Care Organisations (care + organisation)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Kinds of Care Organisations

  • health care organisation
  • primary care organisation

  • Selected Abstracts

    The Meaning of Balanced Scorecards in the Health Care Organisation

    Lars-Göan Aidemark
    This study investigates the introduction of balanced scorecards in a health care organisation. It analyses a top-down control system, built on measurement, in a medical professional context, where attempts at implementing systematic performance auditing are expected to meet resistance. The study shows, however, that balanced scorecards, redesigned by medical professionals and used in a dialogue about service activities and finances, are regarded attractive successors to criticised financial control systems. In the light of the markets, hierarchies and clans perspective, developed by Ouchi, this popularity becomes comprehensible. Balanced scorecards are seen to reduce both the ambiguity of performance evaluation and the goal in-congruence between parties in the organisation. [source]

    ,I found myself to be a down to earth Dutch girl': a qualitative study into learning outcomes from international traineeships

    MEDICAL EDUCATION, Issue 7 2004
    Susan Niemantsverdriet
    Objective, To explore learning outcomes from international traineeships for undergraduate medical students. Methods, In-depth interviews were conducted with 24 undergraduate medical students at Maastricht University Medical School, the Netherlands. The 24 subjects were selected by purposeful sampling. Results, Students reported meaningful learning outcomes in 6 domains: medical knowledge; skills; international health care organisation; international medical education; society and culture, and personal growth. Discussion, International traineeships appear to provide good opportunities for students to meet the requirements of globalisation as well as some of the generic objectives of undergraduate medical education. The tentative findings of this study need to be confirmed by further studies. [source]

    Latest news and product developments

    PRESCRIBER, Issue 17 2007
    Article first published online: 6 NOV 200
    Drug information stilllacking for mentally ill Half of people with mental illness still have no say in the medication they are prescribed and one-third are not informed about side-effects, according to the latest report by the Healthcare Commission and the Commission for Social Care Inspection ( The annual national review of adult mental health services found overall improvement among local intervention teams in 2005/06 compared with the preceding year, though all could improve further and the performance of 46 per cent were rated as only fair or weak. A survey of 7446 people with schizophrenia also showed that only 46 per cent had access to psychological treatments. More incentives for shift of care in Scotland Scotland has made good progress on shifting NHS care into the community but joined-up thinking, better information and incentives are needed to overcome barriers to better management of long-term conditions in adults, says Audit Scotland ( Reviewing progress on the 2005 strategy document Delivering for Health, Audit Scotland found good progress on asthma and diabetes services , partly due to the effects of the GMS contract. Better information about clinical activity, costs and effectiveness is needed to help redesign services. Patients with more than one long-term condition do not receive co-ordinated care and many want greater involvement in their care, the report concluded. Acorn, QOF and Guy Rotherham awards Entries are invited for the 2007 annual Acorn, QOF and Guy Rotherham Awards. The awards are run in association with the NHS Alliance, Improvement Foundation, British Cardiac Society, British Cardiac Patients Society and Prescriber. The CHD QOF Award, sponsored by Schering-Plough, recognises the achievement of an individual practice that gains maximum points in the CHD and heart failure QOF domains, and a second award is given to the primary care organisation (PCO) that achieves the best average scores across its practices. The entry form can be found at The closing date is 12 October. Entries are also invited for the Guy Rotherham Award from PCOs that can demonstrate they have delivered a high-impact change resulting in better outcomes and services for patients. For online entry go to rotherhamaward. Closing date is 5 October. Award winners will receive free entry for three to the NHS Alliance conference and the conference dinner. The winner of the Guy Rotherham Award will also receive £3000. NICE scores five out of six NICE acted unreasonably in relying solely on the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) to define severity of Alzheimer's disease in its updated technology appraisals, with the effect of discriminating against people with learning or language difficulties, the High Court has ruled. The five other claims by Eisai that NICE acted unreasonably and irrationally were not upheld. This was the first court action against NICE in its eight-year history. It has now promised to publish revised appraisals on its website on 7 September and is consulting with Eisai, Shire Pharmaceuticals and the Alzheimer's Society on the best approach. PPRS reform follows Office of Fair Trading report The Government is to renegotiate the Pharmaceutical Price Regulation Scheme (PPRS) following the critical report by the Office of Fair Trading (OFT). In February, the OFT recommended renegotiation of the PPRS to reward innovation and obtain better value for patients. In particular, it called for a pricing scheme based on value for patients, ie effectiveness, rather than profit controls. The DoH, acknowledging the report's complexity, says it will take four principles into account in its negotiations during the forthcoming months: value for money, promoting innovation, assisting the uptake of new cost-effective medicines and promoting market stability. MHRA launches e-bulletin The MHRA ( has next issue can be downloaded. The launched an electronic bulletin to August bulletin includes items on provide health professionals with antidepressants and suicide, updates about the safe use of medi-adverse effects of dopamine ago-cines. Users need to sign up to nists and information about smokreceive an e-mail alert when the ing cessation and isotretinoin. DURG call for abstracts The Drug Utilisation Research Group is calling for abstracts for its 19th annual meeting ,Target-driven medicine , is this the end of prescribing freedom?' to be held on 7 February 2008 at the Royal Society of Medicine, London. Abstracts are requested on any aspects of drug utilisation research. A bursary of £500 will be awarded for the best abstract received. The closing date for receipt of abstracts is 26 November. Further information about abstract submission is available at GP prescribing up by half Prescription volume and costs in England increased by approximately half over the decade to 2006, according to data published by the Information Centre for Health and Social Care ( The number of items dispensed per year increased by 55 per cent and the cost by 60 per cent in real terms. The average number of items per head of population was 10.0 in 1996 and 14.8 in 2006; older people received 21.2 items per head in 1996 but 40.8 in 2006. MR morphines similar Modified-release preparations of morphine are equivalent in the treatment of severe pain, according to a new review by Bandolier ( The analysis of 54 randomised trials, which reviewed the release mechanisms and clinical data for four brands, showed these preparations provide effective analgesia for malignant and nonmalignant pain; about 4 per cent of patients were unable to tolerate the adverse effects of morphine. NSAIDs compared in OA Etoricoxib (Arcoxia) and naproxen are equally effective in the long-term treatment of osteoarthritis (Ann Rheum Dis 2007;66:945,51). Extension studies for two one-year trials showed that, after a total of 138 weeks, the two drugs had almost identical effects on pain and function assessments. All treatments were generally well tolerated, but serious cardiovascular effects were more common with etoricoxib and serious GI effects more common with naproxen. CPN nystatin allowed Community practitioner nurses (CPNs) may now prescribe oral nystatin (Nystan) to treat oral thrush in neonates, following a special amendment to the regulations limiting their prescribing to licensed indications. CPNs may now prescribe oral nystatin at the dose recommended in the BNF for Children provided they are sure of the diagnosis. In doing so, they accept clinical and medicolegal responsibility for their actions. There are no other exceptions to the prohibition of off-label prescribing. Copyright © 2007 Wiley Interface Ltd [source]

