Distribution by Scientific Domains
Distribution within Humanities and Social Sciences

Kinds of Academic

  • legal academic

  • Terms modified by Academic

  • academic ability
  • academic achievement
  • academic affairs
  • academic affiliation
  • academic attainment
  • academic attention
  • academic career
  • academic center
  • academic centre
  • academic circle
  • academic community
  • academic competence
  • academic context
  • academic culture
  • academic debate
  • academic development
  • academic difficulty
  • academic discipline
  • academic discourse
  • academic domain
  • academic economist
  • academic education
  • academic emergency department
  • academic entrepreneurship
  • academic environment
  • academic faculty
  • academic failure
  • academic field
  • academic freedom
  • academic functioning
  • academic goal
  • academic health center
  • academic hospital
  • academic hospitalist
  • academic implication
  • academic institution
  • academic interest
  • academic involvement
  • academic journal
  • academic leadership
  • academic level
  • academic life
  • academic literature
  • academic medical center
  • academic medical centre
  • academic medicine
  • academic model
  • academic outcome
  • academic paper
  • academic performance
  • academic physician
  • academic practice
  • academic press
  • academic problem
  • academic profession
  • academic program
  • academic publisher
  • academic purpose
  • academic research
  • academic researcher
  • academic self-concept
  • academic self-efficacy
  • academic setting
  • academic skill
  • academic staff
  • academic standards
  • academic status
  • academic structure
  • academic studies
  • academic study
  • academic success
  • academic support
  • academic task
  • academic use
  • academic work
  • academic world
  • academic writing
  • academic year

  • Selected Abstracts


    Konane M. MartínezArticle first published online: 13 JUL 200
    This article explores the role of the anthropologist working with immigrant communities in the U.S.,Mexico Border Region. As an anthropologist, I have had to negotiate my role as an academic, administrator, and activist. The article examines these three roles by analyzing the experience of the anthropologist with immigrant communities and agencies over the past nine years and during the southern California wildfires of 2007. While in many ways the three roles are categorically distinct, they are also connected and work to inform each other. The position of an applied anthropologist in the U.S.,Mexico border has allowed for development of practical and applied solutions to help improve the wellbeing of immigrant communities. This form of applied, practical, yet academically grounded work has the potential to elevate the anthropology of immigration beyond that of traditional researcher. [source]

    Academic Research Training for a Nonacademic Workplace: a Case Study of Graduate Student Alumni Who Work in Conservation

    educación en conservación; formación de graduados; habilidades para el trabajo; programas universitarios Abstract:,Graduate education in conservation biology has been assailed as ineffective and inadequate to train the professionals needed to solve conservation problems. To identify how graduate education might better fit the needs of the conservation workplace, we surveyed practitioners and academics about the importance of particular skills on the job and the perceived importance of teaching those same skills in graduate school. All survey participants (n = 189) were alumni from the University of California Davis Graduate Group in Ecology and received thesis-based degrees from 1973 to 2008. Academic and practitioner respondents clearly differed in workplace skills, although there was considerably more agreement in training recommendations. On the basis of participant responses, skill sets particularly at risk of underemphasis in graduate programs are decision making and implementation of policy, whereas research skills may be overemphasized. Practitioners in different job positions, however, require a variety of skill sets, and we suggest that ever-increasing calls to broaden training to fit this multitude of jobs will lead to a trade-off in the teaching of other skills. Some skills, such as program management, may be best developed in on-the-job training or collaborative projects. We argue that the problem of graduate education in conservation will not be solved by restructuring academia alone. Conservation employers need to communicate their specific needs to educators, universities need to be more flexible with their opportunities, and students need to be better consumers of the skills offered by universities and other institutions. Resumen:,La educación en biología de la conservación a nivel licenciatura ha sido calificada como ineficaz e inadecuada para formar a los profesionales que se requieren para resolver problemas de conservación. Para identificar cómo la educación a nivel licenciatura puede satisfacer las necesidades del ámbito laboral en conservación, sondeamos a profesionales y académicos sobre la importancia de habilidades particulares del trabajo y la percepción de la importancia de esas mismas habilidades en la universidad. Todos los participantes en el sondeo (n = 189) fueron alumnos del Grupo de Graduados en Ecología de la Universidad de California en Davis y obtuvieron el grado basado en tesis entre 1973 y 2008. Los académicos y profesionales encuestados difirieron claramente en sus habilidades, aunque hubo considerablemente mayor acuerdo en las recomendaciones de capacitación. Con base en las respuestas de los participantes, los conjuntos de habilidades en riesgo de no ser consideradas en los programas educativos son la toma de decisiones y la implementación de políticas, mientras que las habilidades de investigación tienden a ser sobre enfatizadas. Sin embargo, los profesionales en diferentes puestos de trabajo requieren una variedad de conjuntos de habilidades, y sugerimos que los constantes llamados a ampliar la capacitación para responder a esta multitud de labores conducirán a un desbalance en la enseñanza de otras habilidades. Algunas habilidades, como el manejo de programas, pueden desarrollarse en proyectos colaborativos o de capacitación en el trabajo. Argumentamos que el problema de la educación en biología de la conservación a nivel licenciatura no se resolverá solo con la reestructuración de la academia. Los empleadores deben comunicar sus requerimientos específicos a los educadores, las universidades deben ser más flexibles con sus oportunidades y los estudiantes necesitan ser mejores consumidores de las habilidades ofrecidas por las universidades y otras instituciones. [source]

