohort (n = 440), mean time from transplant to biopsy was 7.5 6.1 years. Local pathology diagnoses included CAN (48%), CNI toxicity (30%), and perhaps surprisingly, acute rejection (cellular- or Ab-mediated) (23%). Actuarial rate of death-censored graft loss at 1 year postbiopsy was 17.7%; at 2 years, 29.8%. There was no difference in postbiopsy graft survival for recipients with versus without CAN (p = 0.9). Prospective cohort patients (n = 2427) developing graft dysfunction >3 months posttransplant undergo ,index' biopsy. The rate of index biopsy was 8.8% between 3 and 12 months, and 18.2% by 2 years. Mean time from transplant to index biopsy was 1.0 0.6 years. Local pathology diagnoses included CAN (27%), and acute rejection (39%). Intervention to halt late graft deterioration cannot be developed in the absence of meaningful diagnostic entities. We found CAN in late posttransplant biopsies to be of no prognostic value. The DeKAF study will provide broadly applicable diagnostic information to serve as the basis for future trials. [source]

Developmental and degenerative features in a complicated spastic paraplegia

M. Chiara Manzini PhD
Objective We sought to explore the genetic and molecular causes of Troyer syndrome, one of several complicated hereditary spastic paraplegias (HSPs). Troyer syndrome had been thought to be restricted to the Amish; however, we identified 2 Omani families with HSP, short stature, dysarthria and developmental delay,core features of Troyer syndrome,and a novel mutation in the SPG20 gene, which is also mutated in the Amish. In addition, we analyzed SPG20 expression throughout development to infer how disruption of this gene might generate the constellation of developmental and degenerative Troyer syndrome phenotypes. Methods Clinical characterization of 2 non-Amish families with Troyer syndrome was followed by linkage and sequencing analysis. Quantitative polymerase chain reaction and in situ hybridization analysis of SPG20 expression were carried out in embryonic and adult human and mouse tissue. Results Two Omani families carrying a novel SPG20 mutation displayed clinical features remarkably similar to the Amish patients with Troyer syndrome. SPG20 mRNA is expressed broadly but at low relative levels in the adult brain; however, it is robustly and specifically expressed in the limbs, face, and brain during early morphogenesis. Interpretation Null mutations in SPG20 cause Troyer syndrome, a specific clinical entity with developmental and degenerative features. Maximal expression of SPG20 in the limb buds and forebrain during embryogenesis may explain the developmental origin of the skeletal and cognitive defects observed in this disorder. ANN NEUROL 2010;67:516,525 [source]

Usefulness of high-sensitivity IL-6 measurement for clinical characterization of patients with coronary artery disease

Valter Lubrano
Abstract Interleukin 6 (IL-6) may represent an early marker of inflammatory activation and may be useful to ameliorate risk stratification in patients with ischemic heart disease. The aim of this study was to verify the performance characteristics of an ultrasensitive immunoassay (Biosource International, Camarillo, CA) for high-sensitivity (hs)-IL-6 measurement in comparison with hs-R&D Systems (Abingdon, United Kingdom) and Immulite System (Diagnostic Products Corporation [DPC], Los Angeles, CA) methods in patients with ischemic heart disease. In addition, hs,C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) concentrations were measured, to evaluate the correlation with hs-IL-6 levels. We measured IL-6 and CRP serum levels in 39 patients with ischemic heart disease and in 12 controls. Out of the 39 patients studied, 13 were affected by unstable angina, 13 by post,acute myocardial infarction (AMI) unstable angina, and 13 by stable angina. The imprecision profile and functional sensitivity were performed measuring 9 different serum pools in 10 runs. The Biosource method had the best performance characteristics as compared to the others. Mean IL-6 level was higher in patients with unstable and post-AMI unstable angina with respect to controls. CRP levels were elevated in patients with post-AMI. In the whole population a high significant linear regression was observed between Biosource hs-IL-6 and hs-CRP serum levels. The Biosource method for IL-6 measurement is characterized by a high functional sensitivity that allows a better stratification of patients with ischemic heart disease. J. Clin. Lab. Anal. 19:110,114, 2005. 2005 Wiley-Liss, Inc. [source]

