CTL Clones (ctl + clone)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

Reconstitution of anti-HIV effector functions of primary human CD8 T,lymphocytes by transfer of HIV-specific ,,,TCR genes

Takamasa Ueno
Abstract We redirected the antigen specificity of primary human CD8 T,cells by retrovirus-mediated transduction of genes encoding ,,,TCR specific to HIV-1 Pol protein. A large polyclonal population of TCR-transduced CD8 T,cells showed substantial cytotoxic and cytokine production activities toward target cells either pulsed with the peptide or infected with HIV-1, and their functional activities were comparable to those of the parental CTL clone. Peptide fine-specificity and promiscuous recognition of HLA class,I supertypes of the parental CTL clone were also preserved in the TCR-transduced cells. There were no signs of allogeneic responses in these cells, although hybrid TCR dimers consisting of transduced TCR and endogenous TCR were suspected to have been formed in these cells, as the effect of transgene expression on the surface expression of the desired TCR was limited. Moreover, the TCR-transduced cells showed potent inhibitory activity against HIV-1 replication in vitro, although the differential surface expression of the desired TCR resulted in differential functional avidity of individual TCR-transduced cells toward the peptide-pulsed target cells. These data suggest that the reconstitution of HIV-specific immunoreactive T,cells engineered by genetic transfer of HIV-specific TCR is a potential alternative to immunotherapeutic applications against HIV infections. [source]

The shared tumor associated antigen cyclin-A2 is recognized by high-avidity T-cells

Eisei Kondo
Abstract Cyclin-A2, a key cell cycle regulator, has been shown to be overexpressed in various types of malignancies with little expression in normal tissue. Such tumor-associated genes potentially are useful targets for cancer immunotherapy. However, high-avidity cyclin-specific T cells are considered to be thymically deleted. We identified at least one nonameric HLA-A*0201 binding cyclin-A2 epitope by a reverse immunology approach. Using a highly efficient T-cell expansion system that is based on CD40-activated B (CD40-B) cells as sole antigen-presenting cells we successfully generated cyclin-A2 specific CTL from HLA-A*0201+ donors. Interestingly, high-avidity cyclin-A2 specific CTL lines, which recognized peptide-pulsed and antigen expressing target cells, were indeed generated by stimulation with CD40-B cells when pulsed with low concentrations of peptide, whereas CD40-B cells pulsed at saturating concentrations could only induce low-avidity CTL, which recognized peptide-pulsed target cells only. One high-avidity CTL line was subcloned and CTL clones, whose peptide concentration required for half-maximal lysis were less than 1 nM, could lyse cyclin-A2 expressing tumor cells. Taken together, cyclin A2 is an attractive candidate for immune intervention in a significant number of cancer patients and high-avidity T cells can be readily generated using CD40-B cells as antigen-presenting cells. 2009 UICC [source]

Genetic engineering of cytolytic T lymphocytes for adoptive T-cell therapy of neuroblastoma

Sergio Gonzalez
Abstract Background Disease relapse is the leading cause of mortality for children diagnosed with disseminated neuroblastoma. The adoptive transfer of tumor-specific T cells is an attractive approach to target minimal residual disease following conventional therapies. We describe here the genetic engineering of human cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) to express a chimeric immunoreceptor for re-directed HLA-independent recognition of neuroblastoma. Methods The CE7R chimeric immunoreceptor was constructed by PCR splice overlap extension and is composed of a single-chain antibody extracellular domain (scFv) derived from the L1-CAM-specific murine CE7 hybridoma fused to human IgG1 hinge-Fc, the transmembrane portion of human CD4, and the cytoplasmic tail of huCD3-, chain (scFvFc:,). Primary human T cells were genetically modified by naked DNA electrotransfer of plasmid expression vector CE7R-pMG then analyzed by Western blotting, flow cytometry for CE7R expression and cell surface trafficking, 4-h chromium release assay for re-directed neuroblastoma lysis, and ELISA for tumor-specific activation of cytokine production. Results CE7R is expressed as an intact chimeric protein that trafficks to the cell surface as a type I transmembrane protein. Primary human CE7R-expressing CD8+ CTL clones specifically recognize human neuroblastoma tumor cells and are activated for tumor cell lysis and Tc1 cytokine production. Conclusions These data demonstrate the utility of CE7R for re-directing the effector function of CTL to neuroblastoma and have provided the rationale to initiate a FDA-authorized (BB-IND#9149) pilot clinical trial to establish the feasibility and safety of adoptive transfer of autologous CE7R+CD8+ CTL clones to children with recurrent/refractory neuroblastoma. Copyright 2004 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [source]

A different pattern of cytotoxic T lymphocyte recognition against primary and metastatic tumor cells in a patient with nonsmall cell lung carcinoma

CANCER, Issue 1 2005
Tetsuya So M.D.
Abstract BACKGROUND Lung carcinoma represents the most frequent cause of cancer death worldwide because of tumor metastases. The objective of the current study was to analyze the immunologic response during the progress of lung carcinoma metastasis. METHODS The authors established two tumor cell lines that were derived from primary and metastatic lesions in a patient with lung carcinoma (Patient G603). One cell line (G603L) was established from the primary lesion, and the other cell line (G603AD) was established from a metastatic lesion in the right adrenal gland 7 months after the patient underwent surgery for the primary lesion. Autologous regional lymph node lymphocytes were stimulated with CD80-transfected G603L cells, then cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) were induced against both lung carcinoma cell lines. RESULTS Both G603L cells and G603AD cells expressed Class I human leukocyte antigen, intracellular cell adhesion molecule 1, and lymphocyte-associated antigen type 3 (LFA-3), but not Fas or Fas ligand on their surfaces. By stimulation with CD80-transfected G603L cells, 2 CTL clones (H2/17 and H2/36) were established from the bulk CTLs. CTL clone H2/17 lysed G603L cells but not G603AD cells, suggesting that the antigen recognized by CTL clone H2/17 was abrogated during the process of metastasis. In contrast, CTL clone H2/36 lysed both G603L cells and G603AD cells, indicating that the antigen recognized by CTL clone H2/36 was maintained in the tumor cells throughout tumor progression. CONCLUSIONS The results demonstrated the possibility that some tumor-associated antigens may be abrogated during the process of metastasis, although others are maintained. The identification of these antigens will lead to a better understanding of their immunologic role during disease progression in patients with lung carcinoma. Cancer 2005. 2004 American Cancer Society. [source]