    Forging Research Partnerships across the Academic,Agency Divide

    No abstract is available for this article. [source]

    Mohs Micrographic Surgery: How ACMS Fellowship Directors Practice

    BACKGROUND Mohs micrographic surgery (MMS) is widely employed in the removal of skin cancer. As this technique becomes more widely employed, it is useful to establish the patterns of care provided by American College of Mohs Surgery (ACMS),approved fellowship directors. OBJECTIVE To compile and analyze data collected annually by the ACMS to determine practice patterns and trends in MMS as performed by ACMS-approved fellowship directors. MATERIALS AND METHODS A retrospective study of case logs from 50 fellowship directors obtained from the ACMS detailing case volume, type of cancer treated, location, lesion size, wound size, number of stages, referral percentage, and type of repairs performed. RESULTS Annual case volume per surgeon has increased linearly. The incidence of squamous cell carcinoma treated using MMS is rising steadily. The size of lesions treated using MMS has decreased slightly over several decades, as has the number of stages of MMS taken per lesion. The majority of MMS performed by fellowship directors is for skin cancer on the face. Dermatologic surgeons perform most of their own reconstructions. Academic and private fellowship practice patterns are nearly identical. CONCLUSIONS ACMS-approved fellowship directors use MMS mainly for facial skin cancers, and they perform most of their own reconstructions. Practice patterns for most fellowship directors are similar. Private fellowships and academic fellowships are similar in scope and practice. [source]

    Exploratory behavior in mice selectively bred for developmental differences in aggressive behavior

    Kathryn E. Hood
    Abstract The development and expression of exploratory behavior was assessed in the Cairns lines of Institute for Cancer Research (ICR) mice that were selectively bred for differences in aggressive behavior, with a high-aggressive 900 line, low-aggressive 100 line, and control 500 line. Four paradigms were employed. Developmental changes were evident in the complex novel arena, with older males faster to contact a novel object, and ambulating more than young males. Within the control 500 line, older males showed longer latency to emerge from the home cage, and shorter latency to contact novel objects. In the 900 line, younger males showed this same pattern. R. B. Cairns proposed that line differences in aggressive behavior arise through alterations in developmental timing [Cairns et al. [1983] Life-span developmental psychology (Vol. 5). New York: Academic Press; Gariépy et al. [2001] Animal Behaviour 61: 933,947]. The early appearance of mature patterns of exploratory behavior in 900 line males supports this interpretation. The 900 line males also appear to be behaviorally inhibited in novel settings such as the light,dark box and the neohypophagia paradigm, compared to the 500 and 100 lines (Experiments 1, 2, and 4). Moreover, in the most complex apparatus, the novel arena, 900 line males were slowest to exit the home cage, and fastest to contact a novel object. The apparent contrast in these parameters of exploratory behavior is discussed in relation to T. C. Schneirla's [1965 Advances in the study of behavior (Vol. 1). New York: PN Academic] approach,withdrawal theory. © 2007 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Dev Psychobiol 50: 32,47, 2008. [source]