Biochemical, immunological and clinical characterization of a cross-reactive nonspecific lipid transfer protein 1 from mulberry

ALLERGY, Issue 5 2010
M. A. Ciardiello
To cite this article: Ciardiello MA, Palazzo P, Bernardi ML, Carratore V, Giangrieco I, Longo V, Melis M, Tamburrini M, Zennaro D, Mari A, Colombo P. Biochemical, immunological and clinical characterization of a cross-reactive nonspecific lipid transfer protein 1 from mulberry. Allergy 2010; 65: 597,605. Abstract Background:, Mulberry (Morus spp.) is a genus comprising several species of deciduous trees whose fruits are commonly eaten in southern Europe. Subjects with severe systemic reaction have been described. The aim of this study was to isolate the allergens of this species. Methods:, A nonspecific lipid transfer protein 1 (ns-LTP1) was purified from black mulberry by ion exchange and reverse phase high-performance liquid chromatography, and the primary structure was elucidated by direct protein sequencing. Its allergenic activity was evaluated in vivo by skin prick test and in vitro by Western Blot, CD203c basophil activation assay and high throughput multiplex inhibition method on immunosolid-phase allergen chip (ISAC). Results:, Mulberry ns-LTP (Mor n 3) comprises 91 amino acids producing a molecular mass of 9246 Da. This protein shows high sequence identity with several allergenic ns-LTP1. Immunoblot analysis and CD203c activation assay demonstrated its allergenic activity in symptomatic subjects and in ns-LTP allergic patients who are not mulberry consumers. Immunological co-recognition was studied in vivo on a selected group of well-characterized ns-LTP allergic patients showing a high percentage of nMor n 3+ subjects (88.46%) even in patients who have never eaten mulberry before. IgE inhibition on ISAC micro-array demonstrated an almost complete cross-reactivity to nArt v 3, rCor a 8 and a very high percentage of inhibition to nPru p 3. Conclusions:, Mor n 3 is the first allergen isolated in black mulberry and immunologically characterized. It displayed allergenic activity among symptomatic and nonconsumer patients and a pattern of cross-reactivity to other plant-derived LTPs. [source]

Frequency analysis and clinical characterization of different types of spinocerebellar ataxia in Serbian patients

a T. Draga
Abstract The relative frequencies of different spinocerebellar ataxias (SCAs) vary widely among different ethnic groups, presumably due to a founder effect. We investigated the relative prevalence of SCA1,3, 6,8, 12, 17; dentate,rubro,pallidoluysian atrophy; and Friedreich's ataxia (FRDA) in Serbian patients with adult-onset (>20 years of age) hereditary and sporadic SCAs, and compared clinical features of patients with genetically confirmed SCAs. A total of 108 patients from 54 families (38 apparently dominant [ADCA] and 16 apparently recessive) with adult-onset hereditary ataxia and 75 apparently sporadic patients were assessed. Of 38 families with ADCA, 13 (34%) were positive for an expansion in an SCA1 and 5 families (13%) for an expansion in an SCA2 allele. In 20 families (53%), no expansions have been identified in any of the analyzed genes. Gaze palsy, spasticity, and hyperreflexia were significantly more common in SCA1, whereas slow saccades, hypotonia, hyporeflexia, and dystonia prevailed in SCA2 patients. Among the 16 families with an apparently recessive mode of ataxia inheritance, 4 (25%) were identified as having the FRDA mutation. Ataxia-causing mutations were identified in 8 (10.6%) of patients with apparently sporadic adult-onset ataxia. 2005 Movement Disorder Society [source]

Age of Onset as a Discriminator Between Alcoholic Subtypes in a Treatment-Seeking Outpatient Population