    Negotiating and managing partnership in primary care

    Julie Charlesworth
    Abstract In the UK public service organisations are increasingly working together in new partnerships, networks and alliances, largely stimulated by government legislation, which aims to encourage ,joined-up' policy-making. This is particularly prevalent in health-care where local government, health authorities and trusts, voluntary and community groups are extending existing, and developing new, forms of partnership, particularly around Health Improvement Programmes and new primary care organisations. This paper explores two main aspects of how these new interorganisational relationships are being developed and managed and is based on research conducted in one case study locality. First, the new structures of partnership in primary care are mapped out, together with discussion on why these particular patterns of relationship between statutory and voluntary sector organisations have emerged, exploring both centrally and locally determined influences. Secondly, the paper explores the tensions associated with working within new policy-making and management structures, and how the additional demands of audit, performance measurement and the sheer pace of change, pose a potential threat to the partnership process. [source]

    Explaining trends in concentration of healthcare commissioning in the English NHS

    HEALTH ECONOMICS, Issue 8 2008
    Mark Dusheiko
    Abstract In recent years there have been marked changes in organisational structures and budgetary arrangements in the English National Health Service, potentially altering the relationships between purchasers (primary care organisations (PCOs) and general practices) and hospitals. We show that elective admissions from PCOs and practices became significantly more concentrated across hospitals between 1997/98 and 2002/03. There was a reduction in the average number of hospitals used by PCOs (16.7,14.2), an increase in the average share of admissions accounted for by the main hospital (49,69%), and an increase in the average Herfindahl index (0.35,0.55). About half the increase in concentration arose from the increase in the number of purchasing organisations as 100 health authorities were replaced by 303 primary care trusts. Most of the remainder was probably due to hospital mergers. Fundholding general practices that held budgets for elective admissions had less concentrated admission patterns than non-fundholders whose admissions were paid for by their PCO. Around 1/10th of the increase in concentration at practice level was due to the abolition of fundholding in April 1999. Our results have implications for the effects of the recent reintroduction of fundholding and the halving of the number of PCOs. Copyright © 2007 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [source]