    The Situational Interview as a Predictor of Academic and Team Performance: A Study of the Mediating Effects of Cognitive Ability and Emotional Intelligence

    Sue-Chan Christina
    The criterion-related and construct validity of the situational interview (SI) was examined. Both the SI and cognitive ability had predictive validity for the academic performance of managers and professionals (n=75) in an executive MBA course. Only the SI predicted teamplaying behavior assessed by peers (r=.32, p<.05). The correlation between the SI and cognitive ability was not significant. Emotional intelligence completely mediated the relationship between the SI and teamplaying behavior. [source]

    Pieces on Our Craft: Peace and Conflict Studies in an Era of Academic and Global Uncertainty

    Ho-Won Jeong
    No abstract is available for this article. [source]

    Biomedical, Academic, and Industry Interaction

    Elizabeth J Shane MD President
    No abstract is available for this article. [source]

    Comparing academic and community-based hospitalists,

    David Malkenson BS
    Abstract In 2006, hospitalist programs were formally introduced at both an academic and community hospital in the same city providing an opportunity to study the similarities and differences in workflows in these two settings. The data were collected using a time-flow methodology allowing the two workflows to be compared quantitatively. The results showed that the hospitalists in the two settings devoted similar proportions of their workday to the task categories studied. Most of the time was spent providing indirect patient care followed by direct patient care, travel, personal, and other. However, after adjusting for patient volumes, the data revealed that academic hospitalists spent significantly more time per patient providing indirect patient care (Academic: 54.7 ± 11.1 min/patient, Community: 41.9 ± 9.8 min/patient, p < 0.001). Additionally, we found that nearly half of the hospitalists' time at both settings was spent multitasking. Although we found subtle workflow differences between the academic and community programs, their similarities were more striking as well as greater than their differences. We attribute these small differences to the higher case mix index at the academic program as well greater complexity and additional communication hand-offs inherent to a tertiary academic medical center. It appears that hospitalists, irrespective of their work environment, spend far more time documenting, communicating and coordinating care than they do at the bedside raising the question, is this is a necessary feature of the hospitalist care model or should hospitalists restructure their workflow to improve outcomes? Journal of Hospital Medicine 2010;5:349,352. © 2010 Society of Hospital Medicine. [source]

    Healthcare-associated candidemia,A distinct entity?,

    Joyti Gulia MD
    Abstract BACKGROUND: The concept of health care-associated infection (HCAI) was developed to address the fact that select patients now present to the hospital with infections due to traditionally nosocomial pathogens. Although epidemiologic studies document the clear existence of health care-associated pneumonia, little is known about fungal pathogens and their role in HCAIs. OBJECTIVE: To describe the epidemiology of health care-associated bloodstream infections (BSIs) due to candida species and to compare patients with HCA candidemia to nosocomial candidemia. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. SETTING: Academic, tertiary care hospital. MEASUREMENTS: We measured the proportion of cases of candidal BSI classified as health care-associated along with the microbiology of these infections. We compared health care-associated and nosocomial cases of candidemia with respect to demographics, severity of illness, and fluconazole susceptibility. RESULTS: We noted 233 cases of candidal BSI over a 3-year period. Nearly one-quarter represented an HCAI that presented to the hospital, as opposed to a nosocomial process. Although patients with HCA candidemia were similar to subjects with nosocomial infection in terms of underlying comorbidities and severity of illness, those with HCA yeast BSI were more likely to be immunosuppressed and to have their infection caused by a fluconazole-resistant organism. C. glabrata was seen more often in patients presenting to the hospital with an HCA case of candidemia. CONCLUSIONS: Clinicians must recognize the potential for candida species to cause HCA infections and to be present at time of hospital presentation. Physicians need to consider this and the distribution of species of yeast causing BSI in their institution when considering initial therapy for patients with a suspected BSI. Journal of Hospital Medicine 2010;5:298,301. © 2010 Society of Hospital Medicine. [source]

