Care Services For Children (care + services_for_children)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

A retrospective study of treatment provided in the primary and secondary care services for children attending a dental hospital following complicated crown fracture in the permanent dentition

A. Maguire
Objectives. To investigate treatment provision in primary and secondary dental care following complicated crown fracture of permanent teeth. Design and methods. Retrospective observational survey of dental records of all patients attending a dental hospital trauma clinic during a 2-year period with complicated crown fracture. Results. Eighty children (70% male) aged 6,16 years (mean age 103 years) with 98 complicated crown fractures were identified. Of these children, 54% were seen for emergency treatment on the day of their injury, 75% within 48 h. Of the 98 injured teeth, 60% were seen initially in general dental practice but only 56% of these 59 cases were provided with emergency treatment in practice, the others being referred immediately to the trauma clinic for treatment. The main cause of fractures was transport, in particular, bicycles. Radiographs were available for 96 teeth; for the 43 open apex teeth, the definitive treatment was pulp capping (44% of cases) and pulpotomy (30%), with vitality maintained in five cases up to 48 years after trauma. The 53 closed apex cases were treated definitively with pulp capping (38%) and pulpectomy (36%) and six teeth had maintained their vitality up to 43 years after trauma. Sixty-seven per cent of the pulp caps and 47% of the 19 pulpotomies provided relied on a doubtful coronal seal. This was primarily due to the extensive use of a conventional glass ionomer cement as an emergency bandage. The use of an etched or bonded material at initial presentation extended the Median Survival Time for vitality in open apex teeth from 188 to 377 days and in closed apex teeth from 15 to 64 days. Conclusions. Emergency treatment of complicated crown fractures, particularly in primary care services is often inappropriate or inadequate with regard to emergency management of the exposed pulp and provision of a hermetic coronal seal. [source]

Parental attitudes to health of children in child-care centres and options when children are ill

L M Slack-Smith
Objective: To determine parental attitudes regarding the health of children attending child-care centres, to explore concerns when children who normally attend child care are ill, and to investigate options in these circumstances. Methodology: Focus groups conducted with parents whose children attended child-care centres. Ten focus groups were conducted. Results: Many parents encountered difficulty when children who normally attend child care were ill and there was a lack of options for care. Parents were concerned about the spread of infections among children but considered that there were also many health and other advantages for their children in attending child care. Child-care centres were perceived as providing a valuable support role for families. Conclusions: Many parents lack adequate options for care when their children are ill. Parents' concerns regarding health in child care are important in policy decisions regarding the health of children in child care, and the development of alternative care services for children. [source]

Do Children in Rural Areas Still Have Different Access to Health Care?

Results from a Statewide Survey of Oregon's Food Stamp Population
ABSTRACT:,Purpose: To determine if rural residence is independently associated with different access to health care services for children eligible for public health insurance. Methods: We conducted a mail-return survey of 10,175 families randomly selected from Oregon's food stamp population (46% rural and 54% urban). With a response rate of 31%, we used a raking ratio estimation process to weight results back to the overall food stamp population. We examined associations between rural residence and access to health care (adjusting for child's age, child's race/ethnicity, household income, parental employment, and parental and child's insurance type). A second logistic regression model controlled for child's special health care needs. Findings: Compared with urban children (reference = 1.00), rural children were more likely to have unmet medical care needs (odds ratio [OR] 1.48, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.07-2.04), problems getting dental care (OR 1.36, 95% CI 1.03-1.79), and at least one emergency department visit in the past year (OR 1.42, 95% CI 1.10-1.81). After adjusting for special health care needs (more prevalent among rural children), there was no rural-urban difference in unmet medical needs, but physician visits were more likely among rural children. There were no statistically significant differences in unmet prescription needs, delayed urgent care, or having a usual source of care. Conclusions: These findings suggest that access disparities between rural and urban low-income children persist, even after adjusting for health insurance. Coupled with continued expansions in children's health insurance coverage, targeted policy interventions are needed to ensure the availability of health care services for children in rural areas, especially those with special needs. [source]

,Jumping through hoops': parents' experiences with seeking respite care for children with special needs

J. L. Doig
Abstract Background Respite care may act as a means to reduce stress and fatigue in people caring for a dependent who has a disability. Despite this, a variety of barriers may exist to obtaining such services. This study explored caregivers' experiences seeking respite care for their children with special needs within a province in Canada. Methods Caregivers were recruited from two agencies providing respite care for children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders and other mental health and developmental difficulties. In total, 10 caregivers participated in in-depth individual interviews. A constructivist grounded theory approach was employed in the design and analysis of the data. Results Caregivers discussed their frustrations with the process of finding and obtaining respite care, a course of action described as ,jumping through hoops'. This construct was composed of subcategories emphasizing the complexity of ,navigating the system', the bidirectional process of ,meeting the requirements' and the challenges of ,getting help'. Conclusions The collective experiences of these caregivers point to the need for more flexibility and co-ordination of respite care services for children with special needs. [source]