Acute Hospital Care (acute + hospital_care)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

Hospital care of people living in residential care facilities: Profile, utilization patterns and factors impacting on quality and safety of care

Sanjay Jayasinghe
Background: Residents in residential care facilities (RCF) are frequent users of acute hospital services. However, the interface between the two sectors remains relatively unexplored. Our objective was to determine the patterns of utilization, characteristics and experiences of RCF residents accessing a tertiary referral center (TRC). Methods: An observational study of RCF residents presenting to the TRC emergency department (ED). The experiences of acute care services were explored for more than one-quarter of this group 2,3 days postdischarge. The carer within the RCF acted as the proxy respondent. Results: During the study period, RCF residents accounted for 2.3% of all ED presentations. These presentations involved 526 residents. The dimension "continuity of care" for the Picker Patient Experience questionnaire had the highest proportion (53.1%) reporting a problem. The likelihood of reporting a problem for "continuity of care" (odds ratio [OR], 3.58; confidence interval [CI], 1.72,7.45) and "information and education" (OR, 2.62; CI, 1.14,3.01) were higher if the resident was admitted to a ward compared to ED only. If the resident had a low level care status the likelihood of reporting a problem for "continuity of care" (OR, 2.8; CI, 1.02,7.72) also increased. The odds of RCF staff reporting a problem for "ambulance service" were significantly higher if the resident's presentation was related to a fall. (OR, 3.35; CI, 1.28,8.8). Conclusion: The utilization rates for acute hospital care in our study were similar to the two previous Australian studies. Factors at the patient and organizational level impacted significantly on problems relating to the quality and safety of care being reported. [source]

The care of older people with dementia in acute hospitals

BA(Hons), DProf, Fiona Cowdell RN
cowdell f. (2010) The care of older people with dementia in acute hospitals. International Journal of Older People Nursing 5, 83,92. Aim., To explore the experiences of patients and nursing staff of the care received by older people with dementia in acute hospitals. Background., The prevalence of dementia is steadily increasing as is the number of people with the condition requiring acute hospital care. Significant concerns about the quality of this care have been raised. There is a paucity of knowledge about the views of such care from the perspectives of people with dementia and nurses. Method., An ethnographic approach was used and data were collected thorough observation and interviews in one acute hospital in the United Kingdom. Findings., Findings suggest that care for older people with dementia in acute hospitals is not always optimum although there are clear exceptions. Generally, people with dementia found the delivery of care and the experience of being in hospital distressing as they did not know what was happening and they were often ignored. Nurses strive to give good care but do not always achieve this. Conclusion., Bourdieu's Model of Practice assists in explaining why care is as it is. There is a clear need to improve current practice. Relevance to clinical practice., It is imperative that innovative methods of developing practice are implemented and evaluated. Education alone will not lead to sustained changes in practice. Further research into this subject needs to be undertaken. [source]

South Asian patients' lived experience of acute care in an English hospital: a phenomenological study

Vasso Vydelingum PhD BSc(Hons) PG DipEd RN RHV DN
South Asian patients' lived experience of acute care in an English hospital: a phenomenological study Studies on utilization of hospital services by South Asian patients in the United Kingdom have consistently demonstrated levels of dissatisfaction with care in relation to meeting religious and cultural needs, although there are few studies on minority ethnic patients' utilization of acute hospital services. This study aimed to describe and interpret from the consumer's view the ,lived experience' of acute hospital care from the perspectives of South Asian patients and their family carers. The purposive sample of 10 patients and six carers consisted of 13 females and three males (five Hindus, six Muslims and five Sikhs) who were interviewed at home 2 to 3 weeks after discharge from hospital. Data were gathered through semi-structured interviews that were tape recorded and transcribed. A phenomenological approach was used, and data were analysed using the principles of Heideggerian hermeneutics. Five themes were identified, ranging from feelings of satisfaction with care, unhappy about the service, fitting-in strategies and post-discharge coping mechanisms. Patients seemed to want to cause as little disruption as possible to the ward environment and tried to fit in to what they refer to as an ,English place'. The findings, although not generalizable, offer important insights into how South Asian patients survive their journey through their hospital stay and have implications for the provision of nursing care for minority ethnic patients. [source]

Supplementary prescribing: relationships between nurses and psychiatrists on hospital psychiatric wards

A. JONES phd bn (hons) rmn
The purpose of this study was to explore some of the issues for the implementation of supplementary prescribing for acute hospital care. The study design was the use of focus group methodology. In total, 19 nurses and 7 psychiatrists joined 1 of 6 focus groups held on the psychiatric unit. The data were analyzed using a modified grounded theory technique. In the study to be reported here, nurses and psychiatrists described the potential for different ways of working to emerge on acute psychiatric wards. Two major themes were identified: supplementary prescribing bringing about different ways of influencing decisions and controlling professional work; nurses and psychiatrists developing different types of relationships. Findings suggest an overall positive acceptance for supplementary prescribing, but for greater attention to be placed on the nature of relationships between nurses and psychiatrists. Implications for practice include the impact on new roles for nurses and psychiatrists and how this new form of relationship can best serve patients. [source]