    Reflexive Evaluation of an Academic,Industry Research Collaboration: Can Mode 2 Management Research be Achieved?

    Nathalie Mitev
    abstract We present a reflexive retrospective account of a UK government research council funded project deploying knowledge management software to support environmental sustainability in the construction industry. This project was set up in a form typical of a Mode 2 research programme involving several academic institutions and industrial partners, and aspiring to fulfil the Mode 2 criteria seen as transdisciplinarity and business relevance. The multidisciplinary nature is analysed through retrospectively reflecting upon the research process and activities we carried out, and is found to be problematic. No real consensus was reached between the partners on the ,context of application'. Difficulties between industry and academia, within industry and within academia led to diverging agendas and different alignments for participants. The context of application does not (pre-)exist independently of institutional influences, and in itself cannot drive transdisciplinarity since it is subject to competing claims and negotiations. There were unresolved tensions in terms of private vs. public construction companies and their expectations of ICT-based knowledge management, and in terms of the sustainable construction agenda. This post hoc reflexive account, enables us to critique our own roles in having developed a managerial technology for technically sophisticated and powerful private industrial actors to the detriment of public sector construction partners, having bypassed sustainability issues, and not reached transdisciplinarity. We argue that this is due to institutional pressures and instrumentalization from academia, industry and government and a restricted notion of business relevance. There exists a politically motivated tendency to oppose Mode 1 academic research to practitioner-oriented Mode 2 approaches to management research. We argue that valuing the links between co-existing Mode 1 and 2 research activities would support a more genuine and fuller exploration of the context of application. [source]

    Academic misconduct among medical students in a post-communist country

    MEDICAL EDUCATION, Issue 3 2004
    Maja Hrabak
    Aim, To assess the prevalence of, attitudes towards and willingness to report different forms of academic dishonesty among medical students in a post-communist transitional country. Methods, An anonymous, self-administered questionnaire was distributed to medical students in Years 2,6 at the Zagreb University School of Medicine; 827 (70%) valid questionnaires were returned and analysed. Results, Most of the students (94%) admitted cheating at least once during their studies. The most frequent type of misconduct was ,signing in an absent student on a class attendance list' (89.1%), and the least frequent ,paying for passing an examination' (0.7%). The number of committed types of misconduct out of 11 listed types increased from Year 2 (median 2) to Year 6 (median 4). Cheating behaviours could be clustered into 4 groups based on self-reported cheating, perceived prevalence of cheating, attitude towards cheating, and willingness to report cheating. The clustered behaviours that most students admitted to were perceived as the most frequent, more approved of and less likely to be reported. The strongest predictors of dishonest behaviour were attitude, perception of peer group behaviour and study year. Almost half (44%) the students said they would never report any form of cheating. Conclusion, Academic misconduct is widespread among medical students at the largest medical school in Croatia and its prevalence is greater than that reported for developed countries. This may be related to social and cultural factors specific to a country in the midst of a post-communist transition to a market economy, and calls for measures to be instigated at an institutional level to educate against and prevent such behaviour. [source]

    Finding Points of Contact for Collaborative Work

    Deborah J. Hirsch
    Academic and student affairs officers in New England meet regularly to identify and develop opportunities for collaboration. [source]