Bankole A. Johnson M.D., Ph.D.
Subtyping alcoholics may provide a more accurate guide as to the course and character of the disease. Classifications of different ages of onset of problem drinking have so far resulted in categorical inconsistencies. In the past, hospital-based alcoholics have over-represented those most severely ill, and comprehensive evaluations of psychopathology for discriminating between alcoholic subtypes have been infrequent. In a heterogeneous treatment-seeking, outpatient, alcoholic population, we tested the hypothesis that age of onset represents a continuum of disease, and that greater severity of psychopathology is associated with lower ages of onset. Using a standard questionnaire, 253 male and female treatment-seeking alcoholics were stratified according to specific ages of onset: a) <20 years; b) 20,25 years, and c) >25 years. These age of onset groups were compared on alcohol severity and craving, family history, childhood behavior, personality, hostility, overt aggression, mood, and social functioning. Symptom severity and age of onset were negatively correlated, and the 20,25-year onset group usually had intermediate scores. The <20 year onset group was characterized by greater severity of alcohol-related problems, family history, childhood behavioral problems, craving, hostility, antisocial traits, mood disturbance, and poor social functioning. Alcoholics with an earlier age of onset have relatively greater psychopathology than those of later onset. While the preponderance of psychopathology among those in the <20-year onset group could be conceptualized as a clinical "subtype," such a characterization would not define an entirely homogenous category. Yet, this clinical characterization would be clinically important if specific age of onset levels were found to be differentially sensitive to pharmacological and/or psychological treatments. [source]

Anti,Heat Shock Protein 70 Antibodies in Meniere's Disease ,

Steven D. Rauch MD
Abstract Objectives To determine the prevalence of anti,heat shock protein 70 (anti-HSP70) antibodies in patients with Meniere's disease and healthy subjects and to probe the relationship between antibody status and clinical features of Meniere's disease. Study Design Prospective cohort study of consecutive consenting patients with Meniere's disease. Methods Serum samples were obtained prospectively from 134 patients with Meniere's disease and 124 blood donors. Serial samples were taken at 3-month intervals in 38 of 134 patients with Meniere's disease. Demographic data and clinical characterization of vestibular and auditory status were acquired with each sample. Serum was assayed for anti-HSP70 antibodies by Western blot using bovine renal extract, recombinant bovine HSP70, and recombinant human HSP70 antigens. Results Immunoreactivity against bovine renal extract HSP70 was found in 38% of patients with Meniere's disease, compared with 25% of blood donors (P < .04). Reactivity with recombinant antigens was not significantly different between patients with Meniere's disease and healthy control subjects. Patients with Meniere's disease who reacted with all three antigens were more likely to have simultaneously active hearing and balance symptoms (P = .03). Neither univariate nor multivariate statistical analysis established any other association between serological findings and clinical features of Meniere's disease. Tests performed on serial samples of patients with Meniere's disease also showed no association of positive or negative test results with changes in clinical course. Conclusions Because of the high prevalence of anti-HSP70 antibodies in healthy subjects and the very limited association of anti-HSP70 antibody status with clinical features or course of Meniere's disease, we conclude that, at present, the detection of anti-HSP70 antibodies by Western blotting offers little clinically useful information in Meniere's disease. [source]

Seizures in the intrahippocampal kainic acid epilepsy model: characterization using long-term video-EEG monitoring in the rat

R. Raedt
Objective,,, Intrahippocampal injection of kainic acid (KA) in rats evokes a status epilepticus (SE) and leads to spontaneous seizures. However to date, precise electroencephalographic (EEG) and clinical characterization of spontaneous seizures in this epilepsy model using long-term video-EEG monitoring has not been performed. Materials and Methods,,, Rats were implanted with bipolar hippocampal depth electrodes and a cannula for the injection of KA (0.4 ,g/0.2 ,l) in the right hippocampus. Video-EEG monitoring was used to determine habitual parameters of spontaneous seizures such as seizure frequency, severity, progression and day,night rhythms. Results,,, Spontaneous seizures were detected in all rats with 13 out of 15 animals displaying seizures during the first eight weeks after SE. A considerable fraction (35%) of the spontaneous seizures did not generalize secondarily. Seizure frequency was quite variable and the majority of the KA-treated animals had less than one seizure per day. A circadian rhythm was observed in all rats that showed sufficient seizures per day. Conclusions,,, This study shows that the characteristics of spontaneous seizures in the intrahippocampal KA model display many similarities to other SE models and human temporal lobe epilepsy. [source]