    Nursing care quality and adverse events in US hospitals

    Robert J Lucero
    Aim., To examine the association between nurses' reports of unmet nursing care needs and their reports of patients' receipt of the wrong medication or dose, nosocomial infections and patient falls with injury in hospitals. Background., Because nursing activities are often difficult to measure, and data are typically not collected by health care organisations, there are few studies that have addressed the association between nursing activities and patient outcomes. Design., Secondary analysis of cross-sectional data collected in 1999 from 10,184 staff nurses and 168 acute care hospitals in the US. Methods., Multivariate linear regression models estimated the effect of unmet nursing care needs on adverse events given the influence of patient factors and the care environment. Results., The proportion of necessary nursing care left undone ranged from 26% for preparing patients and families for discharge to as high as 74% for developing or updating nursing care plans. A majority of nurses reported that patients received the wrong medication or dose, acquired nosocomial infections, or had a fall with injury infrequently. However, nurses who reported that these adverse events occurred frequently varied considerably [i.e. medication errors (15%), patient falls with injury (20%), nosocomial infection (31%)]. After adjusting for patient factors and the care environment, there remained a significant association between unmet nursing care needs and each adverse event. Conclusion., The findings suggest that attention to optimising patient care delivery could result in a reduction in the occurrence of adverse events in hospitals. Relevance to clinical practice., The occurrence of adverse events may be mitigated when nurses complete care activities that require them to spend time with their patients. Hospitals should engage staff nurses in the creation of policies that influence human resources management to enhance their awareness of the care environment and patient care delivery. [source]

    Sharing specialist skills for diabetes in an inner city: A comparison of two primary care organisations over 4 years

    Abdu Mohiddin MFPHM Lecturer
    Abstract Objective, To evaluate the effects of organizational change and sharing of specialist skills and information technology for diabetes in two primary care groups (PCGs) over 4 years. Methods, In PCG-A, an intervention comprised dedicated specialist sessions in primary care, clinical guidelines, educational meetings for professionals and a shared diabetes electronic patient record (EPR). Comparison was made with the neighbouring PCG-B as control. In intervention and control PCGs, practice development work was undertaken for a new contract for family doctors. Data were collected for clinical measures, practice organizational characteristics and professional and patient views. Results, Data were analysed for 26 general practices including 17 in PCG-A and nine in PCG-B. The median practice-specific proportions of patients with HbA1c recorded annually increased in both areas: PCG-A from median 65% to 77%, while PCG-B from 53% to 84%. For cholesterol recording, PCG-A increased from 50% to 76%, and PCG-B from 56% to 80%. Organizational changes in both PCGs included the establishment of recall systems, dedicated clinics and educational sessions for patients. In both PCGs, practices performing poorly at baseline showed the greatest improvements in organization and clinical practice. Primary care professionals' satisfaction with access and communication with diabetes specialist doctors and nurses increased, more so in the intervention PCG. Only 16% of primary care professional respondents used the diabetes EPR at least monthly. Patient satisfaction and knowledge did not change. Conclusions, Improvements in practices' organizational arrangements were associated with improvements in clinical care in both PCGs. Sharing specialist skills in one PCG was associated with increased professional satisfaction but no net improvement in clinical measures. A shared diabetes EPR is unlikely to be used, unless integrated with practice information systems. [source]

    Independent living units: Managing and renewing an ageing stock

    Sean McNelis
    Objectives:,To report on a key challenge (and its implications) that Australian not-for-profit organisations face as they manage and renew an ageing stock of independent living units (ILUs) for older people. Methods:,A national survey of ILU organisations complemented by 28 interviews with ILU managers, peak aged care organisations and government officers, and five workshops with ILU managers. Results:,ILUs are a policy response to the housing needs of older people with low income and limited assets. However, ILU organisations face significant challenges as the overall condition of ILUs deteriorates, as they seek to meet higher expectations and as they move into a phase of renewal. Conclusions:,The future of ILU organisations is at a watershed, with many reconsidering their role as providers of ILUs. Any extensive reduction in ILUs will have implications for older people, for public housing providers and for delivery of community care to older renters. [source]