    Special Interest Protectionism and the Antebellum Woolen Textile Industry

    A Contemporary Issue in a Historical Context
    Academic and nonacademic work focusing on special interest lobbying tends to ignore America's early history in favor of the 20th century, leaving the origins of the organized commercial lobby vague. Using the antebellum woolen textile industry as a case study, this article finds that this industry was one of the first to demonstrate the potential benefits of interstate, interindustry coalitions for rent-seeking activities. Using pressure tactics frequently observed today, but innovative for the time, the industry was not only successful in obtaining relatively high legislated tariffs by 1828, it also altered the traditional congressional avenues for obtaining information from aggrieved parties. This article clearly demonstrates that organized and public lobbying by commercial interests has a longer history than is typically recognized. [source]

    Photophysical Consequences of Coupling Bacteriochlorophyll a with Serine and its Resulting Solubility in Water,

    I. Eichwurzel
    ABSTRACT We investigated the dependence on solvents of optical absorption and emission of the bacteriochlorophyll a -serine (BChl-ser), a water soluble bacteriochlorophyll (BChl) derivative. Comparison between the experimental data and those collected for BChl in nonaqueous solvents shows that only a minor interaction takes place between serine and the macrocycle's ,-electron system. Nevertheless, the coupling with serine results in a small enhancement of the nonradiative relaxation rate from the first excited singlet state S1. In buffered aqueous solution (pH = 7.4), the Stokes shift of the BChl-ser fluorescence and its nonradiative relaxation rate are enhanced compared with those in nonaqueous solutions (Scherz, A., S. Katz, Y. Vakrat, V. Brumfeld, E. Gabelmann, D. Leupold, J. R. Norris, H. Scheer and Y. Salomon (1998) Photosynthesis: Mechanisms and Effects, Vol. V (Edited by G. Garab), pp. 4207,4212. Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht.), probably as a result of a hydrogen bonding between the BChl macrocycle and the water molecules. In aprotic solvents, without hydrogen bonds, the permanent dipole moment of the first excited singlet state in both BChl and BChl-ser is increased compared with the ground state by at least 2.5 Debye. [source]

    Comparison of the Dissemination and Implementation of Standardized Public Health Nursing Competencies in Academic and Practice Settings

    B.S.N, M.S.N., Sonda Oppewal Ph.D.
    ABSTRACT Objectives: To assess the use of the "Core Competencies for Public Health Professionals" standards in practice and academic work settings by public health nurses (PHNs), and to determine differences between practitioners and faculty. Design: Nonexperimental, descriptive study using a cross-sectional survey. Sample: Three public health nursing (PHN) organizations sent invitations to all members. A total of 334 (18.7%) from an estimated 1,786 members completed the survey. Measurements: The investigators developed a 17-item web-based survey with open- and closed-ended responses, using Rogers' diffusion of innovations as a theoretical framework. Results: Respondents are equally familiar with the competencies for public health professionals disseminated by the Council on Linkages and for PHNs by the Quad Council of Public Health Nursing Organizations (Quad Council). Two thirds of PHNs are aware of the competencies after only 2 years, primarily from professional PHN organizations. Faculty are adopting and using the competencies at a significantly faster rate than practitioners. Conclusions: Faculty and practitioners who use the competencies value them, and rarely discontinued their use after adoption. Efforts to promote diffusion among faculty and especially practitioners need to continue. Professional organizations can actively provide and share examples of useable formats and best practices associated with the competencies. [source]

    Hearing Levels in Patients With Microtia: Correlation With Temporal Bone Malformation

    THE LARYNGOSCOPE, Issue 3 2007
    Shin-ichi Ishimoto MD
    Abstract Objective: To evaluate the relationship between hearing level and temporal bone abnormalities in patients with microtia. Study Design: Retrospective case series study between 1992 and 2004. Setting: Academic, tertiary care referral medical center. Patients: We evaluated 115 ears of 89 patients (68 males, 21 females; mean age, 11 yr; range, 5-44 yr) with microtia. Main Outcome Measures: Hearing level was examined in patients with microtia. Developmental abnormalities of the temporal bone were evaluated by Jahrsdoerfer's computed tomography (CT) scoring system using high-resolution CT (HRCT) scans of the temporal bone. Temporal bone malformation scores were divided into four subgroups: ossicular development, windows connected to the cochlea, aeration of the middle ear cavity, and facial nerve aberration. Patients were divided into the stenosis and atresia groups on the basis of the appearance of the external auditory canal (EAC). We also evaluated the relationships between hearing level and four subtotal scores of the HRCT findings in the stenosis and atresia groups. Results: There was no relationship between hearing level and total points of HRCT scoring system or between hearing level and severity of microtia scored by Marx classification. With regard to subtotal points related to ossicles (4 points), the hearing level in ears with low scores (<2) (64.7 ± 1.6 dB) was significantly different (P = .03) from that in ears with high scores (,2) (54.0 ± 2.8 dB) in the stenosis group. In the atresia group, the hearing level was 64.3 ± 2.2 dB in ears with low scores and 62.3 ± 1.1 in ears with high scores (P > .5). As for subtotal points related to the windows connected to cochlea (2 points), the hearing level was 64.8 ± 2.6 dB in ears with low scores (0) and 55.9 ± 2.4 dB in ears with high scores (> = 1) in the stenosis group. In the atresia group, the hearing level was 67.7 ± 2.3 dB in ears with low scores and 61.5 ± 1.0 in ears with high scores. There was significant difference between ears with low and high scores in the stenosis group (P = .03) and atresia group (P = .009). There was no significant difference between ears with low and high scores with respect to the subtotal points related to aeration of the middle ear cavity and aberration of the facial nerve. Conclusion: The hearing level in microtic ears correlated with the formation of oval/round windows and ossicular development but not with the degree of middle ear aeration, facial nerve aberration, or severity of microtia. The hearing level can also serve as an indictor, such as the HRCT findings, to determine whether a subject's hearing will likely improve after reconstructive surgery. [source]

    Ezetimibe anhydrate, determined from laboratory powder diffraction data

    Jürgen Brüning
    Ezetimibe {systematic name: (3R,4S)-1-(4-fluorophenyl)-3-[(3S)-3-(4-fluorophenyl)-3-hydroxypropyl]-4-(4-hydroxyphenyl)azetidin-2-one}, C24H21F2NO3, is used to lower cholesterol levels by inhibiting cholesterol resorption in the human intestine. The crystal structure of ezetimibe anhydrate was solved from laboratory powder diffraction data by means of real-space methods using the program DASH [David et al. (2006). J. Appl. Cryst.39, 910,915]. Subsequent Rietveld refinement with TOPAS Academic [Coelho (2007). TOPAS Academic User Manual. Version 4.1. Coelho Software, Brisbane, Australia] led to a final Rwp value of 8.19% at 1.75,Å resolution. The compound crystallizes in the space group P212121 with one molecule in the asymmetric unit. The molecules are closely packed and two intermolecular hydrogen bonds form an extended hydrogen-bond architecture. [source]

    Ability and Trait Complex Predictors of Academic and Job Performance: A Person,Situation Approach

    APPLIED PSYCHOLOGY, Issue 1 2010
    Ruth Kanfer
    A battery of cognitive ability, knowledge, and non-ability measures were administered to 105 college students enrolled in a cooperative school-work program and used to predict academic and job performance. Composite scores for each domain were derived from factor analyses of 11 measures of verbal, numerical, and spatial abilities, four measures of domain knowledge, and 27 measures of personality and motivational traits, vocational interests, and self-assessments. Both ability and non-ability trait composites were significant predictors of academic performance, but only the non-ability trait composites predicted job performance. Implications for the integrative assessment of individual differences and their predictive validities for performance in different active work contexts, as well as the importance of trait composites across contexts, are discussed. Un ensemble de mesures relatives aux connaissances, aux aptitudes et autres dimensions furent obtenues auprès de 105 étudiants de 1° cycle impliqués dans un programme de travail scolaire coopératif, avec pour objectif de prédire les résultats universitaires et la performance au travail. Des scores composites pour chacun de ces deux domaines ont été constitués à partir d'analyses factorielles des onze mesures des aptitudes verbale, numérique et spatiale, des quatre mesures portant sur les connaissances et des 27 mesures relevant de traits de personnalité, de la motivation, des intérêts professionnels et de l'auto-évaluation. Les scores des aptitudes et des traits de personnalité furent des prédicteurs significatifs du succès universitaire, mais seuls ces derniers ont prédit la performance au travail. On réfléchit aux conséquences sur l'évaluation synthétique des différences individuelles et leur validité prédictive de la performance dans différents contextes de travail productif, ainsi que sur l'importance des scores composites selon les situations. [source]

    3D seismic technology: the geological ,Hubble'

    BASIN RESEARCH, Issue 1 2005
    Joe Cartwright
    The proliferation of three-dimensional (3D) seismic technology is one of the most exciting developments in the Earth Sciences over the past century. 3D reflection seismic data provide interpreters with the ability to map structures and stratigraphic features in 3D detail to a resolution of a few tens of metres over thousands of square kilometres. It is a geological ,Hubble', whose resolving power has already yielded some fascinating (and surprising) insights and will continue to provide a major stimulus for research into geological processes and products for many decades to come. Academic and other research institutions have a major role to play in the use of this data by exploiting the enormous volume of geological information contained in 3D seismic surveys. This paper reviews some of the recent advances in basin analysis made using the medium of 3D seismic data, focusing on the fields of structural and sedimentary geology, fluid,rock interactions and igneous geology. It is noted that the increased resolution of the 3D seismic method provided the essential catalyst necessary to stimulate novel observations and discover new geological structures such as mud diapir feeders, km-long gas blow-out pipes, giant pockmarks and sandstone intrusions, and to capture the spatial variability of diagenetic fronts. The UKs first impact crater was also discovered using 3D seismic data. The potential for future developments in this field of geophysical interpretation is considerable, and we anticipate that new discoveries will be made in many years to come. [source]

    The Society of Academic and Research Surgery,

    Article first published online: 12 JUN 200
    The Annual Meeting of the Society of Academic and Research Surgery was held at the Botanical Gardens, Birmingham on 9th to 11th January 2008. The Patey Prize was awarded to Ms Dearbhaile Collins (Department of Surgical Research, RCSI & Beaumont Hospital, Dublin, Ireland) for a paper entitled ,Proteomic analysis of the proto-oncogene C-MYC unfolds a mechanism of receptor cross-talk that drives tumour recurrence'. All Patey Prize abstracts are reproduced below; all other abstracts are published on the BJS website ( [source]

    The Society of Academic and Research Surgery

    Article first published online: 17 JUL 200
    The Annual Meeting of the Society of Academic and Research Surgery was held at the Botanical Gardens, Birmingham on 9th to 11th January 2008. The Patey Prize was awarded to Ms Dearbhaile Collins (Department of Surgical Research, RCSI & Beaumont Hospital, Dublin, Ireland) for a paper entitled ,Proteomic analysis of the proto-oncogene C-MYC unfolds a mechanism of receptor cross-talk that drives tumour recurrence'. All Patey Prize abstracts are reproduced in the British Journal of Surgery (Br J Surg 2008; 95: 934,938). To view all other abstracts from this meeting, please click the pdf link on this page. Copyright © 2008 British Journal of Surgery Society Ltd. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [source]

    The Society of Academic and Research Surgery

    Article first published online: 30 JUL 200
    The 2007 Annual Meeting of the Society of Academic and Research Surgery was held at Robinson College, Cambridge, UK 10,12th January 2007. The Patey Prize was won by B Modarai et al. (King's College and Imperial College, London, UK) for a paper entitled ,Adenvirus-mediated VEGF gene therapy enhances venous thrombus recanalisation and resolution'. All Patey Prize abstracts are reproduced in the British Journal of Surgery (Br J Surg 2007; 94: 1048,1052). To view all other abstracts from this meeting, please click the pdf link on this page. [source]

    The Society of Academic and Research Surgery

    Article first published online: 6 SEP 200
    The 6th meeting of The Society of Academic and Research Surgery was held at the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh, 11,13th January 2006. The Patey Prize was won by S-S Liau et al. (Eastern Deanery, UK and Department of Surgery, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, USA) for a paper entitled ,Characterization of a novel mediator of malignant phenotype in pancreatic adenocarcinoma'. All Patey Prize abstracts are reproduced in the British Journal of Surgery (Br J Surg 2006; 93: 896,902). To view all other abstracts from this meeting, please click the pdf link on this page. Copyright © 2006 British Journal of Surgery Society Ltd. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [source]

    The Society of Academic and Research Surgery

    Article first published online: 14 JUN 200
    First page of article [source]

    Society of Academic and Research Surgery

    Article first published online: 20 AUG 200
    No abstract is available for this article. [source]

    Society of Academic and Research Surgery

    Article first published online: 30 APR 200
    The following 98 abstracts were presented to the 3rd meeting of the Society of Academic and Research Surgery in January 2003. The meeting was held at the Royal Armouries Museum, Leeds and was hosted by Professor Pierre Guillou and his colleagues at the St James's University Hospital and University of Leeds. The Patey prize was won by M. C. J. Button et al. for a paper entitled ,The enzymatic extraction of adult human venous smooth muscle cells and their incorporation into a wholly biological tissue engineered arterial bypass conduit'. Copyright © 2003 British Journal of Surgery Society Ltd. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [source]

    The Returns to Academic and Vocational Qualifications in Britain

    Lorraine Dearden
    This paper uses data from the 1991 sweep of the National Child Development Study (NCDS) and the 1998 Labour Force Survey (LFS) to provide a comprehensive analysis of the labour market returns to academic and vocational qualifications. The results show that the wage premia from academic qualifications are typically higher than from vocational qualifications. However, this gap is reduced somewhat, when we control for the amount of time taken to acquire different qualifications. This is particularly important for vocational courses, which generally take shorter time periods to complete. In the paper we also investigate how returns vary by gender, subsequent qualifications, and the natural ability of individuals. Finally, by comparing the NCDS results with those from the LFS, we estimate the bias that can result from not controlling for factors such as ability, family background and measurement error. The results reveal that the estimated returns in the NCDS equations controlling for ability, family background and measurement error are similar to the simple OLS estimates obtained with the LFS, which do not control for these factors. This suggests that the biases generally offset one another. [source]

    Implementing Early Goal-directed Therapy in the Emergency Setting: The Challenges and Experiences of Translating Research Innovations into Clinical Reality in Academic and Community Settings

    Alan E. Jones MD
    Research knowledge translation into clinical practice pathways is a complex process that is often time-consuming and resource-intensive. Recent evidence suggests that the use of early goal-directed therapy (EGDT) in the emergency department care of patients with severe sepsis and septic shock results in a substantial mortality benefit; however, EGDT is a time- and resource-intensive intervention. The feasibility with which institutions may translate EGDT from a research protocol into routine clinical care, among settings with varying resources, staff, and training, is largely unknown. The authors report the individual experiences of EGDT protocol development, as well as preimplementation and postimplementation experiences, at three institutions with different emergency department, intensive care unit, and hospital organization schemes. [source]

    German Academics in British Universities During the First World War: The Case of Karl Wichmann1

    Christopher T. Husbands
    ABSTRACT Despite the scholarly attention given to the treatment of Germans in Great Britain during the First World War, there are only sparse details in this historical literature about how those of German origin working specifically in higher education were treated. This article considers Professors of German of German origin in British higher education, focusing on the hitherto little-reported case of Karl Wichmann (better known as a minor German/English lexicographer), who was employed as Professor of German at the University of Birmingham from 1907 to 1917. It considers the circumstances leading to Wichmann's resignation in March 1917 and discusses the known details of what happened to him thereafter. [source]